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    Ahsan z Ahsan z Document Transcript

    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014SOME IMPORTANT THINGSPakistan Inflation RateThe inflation rate in Pakistan was last reported at 12.69 percent in June of 2010.From 2003 until 2010, the average inflation rate in Pakistan was 10.15 percentreaching an historical high of 25.33 percent in August of 2008 and a record low of1.41 percent in July of 2003. Inflation rate refers to a general rise in pricesmeasured against a standard level of purchasing power. The most well-knownmeasures of Inflation are the CPI which measures consumer prices, and the GDPdeflator, which measures inflation in the whole of the domestic economy. Interest Growth Inflation Jobless Current ExchangeCountry Rate Rate Rate Rate Account RatePakistan 13.00% 2.00% 12.69% 5.50% -1548 86.1200Pakistan Balance of TradePakistan reported a balance of trade deficit equivalent to 1450.9 Million USD inJuly of 2010. Pakistan exports rice, furniture, cotton fiber, cement, tiles, marble,textiles, clothing, leather goods, carpets and rugs and food products. Pakistanimports mainly petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportationP A G E |1
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel and tea. Its maintrading partners are: European Union, China, The United Arab Emirates and TheUnited States.Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec2010 -1620.7 -964.6 -1479.8 -1278.4 -1609.7 -1404.9 -1450.92009 -1168.0 -857.2 -1041.9 -1435.9 -1061.5 -1801.6 -1150.4 -1044.0 -897.9 -1421.0 -986.5 -1326.32008 -2053.0 -2104.0 -2037.0 -2291.5 -1937.6 -1971.6 -1644.0 -1877.8 -2027.3 -1948.1 -1196.4 -815.9Pakistan Current AccountPakistan reported a current account deficit equivalent to 1548.0 Million USD inDecember of 2010. Pakistan exports rice, furniture, cotton fiber, cement, tiles,marble, textiles, clothing, leather goods, carpets and rugs and food products.Pakistan imports mainly petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics,transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel and tea.Its main trading partners are: European Union, China, The United Arab Emiratesand The United States.P A G E |2
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Year Mar Jun Sep Dec 2010 -740.0 -642.0 -587.0 -1548.0 2009 -545.0 -878.0 -587.0 -1548.0 2008 -3790.0 -4194.0 -4140.0 -3434.0About Current AccountCurrent Account is the sum of the balance of trade (exports minus imports ofgoods and services), net factor income (such as interest and dividends) and nettransfer payments (such as foreign aid). The balance of trade is typically the mostimportant part of the current account. This means that changes in the patterns oftrade are key drivers in the current accounts of most of the worlds economies.However, for the few countries with substantial overseas assets or liabilities, netfactor payments may be significant. Positive net sales to abroad generallycontribute to a current account surplus; negative net sales to abroad generallycontribute to a current account deficit. Because exports generate positive net sales,and because the trade balance is typically the largest component of the currentaccount, a current account surplus is usually associated with positive net exports.The net factor income or income account, a sub-account of the current account, isusually presented under the headings income payments as outflows, and incomereceipts as inflows. Income refers not only to the money received from investmentsmade abroad (note: investments are recorded in the capital account but incomefrom investments is recorded in the current account) but also to the money sent byindividuals working abroad, known as remittances, to their families back home. Ifthe income account is negative, the country is paying more than it is taking ininterest, dividends, etc. For example, the United States net income has beendeclining exponentially since it has allowed the dollars price relative to otherP A G E |3
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014currencies to be determined by the market to a point where income payments andreceipts are roughly equal of trade forms part of the current account, which alsoincludes other transactions such as income from the international investmentposition as well as international aid. If the current account is in surplus, thecountrys net international asset position increases correspondingly. Equally, adeficit decreases the net international asset position.Pakistan Government BudgetPakistan had a government budget surplus in 2009 equivalent to 5.30 percent of theGross Domestic Product (GDP). Government Budget is an itemized accounting ofthe payments received by government (taxes and other fees) and the paymentsmade by government (purchases and transfer payments). A budget deficit occurswhen a government spends more money than it takes in. The opposite of a budgetdeficit is a budget surplus.Pakistan Government Bond 10 Year YieldPakistans Government Bond Yield for 10 Year Notes rallied 115 basis pointsduring the last 12 months. From 2002 until 2010 Pakistans Government BondYield for 10 Year Notes averaged 9.77 percent reaching an historical high of 16.65percent in December of 2008 and a record low of 4.17 percent in March of 2003.Generally, a government bond is issued by a national government and isdenominated in the country`s own currency. Bonds issued by national governmentsin foreign currencies are normally referred to as sovereign bonds. The yieldrequired by investors to loan funds to governments reflects inflation expectationsand the likelihood that the debt will be repaid.P A G E |4
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec2010 12.52 12.57 12.66 12.57 12.57 12.70 12.97 13.34 13.622009 15.82 14.59 12.52 12.63 12.48 12.08 11.62 12.10 12.46 12.70 12.48 12.632008 10.63 11.20 11.35 11.47 12.01 12.87 14.13 14.16 14.44 14.56 15.89 16.51 * The table above displays the monthly average.Pakistan GDP Growth RateThe Pakistan economy expanded 2.00 percent over the last year, as measured bythe year-over-year change in Gross Domestic Product (GDP YoY). Unlike thecommonly used quarterly GDP growth rate the annual GDP growth rate takes intoaccount a full year of economic activity, thus avoiding the need to make any typeof seasonal adjustment. The Pakistan Gross Domestic Product is worth 167 billiondollars or 0.27% of the world economy, according to the World Bank. From 1998until 2009, Pakistans average annual GDP Growth was 4.92 percent reaching anhistorical high of 9.00 percent in December of 2005 and a record low of 2.00percent in December of 2001P A G E |5
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014PAKISTAN - NATIONAL STATISTICAL DATA Latest Value Scale UnitsPakistan Balance of Trade -1450.90 Million USDPakistan Current Account -1548.00 Million USDUSDPKR Exchange Rate 86.20Pakistan Exports 1787.90 Million USDPakistan Gross Domestic Product (GDP) 166.55 Billion USDPakistan GDP Growth Rate 2.00 %Pakistan GDP per capita (Constant Prices Since 2000) 650.00 USDPakistan GDP per capita (Purchasing Power Parity PPP) 2538.00 USDPakistan Government Bond 10 Year Yield 13.61 PKRPakistan Government Budget 5.30 %Pakistan Imports 3238.80 Million USDPakistan Inflation Rate 12.69 %Pakistan Interest Rate 13.00Pakistan Stock Market Index 10006.97 PKRPakistan Unemployment Rate 5.50 %PAKISTAN - IMF DATA & FORECASTS 2010 2015 Scale UnitsPakistan GDP at constant prices 5859.58 7477.63 Billions Pakistan RupeePakistan percent change in GDP at 3.00 6.00 Percent changeconstant pricesPakistan GDP at current prices 15039.00 26046.42 Billions Pakistan RupeePakistan GDP at current prices in US 177.90 246.23 Billions U.S. dollarsdollarsPakistan GDP deflator 256.66 348.33 IndexPakistan GDP per Capita at constant 35176.13 41419.39 Units Pakistan RupeepricesPakistan GDP per Capita at current 90281.80 144273.87 Units Pakistan RupeepricesPakistan GDP per Capita at current 1067.97 1363.91 Units U.S. dollarsprices in US dollarsPakistan GDP based on Purchasing Current internationalPower Parity (PPP) valuation of 451.97 630.25 Billions dollarcountry GDPPakistan GDP based on Purchasing Current international 2713.27 3491.03 UnitsPower Parity (PPP) per capita GDP dollarP A G E |6
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Pakistan GDP based on Purchasing 0.63 0.64 PercentPower Parity (PPP) share of world total National currency perPakistan Implied Purchasing Power 33.27 41.33 current internationalParity (PPP) conversion rate dollarPakistan Consumer Prices Index 221.18 300.18 Index; 2000=100averagePakistan Inflation average 11.50 6.00 Percent changePakistan Consumer Prices Index end- 226.00 308.14 Index; 2000=100of-periodPakistan Inflation end-of-period 12.00 6.00 Percent changePakistan Population 166.58 180.54 Millions PersonsPakistan Current account balance in US -6.80 -8.41 Billions U.S. dollarsdollarsPakistan Current account balance in -3.82 -3.42 Percent of GDPpercent of GDPPAKISTAN - WORLD BANK DATA Previous LastAdjusted net savings; excluding particulate emission damage 13 7(% of GNI) in PakistanAdjusted net savings; excluding particulate emission damage 16003192948 8074260781(US dollar) in PakistanAdjusted net savings; including particulate emission damage 12 6(% of GNI) in PakistanAdjusted net savings; including particulate emission damage 15121129046 7192196879(US dollar) in PakistanAdjusted savings: carbon dioxide damage (% of 1 1GNI) in PakistanAdjusted savings: carbon dioxide damage (US 1067891687 1113155322dollar) in PakistanAdjusted savings: consumption of fixed capital (% of 8 8GNI) in PakistanAdjusted savings: consumption of fixed capital (US 11793866523 13833293506dollar) in PakistanAdjusted savings: education expenditure (% of 2 2GNI) in PakistanAdjusted savings: education expenditure (US 30112088 35962907dollar) in PakistanAdjusted savings: energy depletion (% of GNI) in Pakistan 4 5P A G E |7
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Adjusted savings: energy depletion (US dollar) in Pakistan 5502715225 8290359263Adjusted savings: gross savings (% of GNI) in Pakistan 24 19Adjusted savings: mineral depletion (% of GNI) in Pakistan 0 0Adjusted savings: mineral depletion (US dollar) in Pakistan 132919 635823Adjusted savings: net forest depletion (% of GNI) in Pakistan 1 1Adjusted savings: net forest depletion (US dollar) in Pakistan 1358972928 1163383734Adjusted savings: net national savings (% of GNI) in Pakistan 16 11Adjusted savings: net national savings (US dollar) in Pakistan 23902793617 18605832016Adjusted savings: particulate emission damage (% of 1 1GNI) in PakistanAdjusted savings: particulate emission damage (US 882063901 882063901dollar) in PakistanAdolescent fertility rate (births per 1;000 women ages 15- 46 4519) in PakistanAge dependency ratio; old (% of working-age 7 7population) in PakistanAge dependency ratio (% of working-age 71 70population) in PakistanAge dependency ratio; young (% of working-age 64 63population) in PakistanAgricultural irrigated land (% of total agriculturalland) in PakistanAgricultural land (% of land area) in Pakistan 35Agricultural land (sq. km) in Pakistan 273000Agricultural machinery; tractors per 100 sq. km of arable 219land in PakistanAgricultural machinery; tractors in Pakistan 470000Agricultural methane emissions (% of total) in PakistanAgricultural nitrous oxide emissions (% of total) in PakistanAgricultural raw materials exports (% of merchandise 1 1exports) in PakistanAgricultural raw materials imports (% of merchandise 5 5imports) in PakistanAgriculture; value added (annual % growth) in Pakistan 4 1Agriculture; value added (constant 2000 US 21977037932 22213481517dollar) in PakistanAgriculture; value added (constant LCU) in Pakistan 1137037000000 1149270000000Agriculture; value added (current LCU) in Pakistan 1685240000000 2016553000000Agriculture value added per worker (constant 2000 US 908 892dollar) in PakistanAgriculture; value added (% of GDP) in Pakistan 20 20Agriculture; value added (US dollar) in Pakistan 27825576657 32262711009P A G E |8
