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1.¤ÇÒÁÊÑÁ¾Ñ¹¸ÃÐËÇ‹Ò§¤ÇÒÁäǪѵàµÍϡѺ¤‹ÒàÅ¢àÍ¿                               1.1 ¡ÒÃÇÑ´áʧ normal exposure               ...
1.¤ÇÒÁÊÑÁ¾Ñ¹¸ÃÐËÇ‹Ò§¤ÇÒÁäǪѵàµÍϡѺ¤‹ÒàÅ¢àÍ¿1.2 ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕèÂǡѺ Exposure factor    ËÒ¡àÃÒãËŒ shutter speed ¤§·Õè áÅлÃѺ...
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2.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ Depth of field          è                              Depth of field ËÃ×Í·ÕèÃÙŒ¨Ñ¡¡Ñ¹Ç‹Ò ªÑ´ÅÖ¡ªÑ´µ×é¹   ...
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.3.   ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ·ÑȹÁµÔ Perspective                                 è         Ô       ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾·ÔÇ·ÑȹÊÔ觷ÕÊíÒ¤ÑÞÍ‹...
.3.    ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ·ÑȹÁµÔ Perspective                                  è         Ô       3.1 ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾·ÔÇ·ÑȹÊÔ觷ÕÊíÒ...
.3.    ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ·ÑȹÁµÔ Perspective                          è         Ô     10 เมตร                                25...
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.4.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾à¤Å×͹äËÇ                                   è                  è     4.1 ¡Òö‹ÒÂÇѵ¶Ø·Õè¡íÒÅѧà¤...
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.5.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾´Í¡äÁŒ                                     è    5.1 ¡Ò÷ÕèàÃÒ¶‹ÒÂÀÒ¾´Í¡äÁŒ ¨Ø´»ÃÐʧ¤¢Í§¡Òö‹ÒÂÀ...
