The diary of anne frank

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The diary of anne frank

  1. 1. THE DIARY OF A YOUNG GIRL : THE DEFINITIVE EDITIONAnne FrankEdited by Otto H. Frank and Mirjam PresslerTranslated by Susan Massotty-- : --BOOK FLAPAnne Franks The Diary of a Young Girl is among the mostenduring documents of the twentieth century. Since itspublication in 1947, it has been read by tens of millions ofpeople all over the world. It remains a beloved and deeplyadmired testament to the indestructable nature of the humanspirit.Restore in this Definitive Edition are diary entries thathad been omitted from the original edition. These passages,which constitute 30 percent more material, reinforce the factthat Anne was first and foremost a teenage girl, not a remoteand flawless symbol. She fretted about, and tried to copiewith, her own emerging sexuality. Like many young girls, sheoften found herself in disagreement with her mother. And likeany teenager, she veered between the carefree nature of achild and the full-fledged sorrow of an adult. Anne emergesmore human, more vulnerable, and more vital than ever.Anne Frank and her family, fleeing the horrors of Nazioccupation, hid in the back of an Amsterdam warehouse for twoyears. She was thirteen when the family went into the SecretAnnex, and in these pages she grows to be a young woman and awise observer of human nature as well. With unusual insight,she reveals the relations between eight people living underextraordinary conditions, facing hunger, the ever-presentthreat of discovery and death, complete estrangement from theoutside world, and above all, the boredom, the pettymisunderstandings, and the frustrations of living under suchunbearable strain, in such confined quarters.A timely story rediscovered by each new generation, TheDiary of a Young Girl stands without peer. For both young
  2. 2. readers and adults it continues to bring to life this youngwoman, who for a time survived the worst horror of the modernworld had seen -- and who remained triumphantly andheartbreakingly human throughout her ordeal. For those whoknow and love Anne Frank, The Definitive Edition is a chanceto discover her anew. For readers who have not yetencountered her, this is the edition to cherish.ANNE FRANK was born on June 12, 1929. She died whileimprisoned at Bergen-Belsen, three months short of hersixteenth birthday. OTTO H. FRANK was the only member of hisimmediate framily to survive the Holocaust. He died in 1980.MIRJAM PRESSLER is a popular writer of books for youngadults. She lives in Germany.Translated by Susan Massotty.-- : --FOREWORDAnne Frank kept a diary from June 12, 1942, to August 1,1944. Initially, she wrote it strictly for herself. Then, oneday in 1944, Gerrit Bolkestein, a member of the Dutchgovernment in exile, announced in a radio broadcast fromLondon that after the war he hoped to collect eyewitnessaccounts of the suffering of the Dutch people under theGerman occupation, which could be made available to thepublic. As an example, he specifically mentioned letters anddiaries.Impressed by this speech, Anne Frank decided that when thewar was over she would publish a book based on her diary. Shebegan rewriting and editing her diary, improving on the text,omitting passages she didnt think were interesting enoughand adding others from memory. At the same time, she kept upher original diary. In the scholarly work The Diary of AnneFrank: The Critical Edition (1989), Annes first, unediteddiary is referred to as version a, to distinguish it from hersecond, edited diary, which is known as version b.The last entry in Annes diary is dated August 1, 1944. OnAugust 4, 1944, the eight people hiding in the Secret Annexwere arrested. Miep Gies and Bep Voskuijl, the two
  3. 3. secretaries working in the building, found Annes diariesstrewn allover the floor. ,Miep Gies tucked them away in adesk drawer for safekeeping. After the war, when it becameclear that Anne was dead, she gave the diaries, unread, toAnnes father, Otto Frank.After long deliberation, Otto Frank decided to fulfill hisdaughters wish and publish her diary. He selected materialfrom versions a and b, editing them into a shorter versionlater referred to as version c. Readers all over the worldknow this as The Diary of a fauna Girl.In making his choice, Otto Frank had to bear severalpoints in mind. To begin with, the book had to be kept shortso that it would fit in with a series put out by the Dutchpublisher. In addition, several passages dealing with Annessexuality were omitted; at the time of the diarys initialpublication, in 1947, it was not customary to write openlyabout sex, and certainly not in books for young adults. Outof respect for the dead, Otto Frank also omitted a number ofunflattering passages about his wife and the other residentsof the Secret Annex. Anne Frank, who was thirteen when shebegan her diary and fifteen when she was forced to stop,wrote without reserve about her likes and dislikes.When Otto Frank died in 1980, he willed his daughtersmanuscripts to the Netherlands State Institute for WarDocumentation in Amsterdam. Because the authenticity of thediary had been challenged ever since its publication, theInstitute for War Documentation ordered a thoroughinvestigation. Once the diary was proved, beyond a shadow ofa doubt, to be genuine, it was published in its entirety,along with the results of an exhaustive study. The CriticalEdition contains not only versions a, band c, but alsoarticles on the background of the Frank family, thecircumstances surrounding their arrest and deportation, andthe examination into Annes handwriting, the document and thematerials used.The Anne Frank-Fonds (Anne Frank Foundation) in Basel(Switzerland),. which as Otto Franks sole heir had alsoinherited his daughters copyrights, then decided to haveanew, expanded edition of the diary published for generalreaders. This new edition in no way affects the integrity of
  4. 4. the old one originally edited by Otto Frank, which broughtthe diary and its message to millions of people. The task ofcompthng the expanded edition was given to the writer andtranslator Mirjam Pressler. Otto Franks original selectionhas now been supplemented with passages from Annes a and bversions. Mirjam Presslers definitive edition, approved bythe Anne Frank-Fonds, contains approximately 30 percent morematerial and is intended to give the reader more insight intothe world of Anne Frank.In writing her second version (b), Anne inventedpseudonyms for the people who would appear in her book. Sheinitially wanted to call herself Anne Aulis, and later AnneRobin. Otto Frank opted to call his family by their own namesand to follow Annes wishes with regard to the others. Overthe years, the identity of the people who helped the familyin the Secret Annex has become common knowledge. In thisedition, the helpers are now referred to by their real names,as they so justly deserve to be. All other persons are namedin accordance with the pseudonyms in The Critical Edition.The Institute for War Documentation has arbitrarily assignedinitials to those persons wishing to remain anonymous.The real names of the other people hiding in the SecretAnnex are:THE VAN PELS FAMILY(from Osnabriick, Germany):Auguste van Pels (born September 9, 1890)Hermann van Pels (born March 31, 1889)Peter van Pels (born November 8, 1926)Called by Anne, in her manuscript: Petronella, Hans andAlfred van Daan; and in the book: Petronella, Hermann andPeter van Daan.FRITZ PFEFFER(born April 30, 1889, in Giessen, Germany):Called by Anne, in her manuscript and in the book: AlfredDussel.The reader may wish to bear in mind that much of this
  5. 5. edition is based on the b version of Annes diary, which shewrote when she was around fifteen years old. Occasionally,Anne went back and commented on a passage she had writtenearlier. These comments are clearly marked in this edition.Naturally, Annes spelling and linguistic errors have beencorrected. Otherwise, the text has basically been left as shewrote it, since any attempts at editing and clarificationwould be inappropriate in a historical document.-- : --I hope I will be able to confide everything to you, as Ihave never been able to confide in anyone, and I hope youwill be a great source of comfort and support.-- : --June 12, 1942I hope I will be able to confide everything to you, as Ihave never been able to confide in anyone, and I hope youwill be a great source of comfort and support.COMMENT ADDED BY ANNE ON SEPTEMBER 28, 1942: So far youtruly have been a areat source of comfort to me, and so hasKitty, whom I now write to regularly. This way of keeping adiary is much nicer, and now I can hardly wait for thosemoments when Im able to write in you. Oh, Im so alad Ibrought you along!SUNDAY, JUNE 14, 1942Ill begin from the moment I got you, the moment I saw youlying on the table among my other birthday presents. (I wentalong when you were bought, but that doesnt count.)On Friday, June 12, I was awake at six oclock, whichisnt surprising, since it was my birthday. But Im notallowed to get up at that hour, so I had to control mycuriosity until quarter to seven. When I couldnt wait anylonger, I went to the dining room, where Moortje (the cat)welcomed me by rubbing against my legs.A little after seven I went to Daddy and Mama and then to
  6. 6. the living room to open my presents, and you were the firstthing I saw, maybe one of my nicest presents. Then a bouquetof roses, some peonies and a potted plant. From Daddy andMama I got a blue blouse, a game, a bottle of grape juice,which to my mind tastes a bit like wine (after all, wine ismade from grapes), a puzzle, a jar of cold cream, 2.50guilders and a gift certificate for two books. I got anotherbook as well, Camera Obscura (but Margot already has it, so Iexchanged mine for something else), a platter of homemadecookies (which I made myself, of course, since Ive becomequite an expert at baking cookies), lots of candy and astrawberry tart from Mother. And a letter from Grammy, righton time, but of course that was just a coincidence.Then Hanneli came to pick me up, and we went to school.During recess I passed out cookies to my teachers and myclass, and then it was time to get back to work. I didntarrive home until five, since I went to gym with the rest ofthe class. (Im not allowed to take part because my shouldersand hips tend to get dislocated.) As it was my birthday, Igot to decide which game my classmates would play, and Ichose volleyball. Afterward they all danced around me in acircle and sang "Happy Birthday." When I got home, SanneLedermann was already there. Ilse Wagner, Hanneli Goslar andJacqueline van Maarsen came home with me after gym, sincewere in the same class. Hanneli and Sanne used to be my twobest friends. People who saw us together used to say, "Theregoes Anne, Hanne and Sanne." I only met Jacqueline vanMaarsen when I started at the Jewish Lyceum, and now shes mybest friend. Ilse is Hannelis best friend, and Sanne goes toanother school and has friends there.They gave me a beautiful book, Dutch Sasas and Lesends,but they gave me Volume II by mistake, so I exchanged twoother books for Volume I. Aunt Helene brought me a puzzle,Aunt Stephanie a darling brooch and Aunt Leny a terrificbook: Daisy Goes to the Mountains.This morning I lay in the bathtub thinking how wonderfulit would be if I had a dog like Rin Tin Tin. Id call him RinTin Tin too, and Id take him to school with me, where hecould stay in the janitors room or by the bicycle racks whenthe weather was good.
