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  • 1. Variations Table of Contents Contrasting Hues 2 Lines and value 4 Teapots 6 Life In Green 10 Variations 14 Converse 20 Learning to Draw With Shapes 30 Line Drawings 32ConverseVariations 34p. 20 Using Adobe Illustrator (Screenshots) The Artists 36 Variations All About Me (magazine editor/artist) 38Teapots p. 14p. 6 Life In Green Screenshots BLOG- See my process p. 10 p. 34 MAGAZINE- Product Allison Horn Variations 1
  • 2. Contrasting HuesAmy Duffy Shawnita Montgomery Giovnni Diaz Amy Duffy Creating depth with lines, shapes, and color... Tom Zwarycz Since we were dealing with hue for the class, I objects. There was enough contrast from the darker green used the colors green and orange (green and red would background to the orange in front that it caused the ob- have been too much of a contrast and would have looked jects to stand out in front of the background. too much like Christmas). The background was green There were two objects to draw in this piece. and the objects were orange. I had to create two separate One had the stick in it sticking up very high and the other Lovette Fernandez layers so that the background would be separate from the one was much shorter. I wanted to be able to create the objects. When it came time for value, I had to play around images to look natural, even though I used a lot of line with different levels of transparency since light and shadow gestures. I even drew in shadows at the bottom to ground are not opaque on objects, but they are the effect of how the objects in their surrounding space. the shadows respond to light. I wanted to show several students’ versions of the I started making the objects by building them up same object. with only lines to the point that they became solid medium orange in hue. Then, for the value, I gradually introduced lighter oranges and darker oranges to create 3 dimensional Robert Furlan Roxy WasiunecVariations 2 Variations 3
  • 3. Lines and Value Drawing With Lines These drawings are part of the exercises we did while learning to useSynthia Wesley Adobe Illustrator. Only lines were used throughout the entire piece, ranging from small 1 pt font lines to large 10 pt font or even larger. Christian Rosales To begin the process, we started with a small font and only drew lines through the object, using a medium gray color and not paying any attention to the outlines. We had to do that as much as possible until the object was so full of lines that it was becoming solid. Then we had to switch to a bigger size to purpose- ly fill the entire object and make it a solid mass. Once we had the shape down, we had to use lighter and darker varia- Allison Horn tions of gray to begin creating value. By the end of teh process you can see how Roxy Wasiunec the images begin to obtain value and mass, even though they are not very realistic because of the sketchy lines they possess. Nice Krajecki Lovette FernandezVariations 4 Variations 5
  • 4. Teapots more teapots! Abstract Teapots Teapots shapes they see. The ones I am surprised I never used A good way to get I drew that are filled with that method until about half warmed up is to draw Adobe Illustrator lines are sometimes more a year ago. familiar objects over and and the paintbrush tool interesting to me, though, When someone looks at over again. Teapots were iwere used for the teapots. because they suggest the drawings, i want them used in this exercise. I drew the ones using out- volume. Using curved lines to be able to know they are They are drawn with lines first a couple times, gives you an idea of what teapots. I want there to be a thin lines, thick lines, the because that is the main areas of an object bulge sense of volume and shape number “5”, and by using way beginners learn how out or curve in. I have been as well. many other methods. to draw--they repeat the drawing for a long time, so The shape of the teapot does not form until later on in the process, and in some cases the finished product looks nothing like a teapot. It does not matter though. These exercises are used to warm up your hand before beginning to draw more concrete work where you actually start forming the correct shapes even more, andImage: Allison Horn begin to add volume and can see al the curves and lines much more than you can in these abstract shapes. Image: Allison Horn Allison Horn Editor of magazine and artist of “Teapots”Variations 6 Variations 7
  • 5. more teapots! (Text by Allison Horn) 1 This is another drawing using only lines. You do not get a great sense of mass because there is not much overlap and the lines are pretty much straight, rather than curved. However, you get a clear definition of the shape. 2 In picture #1, the teapots are composed entirely of the number 5. The number is Robert Furlan repeated over and over again to fil out the entire object. In shaded areas there is more Amy Duffy of an overlapping of 5’s. Here are more teapots created with using the These are line draw- number 5. She did ings of teapots. The a great job at lining lines used are fairly thin. them up perfectly Again, repetitive use at the edges of the of making lines is what shape. You can also causes mass. see the areas that have shadows. Christian Rosales Roxy Wasiunec 1 In picture #1, there re These are line draw- ings, contour and ones contour line drawings filled in. The ones filled in and regular line draw- have a lot of mass. They ings that give the tea- almost look as if they are pots mass. It is easier baskets, or the lines are to see the shapes of woven together as the the objects in the two material in baskets are. that are at the sides at the bottom, but they are relatively flat since they are not filled in. 2 Nico Krajecki Synthia WesleyVariations 8 Variations 9
  • 6. Life In Green “I picked different colors, than the original, to sort of catch the eye of the audi- ence. I also picked light colors and dark colors to make the backboard pop up and look 3D.” -Giovanni DiazGiovanni Diaz Lovette Fernandez Student “I continued using Adobe illustrator to change the general feel of the original im- Quotes age. I made use of software tools such as the gradient and color swatches.” -Tom Zwarycz “I created a monochromatic picture,Tom Zwarycz Christian Rosales but this time I introduced gradients into it. I wanted to play around with the gradient to give the image a three-dimensional effect.” -Allison HornAmy DuffyVariations 10 Variations 11
  • 7. more life in green... Nico Krajecki Green Here are more versions of original illustra- tions in green. You can see how everyone Robert Furlan started by using a green color then made sections lighter and darker to cause the drawings to have value and to give them a three-dimensional quality. Synthia Wesley Jordan JuarezVariations 12 Variations 13
  • 8. Variations (All text by Allison Horn) Variations I find these two beach basketball il- The first piece is lustrations to be quite the shape drawing of a amusing. train with heavy strokes The first one has a around it. I like this piece sketchy orange stroke because when I look at sround areas of the the outside of a train I piece. To me it repre- think of clouds of smoke, sents fire. It looks like and the illustration here fire is burning the bas- also makes me think of ketball hoop, rim, the smoke because of the beachball, and even the organic, black, smoky telephone wires. lines around it. I really get the sense Amy Duffy of the burning and movement as if it was a photo taken when a fire was being lit. Giovanni Diaz This downtown scene to me is more unique than ones I usually see. I normally see tons of buildings, flashy lights, crowds of people, etc. In these interpreta- The smaller image tions, I get a feeling of is a great representa- solitude, especially since tion of reality. I can feel there is only one person the sun hitting the gray visible in the illustration. of the hat. Also, there are only a The bigger im- few buildings and street age just has a nice lights in sight. contrast and looks so The perspective cartoon-like. However, and all seem very real, I love the color combi- Christian Rosales which also makes this an nation. They are colors interesting piece to me. you do not always see I think another reason I together and it is a like it so much is be- unique combination, cause it has a surreal which is why I like this effect to it because this piece so much. scene does not look like what there normally is Jordan Juarez downtown.Variations 14 Variations 15
  • 9. more variations ... The bigger drawing is a good representa- tion of a chapel. lso, it I love how these has an effect to it that pictures contain a lot makes it unrealistic. of information, such as The smaller draw- texture, perspective, ing has an interesting realistic color, etc. color combination. In one picture, the It looks like colors a word “Ollivander’s” loos building would actually almost crystal-like and have, but colors that Robert Furlan very unique. I do not see people In the smaller noramlly use when picture, there are dark drawing (or creating) shadows, most likely an image of a building. created by using the gradient tool. It adds a mysterious effect to the Lovette Fernandez piece. The first image contains a lot of reality. It looks like an actual shoes. There is even Once again, these areas of light shad- shoes also have a ing to show where the realistic effect. There is shadows would be. enough detail so that I like the variation you can see what type created of it with the of shoes they are and bright green stroke. where the shadows What better way to are. make the image pop The smaller image than to put a stroke is an interesting varia- around it that is the tion. It is more colorful same color as the shoe than many other im- just a much brighter ages I have ever seen. Nico Krajecki version? It basically looks like a rainbow splattered over the original image. Roxy WasiunecVariations 16 Variations 17
  • 10. more variations ... I like the smaller image of the build- ings downtown. It has a comicbook effect because of the heavy black, sketchy strokes I think the first image and the colors. To me here is outstanding. If I the colors even tell do not look too close to what time of day it it I can actually mistake can be. The intense the picture for being an redish-brown can actual photograph of a either signify sunset house. There is amaz- or early dawn. ing details, such as the bricks and in the bushes. Shawnita Montgomery The small image is Tom Zwarycz a great interpretation. It looks like a nighttime im- age...on Halloween. The first picture is fun for me to look at. I love how the black shoe has texture. It looks like it is a type of plastic leather (or pleather). The colors work well in front of the tan background. I think the small image is fun too because it is basically the foreground images made darker with a bright cotton candy-like background. Synthia WesleyVariations 18 Variations 19
  • 11. Converse Variations What my converse mean to me... I played around with lines, colors, and textures to create the images. I wanted to play around with col- or so I used the Impressionist color palette in the swatches library. I did not want to create too much contrast so I used colors that are similar in some way (blue, purple, and red). All of my variations are simply my converse shoes. I did not intend for people to think of anything spe- cific when seeing them. Viewers can view them any way they want. I chose to use my converse because they describe who I am since they are part of my style. I al- ways make sure I buy a new pair if my old ones are all beaten up and are not worth wearing anymore. Image: Allison HornVariations 20 Variations 21
  • 12. Using Color... Warm I did the same thing in this picture as I did in #2, except this time in warm col- Color ors. I made the entire image a reddish-pinkish color and I used oranges for parts of Palette the shoe (in the laces and in the interior of the shoes).Image: Allison HornCool I wanted to experi- ment with different color pal- ettes in my variations andColor my first one involves using the color blue. I wanted to make the subject standPalette out so I used lighter blues to make the picture of the shoes pop out. The back- ground remains a darker blue, allowing it to fall back in space. Image: Allison HornVariations 22 Variations 23
  • 13. Using Adobe Illustrator Illustrations... I used the pen tool to For Making Variations create shapes and I used a camera to take a picture of the image I was going to create. The converse shoes are obviously the main subject of the piece and they are sitting right in the center of the page. They are set on a step stool and there is a sense of depth since I made a wall in the back- ground. I wanted the viewer’s eye to focus first on the shoes and probably follow along the wavy laces, then to look towards the back- ground. The subject is a pair of shoes. That is what I want viewers to be able to recognize. Everything sur- rounding then will be more clear once I add more de- tail because right now it is hard to tell what the shoes My first attempt at illustrating my converse. are setting on. Image: Allison Horn Image: Allison Horn I used the pen tool and played around with the gra- Using Adobe Illustrator dients in Adobe Illustrator to cause my image to look more realistic. The shoes are placed Above Image... Side Image... in the center since they are the main focus, and there is The top image This is a picture a sense of dimension that is is a screen shot I took I took of my converse. created by the shoes sitting while creating my con- I made sure there was on the step stool and by the verse illustration. I start good lighting so I can door in the background. I the drawing by bringing get good contrast when wanted to play around with a photo into the program creating my composition. the gradients because I feel and i trace the lines I made sure there it really helps the image with the pen tol to make was natural light because look closer to real life so shapes. that way the picture will that the lights and shadows be much more clear and are blended together rather easier to recreate when than looking all choppy. beginning the illustration. I tried to make the image look as close as I can to reality so that people can Photo I took of my converse before creating the illustration in Adobe Illustrator. recognize the converse and Image: Allison Horn think they look realistic. My revised version of my converse illustration. Image: Allison HornVariations 24 Variations 25
  • 14. Using Strokes... Again, I was play- ing around with differ- ent possibilities of using strokes. I made another subtle piece, where the strokes do not overpower my original illustration. The purple simply outlines the parts of the shoes. There is also an extremely subtle darker purple outline around the lines of the background setting. Another stroke illustation. Image: Allison Horn Now I decided it was time for a more drastic change. This time I using One version of using strokes around my image. color even more with the Image: Allison Horn strokes. I thought it was time I tried playing around with something other than just the color. So, in these few “I feel that the large chaotic pieces I decided to use different types of strokes around the objects in the illustrations. In this piece I wanted to lines work well with the picture start off simple, not making any drastic changes. In order to obtain the image without changing it drastically, I chose because it implies movement...” to use a couple different colors that are a little similar to my main photo I am placing the strokes over. Brown and red might not be the most attractive color when placed together, but I think those colors effec- tively work together in not taking too much attention away from the shoes. I feel that the large chaotic lines work well with the picture because it implies movement, as if the shoes Another stroke illustration. just got dropped and slammed down onto the step stool. Image: Allison HornVariations 26 Variations 27
  • 15. Wildcard An Extreme Wildcard Two Different Views In these two pictures I wanted to see how they would look with a bunch of differ- ent textures, so I looked through all the different possibilitie and create compositions I thought looked interesting. I also took into account the colors because I still wanted the shoes to remain their black color and have a nice contrast with the background. In the first image I kept the shoes as they were without texture, and for the second one I My converse with only the background having texture. added textures. Image: Allison Horn There is still a sense of reality in both images because they are all real objects I imitated in my illustra- I went a little crazy and scary with the texture in this piece. tions. Image: Allison Horn However, you It was about time that I broke away from making my illus- can easily see that tration look similar to how it already was. To do this, I decided to adding lots of texture go crazy with several different textures... ones that do not even takes away most of the match my picture in color or anything. elements in the piece The placement mixed with the colors gives me an that cause it to look uneasy feeling. I did this so viewers can think of whatever they real. This is demon- want when viewing the composition, but I get several different strated by looking at reactions from it. the first image. Using When I see the intense goldish-yellow step stool I origi- gradient and shading nally think of a desert. I think this is because of the sand and really makes the shoes dryness that deserts are known for. Also, the black scribble lines appear three-dimen- on the shoes look sharp and uncomfortable. This also relates sional. to the desert for me because of cacti, which is something I am afraid of, even though there are some in my own house. I put the oddly colored background simply so that it makes the picture feel The converse with texture. awkward. Image: Allison HornVariations 28 Variations 29