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.5.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾´Í¡äÁŒ           è                        5.4 ͧ¤»ÃСͺÊíÒ¤ÑÞ·Õ·íÒãËŒÃÙ»´ÙÁÕàʹ‹Ë ¹Ñ蹤×Í©Ò¡ËÅ...
.5.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾´Í¡äÁŒ                                    è     5.5 ¡Òö‹Ò´͡äÁŒ ÍÒ¨äÁ‹¨íÒ໚¹¨ÐµŒÍ§ÁÕᤋ´Í¡äÁŒ...
.6.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ºØ¤¤Å                                  è6.1 ¡ÒÃàÅ×͡㪌àŹʏ ÁÕ¤ÇÒÁÊíÒ¤ÑÞ㹡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ºØ¤¤ÅàŹʷè...
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Thank You for attendance Thank youHope attendance.enjoy taking photos.  For everyone Hope everyone enjoy Taking photos Ye...
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คู่มือการถ่ายภาพเบื้องต้น by a L i S * photolista

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คู่มือการถ่ายภาพเบื้องต้น by a L i S * photolista

  1. 1. ¤Ù‹Á×Í¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾àº×éͧµŒ¹ÇÇÔªÒ 2313221 ÇÔ·ÂÒÈÒʵÏ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ Photographic Science ¨Ñ´·íÒâ´Â ¹Ò§ÊÒÇ ÍÅÊÃÒ ÁÒÊÀÊÏ ÃËÑʹÔÊÔµ 5142442126 Ô Ñ ¤³Ð¾Ò³ÔªÂÈÒʵÏáÅСÒúÑÞªÕ
  2. 2. Photographer profileª×èÍ : ÍÅÊÃÒ ÁÒÊÀÑÊÏ (¡Ô¿·) ÔÃËʹʵ : 5142442126 Ñ ÔÔ¤³Ð : ¾Ò³ÔªÂÈÒʵÃáÅСÒÃºÞªÕ  ѡŌͧ·Õè㪌 : Nikon d60àŹʏ• Kit : Nikkor 18-55 mm• Wide : Sigma 10-22 mm• Telephoto :Nikkor 55-200 mm• Fix : Nikkor 50 mm
  3. 3. 1.¤ÇÒÁÊÑÁ¾Ñ¹¸ÃÐËÇ‹Ò§¤ÇÒÁäǪѵàµÍϡѺ¤‹ÒàÅ¢àÍ¿ 1.1 ¡ÒÃÇÑ´áʧ normal exposure 㹡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ µŒÍ§ÁÕ¡ÒÃÇÑ´áʧãˌ໚¹ normal exposure àÊÁÍ ¨ÐÊѧࡵ䴌NjҷÑé§ 6 ÀÒ¾ ÁÕ»ÃÔÁÒ³áʧº¹ÀҾ෋ҡѹ ᵋ¤‹Ò ¤ÇÒÁäǪµàµÍϡѺ¤‹ÒàÅ¢àÍ¿äÁ‹à·‹Ò¡Ñ¹ Ñ ÍÒ¨ÊÃØ»ä´ŒÇ‹Ò ËÒ¡àÃÒà¾ÔèÁ ¤ÇÒÁäǪµàµÍÏ 1 stop ¡çµŒÍ§Å´ÃÙÃѺáʧ 1 stop Ñ ËÃÍ × ËÒ¡àÃÒÅ´ ¤ÇÒÁäǪµàµÍÏ 1 stop ¡çµŒÍ§à¾ÔèÁÃѺáʧ 1 stop Ñ à¾×èÍãËŒ»ÃÔÁÒ³áʧµ¡Å§º¹ÀҾ෋Òà´ÔÁ