  7. 7. MONDAY, JUNE 15, 1942I had my birthday party on Sunday afternoon. The Rin TinTin movie was a big hit with my classmates. I got twobrooches, a bookmark and two books. Ill start by saying afew things about my school and my class, beginning with thestudents.Betty Bloemendaal looks kind of poor, and I think sheprobably is. She lives on some obscure street in WestAmsterdam, and none of us know where it is. She does verywell at school, but thats because she works so hard, notbecause shes so smart. Shes pretty quiet.Jacqueline van Maarsen is supposedly my best friend, butIve never had a real friend. At first I thought Jacque wouldbe one, but I was badly mistaken.D.Q.* [* Initials have been assigned at random to thosepersons who prefer to remain anonymous.] is a very nervousgirl whos always forgetting things, so the teachers keepassigning her extra homework as punishment. Shes very kind,especially to G.Z.E.S. talks so much it isnt funny. Shes always touchingyour hair or fiddling with your buttons when she asks yousomething. They say she cant stand me, but I dont care,since I dont like her much either.Henny Mets is a nice girl with a cheerful disposition,except that she talks in a loud voice and is really childishwhen were playing outdoors. Unfortunately, Henny has agirlfriend named Beppy whos a bad influence on her becauseshes dirty and vulgar.J.R. - I could write a whole book about her. J. is adetestable, sneaky, stuck-up, two-faced gossip who thinksshes so grown-up. Shes really got Jacque under her spell,and thats a shame. J. is easily offended, bursts into tearsat the slightest thing and, to top it all off, is a terribleshow-off. Miss J. always has to be right. Shes very rich,and has a closet full of the most adorable dresses that areway too old for her. She thinks shes gorgeous, but shesnot. J. and I cant stand each other.
  8. 8. Ilse Wagner is a nice girl with a cheerful disposition,but shes extremely fInicky and can spend hours moaning andgroaning about something. Ilse likes me a lot. Shes verysmart, but lazy.Hanneli Goslar, or Lies as shes called at school, is abit on the strange side. Shes usually shy -- outspoken athorne, but reserved around other people. She blabs whateveryou tell her to her mother. But she says what she thinks, andlately Ive corne to appreciate her a great deal.Nannie van Praag-Sigaar is small, funny and sensible. Ithink shes nice. Shes pretty smart. There isnt much elseyou can say about Nannie. Eefje de Jong is, in my opinion,terrific. Though shes only twelve, shes quite the lady. Sheacts as if I were a baby. Shes also very helpful, and I likeher.G.Z. is the prettiest girl in our class. She has a niceface, but is kind of dumb. I think theyre going to hold herback a year, but of course I havent told her that.COMMENT ADDED BY ANNE AT A LATER DATE: To my areatsurprise, G.Z. wasnt held back a year after all.And sitting next to G.Z. is the last of us twelve girls,me.Theres a lot to be said about the boys, or maybe not somuch after all.Maurice Coster is one of my many admirers, but pretty muchof a pest. Sallie Springer has a filthy mind, and rumor hasit that hes gone all the way. Still, I think hes terrific,because hes very funny.Emiel Bonewit is G.Z.s admirer, but she doesnt care.Hes pretty boring. Rob Cohen used to be in love with me too,but I cant stand him anymore. Hes an obnoxious, two-faced,lying, sniveling little goof who has an awfully high opinionof himself.Max van de Velde is a farm boy from Medemblik, but
  9. 9. eminently suitable, as Margot would say.Herman Koopman also has a filthy mind, just like Jopie deBeer, whos a terrible flirt and absolutely girl-crazy.Leo Blom is Jopie de Beers best friend, but has beenruined by his dirty mind.Albert de Mesquita came from the Montessori School andskipped a grade. Hes really smart.Leo Slager came from the same school, but isnt as smart.Ru Stoppelmon is a short, goofy boy from Almelo whotransferred to this school in the middle of the year.C.N. does whatever hes not supposed to.Jacques Kocernoot sits behind us, next to C., and we (G.and I) laugh ourselves silly.Harry Schaap is the most decent boy in our class. Hesnice.Werner Joseph is nice too, but all the changes takingplace lately have made him too quiet, so he seems boring. SamSalomon is one of those tough guys from across the tracks. Areal brat. (Admirer!)Appie Riem is pretty Orthodox, but a brat too.SATURDAY, JUNE 20,1942Writing in a diary is a really strange experience forsomeone like me. Not only because Ive never written anythingbefore, but also because it seems to me that later on neitherI nor anyone else will be interested in the musings of athirteen-year-old schoolgirl. Oh well, it doesnt matter. Ifeel like writing, and I have an even greater need to get allkinds of things off my chest."Paper has more patience than people." I thought of thissaying on one of those days when I was feeling a littledepressed and was sitting at home with my chin in my hands,
  10. 10. bored and listless, wondering whether to stay in or go out. Ifinally stayed where I was, brooding. Yes, paper does havemore patience, and since Im not planning to let anyone elseread this stiff-backed notebook grandly referred to as a"diary," unless I should ever find a real friend, it probablywont make a bit of difference.Now Im back to the point that prompted me to keep a diaryin the first place: I dont have a friend.Let me put it more clearly, since no one will believe thata thirteen year-old girl is completely alone in the world.And Im not. I have loving parents and a sixteen-year-oldsister, and there are about thirty people I can call friends.I have a throng of admirers who cant keep their adoring eyesoff me and who sometimes have to resort to using a brokenpocket mirror to try and catch a glimpse of me in theclassroom. I have a family, loving aunts and a good home. No,on the surface I seem to have everything, except my one truefriend. All I think about when Im with friends is having agood time. I cant bring myself to talk about anything butordinary everyday things. We dont seem to be able to get anycloser, and thats the problem. Maybe its my fault that wedont confide in each other. In any case, thats just howthings are, and unfortunately theyre not liable to change.This is why Ive started the diary.To enhance the image of this long-awaited friend in myimagination, I dont want to jot down the facts in this diarythe way most people would do, but I want the diary to be myfriend, and Im going to call this friend Kitty.Since no one would understand a word of my stories toKitty if I were to plunge right in, Id better provide abrief sketch of my life, much as I dislike doing so.My father, the most adorable father Ive ever seen, didntmarry my mother until he was thirty-six and she wastwenty-five. My sister Margot was born in Frankfurt am Mainin Germany in 1926. I was born on June 12, 1929. I lived inFrankfurt until I was four. Because were Jewish, my fatherimmigrated to Holland in 1933, when he became the ManagingDirector of the Dutch Opekta Company, which manufacturesproducts used in making jam. My mother, Edith Hollander
  11. 11. Frank, went with him to Holland in September, while Margotand I were sent to Aachen to stay with our grandmother.Margot went to Holland in December, and I followed inFebruary, when I was plunked down on the table as a birthdaypresent for Margot.I started right away at the Montessori nursery school. Istayed there until I was six, at which time I started firstgrade. In sixth grade my teacher was Mrs. Kuperus, theprincipal. At the end of the year we were both in tears as wesaid a heartbreaking farewell, because Id been accepted atthe Jewish Lyceum, where Margot also went to school.Our lives were not without anxiety, since our relatives inGermany were suffering under Hitlers anti-Jewish laws. Afterthe pogroms in 1938 my two uncles (my mothers brothers) fledGermany, finding safe refuge in North America. My elderlygrandmother came to live with us. She was seventy-three yearsold at the time.After May 1940 the good times were few and far between:first there was the war, then the capitulation and then thearrival of the Germans, which is when the trouble started forthe Jews. Our freedom was severely restricted by a series ofanti-Jewish decrees: Jews were required to wear a yellowstar; Jews were required to turn in their bicycles; Jews wereforbidden to use street-cars; Jews were forbidden to ride incars, even their own; Jews were required to do their shoppingbetween 3 and 5 P.M.; Jews were required to frequent onlyJewish-owned barbershops and beauty parlors; Jews wereforbidden to be out on the streets between 8 P.M. and 6 A.M.;Jews were forbidden to attend theaters, movies or any otherforms of entertainment; Jews were forbidden to use swimmingpools, tennis courts, hockey fields or any other athleticfields; Jews were forbidden to go rowing; Jews were forbiddento take part in any athletic activity in public; Jews wereforbidden to sit in their gardens or those of their friendsafter 8 P.M.; Jews were forbidden to visit Christians intheir homes; Jews were required to attend Jewish schools,etc. You couldnt do this and you couldnt do that, but lifewent on. Jacque always said to me, "I dont dare do anythinganymore, cause Im afraid its not allowed."In the summer of 1941 Grandma got sick and had to have an