  • 16. Learning to draw with shapes... Nico Krajecki Allison Horn Allison Horn Drawing the shoes was one of the earliest exer- The car illustration is also by me. It is the second cises we did in the Computer Grahics class and it was drawing I have ever attempted in Illustrator. the first shape drawing exercise we did. For me, it was I began by starting to draw the interior of the the first shape drawing I have ever composed in Adobe car, since basically everyone otehr shapes is going to be Illustrator. overlapping it. Then I moved on to the hood of the car, The first drawing on the previous page (the one then the wheels and then the exterior. by me) is the most complete one displayed here. I did Since this was simply an exercise, I felt that not know about the gradient method yet so it is created it was not necessary to complete it, even though I did purely out of shapes of color. spend a little of my free time trying to make some im- The illustrations of the shoes that follow mine are provements. I wanted to construct most of the drawing incomplete ones by other students and you can see the in the least amount of time possible. To achieve this I process each student went through to begin creating the did not work in any details until I had the majority of the Synthia Wesley Roxy Wasiunec drawing. shapes completed first.Variations 30 Variations 31
  • 17. Line Drawings Teapots pouring Shawnita Montgomery Shawnita Montgomery These are actual line drawings not created on the computer. They are of cups, teapots, and other objects that hold water. They are created in a similar fashion to the ones created in Illustrator, excpet they are Tom Zwarycz done in rather ink or pencil on paper. In this exercise we were limited to using 100 lines. Because of this, we had to be carefulhow we used the lines and where we placed them. There are some areas of the objects that have no lines whatsoever, and there are parts that need a lot more lines because there is so much shading needed. We were able to use hatching, as well as cross-hatching, which is a common technique used in shading with using only lines. Cross- ing lines gives drawn objects a shading effect.Variations 32 Variations 33
  • 18. Using Adobe Illustrator Screenshots The green and yellow drawing is another take on the pictures ou have already seen before. The two screenshots below show another progression of an illustration being made. The one to the left is before the main house is put in and the one to the right is after it is put in. The finished product is shown earlier in this magazine. Tom Zwarycz The images The image to abouve are screenshots the left is of a desktop of the exercise shown with a notebook, paper, earlier in this magazine. an Ollivander’s wand The orange foreground case, etc. Obviously contrast nicely with the this is a variation of the green background. original though--it is not In this screen- the realistic original ver- shot the swatch color sion. window was left open so you can see the variety of shades and hues of This is the high heel shoe illustration color that were used. Robert Furlan I created as an exercise for the Computer Graphics class. Since this is a screenshot, you can see teh tools that I used and how the image looks while it is still in the program. Here are my converse illustrations once again. Allison Horn The one to the left is the original one I created to make it as Roxy Wasiunec realistic as i possibly could. I took advantage of using gradients and These three pieces show the progression of several colors mixed how the illustration was created. In the screenshot together. to the left, you can see that first the background was The one to the created. In the middle image there is one shoe that still right is my variation has not been drawn over yet (the right one) and there using the Impressionist is one that has been drawn over already (the left one). Allison Horn color palette. The imageto the right shows how it looks so far.Variations 34 Variations 35
  • 19. Work from the class The Artists Allison Horn Christian Rosales Amy Duffy Giovanni Diaz Jordan Juarez Lovette Fernandez Roxy Wasiunec Not listed.. Robert Furlan Tom Zwarycz Nico Krajecki Shawnita Montgomery Synthia Wesley (These images are previously used in the magazine.)Variations 36 Variations 37
  • 20. ALL ABOUT ME I am a Studio Art major at Saint Xavier University. The class in which I made this magazine is the first Computer Graphics class I have ever taken. However, I do have a little previous experience with InDesign because I work as a Copy Editor for the school paper, the Xavierite. The type of art I mainly do is draw- ing. I like drawing and sketching with pencil or charcoal. Adding color is interesting but I like the effect that black and white gives off. When I graduate I would like to work as a police sketch artist, especially since drawing is my strong point in creating art. My second option would be to work at a gallery because I would be surrounded with several different works created by artists. I HOPE YOU ENJOYED MY MAGAZINE!!! Allison Horn Allison Horn (Studio Art major at Saint Xavier University)Variations 38 Variations 39