  4. 4. 1.¤ÇÒÁÊÑÁ¾Ñ¹¸ÃÐËÇ‹Ò§¤ÇÒÁäǪѵàµÍϡѺ¤‹ÒàÅ¢àÍ¿1.2 ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕèÂǡѺ Exposure factor ËÒ¡àÃÒãËŒ shutter speed ¤§·Õè áÅлÃѺ ÃÙÃѺáʧãËŒà»ÅÕèÂ¹ä» ¨ÐàËç¹ä´ŒÁռŵ‹Í»ÃÔÁÒ³áʧ·Õ赡ŧº¹ÀÒ¾¡ÒûÃѺ f no. ãËŒ¹ŒÍÂŧ ¨Ð·íÒãËŒáʧࢌÒÁÒã¹ÀÒ¾ÁÒ¡à¡Ô¹ä» «Öè§àÃÒàÃÕÂ¡Ç‹Ò overexposure¡ÒûÃѺ f no ãËŒÁÒ¡¢Öé¹ ¨Ð·íÒãËŒáʧࢌÒÁÒã¹ÀÒ¾¹ŒÍÂà¡Ô¹ä» «Öè§àÃÒàÃÕÂ¡Ç‹Ò underexposureËÒ¡àÃÒÊѧࡵ´Õ´Õ ¨Ðä´ŒàËç¹ä´ŒÇ‹Ò¡ÒûÃѺÃÙÃѺáʧ¹Ñé¹Áռŵ‹Í¤ÇÒÁªÑ´áÅФÇÒÁàºÅͧ͢backgound ËÃ×ÍàÃÒÍÒ¨¨Ðä´ŒÂÔ¹¡Ñ¹ÁÒÇ‹ÒÅÐÅÒ¾×é¹ËÅѧ¹Ñè¹àͧ
  5. 5. 1.¤ÇÒÁÊÑÁ¾Ñ¹¸ÃÐËÇ‹Ò§¤ÇÒÁäǪѵàµÍϡѺ¤‹ÒàÅ¢àÍ¿1.2 ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕèÂǡѺ Exposure factor ઋ¹à´ÕÂǡѹËÒ¡àÃÒãËŒ f no. ¤§·Õè áÅлÃѺ shutter speed ãËŒà»ÅÕèÂ¹ä» ¨ÐàËç¹ä´ŒÁռŵ‹Í»ÃÔÁÒ³áʧ·Õ赡ŧº¹ÀÒ¾¡ÒûÃѺ shutter speed ãËŒ¹ŒÍÂŧ ¨Ð·íÒãËŒáʧࢌÒÁÒã¹ÀÒ¾ÁÒ¡à¡Ô¹ä» «Öè§àÃÒàÃÕ¡NjÒover exposure¡ÒûÃѺ shutter speed ãËŒÁÒ¡¢Öé¹ ¨Ð·íÒãËŒáʧࢌÒÁÒã¹ÀÒ¾¹ŒÍÂà¡Ô¹ä» «Öè§àÃÒàÃÕ¡NjÒunder exposureËÒ¡àÃÒÊѧࡵ´Õ´Õ ¨Ðä´ŒàËç¹ä´ŒÇ‹Ò¡ÒûÃѺÃÙÃѺáʧ¹Ñé¹Áռŵ‹Í¡ÒÃà¤Å×è͹äËǢͧÇѵ¶Ø ËÒ¡àÃÒ»ÃѺ shutter speed ãËŒàÃçÇÁÒ¡æ àÃÒÍÒ¨¨Ðä´ŒÀÒ¾¶‹Ò·ÕàÃÕ¡¡Ñ¹Ç‹Ò stop motion è
  6. 6. 2.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ Depth of field è Depth of field ËÃ×Í·ÕèÃÙŒ¨Ñ¡¡Ñ¹Ç‹Ò ªÑ´ÅÖ¡ªÑ´µ×é¹ ¹¹àͧ èÑ ¨Ò¡ÀÒ¾¨Ðà˹ä´Ç‹Ò¤ÇÒÁᵡµÒ§¢Í§·Ò§ÂÒÇâ¿¡ÑÊ ç Œ ‹ ¢Í§àŹÊÁռŵ‹Í¤ÇÒÁªÑ´ÅÖ¡ªÑ´µ×é¹ ¡Å‹ÒǤ×Í  ËÒ¡àÃÒãªàŹʏwide ¨ÐÁÕ¤ÇÒÁªÑ´ÅÖ¡ÁÒ¡¡Ç‹Ò Œ àŹʻ¡µáÅÐàŹʏ telephoto  Ô ã¹·Õè¹Õé¡ÒÃÊѧࡵªÑ´ÅÖ¡ªÑ´µ×é¹ÍÒ¨´Ùä´Œ¨Ò¡¤ÇÒÁ ªÑ´¢Í§ÅíҴѺµØ¡µÒ àÁ×èÍàÃÒâ¿¡Ñʵ؍¡µÒµÑÇ·Õè 4 àÁ×èͶ‹Ò´ŒÇÂàŹʏwide¨ÐªÑ´µÑé§áµ‹ µÑÇ·Õè 2–7 àÁ×èͶ‹Ò¶ŒÇÂàŹʏ»¡µÔ¨ÐªÑ´µÑé§áµ‹ µÑÇ·Õè 3–6 àÁ×èͶ‹Ò´ŒÇÂàŹʏtelephoto¨ÐªÑ´ µÑÇ·Õè3-4
