Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                   Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                 ...
National licensing in a time of economic uncertainty  JISC Collections response to the economic & financial crisis  Liam E...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                                                                Introduction C...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                     Global Economic Crisis and the state of UK Public Finances...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                                                       Global economic crisisJI...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                                               World GDP Growth 2008-2009JISC C...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                   Average of independent forecasts for 2009 – UK GDP growth   ...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty        Average of Independent Forecasts – UK Public Sector Borrowing 09-10    ...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                      Global Economic Crisis and the state of UK Public Finance...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                           The impact on academic libraries – a perfect storm?J...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                                               The impact on academic libraries...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                                                    The impact on academic libr...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                                        The impact on academic libraries – UK ...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                                             What is JISC Collections doing?JIS...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                           JISC Collections Priorities and Negotiation Strategy...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                           JISC Collections Priorities and Negotiation Strategy...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                                                              Publisher reactio...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                                                                      Publisher...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                       What additional steps will JISC Collections take? Revis...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                          What additional steps will JISC Collections take? JI...
Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty                           Thank you for listening                             ...
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National licensing in a time of economic uncertainty: JISC Collections response to the economic & financial crisis

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Liam Earney Collections Team Manager, JISC Collections. The presentation provides background on the current economic situation and its impact on Uk academic libraries. It then outlines the measures JISC is taking to help.

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  • I think that in order to fully understand the implications of the economic crisis on JISC Colllections and library expenditure it is sensible to try and get some impression of the magnitude and extent of the problems that are facing us. In the banking sector the bail outs that have been put in place in both the US and UK account for a sizeable proportion of GDP.
  • Economic growth which has been positive for over a decade as seen a contraction like that associated with the Great Depression and the UK in particular doing very badly
  • Nor is the situation likely to improve in the short term, according to this treasury survey of independent growth forecasts, in 2009 UK GDP will continue to fall
  • Whilst all the while Government debt continues to soar, putting an ever greater burden on future government expenditure. Total government debt will double to 79% of GDP by 2013 - the highest level since the Second World War. The chancellor is also squeezing public spending in the future by saying it will grow by only 0.7% per year from 2011 - a lower growth rate than when Mrs Thatcher was in power. The worst is expected to come in 2011 and beyond.
  • About a 100 consortia globally have endorsed the statement
  • Interesting that this probably also reflects the subjects are resources most likely to suffer during an economic downturn
  • Develop alternatives to the 'opt-in model' that where possible and cost effective, widen access to digital content and maximize the value of existing institutional expenditure. Where feasible structure deals to include access for the whole community, either because the publisher has maximum market penetration, or where there is a strong demand for resources but take up is limited because of the high cost of the content. Where possible break down the licensing barriers between institutions and make links between higher education and further education, schools, the NHS and cultural institutions. Explore how NESLi2 can be extended to support the transition to Open Access, particularly through the collection and payment of 'author pays' fees in OA Gold models. Continue to work to create sustainable models for e-books (national e-books observatory and the e-textbook business trials)
  • National licensing in a time of economic uncertainty: JISC Collections response to the economic & financial crisis