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Air transport; freight (million ton-km) in Pakistan 314 320Air transport; passengers carried in Pakistan 5439144 5605758Air transport; registered carrier departures 51029 52165worldwide in PakistanAlternative and nuclear energy (% of total energy 4use) in PakistanAnnual freshwater withdrawals; agriculture (% of total 96freshwater withdrawal) in PakistanAnnual freshwater withdrawals; domestic (% of total 2freshwater withdrawal) in PakistanAnnual freshwater withdrawals; industry (% of total 2freshwater withdrawal) in PakistanAnnual freshwater withdrawals; total (billion cubicmeters) in PakistanAnnual freshwater withdrawals; total (% of internal 308resources) in PakistanArable land (hectares per person) in Pakistan 0Arable land (hectares) in Pakistan 21500000Arable land (% of land area) in Pakistan 28ARI treatment (% of children under 5 taken to a health 69provider) in PakistanArmed forces personnel (% of total labor force) in Pakistan 2 2Armed forces personnel; total in Pakistan 921000 921000Arms exports (constant 1990 US dollar) in PakistanArms imports (constant 1990 US dollar) in Pakistan 605000000 1094000000Average grace period on new external debt commitments; 8 6official (years) in PakistanAverage grace period on new external debt commitments; 9 0private (years) in PakistanAverage grace period on new external debt commitments 8 6(years) in PakistanAverage grant element on new external debt commitments; 54 54official (%) in PakistanAverage grant element on new external debt commitments 46 54(%) in PakistanAverage grant element on new external debt commitments; 18 0private (%) in PakistanAverage interest on new external debt commitments; official 3 2(%) in PakistanAverage interest on new external debt commitments 4 2(%) in PakistanAverage interest on new external debt commitments; private 7 0P A G E |9
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014(%) in PakistanAverage maturity on new external debt commitments; official 29 23(years) in PakistanAverage maturity on new external debt commitments; private 9 0(years) in PakistanAverage maturity on new external debt commitments 24 23(years) in PakistanAverage number of times firms spent in meetings with tax 2officials in PakistanAverage precipitation in depth (mm per year) in Pakistan 494Average time to clear exports through customs 5(days) in PakistanBank capital to assets ratio (%) in Pakistan 11 10Bank liquid reserves to bank assets ratio (%) in Pakistan 9Bank nonperfoming loans to total gross loans (%) in Pakistan 7 9Battle-related deaths (number of people) in Pakistan 3714 6665Binding coverage; all products (%) in Pakistan 99Binding coverage; manufactured products (%) in Pakistan 99Binding coverage; primary products (%) in Pakistan 98Bird species; threatened in Pakistan 27Birth rate; crude (per 1;000 people) in Pakistan 30 30Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) in Pakistan 39Bound rate; simple mean; all products (%) in Pakistan 60Bound rate; simple mean; manufactured products 55(%) in PakistanBound rate; simple mean; primary products (%) in Pakistan 77Burden of customs procedure; WEF (1=extremely inefficient 3 3to 7=extremely efficient) in PakistanBusiness extent of disclosure index (0=less disclosure to 6 610=more disclosure) in PakistanCash surplus/deficit (current LCU) in Pakistan -361961000000 -761721000000Cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP) in Pakistan -4 -7Central government debt; total (current LCU) in PakistanCentral government debt; total (% of GDP) in PakistanCereal yield (kg per hectare) in Pakistan 2741 2674Changes in inventories (constant LCU) in Pakistan 87647000000 91850000000Changes in inventories (current LCU) in Pakistan 138768000000 164550000000Changes in inventories (US dollar) in Pakistan 2291246126 2632625622Changes in net reserves (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan -2516822608 9395664266Children out of school; primary; female in Pakistan 4183500 4201000Children out of school; primary; male in Pakistan 2989823 3059509P A G E | 10
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Children out of school; primary in Pakistan 7173323 7260509Children with fever receiving antimalarial drugs (% of 3children under age 5 with fever) in PakistanClaims on governments and other public entities (current 1081797201334LCU) in PakistanClaims on governments; etc. (annual growth as % of 7M2) in PakistanClaims on private sector (annual growth as % of 10M2) in PakistanCO2 emissions (kg per 2000 US dollar of GDP) in PakistanCO2 emissions (kg per 2005 PPP dollar of GDP) in PakistanCO2 emissions (kg per PPP dollar of GDP) in PakistanCO2 emissions (kt) in PakistanCO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) in PakistanCO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energyuse) in PakistanCombustible renewables and waste (metric tons of oilequivalent) in PakistanCombustible renewables and waste (% of total 34energy) in PakistanCommercial banks and other lending (PPG + PNG) (NFL; US -268978000 652227000dollar) in PakistanCommercial service exports (US dollar) in Pakistan 2223700000 2393000000Commercial service imports (US dollar) in Pakistan 8425700000 9079000000Commitments; IBRD (COM; US dollar) in Pakistan 100000000 173600000Commitments; IDA (COM; US dollar) in Pakistan 1109990000 161900000Commitments; official creditors (COM; US dollar) in Pakistan 2793450000 3534947000Commitments; private creditors (COM; US dollar) in Pakistan 875000000 0Commitments; public and publicly guaranteed (COM; US 3668450000 3534947000dollar) in PakistanCommunications; computer; etc. (% of service exports; 62 62BoP) in PakistanCommunications; computer; etc. (% of service imports;BoP) in PakistanCommunity health workers (per 1;000 people) in PakistanCompensation of employees (current LCU) in Pakistan 60717000000 67920000000Compensation of employees (% of expense) in Pakistan 4 4Completeness of infant death reporting (% of reported infantdeaths to estimated infant deaths) in PakistanComputer; communications and other services (% of 35 35commercial service exports) in PakistanComputer; communications and other services (% of 39 35P A G E | 11
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014commercial service imports) in PakistanConcessional debt (% of total external debt) in Pakistan 68 61Consumer price index (2005 = 100) in Pakistan 116 140Consumption of iodized salt (% of households) in PakistanContainer port traffic (TEU: 20 foot equivalent 1935882 1938001units) in PakistanContraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15- 3049) in PakistanCost of business start-up procedures (% of GNI per 14 13capita) in PakistanCost to export (US dollar per container) in Pakistan 515 611Cost to import (US dollar per container) in Pakistan 648 680CPIA building human resources rating (1=low to 4 46=high) in PakistanCPIA business regulatory environment rating (1=low to 4 46=high) in PakistanCPIA debt policy rating (1=low to 6=high) in Pakistan 5 4CPIA economic management cluster average (1=low to 4 36=high) in PakistanCPIA efficiency of revenue mobilization rating (1=low to 4 36=high) in PakistanCPIA equity of public resource use rating (1=low to 4 46=high) in PakistanCPIA financial sector rating (1=low to 6=high) in Pakistan 5 4CPIA fiscal policy rating (1=low to 6=high) in Pakistan 4 3CPIA gender equality rating (1=low to 6=high) in Pakistan 2 2CPIA macroeconomic management rating (1=low to 4 36=high) in PakistanCPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average 3 3(1=low to 6=high) in PakistanCPIA policy and institutions for environmental sustainability 4 3rating (1=low to 6=high) in PakistanCPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating (1=low 3 3to 6=high) in PakistanCPIA public sector management and institutions cluster 3 3average (1=low to 6=high) in PakistanCPIA quality of budgetary and financial management rating 4 4(1=low to 6=high) in PakistanCPIA quality of public administration rating (1=low to 4 46=high) in PakistanCPIA social protection rating (1=low to 6=high) in Pakistan 3 3CPIA structural policies cluster average (1=low to 4 4P A G E | 12
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-0146=high) in PakistanCPIA trade rating (1=low to 6=high) in Pakistan 4 4CPIA transparency; accountability; and corruption in the 3 3public sector rating (1=low to 6=high) in PakistanCredit depth of information index (0=low to 4 46=high) in PakistanCrop production index (1999-2001 = 100) in Pakistan 117Cross-currency valuation (US dollar) in Pakistan 1667397352 1967777201Currency composition of PPG debt; all other currencies 2 2(%) in PakistanCurrency composition of PPG debt; Deutsche mark(%) in PakistanCurrency composition of PPG debt; Euro (%) in Pakistan 11 10Currency composition of PPG debt; French franc(%) in PakistanCurrency composition of PPG debt; Japanese yen 16 18(%) in PakistanCurrency composition of PPG debt; Multiple currencies 15 14(%) in PakistanCurrency composition of PPG debt; Pound sterling 0 0(%) in PakistanCurrency composition of PPG debt; SDR (%) in Pakistan 12 13Currency composition of PPG debt; Swiss franc 0 0(%) in PakistanCurrency composition of PPG debt; U.S. dollars 44 44(%) in PakistanCurrent account balance (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan -8286000000 -15401800000Current account balance (% of GDP) in Pakistan -6 -9Current transfers; receipts (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan 11216000000 11146000000Customs and other import duties (current LCU) in PakistanCustoms and other import duties (% of taxrevenue) in PakistanDaily newspapers (per 1;000 people) in PakistanDeath rate; crude (per 1;000 people) in Pakistan 7 7Debt buyback (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Debt forgiveness grants (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Debt forgiveness or reduction (US dollar) in Pakistan -1300000 0Debt service on external debt; long-term (TDS; US 2327460000 2709493000dollar) in PakistanDebt service on external debt; private nonguaranteed (PNG) 403473000 663971000(TDS; US dollar) in PakistanDebt service on external debt; public and publicly guaranteed 1923987000 2045522000P A G E | 13
