Pythagorean Theorem

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today we reviewed the Pythagorean Theorem and there was one sheet handed out to the B and D class and two handed out to the C class.
B and D make sure both sides are done, C make sure the front of each is done.

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Pythagorean Theorem

  1. 1. a b c 222 cba 
  2. 2. This is a right triangle:
  3. 3. We call it a right triangle because it contains a right angle.
  4. 4. The measure of a right angle is 90o 90o
  5. 5. The little square 90o in the angle tells you it is a right angle.
  6. 6. About 2,500 years ago, a Greek mathematician named Pythagorus discovered a special relationship between the sides of right triangles.
  7. 7. Pythagorus realized that if you have a right triangle, 3 4 5
  8. 8. and you square the lengths of the two sides that make up the right angle, 2 42 3 3 4 5
  9. 9. and add them together, 3 4 5 2 42 3 22 43 
  10. 10. 22 43  you get the same number you would get by squaring the other side. 222 543  3 4 5
  11. 11. Is that correct? 222 543  ? 25169  ?
  12. 12. It is. And it is true for any right triangle. 8 6 10222 1086  1006436 
  13. 13. The two sides which come together in a right angle are called
  14. 14. The two sides which come together in a right angle are called
  15. 15. The two sides which come together in a right angle are called
  16. 16. The lengths of the legs are usually called a and b. a b
  17. 17. The side across from the right angle a b is called the
  18. 18. And the length of the hypotenuse is usually labeled c. a b c
  19. 19. The relationship Pythagorus discovered is now called The Pythagorean Theorem: a b c
  20. 20. The Pythagorean Theorem says, given the right triangle with legs a and b and hypotenuse c, a b c
  21. 21. then a b c .222 cba 
  22. 22. You can use The Pythagorean Theorem to solve many kinds of problems. Suppose you drive directly west for 48 miles, 48
  23. 23. Then turn south and drive for 36 miles. 48 36
  24. 24. How far are you from where you started? 48 36 ?
  25. 25. 482 Using The Pythagorean Theorem, 48 36 c 362 + = c2
  26. 26. Why?Can you see that we have a right triangle? 48 36 c 482 362 + = c2
  27. 27. Which side is the hypotenuse?Which sides are the legs? 48 36 c 482 362 + = c2
  28. 28.  22 3648 Then all we need to do is calculate: 12962304 3600 2 c
  29. 29. And you end up 60 miles from where you started. 48 36 60 So, since c2 is 3600, c is 60.So, since c2 is 3600, c is
  30. 30. Find the length of a diagonal of the rectangle: 15" 8" ?
  31. 31. Find the length of a diagonal of the rectangle: 15" 8" ? b = 8 a = 15 c
  32. 32. 222 cba  222 815 c 2 64225 c 2892 c 17c b = 8 a = 15 c
  33. 33. Find the length of a diagonal of the rectangle: 15" 8"17
  34. 34. Practice using The Pythagorean Theorem to solve these right triangles:
  35. 35. 5 12 c = 13
  36. 36. 10 b 26
  37. 37. 10 b 26 = 24 (a) (c) 222 cba  222 2610  b 676100 2  b 1006762 b 5762 b 24b
  38. 38. 12 b 15 = 9

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