  12. 12. operation, so my birthday passed with little celebration. Inthe summer of 1940 we didnt do much for my birthday either,since the fighting had just ended in Holland. Grandma died inJanuary 1942. No one knows how often I think of her and stilllove her. This birthday celebration in 1942 was intended tomake up for the others, and Grandmas candle was lit alongwith the rest.The four of us are still doing well, and that brings me tothe present date of June 20, 1942, and the solemn dedicationof my diary.SATURDAY, JUNE 20, 1942Dearest Kitty! Let me get started right away; its niceand quiet now. Father and Mother are out and Margot has goneto play Ping-Pong with some other young people at her friendTreess. Ive been playing a lot of Ping-Pong myself lately.So much that five of us girls have formed a club. Its called"The Little Dipper Minus Two." A really silly name, but itsbased on a mistake. We wanted to give our club a specialname; and because there were five of us, we came up with theidea of the Little Dipper. We thought it consisted of fivestars, but we turned out to be wrong. It has seven, like theBig Dipper, which explains the "Minus Two." Ilse Wagner has aPing-Pong set, and the Wagners let us play in their bigdining room whenever we want. Since we five Ping-Pong playerslike ice cream, especially in the summer, and since you gethot playing Ping-Pong, our games usually end with a visit tothe nearest ice-cream parlor that allows Jews: either Oasisor Delphi. Weve long since stopped hunting around for ourpurses or money -- most of the time its so busy in Oasisthat we manage to find a few generous young men of ouracquaintance or an admirer to offer us more ice cream than wecould eat in a week.Youre probably a little surprised to hear me talkingabout admirers at such a tender age. Unfortunately, or not,as the case may be, this vice seems to be rampant at ourschool. As soon as a boy asks if he can bicycle home with meand we get to talking, nine times out of ten I can be surehell become enamored on the spot and wont let me out of hissight for a second. His ardor eventually cools, especiallysince I ignore his passionate glances and pedal blithely on
  13. 13. my way. If it gets so bad that they start rambling on about"asking Fathers permission," I swerve slightly on my bike,my schoolbag falls, and the young man feels obliged to getoff his bike and hand me the bag, by which time Ive switchedthe conversation to another topic. These are the mostinnocent types. Of course, there are those who blow youkisses or try to take hold of your arm, but theyredefinitely knocking on the wrong door. I get off my bike andeither refuse to make further use of their company or act asif Im insulted and tell them in no uncertain terms to go onhome without me. There you are. Weve now laid the basis forour friendship. Until tomorrow.Yours, AnneSUNDAY, JUNE 21, 1942Dearest Kitty,Our entire class is quaking in its boots. The reason, ofcourse, is the upcoming meeting in which the teachers decidewholl be promoted to the next grade and wholl be kept back.Half the class is making bets. G.Z. and I laugh ourselvessick at the two boys behind us, C.N. and Jacques Kocernoot,who have staked their entire vacation savings on their bet.From morning to night, its "Youre going to pass, No, Imnot," "Yes, you are," "No, Im not." Even G.s pleadingglances and my angry outbursts cant calm them down. If youask me, there are so many dummies that about a quarter of theclass should be kept back, but teachers are the mostunpredictable creatures on earth. Maybe this time theyll beunpredictable in the right direction for a change. Im not soworried about my girlfriends and myself.Well make it. The only subject Im not sure about ismath. Anyway, all we can do is wait. Until then, we keeptelling each other not to lose heart.I get along pretty well with all my teachers. There arenine of them, seven men and two women. Mr. Keesing, the oldfogey who teaches math, was mad at me for the longest timebecause I talked so much. After several warnings, he assignedme extra homework. An essay on the subject "A Chatterbox." Achatterbox, what can you write about that? Id wbrry about
  14. 14. that later, I decided. I jotted down the assignment in mynotebook, tucked it in my bag and tried to keep quiet.That evening, after Id finished the rest of my homework,the note about the essay caught my eye. I began thinkingabout the subject while chewing the tip of my fountain pen.Anyone could ramble on and leave big spaces between thewords, but the trick was to come up with convincing argumentsto prove the necessity of talking. I thought and thought, andsuddenly I had an idea. I wrote the three pages Mr. Keesinghad assigned me and was satisfied. I argued that talking is afemale trait and that I would do my best to keep it undercontrol, but that I would never be able to break myself ofthe habit, since my mother talked as much as I did, if notmore, and that theres not much you can do about inheritedtraits.Mr. Keesing had a good laugh at my arguments, but when Iproceeded to talk my way through the next class, he assignedme a second essay. This time it was supposed to be on "AnIncorrigible Chatterbox." I handed it in, and Mr. Keesing hadnothing to complain about for two whole classes. However,during the third class hed finally had enough. "Anne Frank,as punishment for talking in class, write an essay entitledQuack, Quack, Quack, said Mistress Chatterback."The class roared. I had to laugh too, though Id ) nearlyexhausted my ingenuity on the topic of chatterboxes. It wastime to come up with something else, j something original. Myfriend Sanne, whos good at poetry, offered to help me writethe essay from beginning to end in verse. I jumped for joy.Keesing was trying to play a joke on me with this ridiculoussubject, but Id make sure the joke was on him. I finished mypoem, and it was beautiful! It was about a mother duck and afather swan with three baby ducklings who were bitten todeath by the father because they quacked too much. Luckily,Keesing took the joke the right way. He read the poem to theclass, adding his own comments, and to several other classesas well. Since then Ive been allowed to talk and haventbeen assigned any extra homework. On the contrary, Keesingsalways i making jokes these days.Yours, Anne
  15. 15. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 24, 1942Dearest Kitty,Its sweltering. Everyone is huffing and puffing, and inthis heat I have to walk everywhere. Only now do I realizehow pleasant a streetcar is, but we Jews are no longerallowed to make use of this luxury; our own two feet are goodenough for us. Yesterday at lunchtime I had an appointmentwith the dentist on Jan Luykenstraat. Its a long way fromour school on Stadstimmertuinen. That afternoon I nearly fellasleep at my desk. Fortunately, people automatically offeryou something to drink. The dental assistant is really kind.The only mode of transportation left to us is the ferry.The ferryman at Josef Israelkade took us across when we askedhim to. Its not the fault of the Dutch that we Jews arehaving such a bad time.I wish I didnt have to go to school. My bike was stolenduring Easter vacation, and Father gave Mothers bike to someChristian friends for safekeeping. Thank goodness summervacation is almost here; one more week and our torment willbe over.Something unexpected happened yesterday morning. As I waspassing the bicycle racks, I heard my name being called. Iturned around and there was the nice boy Id met the eveningbefore at my friend Wilmas. Hes Wilmas second cousin. Iused to think Wilma was nice, which she is, but all she evertalks about is boys, and that gets to be a bore. He cametoward me, somewhat shyly, and introduced himself as HelloSilberberg. I was a little surprised and wasnt sure what hewanted, but it didnt take me long to find out. He asked if Iwould allow him to accompany me to school. "As long as youreheaded that way, Ill go with you," I said. And so we walkedtogether. Hello is sixteen and good at telling all kinds offunny stories.He was waiting for me again this morning, and I expect hewill be from now on.Anne
  16. 16. WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 1942Dearest Kitty,Until today I honestly couldnt find the time to writeyou. I was with friends all day Thursday, we had company onFriday, and thats how it went until today.Hello and I have gotten to know each other very well thispast week, and hes told me a lot about his life. He comesfrom Gelsenkirchen and is living with his grandparents. Hisparents are in Belgium, but theres no way he can get there.Hello used to have a girlfriend named Ursula. I know her too.Shes perfectly sweet and perfectly boring. Ever since he metme, Hello has realized that hes been falling asleep atUrsuls side. So Im kind of a pep tonic. You never know whatyoure good for!Jacque spent Saturday night here. Sunday afternoon she wasat Hannelis, and I was bored stiff.Hello was supposed to come over that evening, but hecalled around six. I answered the phone, and he said, "Thisis Helmuth Silberberg. May I please speak to Anne?""Oh, Hello. This is Anne.""Oh, hi, Anne. How are you?" ""Fine, thanks.""I just wanted to say Im sorry but I cant come tonight,though I would like to have a word with you. Is it all rightif I come by and pick you up in about ten minutes"Yes, thats fine. Bye-bye!""Okay, Ill be right over. Bye-bye!"I hung up, quickly changed my clothes and fixed my hair. Iwas so nervous I leaned out the window to watch for him. Hefinally showed up. Miracle of miracles, I didnt rush downthe stairs, but waited quietly until he rang the bell. I wentdown to open the door, and he got right to the point.
  17. 17. "Anne, my grandmother thinks youre too young for me to beseeing you on a regular basis. She says I should be going tothe Lowenbachs, but you probably know that Im not going outwith Ursul anymore.""No, I didnt know. What happened? Did you two have afight?""No, nothing like that. I told Ursul that we werentsuited to each other and so it was better for us not to gotogether anymore, but that she was welcome at my house and Ihoped I would be welcome at hers. Actually, I thought Ursulwas hanging around with another boy, and I treated her as ifshe were. But that wasnt true. And then my uncle said Ishould apologize to her, but of course I didnt feel like it,and thats why I broke up with her. But that was just one ofthe reasons."Now my grandmother wants me to see Ursul and not you, butI dont agree and Im not going to. Sometimes old people havereally old-fashioned ideas, but that doesnt mean I have togo along with them. I need my grandparents, but in a certainsense they need me too. From now on Ill be free on Wednesdayevenings. You see, my grandparents made me sign up for awood-carving class, but actually I go to a club organized bythe Zionists. My grandparents dont want me to go, becausetheyre anti-Zionists. Im not a fanatic Zionist, but itinterests me. Anyway, its been such a mess lately that Implanning to quit. So next Wednesday will be my last meeting.That means I can see you Wednesday evening, Saturdayafternoon, Saturday evening, Sunday afternoon and maybe evenmore.""But if your grandparents dont want you to, you?shouldnt go behind their backs.""Alls fair in love and war."Just then we passed Blankevoorts Bookstore and there wasPeter Schiff with two other boys; it was the first time hedsaid hello to me in ages, and it really made me feel good.Monday evening Hello came over to meet Father and Mother.