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014(PPG) (TDS; US dollar) in PakistanDebt service on external debt; total (TDS; US 2600404000 2940448000dollar) in PakistanDebt service (PPG and IMF only; % of exports; excluding 9 8workers remittances) in PakistanDebt stock reduction (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Debt stock rescheduled (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0DEC alternative conversion factor (LCU per US 61 63dollar) in PakistanDeposit interest rate (%) in Pakistan 5 7Depth of hunger (kilocalories per person per day) in PakistanDiarrhea treatment (% of children under 5 receiving oral 37rehydration and continued feeding) in PakistanDisbursements on external debt; long-term + IMF (DIS; US 3173162000 6878569000dollar) in PakistanDisbursements on external debt; long-term (DIS; US 3173162000 3677958000dollar) in PakistanDisbursements on external debt; private nonguaranteed (PNG) 0 1109810000(DIS; US dollar) in PakistanDisbursements on external debt; public and publicly 3173162000 2568148000guaranteed (PPG) (DIS; US dollar) in PakistanDocuments to export (number) in Pakistan 9 9Documents to import (number) in Pakistan 8 8Domestic credit provided by banking sector (% of 46GDP) in PakistanDomestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) in Pakistan 30Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly 85regulations) in PakistanEBRD; private nonguaranteed (NFL; US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Economically active population in agriculture 24210000 24902000(number) in PakistanElectric power consumption (kWh per capita) in Pakistan 474Electric power consumption (kWh) in Pakistan 77088000000Electric power transmission and distribution losses 18603000000(kWh) in PakistanElectric power transmission and distribution losses (% of 19output) in PakistanElectricity production from coal sources (kWh) in Pakistan 136000000Electricity production from coal sources (% of 0total) in PakistanElectricity production from hydroelectric sources 28707000000(kWh) in PakistanP A G E | 14
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of 30total) in PakistanElectricity production from natural gas sources 32923000000(kWh) in PakistanElectricity production from natural gas sources (% of 34total) in PakistanElectricity production from nuclear sources (kWh) in Pakistan 3077000000Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of 3total) in PakistanElectricity production from oil sources (kWh) in Pakistan 30848000000Electricity production from oil sources (% of total) in Pakistan 32Electricity production (kWh) in Pakistan 95691000000Emigration rate of tertiary educated (% of total tertiaryeducated population) in PakistanEmployees; agriculture; female (% of female 72employment) in PakistanEmployees; agriculture; male (% of male 36employment) in PakistanEmployees; industry; female (% of female 13employment) in PakistanEmployees; industry; male (% of male 23employment) in PakistanEmployees; services; female (% of female 15employment) in PakistanEmployees; services; male (% of male 41employment) in PakistanEmployment in agriculture (% of total 44employment) in PakistanEmployment in industry (% of total employment) in Pakistan 21Employment in services (% of total employment) in Pakistan 35Employment to population ratio; 15+; female (%) in Pakistan 19 20Employment to population ratio; 15+; male (%) in Pakistan 81 81Employment to population ratio; 15+; total (%) in Pakistan 51 52Employment to population ratio; ages 15-24; female 16 17(%) in PakistanEmployment to population ratio; ages 15-24; male 69 69(%) in PakistanEmployment to population ratio; ages 15-24; total 43 44(%) in PakistanEnergy imports; net (% of energy use) in Pakistan 24Energy production (kt of oil equivalent) in Pakistan 63643Energy related methane emissions (% of total) in PakistanP A G E | 15
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Energy related nitrous oxide emissions (% of total) in PakistanEnergy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita) in Pakistan 512Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per dollar1;000 GDP 218(constant 2005 PPP) in PakistanEnergy use (kt of oil equivalent) in Pakistan 83271Exclusive breastfeeding (% of children under 6 37months) in PakistanExpense (current LCU) in Pakistan 1415575000000 1908669000000Expense (% of GDP) in Pakistan 16 19Export value index (2000 = 100) in Pakistan 198 225Export volume index (2000 = 100) in Pakistan 180 182Exports as a capacity to import (constant LCU) in Pakistan 643583307255 539303181328Exports of goods and services (annual % growth) in Pakistan 2 -5Exports of goods and services (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan 21955100000 25454200000Exports of goods and services (constant 2000 US 19099569944 18077854554dollar) in PakistanExports of goods and services (constant LCU) in Pakistan 988164000000 935303000000Exports of goods and services (current LCU) in Pakistan 1230660000000 1316439000000Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) in Pakistan 14 13Exports of goods and services (US dollar) in Pakistan 20319850092 21061628937Exports of goods; services and income (BoP; US 23312100000 26766200000dollar) in PakistanExports of goods; services; income and workers remittances 29304100000 33791200000(BoP; US dollar) in PakistanExternal balance on goods and services (constant 13767000064 -53271998464LCU) in PakistanExternal balance on goods and services (current -620428000000 -1131010000000LCU) in PakistanExternal balance on goods and services (% of -7 -11GDP) in PakistanExternal balance on goods and services (US dollar) in Pakistan -10244099876 -18094961441External debt stocks; concessional (DOD; US 27844205000 29922433000dollar) in PakistanExternal debt stocks; long-term (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 37127289000 43590598000External debt stocks; long-term private sector (DOD; US 1167308000 4246442000dollar) in PakistanExternal debt stocks; long-term public sector (DOD; US 35959981000 39344156000dollar) in PakistanExternal debt stocks (% of exports of goods; services and 139 146income) in PakistanExternal debt stocks (% of GNI) in Pakistan 28 29External debt stocks; private nonguaranteed (PNG) (DOD; US 1153271000 4232073000P A G E | 16
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014dollar) in PakistanExternal debt stocks; public and publicly guaranteed (PPG) 35974018000 39358525000(DOD; US dollar) in PakistanExternal debt stocks; short-term (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 2228000000 1395000000External debt stocks; total (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 40736615000 49337417000External debt stocks; variable rate (DOD; US 8746168000 13347721000dollar) in PakistanExternal resources for health (% of total expenditure on 3health) in PakistanFemale adults with HIV (% of population ages 15+ with 29HIV) in PakistanFertility rate; total (births per woman) in Pakistan 4 4Fertilizer consumption (kilograms per hectare of arable 1662land) in PakistanFertilizer consumption (metric tons) in PakistanFertilizer consumption (% of fertilizer production) in Pakistan 131Final consumption expenditure (constant LCU) in Pakistan 4415038000000 4571174000000Final consumption expenditure; etc. (annual % 3 4growth) in PakistanFinal consumption expenditure; etc. (constant 2000 US 85335436002 88353288541dollar) in PakistanFinal consumption expenditure; etc. (constant 4415038000000 4571174000000LCU) in PakistanFinal consumption expenditure; etc. (current LCU) in Pakistan 7340047000000 9155647000000Final consumption expenditure; etc. (% of GDP) in Pakistan 85 89Final consumption expenditure; etc. (US dollar) in Pakistan 121194037921 146480649536Financing via international capital markets (gross inflows; % 2 0of GDP) in PakistanFirms offering formal training (% of firms) in Pakistan 7Firms using banks to finance investment (% of 10firms) in PakistanFirms with female participation in ownership (% offirms) in PakistanFish species; threatened in Pakistan 22Fixed broadband Internet access tariff (US dollar per 18month) in PakistanFixed broadband Internet subscribers (per 100 0 0people) in PakistanFixed broadband Internet subscribers in Pakistan 45153 168082Food exports (% of merchandise exports) in Pakistan 12 18Food imports (% of merchandise imports) in Pakistan 9 12Food production index (1999-2001 = 100) in Pakistan 124P A G E | 17
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Foreign direct investment; net (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan 5492000000 5389000000Foreign direct investment; net inflows (BoP; US 5590000000 5438000000dollar) in PakistanForeign direct investment; net inflows in reporting economy 5590000000 5438000000(DRS; US dollar) in PakistanForeign direct investment; net inflows (% of GDP) in Pakistan 4 3Foreign direct investment; net outflows (% of 0 0GDP) in PakistanForest area (% of land area) in Pakistan 2Forest area (sq. km) in Pakistan 18164Fossil fuel energy consumption (% of total) in Pakistan 62Fuel exports (% of merchandise exports) in Pakistan 6 6Fuel imports (% of merchandise imports) in Pakistan 26 33GDP (constant 2000 US dollar) in Pakistan 105879697772 107995282352GDP (constant LCU) in Pakistan 5477948000000 5587403000000GDP (current LCU) in Pakistan 8673007000000 10284380000000GDP deflator (base year varies by country) in Pakistan 158 184GDP growth (annual %) in Pakistan 6 2GDP per capita (constant 2000 US dollar) in Pakistan 651 650GDP per capita (constant LCU) in Pakistan 33692 33636GDP per capita growth (annual %) in Pakistan 3 0GDP per capita; PPP (constant 2005 international 2348 2344dollar) in PakistanGDP per capita; PPP (US dollar) in Pakistan 2489 2538GDP per capita (US dollar) in Pakistan 881 991GDP per person employed (constant 1990 PPP 8589 8950dollar) in PakistanGDP per unit of energy use (constant 2005 PPP dollar per kg 5of oil equivalent) in PakistanGDP per unit of energy use (PPP dollar per kg of oil 5equivalent) in PakistanGDP; PPP (constant 2005 international dollar) in Pakistan 381813961632 389442994834GDP; PPP (US dollar) in Pakistan 404692553952 421656979039GDP (US dollar) in Pakistan 143202998461 164539181389GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0 = no biodiversity 5potential to 100 = maximum) in PakistanGeneral government final consumption expenditure (annual % -10 39growth) in PakistanGeneral government final consumption expenditure (constant 10285518241 142949118142000 US dollar) in PakistanGeneral government final consumption expenditure (constant 532147000000 739583000000P A G E | 18