    1. 1. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty JISC Collections response to the economic & financial crisisJISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 1
    2. 2. National licensing in a time of economic uncertainty JISC Collections response to the economic & financial crisis Liam Earney JISC CollectionsJISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 2
    3. 3. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty Introduction Context – Economic Crisis – Impact on Libraries JISC Collections Strategy Publisher Reactions Further work from JISC CollectionsJISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 3
    4. 4. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty Global Economic Crisis and the state of UK Public FinancesJISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 4
    5. 5. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty Global economic crisisJISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 5
    6. 6. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty World GDP Growth 2008-2009JISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 6
    7. 7. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty Average of independent forecasts for 2009 – UK GDP growth Source HM TreasuryJISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 7
    8. 8. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty Average of Independent Forecasts – UK Public Sector Borrowing 09-10 Source HM TreasuryJISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 8
    9. 9. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty Global Economic Crisis and the state of UK Public Finances Deep Recession Poor public finances – DIUS expected to deliver additional £400million of savings in 2010-11 – Freeze if not cuts in public spending The impact in the public sector will be over a number of years – even if the wider economy recoversJISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 9
    10. 10. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty The impact on academic libraries – a perfect storm?JISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 10
    11. 11. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty The impact on academic libraries - Global ICOLC Statement on the Global Economic Crisis and Its Impact on Consortia Licences “current crisis [is] of such significance that we cannot simply assume that libraries and publishers share a common perspective about the magnitude of the crisis and the best approaches to deal with it” Following forecasts: 1. Significant and widespread cuts in budget levels for libraries and consortia 2. Cuts will be prolonged 3. Exchange rate fluctuations are complicating and/or amplifying the impact Full statement at:: http://www.library.yale.edu/consortia/icolc-econcrisis-0109.htmJISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 11
    12. 12. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty The impact on academic libraries – UK Research Information Network: “Scholarly books and journals at risk: Responding to the challenges of a changing economy” Fall in the value of Sterling “has already dented library purchasing budgets by 16%. As a result, many large university libraries anticipate deficits of around £400,000 this year and some contracts have yet to be paid.” Uncertainty over currency fluctuations means “libraries’ budgetary positions may therefore change unpredictably during the year. […] faced with hard decisions about what to cut, they will be forced to cancel what they can as renewals fall due, rather than what their users might best manage without.” “As the proportion of library acquisitions budgets that is spent on journals has risen (from 46% to 53% over the past decade), book purchasing has been ever more squeezed (dropping from £32 to £30 per FTE student over the past decade). Any further reduction in book purchasing would have a disproportionately damaging effect on the humanities, and many areas of the social sciences” Full briefing at: http://www.rin.ac.uk/files/Scholarly_books_journals_at_risk.pdf: JISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 12
    13. 13. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty The impact on academic libraries – UK An orderly retreat from the big deal? – Jill Taylor-Roe’s survey indicated that in 2010 institutions intend to take the following measures to cope with the economic crisis • Request more funds from the University – 27% • Cut the book fund – 18% (down from 23% this year) • Cut the serials fund – 20% (up from 12% this year) • Cancel big deals – 17% (up from 4% this year) http://www.uksg.org/sites/uksg.org/files/jill_taylor-roe.ppsJISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 13
    14. 14. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty What is JISC Collections doing?JISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 14
    15. 15. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty JISC Collections Priorities and Negotiation Strategy JISC Collections - – Supports UK education and research by procuring and negotiating the best pricing and terms of use for online academic resources – Mutual trading company established by the funding councils and funded by JISC – Over 120 agreements for e-journals, e-books, databases, multimedia, archives and geospatial data In 2008, JISC Collections saved the UK academic community c£43millionJISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 15
    16. 16. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty JISC Collections Priorities and Negotiation Strategy Simple really… – Listening to our members!!! – Discussions with publishers outside of formal negotiations Priority – To allow academic libraries to maintain access to core digital content Negotiation strategy – No price rises at renewal – Annual opt out from all agreementsJISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 16
    17. 17. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty Publisher reactions Large STM focus Medium All Subject Areas e-Journals Small Full Text A&I Reference Humanities Responsive and Non-Responsive or Sympathetic SympatheticJISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 17
    18. 18. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty Publisher reactions What attitudes underpin this mixed publisher reaction? – “Our resources are core” – “Big Deal” provides excellent value and unpicking it won’t work • Fraction of the content for almost the same price – Phoney war – lots of talk but no evidence of cuts yet – Cutting resources in anathema to academic libraries – Money in system – librarians just buying the wrong stuff • Move print book expenditure to e-books • Cut abstracting and indexing databases – Follow the actions of competitors • Don’t want to report 0% prices rises to Boards • Don’t want to be the only content provider with an opt-out clauseJISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 18
    19. 19. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty What additional steps will JISC Collections take? Revisit existing agreements to negotiate annual opt outs Greater Value from New Business and Licensing Models - – Develop alternatives to the opt-in model – Structure agreements to include access for the whole community – Cross-sectoral licensing - higher education and further education, schools, the NHS and cultural institutions. – Explore how NESLi2 can be extended to support the transition to Open Access – Sustainable models for e-books - national e-books observatory and the e- textbook business trialsJISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 19
    20. 20. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty What additional steps will JISC Collections take? JISC Collections Request for Proposals – – Get as many resources and providers using the JISC model licence as possible – Better pricing Improve usage and value of JISC Collections’ National Agreements – Develop portals to bring perpetually licensed material (and JISC funded material) together in one place Help academic libraries manage their collections and demonstrate value for money – Usage Statistics portal – Briefing papers for every JISC Collections’ member on savings from JISC Collections archival purchases – Licensing that is more about “Can” than “Can’t” • Unfairly, libraries often seen as a barrier to institutional ambitions! JISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 20
    21. 21. Licensing in a time of economic uncertainty Thank you for listening Liam Earney L.Earney@jisc.ac.ukJISC Collections 17 January 2013 | ALISS AGM 2009 | Slide 21

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