  18. 18. I had bought a cake and some candy, and we had tea andcookies, the works, but neither Hello nor I felt like sittingstiffly on our chairs. So we went out for a walk, and hedidnt deliver me to my door until ten past eight. Father wasfurious. He said it was very wrong of me not to get home ontime. I had to promise to be home by ten to eight in thefuture. Ive been asked to Hellos on Saturday.Wilma told me that one night when Hello was at her house,she asked him, "Who do you like best, Ursul or Anne?"He said, "Its none of your business."But as he was leaving (they hadnt talked to each otherthe rest of the evening), he said, "Well, I like Anne better,but dont tell anyone. Bye!" And whoosh. . . he was out thedoor.In everything he says or does, I can see that Hello is inlove with me, and its kind of nice for a change. Margotwould say that Hello is eminently suitable. I think so too,but hes more than that. Mother is also full of praise: "Agood-looking boy. Nice and polite." Im glad hes so popularwith everyone. Except with my girlfriends. He thinks theyrevery childish, and hes right about that. Jacque still teasesme about him, but Im not in love with him. Not really. Itsall right for me to have boys as friends. Nobody minds.Mother is always asking me who Im going to marry when Igrow up, but I bet shell never guess its Peter, because Italked her out of that idea myself, without batting aneyelash. I love Peter as Ive never loved anyone, and I tellmyself hes only going around with all those other girls tohide his feelings for me. Maybe he thinks Hello and I are inlove with each other, which were not. Hes just a friend, oras Mother puts it, a beau.Yours, AnneSUNDAY, JULY 5, 1942Dear Kitty,The graduation ceremony in the Jewish Theater on Friday
  19. 19. went as expected. My report card wasnt too bad. I got one D,a C- in algebra and all the rest Bs, except for two B+s andtwo B-s. My parents are pleased, but theyre not like otherparents when it comes to grades. They never worry aboutreport cards, good or bad. As long as Im healthy and happyand dont talk back too much, theyre satisfied. If thesethree things are all right, everything else will take care ofitself.Im just the opposite. I dont want to be a poor student.I was accepted to the Jewish Lyceum on a conditional basis. Iwas supposed to stay in the seventh grade at the MontessoriSchool, but when Jewish children were required to go toJewish schools, Mr. Elte finally agreed, after a great dealof persuasion, to accept Lies Goslar and me. Lies also passedthis year, though she has to repeat her geometry exam.Poor Lies. It isnt easy for her to study at home; herbaby sister, a spoiled little two-year-old, plays in her roomall day. If Gabi doesnt get her way, she starts screaming,and if Lies doesnt look after her, Mrs. Goslar startsscreaming. So Lies has a hard time doing her homework, and aslong as thats the case, the tutoring shes been gettingwont help much. The Goslar household is really a sight. Mrs.Goslars parents live next door, but eat with the family. Thetheres a hired girl, the baby, the always absentminded andabsent Mr. Goslar and the always nervous and irrita Ie Mrs.Goslar, whos expecting another baby. Lies, whos all thumbs,gets lost in the mayhem.My sister Margot has also gotten her report card.Brilliant, as usual. If we had such a thing as "cumlaude," she would have passed with honors, shes so smart.Father has been home a lot lately. Theres nothing for himto do at the office; it must be awful to feel youre notneeded. Mr. Kleiman has taken over Opekta, and Mr. Kugler,Gies & Co., the company dealing in spices and spicesubstitutes that was set up in 1941.A few days ago, as we were taking a stroll around ourneighborhood square, Father began to talk about going intohiding. He said it would be very hard for us to live cut off
  20. 20. from the rest of the world. I asked him why he was bringingthis up now."Well, Anne," he replied, "you know that for more than ayear weve been bringing clothes, food and furniture to otherpeople. We dont want our belongings to be seized by theGermans. Nor do we want to fall into their clutchesourselves. So well leave of our own accord and not wait tobe hauled away.""But when, Father?" He sounded so serious that I feltscared."Dont you worry. Well take care of everything. justenjoy your carefree life while you can."That was it. Oh, may these somber words not come true foras long as possible.The doorbells ringing, Hellos here, time to stop.Yours, AnneWEDNESDAY, JULY 8, 1942Dearest Kitty,It seems like years since Sunday morning. So much hashappened its as if the whole world had suddenly turnedupside down. But as you can see, Kitty, Im still alive, andthats the main thing, Father says. Im alive all right, butdont ask where or how. You probably dont understand a wordIm saying today, so Ill begin by telling you what happenedSunday afternoon.At three oclock (Hello had left but was supposed to comeback later), the doorbell rang. I didnt hear it, since I wasout on the balcony, lazily reading in the sun. A little whilelater Margot appeared in the kitchen doorway looking veryagitated. "Father has received a call-up notice from the SS,"she whispered. "Mother has gone to see Mr. van Daan" (Mr. vanDaan is Fathers business partner and a good friend.)I was stunned. A call-up: everyone knows what that means.
  21. 21. Visions of concentration camps and lonely cells raced throughmy head. How could we let Father go to such a fate? "Ofcourse hes not going," declared Margot as we waited forMother in the living room. "Mothers gone to Mr. van Daan toask whether we can move to our hiding place tomorrow. The vanDaans are going with us. There will be seven of usaltogether." Silence. We couldnt speak. The thought ofFather off visiting someone in the Jewish Hospital andcompletely unaware of what was happening, the long wait forMother, the heat, the suspense -- all this reduced us tosilence.Suddenly the doorbell rang again. "Thats Hello," I said."Dont open the door!" exclaimed Margot to stop me. But itwasnt necessary, since we heard Mother and Mr. van Daandownstairs talking to Hello, and then the two of them cameinside and shut the door behind them. Every time the bellrang, either Margot or I had to tiptoe downstairs to see ifit was Father, and we didnt let anyone else in. Margot and Iwere sent from the room, as Mr. van Daan wanted to talk toMother alone.When she and I were sitting in our bedroom, Margot told methat the call-up was not for Father, but for her. At thissecond shock, I began to cry. Margot is sixteen -- apparentlythey want to send girls her age away on their own. But thankgoodness she wont be going; Mother had said so herself,which must be what Father had meant when he talked to meabout our going into hiding. Hiding. . . where would we hide?In the city? In the country? In a house? In a shack? When,where, how. . . ? These were questions I wasnt allowed toask, but they still kept running through my mind.Margot and I started packing our most important belongingsinto a schoolbag. The first thing I stuck in was this diary,and then curlers, handkerchiefs, schoolbooks, a comb and someold letters. Preoccupied by the thought of going into hiding,I stuck the craziest things in the bag, but Im not sorry.Memories mean more to me than dresses.Father finally came hQme around five oclock, and wecalled Mr. Kleiman to ask if he could come by that evening.Mr. van Daan left and went to get Miep. Miep arrived and
  22. 22. promised to return later that night, taking with her a bagfull of shoes, dresses, jackets, underwear and stockings.After that it was quiet in our apartment; none of us feltlike eating. It was still hot, and everything was verystrange.We had rented our big upstairs room to a Mr. Goldschmidt,a divorced man in his thirties, who apparently had nothing todo that evening, since despite all our polite hints he hungaround until ten oclock.Miep and Jan Gies came at eleven. Miep, whos worked forFathers company since 1933, has become a close friend, andso has her husband Jan. Once again, shoes, stockings, booksand underwear disappeared into Mieps bag and Jans deeppockets. At eleven-thirty they too disappeared.I was exhausted, and even though I knew itd be my lastnight in my own bed, I fell asleep right away and didnt wakeup until Mother called me at five-thirty the next morning.Fortunately, it wasnt as hot as Sunday; a warm rain fellthroughout the day. The four of us were wrapped in so manylayers of clothes it looked as if we were going off to spendthe night in a refrigerator, and all that just so we couldtake more clothes with us. No Jew in our situation would dareleave the house with a suitcase full of clothes. I waswearing two undershirts, three pairs of underpants, a dress,and over that a skirt, a jacket, a raincoat, two pairs ofstockings, heavy shoes, a cap, a scarf and lots more. I wassuffocating even before we left the house, but no onebothered to ask me how I felt.Margot stuffed her schoolbag with schoolbooks, went to gether bicycle and, with Miep leading the way, rode off into thegreat unknown. At any rate, thats how I thought of it, sinceI still didnt know where our hiding place was.At seven-thirty we too closed the door behind us; Moortje,my cat, was the only living creature I said good-bye to.According to a note we left for Mr. Goldschmidt, she was tobe taken to the neighbors, who would give her a good home.The stripped beds, the breakfast things on the table, thepound of meat for the cat in the kitchen -- all of these
  23. 23. created the impression that wed left in a hurry. But wewerent interested in impressions. We just wanted to get outof there, to get away and reach our destination in safety.Nothing else mattered.More tomorrow.Yours, AnneTHURSDAY, JULY 9, 1942Dearest Kitty,So there we were, Father, Mother and I, walking in thepouring rain, each of us with a schoolbag and a shopping bagfilled to the brim with the most varied assortment of items.The people on their way to work at that early hour gave ussympathetic looks; you could tell by their faces that theywere sorry they couldnt offer us some kind oftransportation; the conspicuous yellow star spoke for itself.Only when we were walking down the street did Father andMother reveal, little by little, what the plan was. Formonths wed been moving as much of our furniture and apparelout of the apartment as we could. It was agreed that wed gointo hiding on July 16. Because of Margots call-up notice,the plan had to be moved up ten days, which meant wed haveto make do with less orderly rooms.The hiding place was located in Fathers office building.Thats a little hard for outsiders to understand, so Illexplain. Father didnt have a lot of people working in hisoffice, just Mr. Kugler, Mr. Kleiman, Miep and atwenty-three-year-old typist named Bep Voskuijl, all of whomwere informed of our coming. Mr. Voskuijl, Beps father,works in the warehouse, along with two assistants, none ofwhom were told anything.Heres a description of the building. The large warehouseon the ground floor is used as a workroom and storeroom andis divided into several different sections, such as thestockroom and the milling room, where cinnamon, cloves and apepper substitute are ground.