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014LCU) in PakistanGeneral government final consumption expenditure (current 796204000000 1278431000000LCU) in PakistanGeneral government final consumption expenditure (% of 9 12GDP) in PakistanGeneral government final consumption expenditure (US 13146397805 20453541215dollar) in PakistanGINI index in PakistanGNI; Atlas method (US dollar) in Pakistan 140160890192 157341249528GNI (current LCU) in Pakistan 8830638000000 10494181000000GNI per capita; Atlas method (US dollar) in Pakistan 860 950GNI per capita; PPP (US dollar) in Pakistan 2530 2590GNI; PPP (US dollar) in Pakistan 412047799021 430258766979GNI (US dollar) in Pakistan 145805698062 167895775058Goods and services expense (current LCU) in Pakistan 440668000000 397904000000Goods and services expense (% of expense) in Pakistan 31 21Goods exports (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan 18188400000 21328000000Goods imports (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan 28775400000 38097000000Grants and other revenue (current LCU) in Pakistan 427616000000 398487000000Grants and other revenue (% of revenue) in Pakistan 33 28Grants; excluding technical cooperation (US 1006310000 987080000dollar) in PakistanGross capital formation (annual % growth) in Pakistan 13 4Gross capital formation (constant 2000 US dollar) in Pakistan 20155341870 20943570911Gross capital formation (constant LCU) in Pakistan 1042787000000 1083568000000Gross capital formation (current LCU) in Pakistan 1953388000000 2259743000000Gross capital formation (% of GDP) in Pakistan 23 22Gross capital formation (US dollar) in Pakistan 32253060416 36153493295Gross domestic income (constant 2000 US dollar) in Pakistan 99635000000 105200000000Gross domestic income (constant LCU) in Pakistan 5133367307255 5191403181328Gross domestic savings (current LCU) in Pakistan 1332960000000 1128733000000Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) in Pakistan 15 11Gross domestic savings (US dollar) in Pakistan 22008960540 18058531854Gross fixed capital formation (annual % growth) in Pakistan 14 4Gross fixed capital formation (constant 2000 US 18461270838 19168262865dollar) in PakistanGross fixed capital formation (constant LCU) in Pakistan 955140000000 991718000000Gross fixed capital formation (current LCU) in Pakistan 1814620000000 2095193000000Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) in Pakistan 21 20Gross fixed capital formation (US dollar) in Pakistan 29961814290 33520867672Gross intake rate in grade 1; female (% of relevant age 96 98P A G E | 19
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014group) in PakistanGross intake rate in grade 1; male (% of relevant age 112 114group) in PakistanGross intake rate in grade 1; total (% of relevant age 105 106group) in PakistanGross national expenditure (constant 2000 US 105490777872 109296859451dollar) in PakistanGross national expenditure (constant LCU) in Pakistan 5481360000000 5875400000000Gross national expenditure (current LCU) in Pakistan 9293435000000 11415390000000Gross national expenditure (% of GDP) in Pakistan 107 111Gross national expenditure (US dollar) in Pakistan 153447098337 182634142830Gross national income (constant LCU) in Pakistan 5216154307255 5277352181328Gross savings (current LCU) in Pakistan 2161947630992 2027579637414Gross savings (% of GDP) in Pakistan 25 20Gross savings (% of GNI) in Pakistan 24 19Gross savings (US dollar) in Pakistan 35696660140 32439125523Gross value added at factor cost (constant 2000 US 100347174004 104459802551dollar) in PakistanGross value added at factor cost (constant LCU) in Pakistan 5191709000000 5404486000000Gross value added at factor cost (current LCU) in Pakistan 8235099000000 9906099000000Gross value added at factor cost (US dollar) in Pakistan 135972549016 158487086263Health expenditure per capita; PPP (constant 2005 64international dollar) in PakistanHealth expenditure per capita (US dollar) in Pakistan 23Health expenditure; private (% of GDP) in Pakistan 2Health expenditure; public (% of GDP) in Pakistan 1Health expenditure; public (% of government 3expenditure) in PakistanHealth expenditure; public (% of total health 30expenditure) in PakistanHealth expenditure; total (% of GDP) in Pakistan 3High-technology exports (% of manufactured 1 2exports) in PakistanHigh-technology exports (US dollar) in Pakistan 187951320 274677945Highest marginal tax rate; corporate rate (%) in Pakistan 35 35Highest marginal tax rate; individual (on income exceeding; 119043US dollar) in PakistanHighest marginal tax rate; individual rate (%) in Pakistan 20 20Hospital beds (per 1;000 people) in Pakistan 1 1Household final consumption expenditure (annual % 5 -1growth) in PakistanP A G E | 20
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Household final consumption expenditure (constant 2000 US 75049916038 74058371158dollar) in PakistanHousehold final consumption expenditure (constant 3882891000000 3831591000000LCU) in PakistanHousehold final consumption expenditure (current 6549874933760 8346206208000LCU) in PakistanHousehold final consumption expenditure; etc. (annual % 5 -1growth) in PakistanHousehold final consumption expenditure; etc. (constant 2000 75049838125 74058294274US dollar) in PakistanHousehold final consumption expenditure; etc. (constant 3882891000000 3831591000000LCU) in PakistanHousehold final consumption expenditure; etc. (current 6543843000000 7877216000000LCU) in PakistanHousehold final consumption expenditure; etc. (% of 75 77GDP) in PakistanHousehold final consumption expenditure; etc. (US 108047640116 126027108320dollar) in PakistanHousehold final consumption expenditure per capita (constant 462 4462000 US dollar) in PakistanHousehold final consumption expenditure per capita growth 3 -3(annual %) in PakistanHousehold final consumption expenditure; PPP (constant 2005 255435217023 252060456662international dollar) in PakistanHousehold final consumption expenditure; PPP (US 289137405565 318057601190dollar) in PakistanHousehold final consumption expenditure (US 108147235447 133530454648dollar) in PakistanHouseholds with television (%) in PakistanIBRD loans and IDA credits (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 11160761000 10999025000ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports) in Pakistan 1 0ICT goods imports (% total goods imports) in Pakistan 7 6ICT service exports (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan 254000000 277000000ICT service exports (% of service exports; BoP) in Pakistan 7 7IDA grants (US dollar) in Pakistan 2759404 106151IDA resource allocation index (1=low to 6=high) in Pakistan 4 3IFC; private nonguaranteed (NFL; US dollar) in Pakistan -16613039 6933261IMF charges (INT; US dollar) in Pakistan 9464000 7127000IMF purchases (DIS; US dollar) in Pakistan 0 3200611000IMF repurchases (AMT; US dollar) in Pakistan 152080000 179828000IMF repurchases and charges (TDS; US dollar) in Pakistan 161544000 186955000Immunization; DPT (% of children ages 12-23 83 73P A G E | 21
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014months) in PakistanImmunization; measles (% of children ages 12-23 80 85months) in PakistanImport value index (2000 = 100) in Pakistan 300 390Import volume index (2000 = 100) in Pakistan 179 182Imports of goods and services (annual % growth) in Pakistan -3 4Imports of goods and services (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan 37586100000 47586000000Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US 18710625755 19379405654dollar) in PakistanImports of goods and services (constant LCU) in Pakistan 968041000000 1002642000000Imports of goods and services (current LCU) in Pakistan 1851088000000 2447449000000Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) in Pakistan 21 24Imports of goods and services (US dollar) in Pakistan 30563949968 39156590378Imports of goods; services and income (BoP; US 42683100000 53192000000dollar) in PakistanImproved sanitation facilities (% of population withaccess) in PakistanImproved sanitation facilities; rural (% of rural populationwith access) in PakistanImproved sanitation facilities; urban (% of urban populationwith access) in PakistanImproved water source (% of population withaccess) in PakistanImproved water source; rural (% of rural population withaccess) in PakistanImproved water source; urban (% of urban population withaccess) in PakistanIncidence of tuberculosis (per 100;000 people) in Pakistan 231 231Income payments (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan 5097000000 5606000000Income receipts (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan 1357000000 1312000000Income share held by fourth 20% in PakistanIncome share held by highest 10% in PakistanIncome share held by highest 20% in PakistanIncome share held by lowest 10% in PakistanIncome share held by lowest 20% in PakistanIncome share held by second 20% in PakistanIncome share held by third 20% in PakistanIndustry; value added (annual % growth) in Pakistan 9 2Industry; value added (constant 2000 US dollar) in Pakistan 26432187327 26882113513Industry; value added (constant LCU) in Pakistan 1367532000000 1390810000000Industry; value added (current LCU) in Pakistan 2214612000000 2665897000000P A G E | 22
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Industry; value added (% of GDP) in Pakistan 27 27Industry; value added (US dollar) in Pakistan 36566219632 42651526883Inflation; consumer prices (annual %) in Pakistan 8 20Inflation; GDP deflator (annual %) in Pakistan 8 16Informal payments to public officials (% of firms) in Pakistan 27Information and communication technology expenditure per 38 43capita (US dollar) in PakistanInformation and communication technology expenditure (% of 4 4GDP) in PakistanInformation and communication technology expenditure (US 6240672980 7184233113dollar) in PakistanInsurance and financial services (% of commercial service 5 5exports) in PakistanInsurance and financial services (% of commercial service 3 4imports) in PakistanInsurance and financial services (% of service exports; 3 3BoP) in PakistanInsurance and financial services (% of service imports; 3 4BoP) in PakistanIntentional homicide rate (per 100;000 people; CTS andnational sources) in PakistanIntentional homicide rate (per 100;000 people;WHO) in PakistanInterest arrears; official creditors (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Interest arrears; private creditors (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Interest arrears; public and publicly guaranteed (US 0 0dollar) in PakistanInterest forgiven (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Interest payments (current LCU) in Pakistan 373636000000 489681000000Interest payments on external debt; long-term (INT; US 973873000 1011854000dollar) in PakistanInterest payments on external debt (% of exports of goods; 4 3services and income) in PakistanInterest payments on external debt (% of GNI) in Pakistan 1 1Interest payments on external debt; private nonguaranteed 131635000 207571000(PNG) (INT; US dollar) in PakistanInterest payments on external debt; public and publicly 842238000 804283000guaranteed (PPG) (INT; US dollar) in PakistanInterest payments on external debt; short-term (INT; US 111400000 44000000dollar) in PakistanInterest payments on external debt; total (INT; US 1094737000 1062981000dollar) in PakistanP A G E | 23
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Interest payments (% of expense) in Pakistan 26 26Interest payments (% of revenue) in Pakistan 29 35Interest rate spread (lending rate minus deposit rate; 6 6%) in PakistanInterest rescheduled (capitalized) (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Interest rescheduled; official (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Interest rescheduled; private (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Internally displaced persons (number) in Pakistan 155809International Internet bandwidth (bits per person) in Pakistan 43International Internet bandwidth (Mbps) in Pakistan 7070International migrant stock (% of population) in PakistanInternational migrant stock; total in PakistanInternational tourism; expenditures for passenger transport 490000000 525000000items (US dollar) in PakistanInternational tourism; expenditures for travel items (US 1593000000 1510000000dollar) in PakistanInternational tourism; expenditures (% of total 6 4imports) in PakistanInternational tourism; expenditures (US dollar) in Pakistan 2083000000 2035000000International tourism; number of arrivals in Pakistan 840000 823000International tourism; receipts for passenger transport items 636000000 671000000(US dollar) in PakistanInternational tourism; receipts for travel items (US 276000000 244000000dollar) in PakistanInternational tourism; receipts (% of total exports) in Pakistan 4 4International tourism; receipts (US dollar) in Pakistan 912000000 915000000International voice traffic (minutes per person) in PakistanInternational voice traffic (out and in; minutes) in PakistanInternet users (per 100 people) in Pakistan 11 11Internet users in Pakistan 17500000 18500000Investment in energy with private participation (US 1196700000 1084400000dollar) in PakistanInvestment in telecoms with private participation (US 2740500000 2655000000dollar) in PakistanInvestment in transport with private participation (US 580700000 303000000dollar) in PakistanISO certification ownership (% of firms) in Pakistan 10Labor force; female (% of total labor force) in Pakistan 19 19Labor force; total in Pakistan 54421952 55836769Labor force with primary education; female (% of female 9labor force) in PakistanP A G E | 24
