English Verb Tense

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Short explanation about Verb Tenses in English

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English Verb Tense

  1. 1. oENGLISHVERBTENSES  
  2. 2. TIME PERSPECTIVE{berdasarkan waktu}-  The Present Tense-  The Past Tense-  The Future Tense
  3. 3. USAGE PERSPECTIVE{berdasarkan penggunaan}- Simple- Continuous/Progressive- Perfect- Perfect Continuous /Progressive
  4. 4. Jika 3 perbedaan waktu tadi dikalikandengan 4 kategori tenses yang ada, makajumlah tenses keseluruhan:12 kategori verb tenses
  5. 5. Apa saja ke 12 Verb Tenses itu?
  6. 6. Present •  1. SimplePresent TensePast •  2. Simple PastTenseFuture •  3. SimpleFuture Tense
  7. 7. Present•  4. PresentContinuousTensePast•  5.PastContinuousTenseFuture•  6. FutureContinuousTense
  8. 8. Present •  7. PresentPerfect TensePast •  8. Past PerfectTenseFuture •  9. FuturePerfect Tense
  9. 9. Present•  10. PresentPerfectContinuousTensePast•  11. Past PerfectContinuousTenseFuture•  12. FuturePerfectContinuousTense
  10. 10. CIRI UTAMA kategori continuousmenggunakanverb-ing (present participle).{washing, cooking, riding, watching, trying}
  11. 11. CIRI UTAMA kategori perfectmenggunakanauxiliary/ kata bantu “have/ has/ had”+ verb 3 (past participle).{Has broken, Have fallen, Had written}
  12. 12. CIRI UTAMA kategoriperfect continuousmenggunakanauxiliary “have/ has/ had”+ been + verb-ing/ present participle{Have been reading, Has been waiting, had been living}
  13. 13. Berikut penjelasan sederhana kapan tiaptense digunakan…
  14. 14. Present SimpleDigunakan untuk rutinitas, fakta alam/ dllyang tidak terpengaruh waktu.Contoh:1.  “I go to work every day.”2.  “She always reads books in her free time.”3.  “The sun rises in the East.”
  15. 15. Past SimpleDigunakan untuk hal yang terjadi di satuwaktu di masa lampau (denganketerangan waktu yang jelas). Dimulaidan selesai di masa lampau.Contoh:1.  “I went to Bogor yesterday.”2.  “Ana never studied English before.”3.  “They watched a movie last night.”
  16. 16. Future SimpleDigunakan untuk hal yang akan terjadi disatu waktu di masa depan/ akan terjadi.Contoh:1.  “I will go to Bogor tomorrow.”2.  “Ana will study English next month.”3.  “They will watch a movie tonight.”
  17. 17. Present ContinuousDigunakan untuk hal yang sedangberlangsung pada saat dibicarakan.Dimulai di masa lampau dan mungkinakan berlanjut di masa depan.Contoh:1. “I am working at the office right now.”2. “He is studying English at the moment.”3. “They are watching a movie now.”
  18. 18. Past ContinuousDigunakan untuk hal yang sedangberlangsung pada satu waktu di masalampau.Contoh:Situasi: film yang dimulai pk 14.00 danselesai pk 15.00 tadi siang.Contoh kalimat:1. “I was working at the office when he called.”2. “They were watching a movie when itrained.”
  19. 19. Future ContinuousDigunakan untuk hal yang sedangberlangsung pada satu waktu di masa depan.Contoh:film yang diputar pk 21.00 – 22.00 nantimalam.Contoh kalimat:1.  “I will be working at the office when youcall.”2.  “They will be watching a movie when itrains.”
  20. 20. Present PerfectDigunakan untuk hal yang telah terjadi dimasa lampau, tapi keterangan waktutidak disebutkan/ tidak penting untukdiketahui.Contoh:1.  “I have worked for 8 hours.”2.  “John has studied English since lastmonth.”3.  “They have watched the movie.”
  21. 21. Past PerfectDigunakan untuk hal yang telah selesaidilakukan sebelum hal lain terjadi di masalampau. Contoh situasi: Saya sudahselesai bekerja sebelum kamu datang tadi.Contoh:1. “I had finished working when you called.”2. “They had watched the movie when theyread the review.”
  22. 22. Future PerfectDigunakan untuk hal yang telah selesaidilakukan sebelum hal lain terjadi di masadepan. Contoh situasi: Saya akan telahselesai bekerja sebelum kamu datang nanti.Contoh:1. “I will have finished working when you call.”2. “They will have watched the movie whenthey read the review.”
  23. 23. Present Perfect ContinuousDigunakan untuk hal yang telahberlangsung. Dimulai di masa lampau,terjadi hingga kini/ sekarang.Contoh:1.  “I have been working for 8 hours.”2.  “John has been studying Englishsince last month.”3. “They have been watching.”
  24. 24. Past Perfect ContinuousDigunakan untuk hal yang telahberlangsung sebelum hal lain terjadi dimasa lampau.Contoh:1.  “I had been working for 8 hours beforeyou called.”2.  “John had been studying English for amonth before the test.”
  25. 25. Future Perfect ContinuousDigunakan untuk hal yang telahberlangsung sebelum hal lain terjadi dimasa depan.Contoh:1.  “I will have been working for 8 hours bythe time you call me.”2.  “They will have been watching by thetime you come.”
  26. 26. THANK YOU,FRIENDSCompiled and written by @NenoNeno (http://twitter.com/NenoNeno)at @EnglishTips4U (http://twitter.com/#%21/EnglishTips4U)Slide by @alissafatma{SEMOGA BERMANFAAT}

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