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Photoshop terminology

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Transcript

  • 1. Learning the proper names for everything you already know how to do!
    Photoshop Terminology
  • 2. Graphic Design Elements
    The building blocks of graphics.
  • 3. Graphic Design Elements - Lines
    Lines
    Many different types:
    Horizontal
    Vertical
    Diagonal
    and Curved
  • 4. Graphic Design Elements - Color
    Color
    Too many to list!
    Can convey many different emotions and reactions.
    Will discuss in more detail later
  • 5. Graphic Design Elements – Value
    Value
    The lightness or darkness of a color
    Ex. Gray has a high lightness of black and high darkness of white.
  • 6. Graphic Design Elements -- Shape
    Shape
    The shape of an object
    Ex. Square, oval, triangular, etc.
  • 7. Graphic Design Elements -- Texture
    Texture
    Texture can refer to the actual surface of a design, or to the visual appearance of a design. In our case, it is the visual appearance – where texture is implied through the style of design.
    Ex. Wood texture, diamond texture, etc.
  • 8. Graphic Design Principles
    Ways in which elements are used together
  • 9. Graphic Design Principles -- Movement
    Movement
    Using design elements, such as lines, shape, color, and texture to convey action on a still image
  • 10. Graphic Design Principles -- Balance
    Balance
    Equal visual weight
    Symmetrical
    A central axis dividing the composition in the middle, horizontally or vertically, with the same design on both sides
    Asymmetrical
    Off-center or created with an odd or mismatched number of disparate elements. You are evenly distributing elements which will balance out each other.
  • 11. Graphic Design Principles -- Emphasis
    Emphasis
    The focal point or focus of an image. Something that is singled out or made more prominent has emphasis.
    Use graphic design elements to create emphasis
    White space is negative space
  • 12. Graphic Design Principles -- Unity
    Unity
    Ties various works of art together
    A measure of how elements on a page seem to fit or belong together.
    Proximity is the arrangement of objects in a composition. Helps determine unity.
  • 13. Can be used to provide interest and emotional impact
    Color
  • 14. Color -- Hue
    Hue
    Another word for color
  • 15. Color -- Chroma
    Chroma
    Intensity/purity of color
  • 16. Color – Tint, Tone and Shade
    Tint
    Color mixed with white
    Tone
    Color mixed with gray
    Shade
    Color mixed with black
  • 17. Color - RGB
    RGB
    Red, Green and Blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors.
    Used in light and digital settings
  • 18. Color - CMYK
    CMYK
    Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black
    Used in printing and refers to the four inks
  • 19. Color Gamut
    The range of colors that a system can print or display.
    The RGB color gamut has 16 million colors, while CMYK has substantially less.
  • 20. The art and technique of arranging type, type design and modifying type
    Typography
  • 21. Typography -- Legibility
    Legibility
    Making sure the audience can read and understand your text.
  • 22. Typography – Fonts
    Font family
    A group of fonts that exhibit similar characteristics
    Font size
    Younger audiences may be able to read fonts sized at 8 or 9 points.
    Older audiences may be able to read font sizes around 10 points or above.
    Font sizes above 14 points break down the continuity of the text, making text appear too gray.
  • 23. Typography – Letter, word and line spacing
    Letter and character spacing adds interest and assistance for the reader
    Leading
    Amount of space between lines in a paragraph
    Kerning/Tracking
    Amount of space between all letters on a line
    Baseline
    The line upon which text is situated
  • 24. Typography – Contrast
    Contast
    Adds interest and variety
    One way to create is using font families
    Serifs – more appropriate for print.
    Sans Serifs – more appropriate for digital.
    From FRENCH!
  • 25. File Formats
    20 different formats available in Photoshop
  • 26. Formats -- PSD
    Photoshop Document
    PSD
    A photoshop native document; retains layers, paths, etc.
  • 27. Formats -- BMP
    Windows Bitmap
    BMP
    For computer and digital
  • 28. Formats -- JPEG
    Joint Photographic Experts Group
    JPG
    Used for pictures on the web
  • 29. Formats -- GIF
    Graphics Interchange Format
    GIF
    For more simple web graphics
    Lines, shapes, etc.
  • 30. Formats -- TIFF
    Tagged Image File Format
    TIFF
    Used for print
  • 31. Formats -- PDF
    Portable Document Format
    PDF
    Can be viewing on any computer and keeps original formatting
  • 32. Photoshop terms and tools
  • 33. Pixels
    Pixel
    A unit of measurement for digital images
  • 34. Layers
    Like transparencies
    They are single images stacked upon one another to form one single complex image
  • 35. Menu Bar
  • 36. Toolbox/Toolbar
  • 37. Options Bar
  • 38. Tools
  • 39. Move Tool
    Allows you to move a selected part of an image within a given layer.
  • 40. Marquee Tool
    There are FOUR. These allow you to select portions of an object, file, or photo, or subject.
    Rectangular
    Elliptical
    Single Row
    Single Column
  • 41. Lasso Tool
    There are THREE lasso tools.
    Lasso and Polygonal Lasso
    Let you draw around and select an object using curves and line segments
    Magnetic Lasso
    Lets you draw around and select an object with the drawn lines snapping to the object
    Lines snap based on calculations determined by color differences in the object and background
  • 42. Magic Wand Tool
    Allows you to make a selection automatically based on a color, without having to physically trace the outline, by clicking in a specific area with the mouse
  • 43. Eye Dropper Tool
    This allows you to match a color exactly by clicking on an area of the image and then offers information about that color
  • 44. Patch Tool
    This allows you to choose a part of the image and use it as a sample for repairing (patching) another part of the image.
  • 45. Brush Tool
    Allows you to select a brush, choose its characteristics, including size, shape, spacing, roundness, hardness, angle, diameter, mode, opacity, and more, and then use the brush for various types of artwork.
  • 46. Clone Stamp Tool
    Lets you duplicate any area in an image and “paint” that area over any other part of the image.
    Use the “Alt” key and click to get the sample area
  • 47. Eraser Tool
    Erases to the background layer by dragging the mouse
  • 48. Gradient Tool
    Fills a closed object with a range of colors that fade into each other
  • 49. Burn Tool
    Used to darken areas of an image or print
  • 50. Text or Type Tool
    Used to add words to an image. With this tool selected, you can set options for font, size, color, alignment, and more.
    Four types:
    Vertical Type Tool
    Horizontal Type Tool
  • 51. Line Tool
    Allows you to draw straight lines using the mouse. Is located with other SHAPE tools.
  • 52. Magnification/Zoom Tool
    Choose the Zoom/Magnification tool and click on an area of the image to zoom in or out.