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Labor force with primary education; male (% of male labor 18force) in PakistanLabor force with primary education (% of total) in Pakistan 16Labor force with secondary education; female (% of female 3labor force) in PakistanLabor force with secondary education; male (% of male labor 13force) in PakistanLabor force with secondary education (% of total) in Pakistan 11Labor force with tertiary education; female (% of female labor 12force) in PakistanLabor force with tertiary education; male (% of male labor 26force) in PakistanLabor force with tertiary education (% of total) in Pakistan 23Labor participation rate; female (% of female population ages 21 2115+) in PakistanLabor participation rate; male (% of male population ages 85 8515+) in PakistanLabor participation rate; total (% of total population ages 54 5415+) in PakistanLand area (sq. km) in Pakistan 770880 770880Land under cereal production (hectares) in Pakistan 13051000 13453700Lead time to export (days) in Pakistan 22 22Lead time to export; median case (days) in PakistanLead time to import (days) in Pakistan 19 18Lead time to import; median case (days) in PakistanLending interest rate (%) in Pakistan 12 13Life expectancy at birth; female (years) in Pakistan 67 67Life expectancy at birth; male (years) in Pakistan 66 66Life expectancy at birth; total (years) in Pakistan 66 67Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies bycountry) in PakistanLiner shipping connectivity index (maximum value in 2004 = 25 25100) in PakistanLiquid liabilities (M3) as % of GDP in Pakistan 51Listed domestic companies; total in Pakistan 654 653Literacy rate; adult female (% of females ages 15 and 40above) in PakistanLiteracy rate; adult male (% of males ages 15 and 67above) in PakistanLiteracy rate; adult total (% of people ages 15 and 54above) in PakistanLiteracy rate; youth female (% of females ages 15- 59P A G E | 25
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-01424) in PakistanLiteracy rate; youth male (% of males ages 15-24) in Pakistan 79Literacy rate; youth total (% of people ages 15-24) in Pakistan 69Livestock production index (1999-2001 = 100) in Pakistan 126Logistics performance index: Ability to track and traceconsignments (1=low to 5=high) in PakistanLogistics performance index: Competence and quality oflogistics services (1=low to 5=high) in PakistanLogistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitivelypriced shipments (1=low to 5=high) in PakistanLogistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearanceprocess (1=low to 5=high) in PakistanLogistics performance index: Frequency with whichshipments reach consignee within scheduled or expected time(1=low to 5=high) in PakistanLogistics performance index: Overall (1=low to5=high) in PakistanLogistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure (1=low to 5=high) in PakistanLosses due to theft; robbery; vandalism; and arson (% 0sales) in PakistanLow-birthweight babies (% of births) in Pakistan 32Malnutrition prevalence; height for age (% of children under5) in PakistanMalnutrition prevalence; weight for age (% of children under5) in PakistanMammal species; threatened in Pakistan 23Management time dealing with officials (% of management 2time) in PakistanManufactures exports (% of merchandise exports) in Pakistan 80 73Manufactures imports (% of merchandise imports) in Pakistan 55 47Manufacturing; value added (annual % growth) in Pakistan 8 5Manufacturing; value added (constant 2000 US 19102217927 20020236772dollar) in PakistanManufacturing; value added (constant LCU) in Pakistan 988301000000 1035797000000Manufacturing; value added (current LCU) in Pakistan 1567313000000 1949904000000Manufacturing; value added (% of GDP) in Pakistan 19 20Manufacturing; value added (US dollar) in Pakistan 25878443443 31196397639Marine protected areas (number) in Pakistan 5Marine protected areas (% of total surface area) in Pakistan 1Market capitalization of listed companies (% of 49 14GDP) in PakistanP A G E | 26
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Market capitalization of listed companies (US 70262230000 23490665415dollar) in PakistanMaternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate; per 100;000 livebirths) in PakistanMerchandise exports by the reporting economy; residual (% of 1 1total merchandise exports) in PakistanMerchandise exports by the reporting economy (US 19021806000 21623420000dollar) in PakistanMerchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & 7 6Pacific (% of total merchandise exports) in PakistanMerchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & 4 4Central Asia (% of total merchandise exports) in PakistanMerchandise exports to developing economies in LatinAmerica & the Caribbean (% of total merchandise 2 2exports) in PakistanMerchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East 2 2& North Africa (% of total merchandise exports) in PakistanMerchandise exports to developing economies in South Asia 12 12(% of total merchandise exports) in PakistanMerchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan 6 6Africa (% of total merchandise exports) in PakistanMerchandise exports to developing economies outside region 21 21(% of total merchandise exports) in PakistanMerchandise exports to developing economies within region 12 12(% of total merchandise exports) in PakistanMerchandise exports to high-income economies (% of total 66 66merchandise exports) in PakistanMerchandise exports (US dollar) in Pakistan 17837500000 20375000000Merchandise imports by the reporting economy; residual (% 3 3of total merchandise imports) in PakistanMerchandise imports by the reporting economy (US 40134583000 46143972000dollar) in PakistanMerchandise imports from developing economies in East Asia 24 22& Pacific (% of total merchandise imports) in PakistanMerchandise imports from developing economies in Europe & 2 3Central Asia (% of total merchandise imports) in PakistanMerchandise imports from developing economies in LatinAmerica & the Caribbean (% of total merchandise 1 1imports) in PakistanMerchandise imports from developing economies in MiddleEast & North Africa (% of total merchandise 2 2imports) in PakistanMerchandise imports from developing economies in South 6 4P A G E | 27
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Asia (% of total merchandise imports) in PakistanMerchandise imports from developing economies in Sub- 2 2Saharan Africa (% of total merchandise imports) in PakistanMerchandise imports from developing economies outside 32 31region (% of total merchandise imports) in PakistanMerchandise imports from developing economies within 6 4region (% of total merchandise imports) in PakistanMerchandise imports from high-income economies (% of total 60 62merchandise imports) in PakistanMerchandise imports (US dollar) in Pakistan 32590000000 42326400000Merchandise trade (% of GDP) in Pakistan 35 38Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) in PakistanMilitary expenditure (current LCU) in Pakistan 309000000000 336000000000Military expenditure (% of central government 22 18expenditure) in PakistanMilitary expenditure (% of GDP) in Pakistan 4 3Mobile and fixed-line telephone subscribers (per 100 42 56people) in PakistanMobile and fixed-line telephone subscribers per 50employee in PakistanMobile and fixed-line telephone subscribers in Pakistan 67766960 92436160Mobile cellular prepaid tariff (US dollar per 2month) in PakistanMobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) in Pakistan 39 53Mobile cellular subscriptions in Pakistan 62960752 88019744Money and quasi money growth (annual %) in Pakistan 19Money and quasi money (M2) as % of GDP in Pakistan 46Money and quasi money (M2) (current LCU) in Pakistan 4357685000000Money and quasi money (M2) to total reserves 5ratio in PakistanMoney (current LCU) in Pakistan 3229783000000Mortality rate; adult; female (per 1;000 female 136 133adults) in PakistanMortality rate; adult; male (per 1;000 male adults) in Pakistan 168 165Mortality rate; female child (per 1;000 female children age 22one) in PakistanMortality rate; infant (per 1;000 live births) in Pakistan 73 72Mortality rate; male child (per 1;000 male children age 14one) in PakistanMortality rate; under-5 (per 1;000) in Pakistan 91 89Motor vehicles (per 1;000 people) in Pakistan 11Multilateral debt (% of total external debt) in Pakistan 49 45P A G E | 28
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Multilateral debt service (% of public and publicly guaranteed 54 66debt service) in PakistanMultilateral debt service (TDS; US dollar) in Pakistan 1032765000 1356789000Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100) in Pakistan 66 58Net bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Australia (US 9700000 27130000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Austria (US 2720000 3580000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Belgium (US 1190000 530000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Canada (US 44710000 41560000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Denmark (US -440000 10000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; European 67860000 62670000Commission (US dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Finland (US 7570000 2360000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; France (US 52440000 9370000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Germany (US 62430000 89030000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Greece (US 930000 340000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Ireland (US 2730000 2700000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Italy (US 2730000 3870000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Japan (US 53240000 34240000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Luxembourg (US 430000 610000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Netherlands (US 36190000 31140000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; New Zealand (US 590000 210000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Norway (US 30820000 29840000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Portugal (US 0 0dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Spain (US 5670000 3280000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Sweden (US 14180000 8970000P A G E | 29
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Switzerland (US 17160000 17010000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; Total (US 1044260000 979400000dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; United Kingdom 197840000 260320000(US dollar) in PakistanNet bilateral aid flows from DAC donors; United States (US 433570000 350630000dollar) in PakistanNet capital account (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan 173000000 126000000Net change in interest arrears (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Net current transfers (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan 11085000000 11024000000Net current transfers from abroad (constant LCU) in Pakistan 376488563493 355321399309Net current transfers from abroad (current LCU) in Pakistan 641074419400 717297508614Net current transfers from abroad (US dollar) in Pakistan 10585000000 11476000000Net domestic credit (current LCU) in Pakistan 3982308201334Net errors and omissions; adjusted (BoP; US -29177392 -401664266dollar) in PakistanNet financial flows; bilateral (NFL; US dollar) in Pakistan -128210000 195520000Net financial flows; IBRD (NFL; US dollar) in Pakistan -109018000 -243236000Net financial flows; IDA (NFL; US dollar) in Pakistan 867283000 37863000Net financial flows; IMF concessional (NFL; US -122625000 -162707000dollar) in PakistanNet financial flows; IMF nonconcessional (NFL; US -29455000 3183490000dollar) in PakistanNet financial flows; multilateral (NFL; US dollar) in Pakistan 1466763000 1132572000Net financial flows; others (NFL; US dollar) in Pakistan 6546000 -163457000Net financial flows; RDB concessional (NFL; US 279433000 435601000dollar) in PakistanNet financial flows; RDB nonconcessional (NFL; US 422519000 1065801000dollar) in PakistanNet flows on external debt; long-term (NFL; US 1819575000 1980319000dollar) in PakistanNet flows on external debt; private nonguaranteed (PNG) -271838000 653410000(NFL; US dollar) in PakistanNet flows on external debt; public and publicly guaranteed 2091413000 1326909000(PPG) (NFL; US dollar) in PakistanNet flows on external debt; short-term (NFL; US 906000000 -833000000dollar) in PakistanNet flows on external debt; total (NFL; US dollar) in Pakistan 2573495000 4168102000Net foreign assets (current LCU) in Pakistan 935261723259Net income (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan -3740000000 -4294000000P A G E | 30
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Net income from abroad (constant LCU) in Pakistan 82787000000 85949000000Net income from abroad (current LCU) in Pakistan 157631000000 209801000000Net income from abroad (US dollar) in Pakistan 2602699600 3356593669Net intake rate in grade 1; female (% of official school-agepopulation) in PakistanNet intake rate in grade 1; male (% of official school-agepopulation) in PakistanNet intake rate in grade 1 (% of official school-agepopulation) in PakistanNet migration in PakistanNet ODA received per capita (US dollar) in Pakistan 14 9Net ODA received (% of central government 10 6expense) in PakistanNet ODA received (% of GNI) in Pakistan 2 1Net ODA received (% of gross capital formation) in Pakistan 7 4Net ODA received (% of imports of goods and 5 3services) in PakistanNet official development assistance and official aid received 2243750000 1493070000(constant 2007 US dollar) in PakistanNet official development assistance and official aid received 2243750000 1539360000(US dollar) in PakistanNet official development assistance received (constant 2007 2243750000 1493070000US dollar) in PakistanNet official development assistance received (US 2243750000 1539360000dollar) in PakistanNet official flows from UN agencies; IFAD (US 8460000 2610000dollar) in PakistanNet official flows from UN agencies; UNAIDS (US 1130000 500000dollar) in PakistanNet official flows from UN agencies; UNDP (US 11090000 9870000dollar) in PakistanNet official flows from UN agencies; UNFPA (US 6980000 6750000dollar) in PakistanNet official flows from UN agencies; UNHCR (US 1100000 1680000dollar) in PakistanNet official flows from UN agencies; UNICEF (US 16970000 20960000dollar) in PakistanNet official flows from UN agencies; UNRWA (US 0 0dollar) in PakistanNet official flows from UN agencies; UNTA (US 5600000 1850000dollar) in PakistanNet official flows from UN agencies; WFP (US 6270000 13020000P A G E | 31
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014dollar) in PakistanNet taxes on products (constant LCU) in Pakistan 286239000000 182917000000Net taxes on products (current LCU) in Pakistan 437908000000 378281000000Net taxes on products (US dollar) in Pakistan 7230449445 6052095126Net trade in goods and services (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan -15631000000 -22131800000Net trade in goods (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan -10587000000 -16769000000Net transfers on external debt; long-term (NTR; US 845702000 968465000dollar) in PakistanNet transfers on external debt; private nonguaranteed (PNG) -403473000 445839000(NTR; US dollar) in PakistanNet transfers on external debt; public and publicly guaranteed 1249175000 522626000(PPG) (NTR; US dollar) in PakistanNet transfers on external debt; total (NTR; US 1478758000 3105121000dollar) in PakistanNew businesses registered (number) in Pakistan 4840Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2equivalent) in PakistanNurses and midwives (per 1;000 people) in Pakistan 0Official exchange rate (LCU per US dollar; period 61 70average) in PakistanOres and metals exports (% of merchandise 1 1exports) in PakistanOres and metals imports (% of merchandise 4 3imports) in PakistanOther expense (current LCU) in Pakistan 106334000000 431434000000Other expense (% of expense) in Pakistan 8 23Other greenhouse gas emissions; HFC; PFC and SF6(thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) in PakistanOther taxes (current LCU) in Pakistan 17830000000 14686000000Other taxes (% of revenue) in Pakistan 1 1Out-of-pocket health expenditure (% of private expenditure on 82health) in PakistanOutpatient visits per capita in PakistanPassenger cars (per 1;000 people) in Pakistan 9Patent applications; residents in PakistanPermanent cropland (% of land area) in Pakistan 1Persistence to grade 5; female (% of cohort) in PakistanPersistence to grade 5; male (% of cohort) in PakistanPersistence to grade 5; total (% of cohort) in PakistanPersistence to last grade of primary; female (% ofcohort) in PakistanP A G E | 32
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Persistence to last grade of primary; male (% ofcohort) in PakistanPersistence to last grade of primary; total (% ofcohort) in PakistanPersonal computers (per 100 people) in PakistanPersonal computers in PakistanPhysicians (per 1;000 people) in Pakistan 1Plant species (higher); threatened in Pakistan 2 2PM10; country level (micrograms per cubic meter) in PakistanPNG; bonds (AMT; US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0PNG; bonds (DIS; US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0PNG; bonds (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 850000000 850000000PNG; bonds (INT; US dollar) in Pakistan 67046000 60161000PNG; bonds (NFL; US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0PNG; bonds (NTR; US dollar) in Pakistan -67046000 -60161000PNG; bonds (TDS; US dollar) in Pakistan 67046000 60161000PNG; commercial banks and other creditors (AMT; US 271838000 456400000dollar) in PakistanPNG; commercial banks and other creditors (DIS; US 0 1109810000dollar) in PakistanPNG; commercial banks and other creditors (DOD; US 303271000 3382073000dollar) in PakistanPNG; commercial banks and other creditors (INT; US 64589000 147410000dollar) in PakistanPNG; commercial banks and other creditors (NFL; US -271838000 653410000dollar) in PakistanPNG; commercial banks and other creditors (NTR; US -336427000 506000000dollar) in PakistanPNG; commercial banks and other creditors (TDS; US 336427000 603810000dollar) in PakistanPopulation ages 0-14 (% of total) in Pakistan 38 37Population ages 15-64 (% of total) in Pakistan 58 59Population ages 65 and above (% of total) in Pakistan 4 4Population covered by mobile cellular network 90(%) in PakistanPopulation density (people per sq. km) in Pakistan 211 215Population; female (% of total) in Pakistan 48 49Population growth (annual %) in Pakistan 2 2Population in largest city in Pakistan 12018411Population in the largest city (% of urban 21population) in PakistanP A G E | 33
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% 18of total population) in PakistanPopulation in urban agglomerations of more than 1 28710378million in PakistanPopulation; total in Pakistan 162590903 166111487Portfolio equity; net inflows (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan 1276000000 -270000000Portfolio investment; bonds (PPG + PNG) (NFL; US 750000000 0dollar) in PakistanPortfolio investment; equity (DRS; US dollar) in Pakistan 1276000000 -270000000Portfolio investment; excluding LCFAR (BoP; US 2086000000 -279000000dollar) in PakistanPoverty gap at dollar1.25 a day (PPP) (%) in PakistanPoverty gap at dollar2 a day (PPP) (%) in PakistanPoverty gap at national poverty line (%) in PakistanPoverty gap at rural poverty line (%) in PakistanPoverty gap at urban poverty line (%) in PakistanPoverty headcount ratio at dollar1.25 a day (PPP) (% ofpopulation) in PakistanPoverty headcount ratio at dollar2 a day (PPP) (% ofpopulation) in PakistanPoverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% ofpopulation) in PakistanPoverty headcount ratio at rural poverty line (% of ruralpopulation) in PakistanPoverty headcount ratio at urban poverty line (% of urbanpopulation) in PakistanPPG; bilateral (AMT; US dollar) in Pakistan 349678000 197235000PPG; bilateral concessional (AMT; US dollar) in Pakistan 259417000 118941000PPG; bilateral concessional (DIS; US dollar) in Pakistan 175236000 192345000PPG; bilateral concessional (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 13052917000 14171300000PPG; bilateral concessional (INT; US dollar) in Pakistan 346488000 291078000PPG; bilateral concessional (NFL; US dollar) in Pakistan -84181000 73404000PPG; bilateral concessional (NTR; US dollar) in Pakistan -430669000 -217674000PPG; bilateral concessional (TDS; US dollar) in Pakistan 605905000 410019000PPG; bilateral (DIS; US dollar) in Pakistan 221468000 392755000PPG; bilateral (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 13249947000 14490078000PPG; bilateral (INT; US dollar) in Pakistan 361059000 299224000PPG; bilateral (NTR; US dollar) in Pakistan -489269000 -103704000PPG; bilateral (TDS; US dollar) in Pakistan 710737000 496459000PPG; bonds (AMT; US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0PPG; bonds (DIS; US dollar) in Pakistan 750000000 0P A G E | 34
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014PPG; bonds (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 2650000000 2650000000PPG; bonds (INT; US dollar) in Pakistan 170684000 184226000PPG; bonds (NFL; US dollar) in Pakistan 750000000 0PPG; bonds (NTR; US dollar) in Pakistan 579316000 -184226000PPG; bonds (TDS; US dollar) in Pakistan 170684000 184226000PPG; commercial banks (AMT; US dollar) in Pakistan 3225000 3227000PPG; commercial banks (DIS; US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0PPG; commercial banks (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 3645000 418000PPG; commercial banks (INT; US dollar) in Pakistan 445000 4821000PPG; commercial banks (NFL; US dollar) in Pakistan -3225000 -3227000PPG; commercial banks (NTR; US dollar) in Pakistan -3670000 -8048000PPG; commercial banks (TDS; US dollar) in Pakistan 3670000 8048000PPG; IBRD (AMT; US dollar) in Pakistan 284444000 297487000PPG; IBRD (DIS; US dollar) in Pakistan 175426000 54251000PPG; IBRD (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 2085687000 1946306000PPG; IBRD (INT; US dollar) in Pakistan 113647000 88350000PPG; IBRD (NTR; US dollar) in Pakistan -222665000 -331586000PPG; IBRD (TDS; US dollar) in Pakistan 398091000 385837000PPG; IDA (AMT; US dollar) in Pakistan 133778000 148914000PPG; IDA (DIS; US dollar) in Pakistan 1001061000 186777000PPG; IDA (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 9075074000 9052719000PPG; IDA (INT; US dollar) in Pakistan 63535000 77274000PPG; IDA (NTR; US dollar) in Pakistan 803748000 -39411000PPG; IDA (TDS; US dollar) in Pakistan 197313000 226188000PPG; multilateral (AMT; US dollar) in Pakistan 725408000 1040777000PPG; multilateral concessional (AMT; US dollar) in Pakistan 309697000 352440000PPG; multilateral concessional (DIS; US dollar) in Pakistan 1457721000 855999000PPG; multilateral concessional (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 14791288000 15751133000PPG; multilateral concessional (INT; US dollar) in Pakistan 117135000 138106000PPG; multilateral concessional (NFL; US dollar) in Pakistan 1148024000 503559000PPG; multilateral concessional (NTR; US dollar) in Pakistan 1030889000 365453000PPG; multilateral concessional (TDS; US dollar) in Pakistan 426832000 490546000PPG; multilateral (DIS; US dollar) in Pakistan 2192171000 2173349000PPG; multilateral (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 19912197000 22057756000PPG; multilateral (INT; US dollar) in Pakistan 307357000 316012000PPG; multilateral (NTR; US dollar) in Pakistan 1159406000 816560000PPG; official creditors (AMT; US dollar) in Pakistan 1075086000 1238012000PPG; official creditors (DIS; US dollar) in Pakistan 2413639000 2566104000PPG; official creditors (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 33162144000 36547834000PPG; official creditors (INT; US dollar) in Pakistan 668416000 615236000P A G E | 35
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014PPG; official creditors (NFL; US dollar) in Pakistan 1338553000 1328092000PPG; official creditors (NTR; US dollar) in Pakistan 670137000 712856000PPG; official creditors (TDS; US dollar) in Pakistan 1743502000 1853248000PPG; other private creditors (AMT; US dollar) in Pakistan 3438000 0PPG; other private creditors (DIS; US dollar) in Pakistan 9523000 2044000PPG; other private creditors (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 158229000 160273000PPG; other private creditors (INT; US dollar) in Pakistan 2693000 0PPG; other private creditors (NFL; US dollar) in Pakistan 6085000 2044000PPG; other private creditors (NTR; US dollar) in Pakistan 3392000 2044000PPG; other private creditors (TDS; US dollar) in Pakistan 6131000 0PPG; private creditors (AMT; US dollar) in Pakistan 6663000 3227000PPG; private creditors (DIS; US dollar) in Pakistan 759523000 2044000PPG; private creditors (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 2811874000 2810691000PPG; private creditors (INT; US dollar) in Pakistan 173822000 189047000PPG; private creditors (NFL; US dollar) in Pakistan 752860000 -1183000PPG; private creditors (NTR; US dollar) in Pakistan 579038000 -190230000PPG; private creditors (TDS; US dollar) in Pakistan 180485000 192274000PPP conversion factor; GDP (LCU per international 21 24dollar) in PakistanPPP conversion factor (GDP) to market exchange rate 0 0ratio in PakistanPPP conversion factor; private consumption (LCU per 23 26international dollar) in PakistanPregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) in Pakistan 61Present value of external debt (% of exports of goods; services 120and income) in PakistanPresent value of external debt (% of GNI) in Pakistan 24Present value of external debt (US dollar) in Pakistan 32806730980 35957182260Prevalence of HIV; female (% ages 15-24) in Pakistan 0Prevalence of HIV; male (% ages 15-24) in Pakistan 0Prevalence of HIV; total (% of population ages 15- 049) in PakistanPrevalence of overweight (% of children under 5) in PakistanPrevalence of undernourishment (% of population) in PakistanPrevalence of wasting (% of children under 5) in PakistanPrimary completion rate; female (% of relevant age 54 53group) in PakistanPrimary completion rate; male (% of relevant age 67 67group) in PakistanPrimary completion rate; total (% of relevant age 60 60group) in PakistanP A G E | 36
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Primary education; duration (years) in Pakistan 5 5Primary education; pupils (% female) in Pakistan 44 44Primary education; pupils in Pakistan 17979190 18175801Primary education; teachers (% female) in Pakistan 46 47Primary education; teachers in Pakistan 450027 446925Primary school starting age (years) in Pakistan 5 5Principal arrears; official creditors (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Principal arrears; private creditors (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Principal arrears; public and publicly guaranteed (US 0 0dollar) in PakistanPrincipal forgiven (US dollar) in Pakistan 1300000 0Principal repayments on external debt; long-term + IMF 1505667000 1877467000(AMT; US dollar) in PakistanPrincipal repayments on external debt; long-term (AMT; US 1353587000 1697639000dollar) in PakistanPrincipal repayments on external debt; private nonguaranteed 271838000 456400000(PNG) (AMT; US dollar) in PakistanPrincipal repayments on external debt; public and publicly 1081749000 1241239000guaranteed (PPG) (AMT; US dollar) in PakistanPrincipal rescheduled; official (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Principal rescheduled; private (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Principal rescheduled (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Private credit bureau coverage (% of adults) in Pakistan 5 2Procedures to build a warehouse (number) in Pakistan 12 12Procedures to enforce a contract (number) in Pakistan 47 47Procedures to register property (number) in Pakistan 6 6Profit remittances on FDI (US dollar) in Pakistan 2974000000 3203000000Progression to secondary school; female (%) in Pakistan 71Progression to secondary school; male (%) in Pakistan 73Progression to secondary school (%) in Pakistan 73Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments 21 23(%) in PakistanPublic and publicly guaranteed debt service (% of exports; 8 8excluding workers remittances) in PakistanPublic and publicly guaranteed debt service (% of 1 1GNI) in PakistanPublic credit registry coverage (% of adults) in Pakistan 1 5Public spending on education; total (% of GDP) in Pakistan 3 3Public spending on education; total (% of government 11expenditure) in PakistanPump price for diesel fuel (US dollar per liter) in Pakistan 1P A G E | 37
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Pump price for gasoline (US dollar per liter) in Pakistan 1Pupil-teacher ratio; primary in Pakistan 40 41Pupil-teacher ratio; secondary in PakistanQuality of port infrastructure; WEF (1=extremelyunderdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by 4 4international standards) in PakistanQuasi-liquid liabilities (% of GDP) in Pakistan 13Quasi money (current LCU) in Pakistan 1127902000000Rail lines (total route-km) in Pakistan 7791 7791Railways; goods transported (million ton-km) in Pakistan 5907 6187Railways; passengers carried (million passenger- 25621 24731km) in PakistanRatio of female to male primary enrollment (%) in Pakistan 82 83Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment (%) in Pakistan 76 76Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment (%) in Pakistan 85 85Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 80 80(%) in PakistanRatio of young literate females to males (% ages 15- 7524) in PakistanReal effective exchange rate index (2000 = 100) in Pakistan 103 100Real interest rate (%) in Pakistan 4 -3Refugee population by country or territory of 2035023 1780935asylum in PakistanRefugee population by country or territory of 31858 32403origin in PakistanRenewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic 338 331meters) in PakistanRenewable internal freshwater resources; total (billion cubic 55meters) in PakistanRepeaters; primary; female (% of female 5 4enrollment) in PakistanRepeaters; primary; male (% of male enrollment) in Pakistan 6 5Repeaters; primary; total (% of total enrollment) in Pakistan 5 4Repeaters; secondary; female (% of femaleenrollment) in PakistanRepeaters; secondary; male (% of maleenrollment) in PakistanRepeaters; secondary; total (% of total enrollment) in PakistanResearch and development expenditure (% of 1GDP) in PakistanResearchers in R&D (per million people) in Pakistan 152Residential fixed line telephone tariff (US dollar per 4P A G E | 38
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014month) in PakistanResidual; debt stock-flow reconciliation (US 510412648 2464922799dollar) in PakistanRevenue; excluding grants (current LCU) in Pakistan 1254966000000 1375345000000Revenue; excluding grants (% of GDP) in Pakistan 14 13Rigidity of employment index (0=less rigid to 100=more 43rigid) in PakistanRisk premium on lending (prime rate minus treasury bill rate; 3 2%) in PakistanRoad density (km of road per sq. km of land area) in PakistanRoad sector diesel fuel consumption (kt of oil 7232equivalent) in PakistanRoad sector diesel fuel consumption per capita (kt of oil 0equivalent) in PakistanRoad sector energy consumption (kt of oil 10768equivalent) in PakistanRoad sector energy consumption per capita (kt of oil 0equivalent) in PakistanRoad sector energy consumption (% of total energy 13consumption) in PakistanRoad sector gasoline fuel consumption (kt of oil 1450equivalent) in PakistanRoad sector gasoline fuel consumption per capita (kt of oil 0equivalent) in PakistanRoads; goods transported (million ton-km) in PakistanRoads; passengers carried (million passenger-km) in PakistanRoads; paved (% of total roads) in PakistanRoads; total network (km) in PakistanRoyalty and license fees; payments (BoP; US 107000000 117000000dollar) in PakistanRoyalty and license fees; receipts (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan 37000000 38000000Rural population growth (annual %) in Pakistan 1 1Rural population (% of total population) in Pakistan 64 64Rural population in Pakistan 104480914 106045573S&P Global Equity Indices (annual % change) in Pakistan 42School enrollment; preprimary; female (% gross) in PakistanSchool enrollment; preprimary; male (% gross) in PakistanSchool enrollment; preprimary (% gross) in PakistanSchool enrollment; primary; female (% gross) in Pakistan 76 77School enrollment; primary; female (% net) in Pakistan 59 60School enrollment; primary; male (% gross) in Pakistan 93 93P A G E | 39