  7. 7. 2.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ Depth of field è ¢¹Ò´ÃÙÃѺáʧ¡ç໚¹»˜¨¨ÑÂ˹Ö觷Õè·íÒãËŒà¡Ô´ Depth of field ä´Œ ËÒ¡àÃÒ㪌F. no ÁÒ¡æ ¨Ð·íÒãËŒà¡Ô´¤ÇÒÁªÑ´ Å¡ÁÒ¡¡ÇÒ F.no »¡µáÅÐ F.no ¹ÍÂæ Ö ‹ Ô Œ ã¹·Õè¹Õé¡ÒÃÊѧࡵªÑ´ÅÖ¡ªÑ´µ×é¹ÍÒ¨´Ùä´Œ¨Ò¡¤ÇÒÁ ªÑ´¢Í§ÅíҴѺµØ¡µÒ àÁ×èÍàÃÒâ¿¡Ñʵ؍¡µÒµÑÇ·Õè 4 àÁ×èͶ‹Ò´ŒÇÂF no.ÁÒ¡¨ÐªÑ´µÑé§áµ‹ µÑÇ·Õè 2–7 àÁ×èͶ‹Ò¶ŒÇÂF no.»¡µÔ¨ÐªÑ´µÑé§áµ‹ µÑÇ·Õè 3–6 àÁ×èͶ‹Ò´ŒÇÂF no.¹ŒÍ¨ЪѴ µÑÇ·Õè3-4 Tips: ¨ÐàËç¹ä´ŒÇ‹ÒàŹʏ㹻˜¨¨ØºÑ¹ÂÔè§ÁÕ¤‹Ò f.no ¹ŒÍ¨ÐÂÔè§ÃÒ¤Òᾧ Depth of field ໹ÊÒà赯 š ˹Ö觷Õè·íÒãËŒ¤¹ÍÂÒ¡ä´Œ F.no ¹ÍÂæ à¾ÃÒШÐä´Œ Œ ¶ÒÂÀÒ¾ª´µ¹ áÅлÅÍÂãË©Ò¡ËÅѧàºÅÍÊÇÂæ ‹ Ñ é× ‹ Œ
  8. 8. 2.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ Depth of field è ÃÐÂТͧÇѵ¶Ø໚¹»˜¨¨ÑÂÊØ´·ŒÒ·ÕèÁռŵ‹Í Depth of field ËÒ¡àÃÒ㪌Focus Çѵ¶Øä¡Å ¨ÐÁÕ¤ÇÒÁªÑ´ÅÖ¡ ÁÒ¡¡Ç‹ÒÇѵ¶Øã¡ÅŒ ã¹·Õè¹Õé¡ÒÃÊѧࡵªÑ´ÅÖ¡ªÑ´µ×é¹ÍÒ¨´Ùä´Œ¨Ò¡¤ÇÒÁ ªÑ´¢Í§ÅíҴѺµØ¡µÒ àÁ×èͶ‹ÒÂáÅŒÇFocus µÑÇ·Õè 8¨ÐªÑ´ µÑÇ·Õè 4–8 àÁ×èͶ‹Ò¶ŒÇÂFocus µÑÇ·Õè 4¨ÐªÑ´ µÑÇ·Õè 3–6 àÁ×èͶ‹Ò´ŒÇÂFocus µÑÇ·Õè 1¨ÐªÑ´ µÑÇ·Õè 1 -2 àÃÒÊÒÁÒöÊûä´ÇÒ Ê§·Á¼ÅµÍ Depth of Ø Œ ‹ èÔ èÕ Õ ‹ field ¤Í × 1. ·Ò§ÂÒÇ⿡ʢͧàŹʏ Ñ 2. ÃÙÃѺáʧ ËÃ×Í F no. 3. ÃÐÂÐǵ¶Ø Ñ
  9. 9. .3. ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ·ÑȹÁµÔ Perspective è Ô ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾·ÔÇ·ÑȹÊÔ觷ÕÊíÒ¤ÑÞÍ‹ҧ˹Ö觤×ÍÁØÁÁͧ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ áÅШش»ÃÐʧ¤ã¹¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ ¨Ò¡ÀÒ¾¨ÐàËç¹ä´ŒÇ‹Ò ¶‹Ò´ŒÇ·ҧ èÂÒÇâ¿¡ÑʢͧàŹʏ·Õèᵡµ‹Ò§¡Ñ¹ËÒ¡àÃÒµŒÍ§¡Ò÷ըÐä´ŒÀÒ¾â´ÂÃÇÁàËç¹·Ñé§ËÁ´¢Í§·ÔÇ·Ñȹ¹Ñé¹ ¡ÒÃàÅ×Í¡ wide ¶×ÍÇ‹Ò໚¹·Ò§àÅ×Í¡·Õè´ÕᵋÍ‹ÒÅ×ÁÇ‹Ò ¢ŒÍàÊÕ¢ͧàŹʏ wide ¹Ñé¹·íÒãËŒµÖ¡àºÕéÂÇ äÁ‹µÃ§¡Ñº¤ÇÒÁ໚¹¨ÃÔ§ ËÃ×Í ¶ŒÒËÒ¡ÍÂÒ¡ä´ŒÁØÁÁͧ෋ÒÃÐÂзÕèµÒÁͧàË繨ÃÔ§ ¤ÇÃ㪌ÃÐÂÐ 50-55 mmᤋ¶ŒÒÍÂÒ¡¨Ðà¨ÒÐ detail ¢Í§ÀÒ¾ ¤ÇÃ㪌àŹʏ telephoto «Ö觢ŒÍ´ÕÍÕ¡Í‹ҧ˹Ö觤ŒÍ¨Ðä´ŒµÖ¡·ÕèµÃ§ äÁ‹ºÔ´ äÁ‹àºÕéÂÇ 
