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  • 1. AGENDA MAIN OBJECTIVE: ANALYZING THE STRUCTURE OF OUR CH. 21 ARGUMENT AND PLANNING THE STRUCTURE OF OUR RHETORICAL ANALYSIS WRITING PROMPT DISCUSSION OUTLINING YOUR RHETORICAL ANALYSIS PRESENTATION – INTRODUCTION CLOSING HW: FINISH OUTLINE, COMPOSE INTRO
  • 2. DEADLINES TUESDAY, NOV. 12 1) RHETORICAL ANALYSIS 2) BASIC OUTLINE – RESEARCH PAPER TOPIC TENTATIVE, WORKING CLAIM SECTION A SUBTOPIC SECTION B SUBTOPIC SECTION C SUBTOPIC
  • 3. WRITING PROMPT READ THE ANN ROIPHE RHETORICAL ANALYSIS. WHAT CAN YOU LEARN ABOUT ANALYZING AN ARGUMENT’S STRUCTURE BY READING THIS PIECE?
  • 4. RHETORICAL ANALYSIS HOW TO STRUCTURE AND OUTLINE YOUR ESSAY
  • 5. INTRODUCTION A. __Contextualize the essay: discuss its context, give a little background on the issue, paint a quick picture of the cultural climate into which the argument was introduced. B. __Introduce the author and essay: mention the essay’s title and discuss briefly the author’s background, occupation, other writings, etc. C. __Describe/summarize briefly the essay’s subject/gist D. __Identify briefly the author’s main claims/goals E. __Identify briefly the author’s intended audience F. __State thesis: How persuasive or unpersuasive you find this argument, listing briefly some of its greatest strengths and weaknesses
  • 6. AN INTRO CAN LOOK LIKE THIS: “Anne Roiphe’s “Confessions of a Female Chauvinist Sow” first appeared in the magazine New York in 1972. In this essay Roiphe aims to convince her readers that women must put faith in the idea that they are equal to men, not superior: “Women who want equality must be prepared to give it and believe in it…” (Roiphe). Personal anecdotes, contrast, and comparison are techniques Roiphe skillfully uses to create a strong, convincing essay.
  • 7. AUDIENCE (This can be part of a single introduction paragraph, or it can be broken into a separate paragraph that is still part of the introduction section. We haven’t talked a lot about audience yet, so listen up (-: __Identify author’s intended audience – the likely readers of the publication. __Describe how else we know – from the essay’s subject matter, argument, etc. – that this is the likely intended audience. __Discuss why the author likely chose this audience and how you know this.
  • 8. WHAT THIS CAN LOOK LIKE: (Second paragraph) “Judging by the author’s persuasive pleas, this article is written mainly to people who do not already share the author’s views entirely or in part. The Journal, Social Research, Is primarily written to scholars and learned individuals, but I think the general population just does not have enough information on wild species and/or the direness of their situations to feel greatly motivated to act. Here, he could have supplied more information for the less knowledgeable majority, though it is not really necessary because of the journal’s target audience.”