  24. 24. Next to the warehouse doors is another outside door, aseparate entrance to the office. Just inside the office dooris a second door, and beyond that a stairway. At the top ofthe stairs is another door, with a frosted window on whichthe word "Office" is written in black letters. This is thebig front office -- very large, very light and very full.Bep, Miep and Mr. Kleiman work there during the day. Afterpassing through an alcove containing a safe, a wardrobe and abig supply cupboard, you come to the small, dark, stuffy backoffice. This used to be shared by Mr. Kugler and Mr. vanDaan, but now Mr. Kugler is its only occupant. Mr. Kuglersoffice can also be reached from the hallway, but only througha glass door that can be opened from the inside but noteasily from the outside. If you leave Mr. Kuglers office andproceed through the long, narrow hallway past the coal binand go up four steps, you find yourself in the privateoffice, the showpiece of the entire building. Elegantmahogany furniture, a linoleum floor covered with throw rugs,a radio, a fancy lamp, everything first class. Next door is aspacious kitchen with a hot-water heater and two gas burners,and beside that a bathroom. Thats the second floor.A wooden staircase leads from the downstairs hallway tothe third floor. At the top of the stairs is a landing, withdoors on either side. The door on the left takes you up tothe spice storage area, attic and loft in the front part ofthe house. A typically Dutch, very steep, ankle-twistingflight of stairs also runs from the front part of the houseto another door opening onto the street.The door to the right of the landing leads to the "SecretAnnex" at the back ofthe house. No one would ever suspectthere were so many rooms behind that plain gray door. Theresjust one small step in front of the door, and then youreinside. Straight ahead of you is a steep flight of stairs. Tothe left is a narrow hallway opening onto a room that servesas the Frank familys living[INSERT MAP HERE]room and bedroom. Next door is a smaller room, the )edroomand study of the two young ladies of the family. ro the rightof the stairs is a windowless washroom. with a link. The doorin the corner leads to the toilet and another one to Margots
  25. 25. and my room. If you go up the itairs and open the door at thetop, youre surprised to see such a large, light and spaciousroom in an old canalside house like this. It contains a stove(thanks to the fact hat it used to be Mr. Kuglerslaboratory) and a sink.This will be the kitchen and bedroom of Mr. and Mrs. vanDaan, as well as the general living room, dining room andstudy for us all. A tiny side room is to be Peter van Daansbedroom. Then, just as in the front part of the building,theres an attic and a loft. So there you are. Now Iveintroduced you to the whole of our lovely Annex!Yours, AnneFRIDAY, JULY 10, 1942Dearest Kitty, Ive probably bored you with my longdescription of our house, but I still think you should knowwhere Ive ended up; how I ended up here is something youllfigure out from my next letters.But first, let me continue my story, because, as you know,I wasnt finished. After we arrived at 263 Prinsengracht,Miep quickly led us through the long hallway and up thewooden staircase to the next floor and into the Annex. Sheshut the door behind us, leaving us alone. Margot had arrivedmuch earlier on her bike and was waiting for us.Our living room and all the other rooms were so full ofstuff that I cant find the words to describe it. All thecardboard boxes that had been sent to the office in the lastfew months were piled on the floors and beds. The small roomwas filled from floor to cethng with linens. If we wanted tosleep in properly made beds that night, we had to get goingand straighten up the mess. Mother and Margot were unable tomove a muscle. They lay down on their bare mattresses, tired,miserable and I dont know what else. But Father and I, thetwo cleaner-uppers in the family, started in right away.All day long we unpacked boxes, filled cupboards, hammerednails and straightened up the mess, until we fell exhaustedinto our clean beds at night. We hadnt eaten a hot meal allday, but we didnt care; Mother and Margot were too tired and
  26. 26. keyed up to eat, and Father and I were too busy.Tuesday morning we started where we left off the nightbefore. Bep and Miep went grocery shopping with our rationcoupons, Father worked on our blackout screens, we scrubbedthe kitchen floor, and were once again busy from sunup tosundown. Until Wednesday, I didnt have a chance to thinkabout the enormous change in my life. Then for the first timesince our arrival in the Secret Annex, I found a moment totell you all about it and to realize what had happened to meand what was yet to happen.Yours, AnneSATURDAY, JULY 11, 1942Dearest Kitty,Father, Mother and Margot still cant get used to thechiming of the Westertoren clock, which tells us the timeevery quarter of an hour. Not me, I liked it from the start;it sounds so reassuring, especially at night. You no doubtwant to hear what I think of being in hiding. Well, all I cansay is that I dont really know yet. I dont think Ill everfeel at home in this house, but that doesnt mean I hate it.Its more like being on vacation in some strange pension.Kind of an odd way to look at life in hiding, but thats howthings are. The Annex is an ideal place to hide in. It may bedamp and lopsided, but theres probably not a morecomfortable hiding place in all of Amsterdam. No, in all ofHolland.Up to now our bedroom, with its blank walls, was verybare. Thanks to Father -- who brought my entire postcard andmovie-star collection here beforehand -- and to a brush and apot of glue, I was able to plaster the walls with pictures.It looks much more cheerful. When the van Daans arrive, wellbe able to build cupboards and other odds and ends out of thewood piled in the attic.Margot and Mother have recovered somewhat. YesterdayMother felt well enough to cook split-pea soup for the firsttime, but then she was downstairstalking and forgot all aboutit. The beans were scorched black, and no amount of scraping
  27. 27. could get them out of the pan.Last night the four of us went down to the private officeand listened to England on the radio. I was so scared someonemight hear it that I literally begged Father to take me backupstairs. Mother understood my anxiety and went with me.Whatever we do, were very afraid the neighbors might hear orsee us. We started off immediately the first day sewingcurtains. Actually, you can hardly call them that, sincetheyre nothing but scraps of fabric, varying greatly inshape, quality and pattern, which Father and I stitchedcrookedly together with unskilled fingers. These works of artwere tacked to the windows, where theyll stay until we comeout of hiding.The building on our right is a branch of the Keg Company,a firm from Zaandam, and on the left is a furniture workshop.Though the people who work there are not on the premisesafter hours, any sound we make might travel through thewalls. Weve forbidden Margot to cough at night, even thoughshe has a bad cold, and are giving her large doses ofcodeine.Im looking forward to the arrival of the van Daans, whichis set for Tuesday. It will be much more fun and also not asquiet. You see, its the silence that makes me so nervousduring the evenings and nights, and Id give anything to haveone of our helpers sleep here.Its really not that bad here, since we can do our owncooking and can listen to the radio in Daddys office.Mr. Kleiman and Miep, and Bep Voskuijl too, have helped usso much. Weve already canned loads of rhubarb, strawberriesand cherries, so for the time being I doubt well be bored.We also have a supply of reading material, and were going tobuy lots of games. Of course, we cant ever look out thewindow or go outside. And we have to be quiet so the peopledownstairs cant hear us.Yesterday we had our hands full. We had to pit two cratesof cherries for Mr. Kugler to can. Were going to use theempty crates to make bookshelves.
  28. 28. Someones calling me.Yours, AnneCOMMENT ADDED BY ANNE ON SEPTEMBER 2g, 1942: Not beinaable to ao outside upsets me more than I can say, and Imterrified our hidina place will be discovered and that wellbe shot. That, of course, is a fairly dismal prospect.SUNDAY, JULY 12, 1942Theyve all been so nice to me this last month because ofmy birthday, and yet every day I feel myself drifting furtheraway from Mother and Margot. I worked hard today and theypraised me, only to start picking on me again five minuteslater.You can easily see the difference between the way theydeal with Margot and the way they deal with me. For example,Margot broke the vacuum cleaner, and because of that wevebeen without light for the rest of the day. Mother said,"Well, Margot, its easy to see youre not used to working;otherwise, youd have known better than to yank the plug outby the cord." Margot made some reply, and that was the end ofthe story.But this afternoon, when I wanted to rewrite something onMothers shopping list because her handwriting is so hard toread, she wouldnt let me. She bawled me out again, and thewhole family wound up getting involved.I dont fit in with them, and Ive felt that clearly inthe last few weeks. Theyre so sentimental together, but Idrather be sentimental on my own. Theyre always saying hownice it is with the four of us, and that we get along sowell, without giving a moments thought to the fact that Idont feel that way.Daddys the only one who understands me, now and again,though he usually sides with Mother and Margot. Another thingI cant stand is having them talk about me in front ofoutsiders, telling them how I cried or how sensibly Imbehaving. Its horrible. And sometimes they talk aboutMoortje and I cant take that at all. Moortje is my weak