  10. 10. .3. ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ·ÑȹÁµÔ Perspective è Ô 3.1 ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾·ÔÇ·ÑȹÊÔ觷ÕÊíÒ¤ÑÞÍ‹ҧ˹Ö觤×ÍÁØÁÁͧ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ áÅШش»ÃÐʧ¤ã¹¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ ¨Ò¡ÀÒ¾¨ÐàËç¹ä´ŒÇ‹Ò ¶‹Ò´ŒÇ è·Ò§ÂÒÇâ¿¡ÑʢͧàŹʏ·áµ¡µ‹Ò§¡Ñ¹ ÕèËÒ¡àÃÒµŒÍ§¡Ò÷ըÐä´ŒÀÒ¾â´ÂÃÇÁàËç¹·Ñé§ËÁ´¢Í§·ÔÇ·Ñȹ¹Ñé¹ ¡ÒÃàÅ×Í¡ wide ¶×ÍÇ‹Ò໚¹·Ò§àÅ×Í¡·Õè´ÕËÃ×Í ¶ŒÒËÒ¡ÍÂÒ¡ä´ŒÁØÁÁͧ෋ÒÃÐÂзÕèµÒÁͧàË繨ÃÔ§ ¤ÇÃ㪌ÃÐÂÐ 50-55 mmᤋ¶ŒÒÍÂÒ¡¨Ðà¨ÒÐ detail ¢Í§ÀÒ¾ ¤ÇÃ㪌àŹʏ telephoto
  11. 11. .3. ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ·ÑȹÁµÔ Perspective è Ô 10 เมตร 25 เมตร 75 เมตร3.2 ÁØÁÁͧ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾·ÕèÊíÒ¤ÑÞÍա˹Öè§Í‹ҧ¤×Í¡ÒÃà¤Å×è͹äËÇËÒ¡àÃÒÍÂÙ¹Ôè§æ¡Ñº·Õè ÍÒ¨¨ÐäÁ‹ä´ŒÀÒ¾ã¹ÁØÁÁͧ·ÕËÅÒ¡ËÅÒÂÁÒ¡¹Ñ¡ ‹ èà·¤¹Ô¤Ë¹Ö觷չ‹Òʹ㨤×Í¡ÒÃà´Ô¹à¢ŒÒ – ÍÍ¡ ¨Ò¡Çѵ¶Ø à¾×èÍ·íÒãËŒàÃÒàËç¹ÁØÁÁͧ·Õèᵡµ‹Ò§ è㹡óշàÃÒÁÕàŹʏÍÂÙµÑÇà´ÕÂÇ Õè ‹¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾·ÕèÃÐÂÐÇѵ¶Øᵡµ‹Ò§¡Ñ¹ ¨Ð·íÒãËŒÀÒ¾·ÕèÍÍ¡ÁÒÁÕÅѡɳзÕËÅÒ¡ËÅÒÂÁÒ¡¢Öé¹ è
  12. 12. .3. ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ·ÑȹÁµÔ Perspective è Ô 3.3 ¡ÒÃ㪌àŹʏ wide ໚¹ÍÕ¡·Ò§àÅ×͡˹Õ觷Õè·íÒãËŒàÃÒÊÒÁÒöà¡çºÃÒÂÅÐàÍÕ´䴌ÀҾ䴌ÁÒ¡ ᵋ·Ñ駹Õé·Ñ駹Ñé¹ ¡ç¢Ö鹡Ѻ¨Ø´»ÃÐʧ¤¢Í§¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ ¡ÒÃ㪌àŹʏ wide ¶‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ã¹ÃйҺ¿ÅÁ¢¹Ò¹¡ÑºµÖ¡ àÃÒÍÒ¨¨ÐÊÒÁÒöà¡çºÃÒÂÅÐàÍÕ´¢Í§¾×é¹áÅе֡ᵋËÒ¡àÃÒ㪌àŹʏ wide ¶‹ÒÂÀҾ໚¹ÁØÁà§Â àÃÒ¡çÊÒÁÒöà¡çºÃÒÂÅÐàÍÕ´¢Í§µÖ¡áÅзŒÍ§¿‡Ò䴌ᵋÍ‹ÒÅ×ÁÇ‹Ò ¢ŒÍàÊÕ¢ͧàŹʏ wide ¤×ͨзíÒãËŒÃÙ»·Ã§µÖ¡ºÔ´àºÕéÂÇ äÁ‹àËÁ×͹¡Ñº·ÕèÁͧàË繨ÃÔ§ 
