Basic Photography (Types and Element)


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This presentation tackles basic information about photography including brief history, types and elements.

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Basic Photography (Types and Element)

  1. 1. It is a two-dimensional representation of people, events, Objects or any three-dimensional form. Photography (derived from the Greek photos- for "light" and -graphos for "drawing")— is the art, science, and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either chemically by means of a light- sensitive material such as photographic film, or electronically by means of an image sensor.
  2. 2. Earliest known surviving heliographic engraving, 1825, printed from a metal plate made by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce with his "heliographic process".[7] The plate was exposed under an ordinary engraving and copied it by photographic means. This was a step towards the first permanent photograph from nature taken with a camera obscura, in 1826.
  3. 3. Early color photograph taken by Prokudin- Gorskii (1915).
  4. 4. • Advertising Photography • Editorial Photography • Photojournalism • Portrait and wedding Photography • Fine Art Photography
  5. 5. A type of photography that illustrates a service or product
  6. 6. -Illustrates a story or idea within the context of a MAGAZINE
  7. 7. Photographs made in this concept is accepted as a documentation of a NEWS story.
  8. 8. *Made and sold directly to the end user of the images
  9. 9. Is creative production of images using the camera, special lightings and other effects for artistic expression.
  10. 10. • SUBJECT- The main focus of your photograph. This is what you want the viewers want to see first when they see the image.
  11. 11. • FOREGROUND and BACKGROUND – What is in front of your subject is the foreground. What is behind your subject is your background. Both of foreground and background should enhance the beauty of the main subject.
  12. 12. RULE OF THIRDS – The subject should be located either above of below the center of the frame because the viewer’s eyes are naturally drawn to the spaces within the frame and not to its center.
  13. 13. LIGHTINGS – Photographs without lighting are dull because one of the basic ingredient in photography is light. avoid strong direct light on your subject. Make sure that background lighting is not stronger than the subject
  14. 14. LIGHTING ELEMENTS: • ISO - if the setting has an abundant light, lower down ISO. If in a dark place, set the ISO to max or set it on auto. **Note: the higher the ISO the more grains will appear on the photograph. • Shutter Speed- If you don’t want traces of light movements on your photos make sure to set your shutter speed high. Always take note of how much light your subject has. • Aperture- controls the amount of light your camera receives. It also controls the sharpness of the photo. The smaller the opening, the sharper your photo will be • White Balance- Always make sure that the WB corresponds with the dominant light source in the area.