  29. 29. spot. I miss her every minute of the day, and no one knowshow often I think of her; whenever I do, my eyes fill withtears. Moortje is so sweet, and I love her so much that Ikeep dreaming shell come back to us.I have plenty of dreams, but the reality is that wellhave to stay here until the war is over. We cant ever gooutside, and the only visitors we can have are Miep, herhusband Jan, Bep Voskuijl, Mr. Voskuijl, Mr. Kugler, Mr.Kleiman and Mrs. Kleiman, though she hasnt come because shethinks its too dangerous.COMMENT ADDED BY ANNE IN SEPTEMBER 1942: Daddys always sonice. He understands me perfectly, and I wish we could have aheart-to-heart talk sometime without my bursting instantlyinto tears. But apparently that has to do with my age. Idlike to spend all my time writing, but that would probablyget boring.Up to now Ive only confided my thoughts to my diary. Istill havent gotten around to writing amusing sketches thatI could read aloud at a later date. In the future Im goingto devote less time to sentimentality and more time toreality.FRIDAY, AUGUST 14, 1942Dear Kitty,Ive deserted you for an entire month, but so little hashappened that I cant find a newsworthy item to relate everysingle day. The van Daans arrived on July 13. We thought theywere coming on the fourteenth, but from the thirteenth tosixteenth the Germans were sending out call-up notices rightand left and causing a lot of unrest, so they decided itwould be safer to leave a day too early than a day too late.Peter van Daan arrived at nine-thirty in the morning(while we were still at breakfast). Peters going on sixteen,a shy, awkward boy whose company wont amount to much. Mr.and Mrs. van Daan came half an hour later.Much to our amusement, Mrs. van Daan was carrying a hatboxwith a large chamber pot inside. "I just dont feel at home
  30. 30. without my chamber pot," she exclaimed, and it was the firstitem to find a permanent place under the divan. Instead of achamber pot, Mr. van D. was lugging a collapsible tea tableunder his arm.From the first, we ate our meals together, and after threedays it felt as if the seven of us had become one big family.Naturally, the van Daans had much to tell about the week wedbeen away from civilization. We were especially interested inwhat had happened to our apartment and to Mr. Goldschmidt.Mr. van Daan filled us in: "Monday morning at nine, Mr.Goldschmidt phoned and asked if I could come over. I wentstraightaway and found a very distraught Mr. Goldschmidt. Heshowed me a note that the Frank family had left behind. Asinstructed, he was planning to bring the cat to theneighbors, which I agreed was a good idea. He was afraid thehouse was going to be searched, so we w=nt through all therooms, straightening up here and there and clearing thebreakfast things off the table. Suddenly I saw a notepad onMrs. Franks desk, with an address in Maastricht written onit. Even though I knew Mrs. Frank had left it on purpose, Ipretended to be surprised and horrified and begged Mr.Goldschmidt to burn this incriminating piece of paper. Iswore up and down that I knew nothing about yourdisappearance, but that the note had given me an idea. Mr.Goldschmidt, I said, I bet I know what this address refersto. About six months ago a high-ranking officer came to theoffice. It seems he and Mr. Frank grew up together. Hepromised to help Mr. Frank if it was ever necessary. As Irecall, he was stationed in Maastricht. I think this officerhas kept his word and is somehow planning to help them crossover to Belgium and then to Switzerland. Theres no harm intelling this to any friends of the Franks who come askingabout them. Of course, you dont need to mention the partabout Maastricht. And after that I left. This is the storymost of your friends have been told, because I heard it laterfrom several other people."We thought it was extremely funny, but we laughed evenharder when Mr. van Daan told us that certain people havevivid imaginations. For example, one family living on oursquare claimed they sawall four of us riding by on our bikesearly in the morning, and another woman was absolutely
  31. 31. positive wed been loaded into some kind of military vehiclein the middle of the night.Yours, AnneFRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 1942Dear Kitty,Now our Secret Annex has truly become secret.Because so many houses are being searched for hiddenbicycles, Mr. Kugler thought it would be better to have abookcase built in front of the entrance to our hiding place.It swings out on its hinges and opens like a door. Mr.Voskuijl did the carpentry work. (Mr. Voskuijl has been toldthat the seven of us are in hiding, and hes been mosthelpful.)Now whenever we want to go downstairs we have to duck andthen jump. After the first three days we were all walkingaround with bumps on our foreheads from banging our headsagainst the low doorway. Then Peter cushioned it by nailing atowel stuffed with wood shavings to the doorframe. Lets seeif it helps!Im not doing much schoolwork. Ive given myself avacation until September. Father wants to start tutoring methen, but we have to buy all the books first.Theres little change in our lives here. Peters hair waswashed today, but thats nothing special. Mr. van Daan and Iare always at loggerheads with each other. Mama always treatsme like a baby, which I cant stand. For the rest, things aregoing better. I dont think Peters gotten any nicer. Hes anobnoxious boy who lies around on his bed all day, onlyrousing himself to do a little carpentry work beforereturning to his nap. What a dope!Mama gave me another one of her dreadful sermons thismorning. We take the opposite view of everything. Daddys asweetheart; he may get mad at me, but it never lasts longerthan five minutes.
  32. 32. Its a beautiful day outside, nice and hot, and in spiteof everything, we make the most of the weather by lounging onthe folding bed in the attic.Yours, AnneCOMMENT ADDED BY ANNE ON SEPTEMBER 21, 1942: Mr. van Daanhas been as nice as pie to me recently. Ive said nothina,but have been enjoyina it while it lasts.WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1942Dearest Kitty,Mr. and Mrs. van Daan have had a terrible fight. Ivenever seen anything like it, since Mother and Father wouldntdream of shouting at each other like that. The argument wasbased on something so trivial it didnt seem worth wasting asingle word on it. Oh well, to each his own.Of course, its very difficult for Peter, who gets caughtin the middle, but no one takes Peter seriously anymore,since hes hypersensitive and lazy. Yesterday he was besidehimself with worry because his tongue was blue instead ofpink. This rare phenomenon disappeared as quickly as it came.Today hes walking around with a heavy scarf on because hesgot a stiff neck. His Highness has been complaining oflumbago too. Aches and pains in his heart, kidneys and lungsare also par for the course. Hes an absolute hypochondriac!(Thats the right word, isnt it?)Mother and Mrs. van Daan arent getting along very well.There are enough reasons for the friction. To give you onesmall example, Mrs. van D. has removed all but three of hersheets from our communal linen closet. Shes assuming thatMothers can be used for both families. Shell be in for anasty surprise when she discovers that Mother has followedher lead.Furthermore, Mrs. van D. is ticked off because were usingher china instead of ours. Shes still trying to find outwhat weve done with our plates; theyre a lot closer thanshe thinks, since theyre packed in cardboard boxes in theattic, behind a load of Opekta advertising material. As long
  33. 33. as were in hiding, the plates will remain out of her reach.Since Im always having accidents, its just as well!Yesterday I broke one of Mrs. van D.s soup bowls."Oh!" she angrily exclaimed. "Cant you be more careful?That was my last one."Please bear in mind, Kitty, that the two ladies speakabominable Dutch (I dont dare comment on the gentlemen:theyd be highly insulted). If you were to hear their bungledattempts, youd laugh your head off. Weve given up pointingout their errors, since correcting them doesnt help anyway.Whenever I quote Mother or Mrs. van Daan, Ill write properDutch instead of trying to duplicate their speech.Last week there was a brief interruption in our monotonousroutine. This was provided by Peter -- and a book aboutwomen. I should explain that Margot and Peter are allowed toread nearly all the books Mr. Kleiman lends us. But theadults preferred to keep this special book to themselves.This immediately piqued Peters curiosity. What forbiddenfruit did it contain? He snuck off with it when his motherwas downstairs talking, and took himself and his booty to theloft. For two days all was well. Mrs. van Daan knew what hewas up to, but kept mum until Mr. van Daan found out aboutit. He threw a fit, took the book away and assumed that wouldbe the end of the business. However, hed neglected to takehis sons curiosity into account. Peter, not in the leastfazed by his fathers swift action, began thinking up ways toread the rest of this vastly interesting book.In the meantime, Mrs. van D. asked Mother for her opinion.Mother didnt think this particular book was suitable forMargot, but she saw no harm in letting her read most otherbooks.You see, Mrs. van Daan, Mother Said, theres a bigdifference between Margot and Peter. To begin with, Margotsa girl, and girls are always more mature than boys. Second,shes already read many serious books and doesnt go lookingfor those which are no longer forbidden. Third, Margots muchmore sensible and intellectually advanced, as a result of herfour years at an excellent school."
  34. 34. Mrs. van Daan agreed with her, but felt it was wrong as amatter of principle to let youngsters read books written foradults.Meanwhile, Peter had thought of a suitable time when noone would be interested in either him or the book. Atseven-thirty in the evening, when the entire family waslistening to the radio in the private office, he took histreasure and stole off to the loft again. He should have beenback by eight-thirty, but he was so engrossed in the bookthat he forgot the time and was just coming down the stairswhen his father entered the room. The scene that followed wasnot surprising: after a slap, a whack and a tug-of-war, thebook lay on the table and Peter was in the loft.This is how matters stood when it was time for the familyto eat. Peter stayed upstairs. No one gave him a momentsthought; hed have to go to bed without his dinner. Wecontinued eating, chatting merrily away, when suddenly weheard a piercing whistle. We lay down our forks and stared ateach other, the shock clearly visible on our pale faces.Then we heard Peters voice through the chimney: "I won tcome down!"Mr. van Daan leapt up, his napkin falling to the floor,and shouted, with the blood rushing to his face, "Ive hadenough!"Father, afraid of what might happen, grabbed him by thearm and the two men went to the attic. After much strugglingand kicking, Peter wound up in his room with the door shut,and we went on eating.Mrs. van Daan wanted to save a piece of bread for herdarling son, but Mr. van D. was adamant. "If he doesntapologize this minute, hell have to sleep in the loft."We protested that going without dinner was enoughpunishment. What if Peter were to catch cold? We wouldnt beable to call a doctor.Peter didnt apologize, and returned to the loft.
