Informal – does not have official sanction, chosen by the group itself. They become leaders because of age, seniority, special competencies, an inviting personality or ability to communicate with others.
Participative-democratic – leaders makes maximum use of participative methods, engaging people lower down the organization in making decisions. People are closer together and work together at all levels.
Charismatic Leadership Theory . Has the ability to inspire and motivate people to do more than they normally do despite obstacle and personal sacrifice. Charisma – a fire that ignites followers’ energy and commitment, producing results above and beyond the call of duty.
Transformational Leadership Theory. They have special ability to bring about innovation and change by recognizing followers’ needs and concern. They create significant change in both followers and of the organization.
Contingency Theories - A model of leadership that describes the relationship between leadership styles and specific organizational situations. Uses different plans to be used in case an emergency arises.
Path-Goal Theory. The leader facilitates task accomplishment by minimizing obstructions to the goals and by rewarding followers for completing their tasks. Low budget, burn-out of nurses, low productivity etc. are some obstacles.