Happy Sentence Structure Monday!!!
I hope you had a chance to review your own work and
make corrections in italics. I hope even more you have
brought those revisions with you.
• A sentence fragment is a word group that
pretends to be a sentence. Sentence
fragments are easy to recognize when they
appear out of context:
• When the cat leaped onto the table.
• Running for the bus (verbal alert!!!).
• And immediately popped their flares and life
• When fragments appear next to related
sentences, however, they are harder to spot.
• We had just sat down to dinner. When the cat
leaped onto the table.
• I tripped and twisted my ankle. Running for
• The pilots ejected from the burning plane,
landing in the water not far from the ship. And
immediately popped their flares and lifevests.
Fixing Sentence Fragments
• Easy Peasy!!!
• Just pull the fragment into a nearby sentence.
• Rewrite the fragment as a complete sentence.
• Let’s look at pp 239-240
Vocabulary Alert I
• Fragmented subordinate clauses
• Fragmented phrases
• Other fragmented word groups
1. Parts of compound predicates
3. Examples introduced by “for example,” “in
addition,” or similar phrases
Vocabulary Alert II
• Prepositional phrases =a group of words made up
of a preposition, its object, and any of the
object's modifiers. They add meaning to the
nouns and verbs in a sentence.
• Verbal = a verb form that does not serve as a verb
in the sentence. Instead, it functions as a noun,
adjective, or adverb. Verbal phrase includes the
verbal plus its objects & modifiers,
• Appositives = words that rename nouns or
Attach fragmented subordinate
clauses or turn them into sentences.
• A subordinate clause is patterned like a
sentence, with both a subject and a verb, but
it begins with a word that marks it as
• The fact that it is subordinate makes the
clause a fragment. By definition, a subordinate
thought is not a complete thought, and all
sentences must have a SUBJECT and a VERB,
and EXPRESS A COMPLETE THOUGHT.
The fix – let’s look at p. 240 to see
words that signal subordinate clauses
Attach fragmented phrases or turn
them into sentences.
• Like subordinate clauses, phrases function
within sentences as adjectives (describe
nouns), adverbs (describe actions), or as
nouns. They cannot stand alone. They are
often prepositional or verbal phrases;
sometimes they are apposotives (words or
word groups that rename nouns or pronouns).
• Let’s look at p. 241
Other common fragment forms
• Parts of compound predicates (hint: use the
three-prong approach. Does it have a subject,
verb AND express a complete thought).
• Lists (often you can attach it to a nearby
sentence with a colon or a dash)
• Examples introduced by “for example,” “in
addition,” or similar expressions – generally
pretty easy to turn fragment into sentence.
• Let’s look at p. 242 to see how easy it is to fix
• Want more practice?? Do Exercises G5-1 and
G5-2. I will happily go over these with you in
the additional support sessions.