Mental disorders in children

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  • 1. Mental Disorders in Children Allison Zellhuber
  • 2. Mental Illnesses in Children
    • Childhood mental illness occurs in about 20% of US children during a given year
    • Almost 5 million children have some type of serious mental illness that interferes significantly with daily life
  • 3. ADHD
    • ADHD is a problem with inattentiveness, over activity, impulsivity or a combination of these
    • ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorder of childhood
    • 3-5% of school-aged children are affected and it is diagnosed more often in boys than girls
    • ADHD is treated with medication and behavior therapy
  • 4. Signs of ADHD
    • Fails to give close attention to details
    • Has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play
    • Does not seem to listen when spoken to directly
    • Has difficulty organizing tasks and activities
    • Is easily distracted
    • Is often forgetful in daily activities
  • 5. Oppositional Defiant Disorder
    • A recurrent or persistent pattern of negative, defiant or even hostile behavior directed at authority figures.
    • Treatment is individual psychotherapy combined with family or caretaker therapy and occasionally medication may be given to reduce irritability.
    • The prevalence of ODD is about 15% in children and adolescents
  • 6. Symptoms of ODD
    • Lose their temper easily and repeatedly
    • Argue with adults
    • Defy adults
    • Refuse to obey rules
    • Deliberately annoy people
    • Blame others for their own mistakes or misbehavior
    • Be easily annoyed and angered
    • Be spiteful or vindictive
  • 7. Mood Disorders
    • Mood disorders range from simple sadness to major manic depression.
    • There are many types of mood disorders – Dysthymia which is mild depression and Major Depression.
    • Children and teens who have a family history are more likely than others to experience depression
  • 8. Symptoms of Mood Disorders
    • Persistent sadness
    • Irritability
    • Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed
    • Significant change in appetite or body weight
    • Abnormal sleep patterns
    • Loss of energy
    • Feelings of worthlessness
    • Difficulty concentrating
    • Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide