Unit 1 First Americans Student A 4


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Unit 1 First Americans Student A 4

  1. 1. America In The Beginning<br />Who were the first Americans?<br />This land bridge is known as __________.<br />Animals like mammoths crossed the bridge or ___________ to the America&apos;s. <br />This caused ocean levels to _drop ____ <br />and expose ____land ______.<br />In the Bering straight a __land bridge _______ appeared connecting <br />____Siberia the _______the Americans ____& _______________<br />30,000 years ago During a period of low temperatures called an __ice age ________<br />The world was covered in _glaciers __ <br />or sheets of ice. <br />How and why did they come here?<br />
  2. 2. America In The Beginning<br />What happened when they came to America?<br />The ice age ended _warming___________ up glaciers causing water levels to __rise________ covering up the ___land bridge______ ________.<br />Some animals died off like _______mammoths_____.<br />Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives needed to adjust or _adapt________ to every thing in the new surrounds that made up each of their own ____environments_________<br />in order to ___survive_______. <br /> How did they meet their new needs?<br />Hunter&apos;s in Asia who moved from place to place to find food or __nomads___________ followed the mammoths and spread out or __migrated_________ to the America&apos;s<br />
  3. 3. How did Native Americans adjust to the new environments?<br />America In The Beginning<br />Different groups in different environments developed their own beliefs and ways of life or culture. Groups in the same environments adapted similar life styles, and language creating cultural region .<br />Many Native American have these things in common.<br />1. Nature has a spirit & believe in many gods.<br />2. No one can own land<br />4. Only use what is needed(no waste)<br />5. trade was important to most societies<br />Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives used the different natural recourses in their own different environments for food, clothing, and shelter. <br />What did they have in common?<br />
  4. 4. 8 Cultural<br /> Regions<br />California<br />Great Basin<br />Great Plains<br />South East<br />North West Coast<br />Plateau<br />Eastern Woodlands<br />South West<br />
  5. 5. 8 Cultural Regions<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. North West Coast<br />Weather:<br />long cold winters<br />cool summers<br />heavy rainfall<br />Natural Resources:<br />ocean/beaches<br />thick forests of fir, <br />spruce, and cedar<br />rugged mountains<br />seafood/salmon<br />deer, moose, bear, elk, <br />beaver, mountain goats<br />Used cedar canoes to hunt<br />Fenced in salmon laying eggs<br />used cedar to make rope, mats and baskets<br />shell needles <br />used wedges, sledge hammers, <br />drills, and knifes to carve wooden masks<br />Clothing:<br />Cedar water proof clothing like capes with<br />decorative shell buttons <br />Shelter: lived near the coast<br />Cedar Long Houses with cedar bark roofs<br />
  8. 8. California<br />Weather:<br /> rainy winters<br />hot dry summers<br />Natural Resources:<br />ocean/coast<br />foothills<br />valley&apos;s<br />deserts<br />mountains<br />acorns, oak trees<br />grass, and plants<br />redwood trees<br />salmon/seafood/shellfish<br />deer, rabbits, ducks, <br />roots berries, pine nuts <br />Used Bows& arrows, snares, and nets, used cooking stones to heat acorn meal <br />tools from antlers<br />Clothing: grass/leather aprons and skirts<br />Shelter: Cone shaped made of redwood bark, pole, and reeds woven into mats<br />
  9. 9. Great Basin<br />Weather:<br />little rain<br />hot during the day <br />cold at night<br />Natural Resources:<br />mostly dessert<br />low areas surrounded by <br />mountains at the edges<br />with valleys that had <br />seasonal lakes and streams<br />plants that need little water like<br />grasses, sagebrush, pinon trees, <br />at the outer edges pine trees, and willow<br />small animals rabbits, lizards, <br />grasshoppers, snakes<br /> sometimes ducks , duck eggs during certain seasons <br />seeds,berries pine nuts, roots, cattail<br />Tools: water baskets sealed with tree sap<br />Floating duck decoys, nets, sharp sticks, flat baskets for catching seeds<br />Clothing: rabbit robes in winter<br />Shelter: Nomadic temporary cone shelters of willow, brush and reeds<br />
  10. 10. Plateau<br />Weather:<br />long cold winters<br />comfortable summers <br />Natural Resources:<br />mountains with <br />dense forests in areas<br />flatter in the center with <br />drier grass lands<br />rivers<br />driftwood, mud, dirt,<br />grass and sage brush<br />fish, antelope, deer, seeds<br />onions, carrots, camas roots, salmon<br />Tools: woven baskets, willow digging sticks, wooden fishing platforms, nets, and spears for salmon<br />Clothing: antelope and deer hides leggings, dresses and skirts, woven hats, seed and shell designs<br />Shelter: near rivers, partly under ground out of driftwood, mud, sap, and reeds<br />
  11. 11. Great Plains<br />Weather:<br />cold winters <br />hot summers<br />Natural Resources:<br />mountains surrounding edges<br />treeless grasslands in the center<br />east more water and softer soil<br />west drier dense grass<br />Buffalo and smaller animals<br />Culture:<br />Tools: bow made of buffalo tendon, arrows, V shaped stone trap, fire, bone knives, shields, <br />Clothing: Buffalo robes and hides<br />Shelter: Houses called tipis<br />
  12. 12. South West<br />Weather:<br />high temperatures<br />little rain <br />dry/arid<br />Natural Resources:<br />mountains, canyons<br />desserts, flat top mesas<br />rivers, little water<br />clay, brightly colored plants, cotton<br />corn, beans, squash, peppers, rabbits<br />large thick walled houses made of bricks of adobe(sun baked clay). Up to 4 stories and had hundreds of rooms. <br />Clothes were made of cotton that they grew. Using plants and minerals, they dyed the fabric<br />Lived near naturally flooded areas. Men dug irrigation ditches, and also built dams to hold summer rain. <br />Women spend most the day grinding corn kernels into cornmeal. They used clay pots to cook stews queblo<br />
  13. 13. Eastern Woodlands<br />Long House: Sturdy, log-framed houses covered with elm bark, about 20 feet wide and over 100 feet long. Several related families live in sections of the house.<br />Skirts, capes, and moccasins were made out of deer skins.<br />Women ground corn with wooden sticks .<br />Men often paddled on the rivers and streams in log and bark canoes . They trapped beavers, hunted deer, bear, caught birds, and speared fish.<br />For farming land, men burnt small sections of trees and underbrush. Women did the hoeing and planting. They planted many different types of corn, beans and squash. Made maple syrup and wooden storage canisters.<br />Weather:<br />snowy winters , rain<br />Natural Resources:<br />rivers, ocean/coast<br />lots of lakes and streams<br />Forests, plants, <br />maple trees, elm,<br />deer, bears, beavers, birds, fish<br />corn, sunflowers, tobacco, vegetables,<br />nuts, berries<br />
  14. 14. South East<br />Weather:<br />long warm humid summers<br />mild winters<br />Natural Resources:<br />rivers, ocean/coast<br />Fertile coastal plains<br />mountains, <br />swamps<br />Trees, clay, shells, <br />corn, beans, squash, pumpkins, <br />sunflowers, sweet potatoes<br />squirrels, rabbits, turkeys, <br />deer, alligators, turtles,<br />wild rice, persimmons<br />