  13. 13. .4.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾à¤Å×͹äËÇ è è 4.1 ¡Òö‹ÒÂÇѵ¶Ø·Õè¡íÒÅѧà¤Å×è͹äËÇ à»š¹¤ÇÒÁ·ŒÒ·ÒÂ˹Ö觢ͧ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ à¾ÃÒÐÇѵ¶Ø¹Ñ鹨ÐÁÒáǺà´ÕÂÇ áŌǡç¨Ò¡ä» ¡ÒõÑé§Speed shutter ·ÕèàËÁÒÐÊÁ ¨Ð·íÒãËŒàÃÒÊÒÁÒö capture ÀÒ¾ãËŒµÃ§µÒÁ㨵ŒÍ§¡Òà ¨Ò¡ÀÒ¾¨ÐàËç¹ä´ŒÇ‹Ò ¨ÐÁÕ¡ÒÃ㪌 speedshutter ·Õèᵡµ‹Ò§¡Ñ¹ Ëҡ㪌 speedshuter ·Õ誌Òà¡Ô¹ä» ¨Ð·íÒãËŒÇѵ¶ØäËǨ¹äÁ‹ÊÒÁÒöÁͧÍÍ¡Ç‹Ò໚¹ÍÐäà ᵋ¶ŒÒËҡ㪌speed shutter ·ÕèàÃçÇà¡Ô¹ä» ¨Ð·íÒãËŒÇѵ¶ØËÂØ´¹Ô觷×èÍ àÊÁ×͹NjÒÁѹäÁ‹ä´Œà¤Å×è͹äËÇ ´Ñ§¹Ñé¹ ¡ÒÃàÅ×Í¡ speed shutter ·Õè¾Í´Õ ¨Ð·íÒãËŒàÃÒÊÒÁÒö¨ÑºÀÒ¾Çѵ¶Øä´ŒªÑ´áÅÐàË繡ÒÃà¤Å×è͹äËÇ·ÕèÊǧÒÁ
  14. 14. .4.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾à¤Å×͹äËÇ è è 4.2 ÍÕ¡à·¤¹Ô¤Ë¹Öè§ ·ÕèÍÒ¨¨Ð¾ºà˹䴌¾º¤Íà·¤¹¤¡ÒÃá¾¹ ç × Ô¡ÅŒÍ§µÒÁÇѵ¶Ø ÅѡɳÐà´‹¹¤×Íbackground ¨Ð໚¹àÊŒ¹æáÊ´§¤ÇÒÁÃÙŒÊÖ¡Ç‹ÒÁÕ¡ÒÃà¤Å×è͹äËǪѴਹ ¡ÒÃàÅ×Í¡ speed shutter·ÕèàËÁÒÐÊÁ¨Ð·íÒãËŒÇѵ¶Ø·ÕèàÃÒµŒÍ§¡ÒÃÍÂÙ‹¹Ôè§ áÅÐbackground ¨Ð໚¹àÊŒ¹æ
  15. 15. .5.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾´Í¡äÁŒ è 5.1 ¡Ò÷ÕèàÃÒ¶‹ÒÂÀÒ¾´Í¡äÁŒ ¨Ø´»ÃÐʧ¤¢Í§¡Òö‹ÒÂÀҾ໚¹àÃ×èͧÊíÒ¤ÑÞÍաઋ¹¡Ñ¹ ¡ÒÃàÅ×Í¡ F no. 㹡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾¨Ð·íÒãËŒàËç¹ÀҾᵡµ‹Ò§µÑé§ F no. ¹ŒÍÂæ ËÒ¡àÃÒµŒÍ§¡Ò÷Õè¨ÐãËŒªÑ´à©¾Òкҧ´Í¡ áÅÐãËŒ´Í¡Í×è¹æàºÅÍ໚¹ backgroundµÑé§ F no. ¡ÅÒ§ ËÒ¡àÃÒµŒÍ§¡Ò÷Õè¨ÐãËŒªÑ´à»š¹¡ÅØ‹ÁàÅŒ¡æ ᵋ¡çÂѧÍÂÒ¡.ãËŒ background àºÅÍÍÂÙ‹µÑé§ F no. ÁÒ¡æ ËÒ¡àÃÒµŒÍ§¡ÒèÐãËŒªÑ´·Ñé§ÀÒ¾ ¾ÃŒÍÁ·Ñé§ÂѧÊÒÁÒöà¡çº background ä´Œ
  16. 16. .5.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾´Í¡äÁŒ è 5.2 ¡ÒáíÒ˹´·ÔÈ·Ò§áʧ·Õè¨Ðà¢ŒÒ ËÃ×ÍÊÀÒ¾áʧ ໚¹ÊÔ觷Õè·íÒãËŒÀÒ¾´ÙÁÕ ¤ÇÒÁᵡµ‹Ò§ ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾â´ÂãËŒáʧࢌҴŒÒ¹Ë¹ŒÒ ËÃ×Í áÊ§à¢ŒÒ 90 ͧÈÒ ÍÒ¨¨Ð·íÒãËŒÀÒ¾´ÙÁÔµÔ ¹ŒÍÂ¡Ç‹Ò ¡ÒÃãËŒáʧࢌҴŒÒ¹¢ŒÒ§ 45 ͧÈÒ ËÃ×Í´Í¡äÁŒ ãºäÁŒºÒ§ª¹Ô´ àÁ×èͶ‹ÒÂŒ͹ áʧËÃ×Í´ŒÒ¹ËÅѧ ÍÒ¨¨ÐÊǧÒÁ ÁÒ¡¡Ç‹Ò ¶‹ÒµÒÁáʧËÃ×Í´ŒÒ¹Ë¹ŒÒ
