Microsoft® Small Basic File Input and Output Estimated time to complete this lesson: 1 hour
File Input and Output In this lesson, you will learn about: Using different properties of the File object. Using different operations of the File object.
The File Object The File object includes various operations and properties, such as: With the help of the File object in Small Basic, you can access information from a file stored on your computer. You can also read and write information from and to the file. A computer file is a collection of data stored by your computer. Small Basic programming allows you to work with external files from your program. CreateDirectory WriteLine AppendContents CopyFile GetFiles DeleteDirectory GetDirectories ReadContents LastError
You can use the WriteLine operation to write a line of text at the specified line number in a file.
With the AppendContents operation, you can add the specified text at the end of a file.
Use the ReadContents operation to read the entire contents of a specified file. As you see, the File object provides many ways of working with files. Let’s learn about some operations of the File object…
Operations of the File Object Let’s write a program to gain better understanding of these operations. In this example, you specify a file path and use the WriteLineoperation to write a sentence to the file. Next, you use the AppendContents operation to add a sentence to the existing content. Finally, you use the ReadContents operation to read the entire contents of the file. output
Operations of the File Object
You can use the CopyFile operation to copy the specified file to a destination.
With the GetFiles operation, you can get a list of all the files present in the specified directory.
Operations of the File Object Let’s write a program to better understand these operations. output In this example, you use the CopyFile operation to copy the specified source file to the specified destination. You also specify the directory path, and then use the GetFilesoperation to display the path of all files in the output window.
Operations of the File Object
Use the CreateDirectory operation to create the specified directory at the desired location.
With the GetDirectoriesoperation, you can get the path of all the directories in the specified directory path.
Operations of the File Object Let’s see how we can apply these operations… output As you see, you first use the CreateDirectory operation to create a directory. Next, you use the GetDirectories operation to get the path of the all the directories present in the specified location.
The LastError Property With the help of the LastError property, you can get details of the last file-operation-based error in your program. This property is quite useful when you can’t execute a file operation in your program because of some error. In this example, you use the WriteLine operation of the File object to write text to the file at a specific line number. Next you use the LastErrorproperty of the File object to get the details of the actual error in the program, if any. output
Let’s Summarize… Congratulations! Now you know how to: Use different properties of the File object. Use different operations of the File object.
It’s Time to Apply Your Learning… Write a program by performing the following steps:
Create a directory by accepting a suitable name from the user.
Download a file from the network and copy it to the created directory.
Display the contents of the downloaded file in the text window.
Accept additional content from the user and add that content to the file.
Display the final content from the file in the text window.