  35. 35. Mr. van Daan decided to leave well enough alone, though hedid note the next morning that Peters bed had been slept in.At seven Peter went to the attic again, but was persuaded tocome downstairs when Father spoke a few friendly words tohim. After three days of sullen looks and stubborn silence,everything was back to normal.Yours, AnneMONDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1942Dearest Kitty,Today Ill tell you the general news here in the Annex. Alamp has been mounted above my divan bed so that in thefuture, when I hear the guns going off, Ill be able to pulla cord and switch on the light. I cant use it at the momentbecause were keeping our window open a little, day andnight.The male members of the van Daan contingent have built avery handy wood-stained food safe, with real screens. Up tonow this glorious cupboard has been located in Peters room,but in the interests of fresh air its been moved to theattic. Where it once stood, theres now a shelf. I advisedPeter to put his table underneath the shelf, add a nice rugand hang his own cupboard where the table now stands. Thatmight make his little cubbyhole more comfy, though Icertainly wouldnt like to sleep there.Mrs. van Daan is unbearable. Im continually being scoldedfor my incessant chatter when Im upstairs. I simply let thewords bounce right off me! Madame now has a new trick up hersleeve: trying to get out of washing the pots and pans. Iftheres a bit of food left at the bottom of the pan, sheleaves it to spoil instead of transferring it to a glassdish. Then in the afternoon when Margot is stuck withcleaning all the pots and pans, Madame exclaims, "Oh, poorMargot, you have so much work to do!"Every other week Mr. Kleiman brings me a couple of bookswritten for girls my age. Im enthusiastic about the loop terHeul series. Ive enjoyed all of Cissy van Marxveldts booksvery much. Ive read The Zaniest Summer four times, and the
  36. 36. ludicrous situations still make me laugh.Father and I are currently working on our family tree, andhe tells me something about each person as we go along. Ivebegun my schoolwork. Im working hard at French, crammingfive irregular verbs into my head every day. But Iveforgotten much too much of what I learned in school.Peter has taken up his English with great reluctance. Afew schoolbooks have just arrived, and I brought a largesupply of notebooks, pencils, erasers and labels from home.Pim (thats our pet name for Father) wants me to help himwith his Dutch lessons. Im perfectly willing to tutor him inexchange for his assistance with French and other subjects.But he makes the most unbelievable mistakes!I sometimes listen to the Dutch broadcasts from London.Prince Bernhard recently announced that Princess juliana isexpecting a baby in January, which I think is wonderful. Noone here understands why I take such an interest in the RoyalFamily.A few nights ago I was the topic of discussion, and we alldecided I was an ignoramus. As a result, I threw myself intomy schoolwork the next day, since I have little desire tostill be a freshman when Im fourteen or fifteen. The factthat Im hardly allowed to read anything was also discussed.At the moment, Mothers reading Gentlemen, Wives andServants, and of course Im not allowed to read it (thoughMargot is!). First I have to be more intellectuallydeveloped, like my genius of a sister. Then we discussed myignorance of philosophy, psychology and physiology (Iimmediately looked up these big words in the dictionary!).Its true, I dont know anything about these subjects. Butmaybe Ill be smarter next year!Ive come to the shocking conclusion that I have only onelong-sleeved dress and three cardigans to wear in the winter.Fathers given me permission to knit a white wool sweater;the yarn isnt very pretty, but itll be warm, and thatswhat counts. Some of our clothing was left with friends, butunfortunately we wont be able to get to it until after thewar. Provided its still there, of course.
  37. 37. Id just finished writing something about Mrs. van Daanwhen she walked into the room. Thump, I slammed the bookshut."Hey, Anne, cant I even take a peek?""No, Mrs. van Daan.""Just the last page then?""No, not even the last page, Mrs. van Daan."Of course, I nearly died, since that particular pagecontained a rather unflattering description of her.Theres something happening every day, but Im too tiredand lazy to write it all down.Yours, AnneFRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1942Dearest Kitty,Father has a friend, a man in his mid-seventies named Mr.Dreher, whos sick, poor and deaf as a post. At his side,like a useless appendage, is his wife, twenty-seven yearsyounger and equally poor, whose arms and legs are loaded withreal and fake bracelets and rings left over from moreprosperous days. This Mr. Dreher has already been a greatnuisance to Father, and Ive always admired the saintlypatience with which he handled this pathetic old man on thephone. When we were still living at home, Mother used toadvise him to put a gramophone in front of the receiver, onethat would repeat every three minutes, "Yes, Mr. Dreher" and"No, Mr. Dreher," since the old man never understood a wordof Fathers lengthy replies anyway.Today Mr. Dreher phoned the office and asked Mr. Kugler tocome and see him. Mr. Kugler wasnt in the mood and said hewould send Miep, but Miep canceled the appointment. Mrs.Dreher called the office three times, but since Miep wasreportedly out the entire afternoon, she had to imitate Bepsvoice. Downstairs in the office as well as upstairs in the
  38. 38. Annex, there was great hilarity. Now each time the phonerings, Bep says Thats Mrs. Dreher!" and Miep has to laugh,so that the people on the other end of the line are greetedwith an impolite giggle. Cant you just picture it? This hasgot to be the greatest office in the whole wide world. Thebosses and the office girls have such fun together!Some evenings I go to the van Daans for a little chat. Weeat "mothball cookies" (molasses cookies that were stored ina closet that was mothproofed) and have a good time. Recentlythe conversation was about Peter. I said that he often patsme on the cheek, which I dont like. They asked me in atypically grown-up way whether I could ever learn to lovePeter like a brother, since he loves me like a sister. "Oh,no!" I said, but what I was thinking was, "Oh, ugh!" Justimagine! I added that Peters a bit stiff, perhaps becausehes shy. Boys who arent used to being around girls are likethat.I must say that the Annex Committee (the mens section) isvery creative. Listen to the scheme theyve come up with toget a message to Mr. Broks, an Opekta Co. salesrepresentative and friend whos surreptitiously hidden someof our things for us! Theyre going to type a letter to astore owner in southern Zealand who is, indirectly, one ofOpekta s customers and ask him to fill out a form and sendit back in the enclosed self-addressed envelope. Father willwrite the address on the envelope himself. Once the letter isreturned from Zealand, the form can be removed and ahandwritten message confirming that Father is alive can beinserted in the envelope. This way Mr. Broks can read theletter without suspecting a ruse. They chose the province ofZealand because its close to Belgium (a letter can easily besmuggled across the border) and because no one is allowed totravel there without a special permit. An ordinary salesmanlike Mr. Broks would never be granted a permit.Yesterday Father put on another act. Groggy with sleep, hestumbled off to bed. His feet were cold, so I lent him my bedsocks. Five minutes later he flung them to the floor. Then hepulled the blankets over his head because the light botheredhim. The lamp was switched off, and he gingerly poked hishead out from under the covers. It was all very amusing. Westarted talking about the fact that Peter says Margot is a
  39. 39. "buttinsky." Suddenly Daddys voice was heard from thedepths: "Sits on her butt, you mean.Mouschi, the cat, is becoming nicer to me as time goes by,but Im still somewhat afraid of her.Yours, AnneSUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1942Dearest Kitty,Mother and I had a so-called "discussion" today, but theannoying part is that I burst into tears. I cant help it.Daddy is always nice to me, and he also understands me muchbetter. At moments like these I cant stand Mother. Itsobvious that Im a stranger to her; she doesnt even knowwhat I think about the most ordinary things.We were talking about maids and the fact that youresupposed to refer to them as "domestic help" these days. Sheclaimed that when the war is over, thats what theyll wantto be called. I didnt quite see it that way. Then she addedthat I talk about later" so often and that I act as if Iwere such a lady, even though Im not, but I dont thinkbuilding sand castles in the air is such a terrible thing todo, as long as you dont take it too seriously. At any rate,Daddy usually comes to my defense. Without him I wouldnt beable to stick it out here.I dont get along with Margot very well either. Eventhough our family never has the same kind of outbursts theyhave upstairs, I find it far from pleasant. Margots andMothers personalities are so alien to me. I understand mygirlfriends better than my own mother. Isnt that a shame?For the umpteenth time, Mrs. van Daan is sulking. Shesvery moody and has been removing more and more of herbelongings and locking them up. Its too bad Mother doesntrepay every van Daan "disappearing act" with a Frank"disappearing act."Some people, like the van Daans, seem to take specialdelight not only in raising their own children but in helping
  40. 40. others raise theirs. Margot doesnt need it, since shesnaturally good, kind and clever, perfection itself, but Iseem to have enough mischief for the two of us. More thanonce the air has been filled with the van Daans admonitionsand my saucy replies. Father and Mother always defend mefiercely. Without them I wouldnt be able to jump back intothe fray with my usual composure. They keep telling me Ishould talk less, mind my own business and be more modest,but I seem doomed to failure. If Father werent so patient,Id have long ago given up hope of ever meeting my parentsquite moderate expectations.If I take a small helping of a vegetable I loathe and eatpotatoes instead, the van Daans, especially Mrs. van Daan,cant get over how spoiled I am. "Come on, Anne, eat somemore vegetables," she says."No, thank you, maam," I reply. "The potatoes are morethan enough.""Vegetables are good for you; your mother says so too.Have some more," she insists, until Father intervenes andupholds my right to refuse a dish I dont like.Then Mrs. van D. really flies off the handle: "You shouldhave been at our house, where children were brought up theway they should be. I dont call this a proper upbringing.Anne is terribly spoiled. Id never allow that. If Anne weremy daughter. . ."This is always how her tirades begin and end: "If Annewere my daughter. . ." Thank goodness Im not.But to get back to the subject of raising children,yesterday a silence fell after Mrs. van D. finished herlittle speech. Father then replied, "I think Anne is verywell brought up. At least shes learned not to respond toyour interminable sermons. As far as the vegetables areconcerned, all I have to say is look whos calling the kettleblack."Mrs. van D. was soundly defeated. The pot calling theketde black refers of course to Madame herself, since shecant tolerate beans or any kind of cabbage in the evening