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014School enrollment; primary; male (% net) in Pakistan 73 72School enrollment; primary (% gross) in Pakistan 85 85School enrollment; primary (% net) in Pakistan 66 66School enrollment; primary; private (% of total 31primary) in PakistanSchool enrollment; secondary; female (% gross) in Pakistan 28 28School enrollment; secondary; female (% net) in Pakistan 28 28School enrollment; secondary; male (% gross) in Pakistan 37 37School enrollment; secondary; male (% net) in Pakistan 36 37School enrollment; secondary (% gross) in Pakistan 32 33School enrollment; secondary (% net) in Pakistan 32 33School enrollment; secondary; private (% of total 31 31secondary) in PakistanSchool enrollment; tertiary; female (% gross) in Pakistan 5 5School enrollment; tertiary; male (% gross) in Pakistan 6 6School enrollment; tertiary (% gross) in Pakistan 5 5Scientific and technical journal articles in PakistanSecondary education; duration (years) in Pakistan 7 7Secondary education; general pupils (% female) in Pakistan 42 42Secondary education; general pupils in Pakistan 8814346 8997641Secondary education; pupils (% female) in Pakistan 42 42Secondary education; pupils in PakistanSecondary education; teachers; female in PakistanSecondary education; teachers (% female) in PakistanSecondary education; teachers in PakistanSecondary education; vocational pupils (% female) in Pakistan 35 35Secondary education; vocational pupils in Pakistan 330738 342350Secondary school starting age (years) in Pakistan 10 10Secure Internet servers (per 1 million people) in Pakistan 0 1Secure Internet servers in Pakistan 67 89Service exports (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan 3766700000 4126200000Service imports (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan 8810700000 9489000000Services; etc.; value added (annual % growth) in Pakistan 7 7Services; etc.; value added (constant 2000 US 51937956028 55364213578dollar) in PakistanServices; etc.; value added (constant LCU) in Pakistan 2687140000000 2864406000000Services; etc.; value added (current LCU) in Pakistan 4335247000000 5223649000000Services; etc.; value added (% of GDP) in Pakistan 53 53Services; etc.; value added (US dollar) in Pakistan 71580752728 83572848371Share of tariff lines with international peaks; all products 53 51P A G E | 40
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014(%) in PakistanShare of tariff lines with international peaks; manufactured 54 53products (%) in PakistanShare of tariff lines with international peaks; primary products 44 42(%) in PakistanShare of tariff lines with specific rates; all products 0 0(%) in PakistanShare of tariff lines with specific rates; manufactured products 0 0(%) in PakistanShare of tariff lines with specific rates; primary products 0 0(%) in PakistanShare of women employed in the nonagricultural sector (% of 13total nonagricultural employment) in PakistanShort-term debt (% of exports of goods; services and 8 4income) in PakistanShort-term debt (% of total external debt) in Pakistan 5 3Short-term debt (% of total reserves) in Pakistan 14 15Smoking prevalence; females (% of adults) in PakistanSmoking prevalence; males (% of adults) in PakistanStart-up procedures to register a business (number) in Pakistan 11 11Stocks traded; total value (% of GDP) in Pakistan 70 33Stocks traded; total value (US dollar) in Pakistan 100451630000 54358839888Stocks traded; turnover ratio (%) in Pakistan 174 116Strength of legal rights index (0=weak to 6 610=strong) in PakistanSubsidies and other transfers (current LCU) in Pakistan 434220000000 521730000000Subsidies and other transfers (% of expense) in Pakistan 31 27Surface area (sq. km) in Pakistan 796100 796100Survival to age 65; female (% of cohort) in Pakistan 71 71Survival to age 65; male (% of cohort) in Pakistan 67 68Tariff rate; applied; simple mean; all products (%) in Pakistan 15 14Tariff rate; applied; simple mean; manufactured products 15 14(%) in PakistanTariff rate; applied; simple mean; primary products 14 13(%) in PakistanTariff rate; applied; weighted mean; all products 11 9(%) in PakistanTariff rate; applied; weighted mean; manufactured products 13 12(%) in PakistanTariff rate; applied; weighted mean; primary products 9 6(%) in PakistanTariff rate; most favored nation; simple mean; all products 14 13P A G E | 41
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014(%) in PakistanTariff rate; most favored nation; simple mean; manufactured 15 14products (%) in PakistanTariff rate; most favored nation; simple mean; primary 12 11products (%) in PakistanTariff rate; most favored nation; weighted mean; all products 11 9(%) in PakistanTariff rate; most favored nation; weighted mean; 13 12manufactured products (%) in PakistanTariff rate; most favored nation; weighted mean; primary 9 6products (%) in PakistanTax payments (number) in Pakistan 47 47Tax revenue (current LCU) in Pakistan 853270000000 1009903000000Tax revenue (% of GDP) in Pakistan 10 10Taxes on exports (current LCU) in PakistanTaxes on exports (% of tax revenue) in PakistanTaxes on goods and services (current LCU) in Pakistan 380485000000 469091000000Taxes on goods and services (% of revenue) in Pakistan 30 33Taxes on goods and services (% value added of industry and 6 6services) in PakistanTaxes on income; profits and capital gains (current 322738000000 375581000000LCU) in PakistanTaxes on income; profits and capital gains (% of 25 27revenue) in PakistanTaxes on income; profits and capital gains (% of total 38 37taxes) in PakistanTaxes on international trade (current LCU) in Pakistan 132217000000 150545000000Taxes on international trade (% of revenue) in Pakistan 10 11Technical cooperation grants (US dollar) in Pakistan 148750000 196160000Technicians in R&D (per million people) in Pakistan 64Teenage mothers (% of women ages 15-19 who have had 9children or are currently pregnant) in PakistanTelecommunications investment (current LCU) in Pakistan 4108800000Telecommunications investment (% of revenue) in Pakistan 2Telecommunications revenue (current LCU) in Pakistan 235613437952Telecommunications revenue (% GDP) in Pakistan 3Telephone employees; total in Pakistan 1366695Telephone lines (per 100 people) in Pakistan 3 3Telephone lines in Pakistan 4806206 4416417Terms of trade adjustment (constant LCU) in Pakistan -344580692745 -395999818672Terrestrial protected areas (number) in Pakistan 151P A G E | 42
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Terrestrial protected areas (% of total surface area) in Pakistan 9Time required to build a warehouse (days) in Pakistan 223 223Time required to enforce a contract (days) in Pakistan 880 976Time required to obtain an operating license (days) in Pakistan 16Time required to register property (days) in Pakistan 50 50Time required to start a business (days) in Pakistan 24 24Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) in Pakistan 560 560Time to resolve insolvency (years) in Pakistan 3 3Total amount of debt rescheduled (US dollar) in Pakistan 0 0Total change in external debt stocks (US dollar) in Pakistan 4750005000 8600802000Total debt service (% of exports of goods; services and 9 9income) in PakistanTotal debt service (% of GNI) in Pakistan 2 2Total enrollment; primary; female (% net) in Pakistan 59 60Total enrollment; primary; male (% net) in Pakistan 73 72Total enrollment; primary (% net) in Pakistan 66 66Total reserves in months of imports in Pakistan 4 2Total reserves (includes gold; US dollar) in Pakistan 15798067697 9024014037Total reserves minus gold (US dollar) in Pakistan 14044024447 7194233987Total reserves (% of total external debt) in Pakistan 39 18Total tax rate (% of profit) in Pakistan 41 29Trade in services (% of GDP) in Pakistan 9 8Trade (% of GDP) in Pakistan 36 37Trademark applications; direct nonresident in Pakistan 4952 4686Trademark applications; direct resident in Pakistan 9033 10186Trademark applications; total in Pakistan 13985 14872Trained teachers in primary education; female (% of female 75 77teachers) in PakistanTrained teachers in primary education; male (% of male 92 92teachers) in PakistanTrained teachers in primary education (% of total 84 85teachers) in PakistanTransport services (% of commercial service 48 50exports) in PakistanTransport services (% of commercial service 39 44imports) in PakistanTransport services (% of service exports; BoP) in Pakistan 28 29Transport services (% of service imports; BoP) in Pakistan 37 42Travel services (% of commercial service exports) in Pakistan 12 10Travel services (% of commercial service imports) in Pakistan 19 17Travel services (% of service exports; BoP) in Pakistan 7 6P A G E | 43
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Travel services (% of service imports; BoP) in Pakistan 18 16Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) in Pakistan 53 58Tuberculosis treatment success rate (% of registered 91cases) in PakistanUndisbursed external debt; official creditors (UND; US 5753095000 6926007000dollar) in PakistanUndisbursed external debt; private creditors (UND; US 429703000 427659000dollar) in PakistanUndisbursed external debt; total (UND; US dollar) in Pakistan 6182798000 7353666000Unemployment; female (% of female labor force) in Pakistan 9Unemployment; male (% of male labor force) in Pakistan 4Unemployment; total (% of total labor force) in Pakistan 5Unemployment with primary education; female (% of female 10unemployment) in PakistanUnemployment with primary education; male (% of male 16unemployment) in PakistanUnemployment with primary education (% of total 14unemployment) in PakistanUnemployment with secondary education; female (% of 5female unemployment) in PakistanUnemployment with secondary education; male (% of male 15unemployment) in PakistanUnemployment with secondary education (% of total 11unemployment) in PakistanUnemployment with tertiary education; female (% of female 19unemployment) in PakistanUnemployment with tertiary education; male (% of male 30unemployment) in PakistanUnemployment with tertiary education (% of total 26unemployment) in PakistanUnemployment; youth female (% of female labor force ages 915-24) in PakistanUnemployment; youth male (% of male labor force ages 15- 724) in PakistanUnemployment; youth total (% of total labor force ages 15- 824) in PakistanUnmet need for contraception (% of married women ages 15- 2549) in PakistanUrban population growth (annual %) in Pakistan 3 3Urban population (% of total) in Pakistan 36 36Urban population in Pakistan 58109989 60065914Use of IMF credit (DOD; US dollar) in Pakistan 1381326000 4351819000P A G E | 44
    • AHSAN ALI SP09-MBA-014Value lost due to electrical outages (% of sales) in Pakistan 10Vehicles (per km of road) in PakistanVitamin A supplementation coverage rate (% of children ages 95 976-59 months) in PakistanVulnerable employment; female (% of female 75employment) in PakistanVulnerable employment; male (% of male 58employment) in PakistanVulnerable employment; total (% of total 62employment) in PakistanWanted fertility rate (births per woman) in Pakistan 3Wholesale price index (2005 = 100) in Pakistan 117 147Workers remittances and compensation of employees; paid 2000000 2000000(US dollar) in PakistanWorkers remittances and compensation of employees; 4 4received (% of GDP) in PakistanWorkers remittances and compensation of employees; 5998000000 7039000000received (US dollar) in PakistanWorkers remittances; receipts (BoP; US dollar) in Pakistan 5992000000 7025000000P A G E | 45