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Gardening for Birds: Vision Greenwood Park Presentation
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Gardening for Birds: Vision Greenwood Park Presentation


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  • 1. Gardening for BirdsVision Greenwood ParkFebruary 27, 2011
  • 2. A Few Backyard Birds
    Black-capped Chickadee Steller’s Jay Northern Flicker
    Bewick’s Wren Brown Creeper Song Sparrow
    American Robin Spotted Towhee Golden-crowned Kinglet
  • 3. And More Backyard Birds
    Downy WoodpeckerBushtitViolet-green Swallow
    Dark-eyed JuncoRed-breasted NuthatchAmerican Goldfinch
    House Sparrow European StarlingAmerican Crow
  • 4. Seattle Common Birds
    Pied–billed Grebe Downy Woodpecker
    Double-crested CormorantNorthern Flicker
    Great Blue HeronSteller’s Jay
    Canada GooseAmerican Crow
    GadwallViolet-Green Swallow
    American WigeonBarn Swallow
    Mallard Black-capped Chickadee
    Northern Shoveler Bushtit
    Green-winged Teal Red-breasted Nuthatch
    Lesser ScaupBewick’s Wren
    Bufflehead Golden-crowned Kinglet
    Bald Eagle American Robin
    Red-tailed Hawk European Starling
    California QuailCedar Waxwing
    American CootCommon Yellowthroat
    KilldeerSpotted Towhee
    Ring-billed GullSong Sparrow
    Glaucous-winged GullRed-winged Blackbird
    Rock DoveHouse Finch
    Anna's HummingbirdAmerican Goldfinch*
    Belted Kingfisher
    House Sparrow Highlighted in Yellow – Cavity Nester
  • 5. Conservation
    Birds and You
    Most urban habitat for birds and other wildlife is located in yards around privately owned homes
    Rules for a lively yard and garden
    Stop killing things – 98% of insects are beneficial
    Stop cleaning up – rock particles + organic matter + soil organisms = healthy organic soil
    Plant more plants – plant species that grow naturally along with non-invasive ornamental plants
    Plants for Life
    Vine Maple, Pacific Dogwood, Salal, Salmonberry, Thimbleberry, Oceanspray, Red Flowering Current, Snowberry, Pacific Bleeding Heart, Evergreen Huckleberry, Sword Fern, Tall Oregon Grape
    Watch out for these Noxious Plants
    Hedge Bindweed (Morning Glory), Scot’s Broom, Herb Robert, English Ivy, English Holly, Japanese Knotweed, English Laurel, Himalayan Blackberry, Evergreen Blackberry
  • 6. Conservation
    Garden Designing for Birds and Wildlife
    Reverse the usual ratio of lawn to garden, more garden is better!
    Provide cover, giving wildlife space to hide
    Add layers to increase diversity (ground cover, shrub, understory, and canopy), connect layers to allow birds to travel up and down through vegetation by minimizing open space between plants
    Plant with repetition, instead of “one of everything”, try several plants of one species
    Other Bird and Wildlife friendly ideas
    Put up species-specific nest boxes for native birds
    Leave or build rock piles in garden beds for reptiles, amphibians, invertebrates, and other wildlife
    Put up a bee box for native bees
    Provide a water source such as a birdbath, pond, or natural water feature
  • 7. Food
    Birds need insects– don’t kill things
    Don’t clean up
    Plant native species
    Supplement with feeders
  • 8. Shelter
    Birds need shelter
    Plant native plants in layers or clumps
    Density makes the cover more secure
    Use plants that serve a double duty
    Brush piles are instant shelter for birds
  • 9. Water
    Birds need water
    Standing water is good
    Moving water is better
    Flowing water is the best
    Misters are great for attracting hummingbirds
    Bird bath locations are important
  • 10. New Nesting Sites
    Birdhouses – size of the entrance hole and other dimensions of the house determine who will use it
    Placement of birdhouses
    Provide nesting materials
    Leave snags as they provide natural nesting cavities
  • 11. The Value of Birds
    Be observant andpatient
    Relax and appreciate nature
    Birding is one of the fastest growing hobbies in the United States