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Presented in this short document is a description of what is called “Advanced” Process Monitoring as described by Hedengren (2013) but related to Startups, Shutdowns and Switchovers-to-Others (APM-SUSDSO). APM is the term given to the technique of estimating or fitting unmeasured but observable variables or "states" using statistical data reconciliation and regression (DRR) in an off-line or real-time environment. It is also referred to as Moving Horizon Estimation (MHE) (Robertson et. al., 1996) in Advanced Process Control (APC) which goes beyond simply updating a bias to implement some form of measurement or parameter feedback (Kelly and Zyngier, 2008b). Essentially, the model and data define a simultaneous nonlinear and dynamic DRR problem where the model is either engineering-based (first-principles, fundamental, mechanistic, causal, rigorous) or empirical-based (correlation, statistical data-based, observational, regressed) or some combination of both (hybrid) (Pantelides and Renfro, 2012).