Immigration To Australia

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Immigration To Australia

  1. 1. Immigration to Australia
  2. 2. General Information <ul><li>Immigration policy: more restrictive, selective, cost-conscious </li></ul><ul><li>Population: around 22 mln. (2009 estimates) </li></ul><ul><li>Population dynamics: steady growth </li></ul>
  3. 3. Immigration Policy <ul><li>Restriction of non-white immigration (White Australia policy) 1901-1973 </li></ul><ul><li>Racial Discrimination Act – 1975 (made racially-based selection criteria illegal) </li></ul><ul><li>March 2009 – Australian Government announced 14 % cut in 2008-2009 permanent skilled migration programme </li></ul><ul><li>September 2009 – DIAC (Department of Immigration and Citizenship of Australia) changes state-sponsored visa program </li></ul>
  4. 4. Immigrants: Who are they? <ul><li>24% of all Australian population (around 5 mln.) were born outside the country </li></ul><ul><li>Certain nationalities are unevenly distributed among the states </li></ul><ul><li>British – 1,153,264 (Australian Bureau of Statistics, Estimated Resident Population) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Visitors <ul><li>Package travellers – 22% </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysians and Singaporeans are among the highest number of repeat visitors to Australia </li></ul><ul><li>The main purposes for visiting Australia (2000s): </li></ul><ul><li>Holiday – 50% </li></ul><ul><li>Visiting friends&relatives – 21% </li></ul><ul><li>Business – 17% </li></ul>
  6. 6. Immigration policy issues <ul><li>Illegal immigration (‘boat immigration’) </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure strain caused by immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Steady growth of non-white population </li></ul><ul><li>Decline in wealth per capita </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental degradation </li></ul><ul><li>Housing affordability problem </li></ul><ul><li>Pressures on big cities </li></ul><ul><li>Economic problems and employment </li></ul>
  7. 7. Entering the country <ul><li>Anyone entering the country (except Australians and New Zealandians) needs a visa </li></ul><ul><li>Visa is given for 3 to 12 month for tourist visitors </li></ul><ul><li>Passenger cards (incoming and outgoing) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tourists <ul><li>Visa (3 to 12 months) </li></ul><ul><li>No engagement in paid activities </li></ul><ul><li>The visa may be extended in the country before the original visa expires </li></ul>
  9. 9. Workers <ul><li>Options for workers from countries like Canada, Belgium, United Kingdom, etc. aged 18-30 – Working Holiday program (special type of visas) – short-term employment </li></ul><ul><li>Employer-sponsored workers (permanent or temporary) </li></ul><ul><li>General Skilled Migration Program – skilled workers 18-45 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Students <ul><li>Student visa </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment Level (visa category) </li></ul><ul><li>Work no more than 20 hours per week </li></ul><ul><li>Can take their family members while they are studying </li></ul><ul><li>This visa allows to stay in Australia for the duration of the course </li></ul>
  11. 11. Permanent Residence <ul><li>Application for permanent residence – up to 1 year </li></ul><ul><li>5-year initial visa is granted </li></ul><ul><li>Two programs of permanent residence: </li></ul><ul><li>Migration Program (skilled workers only) </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarian Program (refugees) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Thank you

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