  17. 17. .5.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾´Í¡äÁŒ è 5.3 àÁ×èÍàÃÒ件‹ÒÂÃÙ»·‹ÒÁ¡ÅÒ§ËÁÙ‹´Í¡äÁŒ ÊÔè§áá·ÕèàÃÒµŒÍ§¤Ô´ ´Í¡äÁŒÁÕÍÐäÃ໚¹ ÅѡɳÐà´‹¹ à¡Êà 㺠¡ÅÕº ÅíÒµŒ¹ ËÃ×ÍÍÂÙ‹ ¡Ñ¹à»š¹¡ÅØ‹Á 㹡Òö‹Ò´͡äÁŒàÃÒÍÒ¨ÊÒÁÒö à¨ÒР੾ÒÐà¡Êà ËÃ×Í ¶‹ÒÂàµçÁæ´Í¡ ᵋ¶ŒÒÍÂÙ‹¡Ñ¹à»š¹¡ÅØÁ ¨Ð´ÙÊǧÒÁ ‹ ¨Ð·íÒãËŒÀÒ¾¶‹Ò·ÕèÍÍ¡ÁÒÁÕ¤ÇÒÁÃÙŒÊÖ¡·Õè ᵡµÒ§¡¹  ‹ Ñ
  18. 18. .5.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾´Í¡äÁŒ è 5.4 ͧ¤»ÃСͺÊíÒ¤ÑÞ·Õ·íÒãËŒÃÙ»´ÙÁÕàʹ‹Ë ¹Ñ蹤×Í©Ò¡ËÅѧ è ÊÔ觤ÇÃËÅÕ¡àÅÕè§ ¤×Í¡ÒûŋÍ©ҡËÅѧãˌᨹà¡Ô¹ä» ·íÒãËŒÇѵ¶Ø ·ÕèàÃÒµŒÍ§¡ÒÃäÁ‹à´‹¹ ʋǹ©Ò¡ËÅѧÍ×è¹æ ÍÒ¨¢Ö鹡ѺÅѡɳТͧ´Í¡äÁŒ ઋ¹ ©Ò¡ËÅѧÊÕ ¿‡Ò¤Ñ´¡Ñº´Í¡äÁŒÊÕ¢ÒÇ ©Ò¡ËÅѧÊÕ¢ÒǡѺãºäÁŒÊÕà¢ÕÂÇ ©Ò¡ËÅѧÊÕ à¢ÕÂǡѺ´Í¡äÁŒÊÕàËÅ×ͧ໚¹µŒ¹ ËÃ×ÍàÃҨж‹ÒÂÀÒ¾´ŒÇ shutter speed ÊÙ§æ à¾×èÍ·íÒãËŒ©Ò¡ ËÅѧÁ×´áÅзíÒãËŒ´Í¡äÁŒ´Ùà´‹¹¢Öé¹ÁÒ¡ç໚¹ä´Œ
  19. 19. .5.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾´Í¡äÁŒ è 5.5 ¡Òö‹Ò´͡äÁŒ ÍÒ¨äÁ‹¨íÒ໚¹¨ÐµŒÍ§ÁÕᤋ´Í¡äÁŒà·‹Ò¹Ñé¹ àÃÒÂѧÊÒÁÒöà¡çºÍ§¤»ÃСͺÍ×è¹æ·Õèà¡ÕÂÇ¢ŒÍ§¡Ñº´Í¡äÁŒä´Œ èઋ¹ ¡ÒèѺÀÒ¾¢³Ð·Õè¼ÕàÊ×éͼÊÁà¡Êô͡äÁŒ ËÃ×Í ¡Òö‹Ò´͡äÁŒ¡ÑºË´¹éíÒTips : à·¤¹Ô¤·Õè¹Ñ¡¶‹ÒÂÀÒ¾¹ÔÂÁ㪌¤×Í¡Òà ©Õ´ foggy à¾×èÍÊÌҧË´¹éíÒãËŒ¡Ñº´Í¡äÁŒ ËÒ¡Çѹã´ÍÂÒ¡Í͡件‹ÒÂÀÒ¾´Í¡äÁŒ ¡çÍ‹ÒÅ×Á¾¡ foggy µÔ´µÑÇ äÇŒÊÌҧË´¹éíÒÊÇÂæ¹Ð¨ŒÐ 
  20. 20. .6.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ºØ¤¤Å è6.1 ¡ÒÃàÅ×͡㪌àŹʏ ÁÕ¤ÇÒÁÊíÒ¤ÑÞ㹡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ºØ¤¤ÅàŹʷèÕàËÁÒÐÊÁ·Êش㹡ÒöÒÂÀÒ¾º¤¤Å¤ÃèÖ§µÇàµÁà¿ÃÁ ¤Í telephoto à¾ÃÒШзíÒãËŒÁÕ¤ÇÒÁºÔ´àºÕéÂǢͧÃÙ»ÀÒ¾¹ŒÍ·ÕèÊØ´ ᵋ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾  èÕ ‹ Ø Ñ ç ×â´Â㪌 telephoto ¹éѹ¨ÐÁÕÍ»ÊÃäã¹àÃͧ¢Í§ÃÐÂÐǵ¶Ø ¤ÍÃÐËÇÒ§¤¹¶‹ÒÂÀÒ¾áÅеÇẺ ¨ÐË‹Ò§¡¹ÁÒ¡ ·íÒãË¡ÒöÒÂÀÒ¾º¤¤ÅÂÒ¡ÅíÒºÒ¡ Ø è× Ñ × ‹ Ñ Ñ Œ ‹ ؤ¹Ê‹Ç¹ãËÞ‹¹ÔÂÁ àÅ×Í¡àŹʏ·ÕèÁÕ·Ò§ÂÒÇâ¿¡ÑʹŒÍÂŧ à¾×èͶ‹ÒÂÀҾ䴌§‹Ò¢Öé¹ áÅеÑÇẺ¼Ô´ÊѴʋǹä»àÅ硹ŒÍÂã¹ÅѡɳзÕèÂÍÁÃѺ䴌äÁ‹á¹Ð¹íÒãËŒ¶‹ÒÂÀÒ¾¤ÃÖ觵ÑÇàµçÁà¿ÃÁ´ŒÇÂàŹʏ wide à¾ÃÒШзíÒãËŒµÇẺʴÊǹà¾Â¹¨Ò¡¤ÇÒÁ໹¨Ã§ â´ÂÊǹãËިйÂÁãªàŹʏ wide Ñ Ñ ‹ éÕ š Ô ‹ ‹ Ô ŒàÁ×è͵ŒÍ§¡ÒöÒÂÀÒ¾ËÁÙ‹¤³Ð à¾×èÍà¡çº¤¹ä´Œ·Ñé§ËÁ´ ᵋÁÕ¢ŒÍàÊÕ¤×Í ¤¹·ÕèÍÂÙ‹ÃÔÁæ ÊѴʋǹ¨Ðà¾Õé¹ áÅкԴàºÕéÂÇ
