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  • 1. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE
    • BY
    • Dr.P.Bhattacharyya
    • Director, NCOF, Ghaziabad
    • Additional Commissioner (INM)
    • DAC, Krishi Bhawan
    • New Delhi
  • 2. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE
    • Holistic production system, harmony with nature, Avoids chemical fertiliser, pesticides etc.
    • PURPOSE
    • Good soil, good food, good health, good environment, good business
    • Movement from Farmers, NGOs etc.
  • 3. ORGANIC STATUS
    • Global : 24 mha (1.6% Ag. Area)
    • : Nearly 130 countries produce organic product, Australia (10 mha) – lead country
    • Indian : 37000-41000 ha (SOEL survey), (0.3% of Ag. Area)
    • : 2.50 million ha (APEDA)
    • (Including 2.43 mha of forest area with wild herb & medicinal plants
  • 4. Main ISSUES
    • Standard
    • Inspection, Certification, Accreditation
    • Input
    • Market (Export/Domestic)
  • 5. STANDARD
    • : Globally 61 standards available
    • : Important Standard includes – IFOAM, CODEX, EU, Demeter, JAS, Naturland etc.
    • : National Standard in India under NPOP (2002) (General Principle, Recommendation, Standard, list (permitted/non-permitted)
    • : Mainly “process” Standard, cover – cultivation, Fertilisation, Pest/Disease management
    • : recently under review; Efforts for harmony with EU regulation.
  • 6. CERTIFICATION Agencies in India
    • 11 Nos.
    • Ecocert (G) (Aurangabad), Skal (N) (Bangalore), IMO (S) (Bangalore), SGS (S) (Gurgaon), Naturland (G) (Gurgaon), Lacon (G) (Cochin), Indocert (S) (Cochin), APOF (Bangalore), ISCOP (Coimbatore), IRFT (Mumbai), Bioinspectra (S) (Cochin)
    • Mandatory for export market
    • ACREDITATION
    • : Earlier 6 agencies: APEDA, Spice Board, Coffee Board, Coconut Board, Tea Board, Cashew nut Board
    • : Now one body : National Accreditation Board (APEDA, other Commodity Board and Ministry of Agriculture)
    • Limitation : i) Inspection performance not always good
    • ii) Certification cost is high
  • 7. Organic Input
    • Availability
    • Live stock = 2.47 million ton
    • Crop residues = 2.00 million ton
    • Biogas slurry = 0.12 million ton
    • Biofertiliser = 0.20 million ton
    • Green manure = 0.10 million ton
    • City refuse = 0.68 million ton
    • Others = 1.00 million ton
    • (Rural compost, Vermicompost, = 6.57 million ton
    • Ag. Waste)
    • Total = 7.0 million ton
    • Biopesticide = 1000 ton
    • Constraint: (a) No regulatory mechanism
    • (b) Response always not satisfactory.
  • 8.
    • India
    • 31 organic products currently exported
    • No. of exporters = 69
    • Organic value (2003) estimated
    • = US $ 15.5 million
    • (710 million Indian Rupees)
    Global Market (Export) Current market =26 BN US$ Annual Growth =15-20% USA =11-13 BN US $ Japan =350-450 MN US $ Europe =10-11 BN US $
  • 9. Market Organic (Export) 2004 Export Product Basmati rice, cotton, Mangopulp, Cashew nut, Sesame, Piniapple pulp, Honey, Walnut, spices, coffee, Tea, Peanut canned. APEDA, Metric ton 6472 = India Total Metric ton 375 = Maharashtra Metric ton 521 = Himachal Pradesh Metric ton 541 = Punjab Metric ton 471 = Tamil Nadu Metric ton 476 = Karnataka Metric ton 937 = West Bengal Metric ton 1232 = Kerala
  • 10. Future Export Demand Exported to : Europe : Netherland, UK, Germany, Belgium, Sweeden, Switzerland, France, Italy, Spain America : USA, Canada Middle East : Saudi Arabia, UAE Asia : Japan, Singapore (Source Org. Marg = 2002) [In 2002, from a total food production over 200 million ton, India produced only 14000 ton of organic food produces] 21523 ton 2006-07 19080 ton 2005-06 16930 ton 2004-05 15050 ton 2003-04
  • 11. THANK YOU EAT ORGANIC LIVE ORGANIC DREAM ORGANIC