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Immigration To Australia
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Immigration To Australia

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  • 1. Immigration to Australia
  • 2. General Information
    • Immigration policy: more restrictive, selective, cost-conscious
    • Population: around 22 mln. (2009 estimates)
    • Population dynamics: steady growth
  • 3. Immigration Policy
    • Restriction of non-white immigration (White Australia policy) 1901-1973
    • Racial Discrimination Act – 1975 (made racially-based selection criteria illegal)
    • March 2009 – Australian Government announced 14 % cut in 2008-2009 permanent skilled migration programme
    • September 2009 – DIAC (Department of Immigration and Citizenship of Australia) changes state-sponsored visa program
  • 4. Immigrants: Who are they?
    • 24% of all Australian population (around 5 mln.) were born outside the country
    • Certain nationalities are unevenly distributed among the states
    • British – 1,153,264 (Australian Bureau of Statistics, Estimated Resident Population)
  • 5. Visitors
    • Package travellers – 22%
    • Malaysians and Singaporeans are among the highest number of repeat visitors to Australia
    • The main purposes for visiting Australia (2000s):
    • Holiday – 50%
    • Visiting friends&relatives – 21%
    • Business – 17%
  • 6. Immigration policy issues
    • Illegal immigration (‘boat immigration’)
    • Infrastructure strain caused by immigration
    • Steady growth of non-white population
    • Decline in wealth per capita
    • Environmental degradation
    • Housing affordability problem
    • Pressures on big cities
    • Economic problems and employment
  • 7. Entering the country
    • Anyone entering the country (except Australians and New Zealandians) needs a visa
    • Visa is given for 3 to 12 month for tourist visitors
    • Passenger cards (incoming and outgoing)
  • 8. Tourists
    • Visa (3 to 12 months)
    • No engagement in paid activities
    • The visa may be extended in the country before the original visa expires
  • 9. Workers
    • Options for workers from countries like Canada, Belgium, United Kingdom, etc. aged 18-30 – Working Holiday program (special type of visas) – short-term employment
    • Employer-sponsored workers (permanent or temporary)
    • General Skilled Migration Program – skilled workers 18-45
  • 10. Students
    • Student visa
    • Assessment Level (visa category)
    • Work no more than 20 hours per week
    • Can take their family members while they are studying
    • This visa allows to stay in Australia for the duration of the course
  • 11. Permanent Residence
    • Application for permanent residence – up to 1 year
    • 5-year initial visa is granted
    • Two programs of permanent residence:
    • Migration Program (skilled workers only)
    • Humanitarian Program (refugees)
  • 12. Thank you