It is a two-dimensional representation of people, events,
Objects or any three-dimensional form.
Photography (derived from the Greek photos- for
"light" and -graphos for "drawing")—
is the art, science, and practice of creating durable
images by recording light or other electromagnetic
radiation, either chemically by means of a light-
sensitive material such as photographic film, or
electronically by means of an image sensor.
Earliest known surviving heliographic
engraving, 1825, printed from a metal
plate made by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce
with his "heliographic process". The
plate was exposed under an ordinary
engraving and copied it by photographic
means. This was a step towards the first
permanent photograph from nature taken
with a camera obscura, in 1826.
Early color photograph taken by Prokudin-
• Advertising Photography
• Editorial Photography
• Portrait and wedding Photography
• Fine Art Photography
A type of photography that illustrates a service or
-Illustrates a story or
idea within the
context of a
Photographs made in this concept
is accepted as a documentation
of a NEWS story.
*Made and sold directly to the end user of the images
Is creative production of
images using the
camera, special lightings
and other effects for
• SUBJECT- The main focus of your
photograph. This is what you want the
viewers want to see first when they see
• FOREGROUND and BACKGROUND – What is in front of your
subject is the foreground. What is behind your subject is your
background. Both of foreground and background should
enhance the beauty of the main subject.
RULE OF THIRDS – The subject should be located either
above of below the center of the frame because the viewer’s
eyes are naturally drawn to the spaces within the frame and
not to its center.
LIGHTINGS – Photographs without lighting
are dull because one of the basic
ingredient in photography is light. avoid
strong direct light on your subject. Make
sure that background lighting is not
stronger than the subject
• ISO - if the setting has an abundant light, lower
down ISO. If in a dark place, set the ISO to max or
set it on auto. **Note: the higher the ISO the more
grains will appear on the photograph.
• Shutter Speed- If you don’t want traces of light
movements on your photos make sure to set your
shutter speed high. Always take note of how much
light your subject has.
• Aperture- controls the amount of light your
camera receives. It also controls the sharpness of the
photo. The smaller the opening, the sharper your
photo will be
• White Balance- Always make sure that the WB
corresponds with the dominant light source in the