  21. 21. .6.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ºØ¤¤Å è6.2 àÁ×ÍàÃÒàÅ×͡㪌àŹʏ telephoto áÅŒÇ ÊÔ觷Õ赌ͧ¾Ô¨ÒóÒÍÕ¡Í‹ҧ¤×Í©Ò¡ËÅѧ è㪌 F no. ¹ŒÍÂæ ËÒ¡àÃÒµŒÍ§¡Ò÷ըÐãËŒªÑ´á¤‹à©¾ÒеÑÇẺ áÅлŋÍÂãËŒ©Ò¡ËÅѧàºÅÍ è㪌 F no. ÁÒ¡æ ËÒ¡àÃÒµŒÍ§¡Ò÷ըÐãËŒªÑ´·Ñ駵ÑÇẺ áÅÐ ©Ò¡ËÅѧ è
  22. 22. .6.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ºØ¤¤Å è 6.3 ÅíҴѺµ‹ÍÁÒ¤×Í¡ÒÃàÅ×Í¡ÁØÁÁͧ·Õ¨Ð¶‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ è¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾â´ÂãËŒÃйҺ¿ÅÁµÑ駩ҡ¡Ñº¾×¹ ¨Ð·íÒãËŒàËç¹ÀÒ¾ÊѴʋǹµÃ§¡Ñº¤ÇÒÁ໚¹¨ÃÔ§ÁÒ¡·ÕèÊØ´ éËÒ¡àÃÒà»ÅÕ¹໚¹¶‹Ò´ŒÇÂÁØÁà§Â ¨Ð·íÒãËŒµÑÇẺËÑÇÅÕº ËÃ×ÍÀÒ¾ÅÙ‹ àËÁÒÐÊíÒËÃѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾¾Ç¡ÃѺÃÒ§ÇÑŠ໚¹µŒ¹ èᵋ¶ŒÒËÒ¡àÃÒà»ÅÕ¹໚¹¶‹Ò´ŒÇÂÁØÁ¡ŒÁ ¨Ð·íÒãËŒµÑÇẺ°Ò¹¡ÇŒÒ§ ËÃ×Í ÀÒ¾ºÒ¹ÍÍ¡ àËÁÒÐÊíÒËÃѺ¶‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ãËŒ´ÙËÑÇâµæ è
  23. 23. .6.ÈÖ¡ÉÒà¡ÕÂǡѺ¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ºØ¤¤Å è 6.4 ÅíҴѺÊØ´·ŒÒ¤×Í¡ÒÃàÅ×Í¡ÊÀÒ¾áʧ áʧ·ÕèࢌÒÁÒÁռŵ‹ÍÍÒÃÁ³ªÍ§ÀÒ¾ ËÒ¡µŒÍ§¡ÒÃãËŒÀÒ¾´ÙÁÁÔµÔ ãËŒáʧࢌÒÁÒ Õ ´ŒÒ¹¢ŒÒ§ 45 ͧÈÒ áʧ·ÕèࢌÒÁҵçæ¨Ð·íÒãËŒÀÒ¾´Ùẹà¡Ô¹ä» ËÒ¡áʧࢌÒÁÒÍÂÙËÅѧÀÒ¾ à·¤¹Ô¤·Õ¹ÔÂÁ㪌 ‹ è ¡Ñ¹¤×Í¡Òö‹ÒÂÀÒ¾ÃÔÁ light ¤×ͻŋÍÂãËŒµÑÇ áººÁ×´áÅŒÇÇÑ´áʧºÃÔàdz»ÅÒ¼Á à¾×èÍãËŒà¡Ô´áʧÃÔÁæàÊŒ¹¼Á ËÃ×ͶŒÒÍÂÒ¡ãËŒµÑÇẺÊÇ‹Ò§´ŒÇ ÊÒÁÒö 㪌 flash ÂԧࢌÒä»·ÕµÑÇẺ ËÃ×Í·ÕàÃÕ¡ è è ¡Ñ¹Ç‹Ò ¡Òõºá¿Åª¹Ñ¹àͧ è
  24. 24. Thank You for attendance Thank youHope attendance.enjoy taking photos.  For everyone Hope everyone enjoy Taking photos Yeahhh !!

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