The city of Agra is situated on the banks of river Yamuna in the northernstate of Uttar Pradesh. Agra boats of being one of the most prominent tourist destination of India and is home to one of the seven wonders of the world, the Taj Mahal as well as other two World Heritage Sites, Red Fort and Fatehpur Sikri.
History Of Taj MahalTaj Mahal way built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (1628-1658), who was the grandson of Akbar thegreat. As the history of Taj Mahal goes, it was built in the memory of his beloved queen Arjumand BanoBegum, better known as "Mumtaz Mahal".Mumtaz Mahal was one of the most loved queens of emperor Shah Jahan. She was a niece of empressNur Jahan and granddaughter of Mirza Ghias Beg Itimad-ud-Daula, who was the wazir of emperorJehangir. Mumtaj Mahal was born in 1593 and died in 1631 at the age of 38. She lost her life in the city ofBurhanpur during the birth of her fourteenth child. Shah Jahan was in deep sorrow at the death of thequeen and decided to build the Taj Mahal, a marble wonder, in her rememberence. Soon after her deathher mortal remains were buried in the garden of Zainabad. Six months after her death, her body wastransferred to Agra, and was finally enshrined in the crypt of the main tomb of the Taj Mahal. After thedeath of Shah Jahan, his last remains were also enshirned in the Taj Mahal. Therefore, the Taj Mahal is themausoleum of both Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan.
The exterior decorations of the Taj MahalThe exterior decorations of Taj Mahal are among the finest to be found in Mughalarchitecture. As the surface area changes, a large pishtaq has more area than asmaller, the decorations are refined proportionally. The decorative elements werecreated by applying paint or stucco, or by stone inlays or by carvings. In line with theIslamic prohibition of the use of anthropomorphic forms, the decorative elements canbe grouped into either calligraphy, abstract forms or vegetative motifs.The calligraphy found in Taj Mahal are of florid thuluth script, created byPersian calligrapher, Amanat Khan, who signed several of the panels. The calligraphy ismade by jasper inlaid in white marble panels and the work found on the marblecenotaphs in the tomb is extremely detailed and delicate.
Architecture of Taj Mahal The Taj Mahal is the most brilliant and the most triumphant achievement among the funeral monuments all around the world. It marks the culmination in the evolution of the tomb. The Indian builders achieved the most beautiful expression through this creation under the Mughals. The Taj Mahal in its entirety is the result of the grand total of all the efforts put meticulously by the expert artists of the age. They harmonized all the fine features in their minutest details and brilliantlyput together to produce the most pleasant impression. The minarets and the grand elevation play an important part in theaesthetics of the Taj Mahal. The beautifully laid garden presents the white marble structure more imposingly. Various partscombine together in symmetry and pleasing proportion to make the monument look more astonishing. A wonderful artistic and visual effect of the Taj is obtained by its elevation, superstructure, balanced and symmetrical combination of its parts.
Rakesh Agrawal Head Office: 70, L.G.F, World Trade Centre Barakhamba Lane, New Delhi-1Tel: 91-11- 4777 3434, Fax: 91-11-4777 3400 10001 Mobile : +91 9811143684 Email : firstname.lastname@example.org Website : http://www.tajmahalagra.comFor questions and suggestions at any time, you can write to email@example.com