Introduction to Environmental Law

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Introduction to Environmental Law

  1. 1. USC RED 562Legal Issues In Real Estate DevelopmentIntroduction to Environmental LawEmily MurrayAllen Matkins Leck Gamble Mallory & Natsis LLPEddie ArslanianENVIRON International CorporationMarch 21, 2012
  2. 2. INTRODUCTIONS/CLASS OUTLINE• Introductions• Presentations • Environmental Law Overview • Environmental Consultant Perspective• Mock Case Study
  3. 3. ENVIRONMENTAL AGENCIESFederal • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)California • California EPA • Regional Water Quality Control Boards (RWQCB) • Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) Local Level • Local City and County Departments
  4. 4. ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS - FEDERAL• Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) • Liability • EPA Enforcement • Private Party Cost Recovery
  5. 5. ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS - FEDERAL • Resource Conversation and Recovery Act (RCRA) • Disposal of waste and hazardous waste
  6. 6. ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS - FEDERAL (CONT.)• Clean Water Act • Liability • Permits• National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA)• Endangered Species Act
  7. 7. ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS - STATE• Hazardous Substances Account Act – State Superfund• Hazardous Waste Control Law (Cal-RCRA)• Porter-Cologne Water Quality Control Act• California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA)• Common Law
  8. 8. WHEN DO ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ARISE?• Pre-Purchase • Due Diligence • Contract Negotiation• Entitlements / Development • CEQA / NEPA • Remediation• Litigation
  9. 9. DUE DILIGENCE – PURPOSE AND FORM• Purpose: • Know what you’re buying • Protect yourself from liability • Comply with the law • Satisfy lending institutions• Form: • Phase I / Phase II Investigation
  10. 10. DUE DILIGENCE PURPOSE: DEFENSES TO LIABILITY • Adjacent Landowner • Innocent Landowner • Release precedes ownership • All appropriate inquiry; did not know or have reason to know of contamination • Cooperation and access • Bonafide Prospective Purchaser • Release precedes ownership • All appropriate inquiry; knew of contamination • Cooperation and access
  11. 11. DUE DILIGENCE FORM: PHASE I AND II•ASTM Standard •Satisfies “all appropriate inquiry” requirement•Phase I•Phase II Source: Marc Defoe, 2003; SF Bay Regional Water Control Board, Brownfields)
  12. 12. PROTECT YOURSELF: NEGOTIATE YOUR DEAL• Indemnification • Shift liability to seller, other liable parties• Price reduction• Allocate responsibility for cleanup activities
  13. 13. PROTECT YOURSELF: NEGOTIATE WITH AGENCIES • “No Further Action” Letter • Comfort Letter • Prospective Purchaser Agreements
  14. 14. PROTECT YOURSELF: INSURANCE• Insurance
  15. 15. ENVIRONMENTAL LAW: OTHER CONCERNS• Entitlements / Development • CEQA / NEPA • Remediation• Litigation
  16. 16. CONTACT Emily Murray Partner Allen Matkins Leck Gamble Mallory & Natsis (213) 955-5584 emurray@allenmatkins.com

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