-the scientific study of society -a social science that uses methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis - Focuses include: social class, culture, religion, law, deviance, health, and even the Internet.
-to develop a descriptive understanding about the human social activities-to determine the laws governing human behaviour in social contexts -examines how human behaviour can be influenced by social processes
Plato:Earliest social analyistAuguste Comte : defined the diciplineKarl Marx : MarxismEmile Durkheim : Formal academic sociology
Outsiders: explain what this is (say it’s Becker’s book notable for the idea of his labeling theory.)Labeling Theory: the idea that a social deviant is not an inherently deviant individual, rather they become deviant because they are labeled as such.Deviance:the fact or state of departing from usual or accepted standards, esp. in social or sexual behavior.
Sociology• Scientific study of society• Empirical investigation & critical analysis• Focuses: social class, culture, law, health, and deviance…etc. By: Allen Wang, Fendi Shih, Kevin Lo
Objectives / Goals Understand human social activities Determine laws governing human behaviors Human behaviors vs. Social processes
History & Main ContributorsMain contributors:1. Plato – early social analysis2. Auguste Comte – defined “sociology”3. Karl Marx – Marxism4. Emile Durkheim – formal academic sociologyHistory:1780: coined by the French Auguste Comte1875: 1st sociology course in Yale1895: 1st sociology department1897: the book Suicide structural functionalism
Methods of Inquiry1. Quantitative: Popular Designs: Ex: Experiments 1. Cross-sectional:2. Qualitative: participants of different Ex: Survey, Observation ages 2. Longitudinal: same individuals repeatedly 3. Cross-sequential: tests cross-sectional sample more than once