  • 9. DISCUSS THE STRUCTURE OF THE ESSAY Provide a roadmap of the of the essay’s organization and/or logic for your readers. __Do so by describing how the essay opens, how it unfolds, and how it concludes. __Also, you can describe any major shifts in the argument’s reasoning. __Evaluate the argument’s structure. In other words, you can comment on how the structure of the essay itself might persuade (or fail to persuade) the audience. (Some of you are already doing this, especially if your claim says that the author is successful with one part of the essay but not another part)
  • 10. WHAT THIS CAN LOOK LIKE: “Roiphe begins her essay with a personal anecdote describing the “horrifying” realization that she married a man exactly like her father. This technique immediately establishes the essay as informal and personal. It is a great way to capture the reader’s interest…” “Shortly after capturing the reader’s interest with the introductory anecdote, Roiphe begins using contrast…” “About midway through the essay, Roiphe makes a transition from contrast to comparison…” “More important than the functions of the techniques she uses independently is how Roiphe uses them together…It is obvious that Roiphe purposely used the techniques in a planned way. This allowed her to create a specifically designed essay that helped convince her readers…”
  • 11. DISCUSS THE STRUCTURE OF THE ESSAY __Provide a roadmap of the of the essay’s organization and/or logic for your readers. __Do so by describing how the essay opens, how it unfolds, and how it concludes. __Also, you can describe any major shifts in the argument’s reasoning. __Evaluate the argument’s structure. In other words, you can comment on how the structure of the essay itself might persuade (or fail to persuade) the audience. (Some of you are already doing this, especially if your claim says that the author is successful with one part of the essay but not another part)
  • 12. WHAT THIS CAN LOOK LIKE… “Roiphe begins her essay with a personal anecdote describing the “horrifying” realization that she married a man exactly like her father. This technique immediately establishes the essay as informal and personal. It is a great way to capture the reader’s interest…” “Shortly after capturing the reader’s interest with the introductory anecdote, Roiphe begins using contrast…” “About midway through the essay, Roiphe makes a transition from contrast to comparison…” “More important than the functions of the techniques she uses independently is how Roiphe uses them together…It is obvious that Roiphe purposely used the techniques in a planned way. This allowed her to create a specifically designed essay that helped convince her readers…”
  • 13. DISCUSS THE STRUCTURE OF THE ESSAY __Provide a roadmap of the of the essay’s organization and/or logic for your readers. __Do so by describing how the essay opens, how it unfolds, and how it concludes. __Also, you can describe any major shifts in the argument’s reasoning. __Evaluate the argument’s structure. In other words, you can comment on how the structure of the essay itself might persuade (or fail to persuade) the audience. (Some of you are already doing this, especially if your claim says that the author is successful with one part of the essay but not another part)
  • 14. WHAT THIS CAN LOOK LIKE… “Roiphe begins her essay with a personal anecdote describing the “horrifying” realization that she married a man exactly like her father. This technique immediately establishes the essay as informal and personal. It is a great way to capture the reader’s interest…” “Shortly after capturing the reader’s interest with the introductory anecdote, Roiphe begins using contrast…” “About midway through the essay, Roiphe makes a transition from contrast to comparison…” “More important than the functions of the techniques she uses independently is how Roiphe uses them together…It is obvious that Roiphe purposely used the techniques in a planned way. This allowed her to create a specifically designed essay that helped convince her readers…”
  • 15. DISCUSS THE STRUCTURE OF THE ESSAY __Provide a roadmap of the of the essay’s organization and/or logic for your readers. __Do so by describing how the essay opens, how it unfolds, and how it concludes. __Also, you can describe any major shifts in the argument’s reasoning. __Evaluate the argument’s structure. In other words, you can comment on how the structure of the essay itself might persuade (or fail to persuade) the audience. (Some of you are already doing this, especially if your claim says that the author is successful with one part of the essay but not another part)
  • 16. WHAT THIS CAN LOOK LIKE… “Roiphe begins her essay with a personal anecdote describing the “horrifying” realization that she married a man exactly like her father. This technique immediately establishes the essay as informal and personal. It is a great way to capture the reader’s interest…” “Shortly after capturing the reader’s interest with the introductory anecdote, Roiphe begins using contrast…” “About midway through the essay, Roiphe makes a transition from contrast to comparison…” “More important than the functions of the techniques she uses independently is how Roiphe uses them together…It is obvious that Roiphe purposely used the techniques in a planned way. This allowed her to create a specifically designed essay that helped convince her readers…”
  • 17. STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES After discussing the chronological structure of your essay, you will discuss first the strengths of the essay you are analyzing, and then its weaknesses.
  • 18. STRENGTHS From Milena Ateya: “The author earns the reader’s respect because of his knowledge and through his logical presentation of the issue.” “The author also emphasizes the danger of the slippery slope of censorship…”
  • 19. WEAKNESSES From Milena Ateya: “Overall, however, Bok’s work lacks the kinds of evidence that statistics, interviews with students, and other representative examples of controversial conduct could provide.” “Throughout, Bok’s personal feelings are implied but not stated directly.”