Parts of developing fetus Placenta: The tissue which connects the fetus to mother’s uterus. Umbilical Cord: Long tube which connects the placenta to the developing fetus. Nourishment and oxygen are carried to fetus and waste products are removed through this cord. Fetus: Name for unborn baby from about the 7th/ 8th week of pregnancy. Uterus: Organ in which baby grows until birth. Amniotic Fluid: Fluid which surrounds and protects the fetus during pregnancy
Proper Nutrition Reasons why proper nutrition is important during pregnancy:
Weight gain of 24-30 pounds
Unborn child is totally dependent on mother for nourishment
Mother’s reserve nutrients and diet can be depleted if her diet is not adequate
Dietary deficiencies will contribute to low birth weight and premature babies, as well as birth defects such as brain abnormalities and spina bifida.
The addition of folic acid to the diet is crucial. 4000 unnecessary cases of spina bifida can be prevented each year with either a vitamin supplement or adding folic acid to the diet.
During pregnancy at least one of the following foods high in folic acid, should be consumed daily:
Focus on Fruits: 2 cups each day = 1 banana, 1 large orange, ¼ cup dried fruit
Vary your veggies: Eat more dark green veggies such as broccoli, spinach, 3-4 servings per day; serving is about ½ cup.
Get your calcium rich foods: 3 cups of low-fat or fat-free milk or equivalent of another food; cheese 1 ½ ounces = 1 cup milk
Make half your grains Whole; Eat at least 3 ounces of whole-grain cereal, breads, crackers, rice or pasta everyday; 1 ounce = 1 slice bread
Go Lean with Protein: Choose lean meats and poultry; Vary your choices with more fish, dried beans, nuts and seeds.
Teens have special nutritional needs because their bodies are still growing and developing.
It is especially important for pregnant teens to cut out the junk food (or keep to a minimum) and have enough calcium and iron in their diet.
Prenatal care – Healthy Pregnancy Name_____________Period___Date_____ Do’s & Don’ts Weight Gain Distribution of Weight Nutrition
Pregnancy Changes A. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ B. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ C. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ D. ______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ E. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________