  41. 41. because they give her "gas." But I could say the same. What adope, dont you think? In any case, lets hope she stopstalking about me.Its so funny to see how quickly Mrs. van Daan flushes. Idont, and it secredy annoys her no end.Yours, AnneMONDAY, SEPTEMBER 28,1942Dearest Kitty,I had to stop yesterday, though I was nowhere nearfinished. Im dying to tell you about another one of ourclashes, but before I do Id like to say this: I think itsodd that grown-ups quarrel so easily and so often and aboutsuch petty matters. Up to now I always thought bickering wasjust something children did and that they outgrew it. Often,of course, theres sometimes a reason to have a real quarrel,but the verbal exchanges that take place here are just plainbickering. I should be used to the fact that these squabblesare daily occurrences, but Im not and never will be as longas Im the subject of nearly every discussion. (They refer tothese as "discussions" instead of "quarrels," but Germansdont know the difference!) They criticize everything, and Imean everything, about me: my behavior, my personality, mymanners; every inch of me, from head to toe and back again,is the subject of gossip and debate. Harsh words and shoutsare constantly being flung at my head, though Im absolutelynot used to it. According to the powers that be, Im supposedto grin and bear it. But I cant! I have no intention oftaking their insults lying down. Ill show them that AnneFrank wasnt born yesterday. Theyll sit up and take noticeand keep their big mouths shut when I make them see theyought to attend to their own manners instead of mine. Howdare they act that way! Its simply barbaric. Ive beenastonished, time and again, at such rudeness and most of all.. . at such stupidity (Mrs. van Daan). But as soon as Ivegotten used to the idea, and that shouldnt take long, Illgive them a taste of their own medicine, and then theyllchange their tune! Am I really as bad-mannered, headstrong,stubborn, pushy, stupid, lazy, etc., etc., as the van Daanssay I am? No, of course not. I know I have my faults and
  42. 42. shortcomings, but they blow them all out of proportion! Ifyou only knew, Kitty, how I seethe when they scold and mockme. It wont take long before I explode with pent-up rage.But enough of that. Ive bored you long enough with myquarrels, and yet I cant resist adding a highly interestingdinner conversation.Somehow we landed on the subject of Pims extremediffidence. His modesty is a well-known fact, which even thestupidest person wouldnt dream of questioning. All of asudden Mrs. van Daan, who feels the need to bring herselfinto every conversation, remarked, "Im very modest andretiring too, much more so than my husband!"Have you ever heard anything so ridiculous? This sentenceclearly illustrates that shes not exactly what youd callmodest!Mr. van Daan, who felt obliged to explain the "much moreso than my husband," answered calmly, "I have no desire to bemodest and retiring. In my experience, you get a lot furtherby being pushy!" And turning to me, he added, "Dont bemodest and retiring, Anne. It will get you nowhere."Mother agreed completely with this viewpoint. But, asusual, Mrs. van Daan had to add her two cents. This time,however, instead of addressing me directly, she turned to myparents and said, "You must have a strange outlook on life tobe able to say that to Anne. Things were different when I wasgrowing up. Though they probably havent changed much sincethen, except in your modern household!"This was a direct hit at Mothers modern child-rearingmethods, which shes defended on many occasions. Mrs. vanDaan was so upset her face turned bright red. People whoflush easily become even more agitated when they feelthemselves getting hot under the collar, and they quicklylose to their opponents.The nonflushed mother, who now wanted to have the matterover and done with as quickly as possible, paused for amoment to think before she replied. "Well, Mrs. van Daan, Iagree that its much better if a person isnt overmodest. My
  43. 43. husband, Margot and Peter are all exceptionally modest. Yourhusband, Anne and I, though not exactly the opposite, dontlet ourselves be pushed around."Mrs. van Daan: "Oh, but Mrs. Frank, I dont understandwhat you mean! Honestly, Im extremely modest and retiring.How can you say that Im pushy?"Mother: "I didnt say you were pushy, but no one woulddescribe you as having a retiring disposition."Mrs. van D.: "Id like to know in what way Im pushy! If Ididnt look out for myself here, no one else would, and Idsoon starve, but that doesnt mean Im not as modest andretiring as your husband."Mother had no choice but to laugh at this ridiculousself-defense, which irritated Mrs. van Daan. Not exactly aborn debater, she continued her magnificent account in amixture of German and Dutch, until she got so tangled up inher own words that she finally rose from her chair and wasjust about to leave the room when her eye fell on me. Youshould have seen her! As luck would have it, the moment Mrs.van D. turned around I was shaking my head in a combinationof compassion and irony. I wasnt doing it on purpose, butId followed her tirade so intently that my reaction wascompletely involuntary. Mrs. van D. wheeled around and gaveme a tongue-lashing: hard, Germanic, mean and vulgar, exactlylike some fat, red-faced fishwife. It was a joy to behold. IfI could draw, Id like to have sketched her as she was then.She struck me as so comical, that silly little scatterbrain!Ive learned one thing: you only really get to know a personafter a fight. Only then can you judge their true character!Yours, AnneTUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1942Dearest Kitty,The strangest things happen to you when youre in hiding!Try to picture this. Because we dont have a bathtub, we washourselves in a washtub, and because theres only hot water inthe office (by which I mean the entire lower floor), the
  44. 44. seven of us take turns making the most of this greatopportunity. But since none of us are alike and are allplagued by varying degrees of modesty, each member of thefamily has selected a different place to wash. Peter takes abath in the office kitchen, even though it has a glass door.When its time for his bath, he goes around to each of us inturn and announces that we shouldnt walk past the kitchenfor the next half hour. He considers this measure to besufficient. Mr. van D. takes his bath upstairs, figuring thatthe safety of his own room outweighs the difficulty of havingto carry the hot water up all those stairs. Mrs. van D. hasyet to take a bath; shes waiting to see which is the bestplace. Father bathes in the private office and Mother in thekitchen behind a fire screen, while Margot and I havedeclared the front office to be our bathing grounds. Sincethe curtains are drawn on Saturday afternoon, we scrubourselves in the dark, while the one who isnt in the bathlooks out the window through a chink in the curtains andgazes in wonder at the endlessly amusing people.A week ago I decided I didnt like this spot and have beenon the lookout for more comfortable bathing quarters. It wasPeter who gave me the idea of setting my washtub in thespacious office bathroom. I can sit down, turn on the light,lock the door, pour out the water without anyones help, andall without the fear of being seen. I used my lovely bathroomfor the first time on Sunday and, strange as it may seem, Ilike it better than any other place.The plumber was at work downstairs on Wednesday, movingthe water pipes and drains from the office bathroom to thehallway so the pipes wont freeze during a cold winter. Theplumbers visit was far from pleasant. Not only were we notallowed to run water during the day, but the bathroom wasalso off-limits. Ill tell you how we handled this problem;you may find it unseemly of me to bring it up, but Im not soprudish about matters of this kind. On the day of ourarrival, Father and I improvised a chamber pot, sacrificing acanning jar for this purpose. For the duration of theplumbers visit, canning jars were put into service duringthe daytime to hold our calls of nature. As far as I wasconcerned, this wasnt half as difficult as having to sitstill all day and not say a word. You can imagine how hardthat was for Miss Quack, Quack, Quack. On ordinary days we
  45. 45. have to speak in a whisper; not being able to talk or move atall is ten times worse.After three days of constant sitting, my backside wasstiff and sore. Nightly calisthenics helped.Yours, AnneTHURSDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1942Dear Kitty,Yesterday I had a horrible fright. At eight oclock thedoorbell suddenly rang. All I could think of was that someonewas coming to get us, you know who I mean. But I calmed downwhen everybody swore it must have been either pranksters orthe mailman.The days here are very quiet. Mr. Levinsohn, a littleJewish pharmacist and chemist, is working for Mr. Kugler inthe kitchen. Since hes familiar with the entire building,were in constant dread that hell take it into his head togo have a look at what used to be the laboratory. Were asstill as baby mice. Who would have guessed three months agothat quicksilver Anne would have to sit so quietly for hourson end, and whats more, that she could?Mrs. van Daans birthday was the twenty-ninth. Though wedidnt have a large celebration, she was showered withflowers, simple gifts and good food. Apparently the redcarnations from her spouse are a family tradition.Let me pause a moment on the subject of Mrs. van Daan andtell you that her attempts to flirt with Father are aconstant source of irritation to me. She pats him on thecheek and head, hikes up her skirt and makes so-called wittyremarks in an effort to gets Pims attention. Fortunately,he finds her neither pretty nor charming, so he doesntrespond to her flirtations. As you know, Im quite thejealous type, and I cant abide her behavior. After all,Mother doesnt act that way toward Mr. van D., which is whatI told Mrs. van D. right to her face.From time to time Peter can be very amusing. He and I have
  46. 46. one thing in common: we like to dress up, which makeseveryone laugh. One evening we made our appearance, withPeter in one of his mothers skin-tight dresses and me in hissuit. He wore a hat; I had a cap on. The grown-ups splittheir sides laughing, and we enjoyed ourselves every bit asmuch.Bep bought new skirts for Margot and me at The Bijenkorf.The fabric is hideous, like the burlap bag potatoes come in.Just the kind of thing the department stores wouldnt daresell in the olden days, now costing 24.00 guilders (Margots)and 7.75 guilders (mine).We have a nice treat in store: Beps ordered acorrespondence course in shorthand for Margot, Peter and me.Just you wait, by this time next year well be able to takeperfect shorthand. In any case, learning to write a secretcode like that is really interesting.I have a terrible pain in my index finger (on my lefthand), so I cant do any ironing. What luck!Mr. van Daan wants me to sit next to him at the table,since Margot doesnt eat enough to suit him. Fine with me, Ilike changes. Theres always a tiny black cat roaming aroundthe yard, and it reminds me of my dear sweet Moortje. Anotherreason I welcome the change is that Mamas always carping atme, especially at the table. Now Margot will have to bear thebrunt of it. Or rather, wont, since Mother doesnt make suchsarcastic remarks to her. Not to that paragon of virtue! Imalways teasing Margot about being a paragon of virtue thesedays, and she hates it. Maybe itll teach her not to be sucha goody-goody. High time she learned.To end this hodgepodge of news, a particularly amusingjoke told by Mr. van Daan: What goes click ninety-nine timesand clack once?A centipede with a clubfoot.Bye-bye, AnneSATURDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1942
  47. 47. Dear Kitty,Everybody teased me quite a bit yesterday because I laydown on the bed next to Mr. van Daan. "At your age! Shocking!" and other remarks along those lines. Silly, of course. Idnever want to sleep with Mr. van Daan the way they mean.Yesterday Mother and I had another run-in and she reallykicked up a fuss. She told Daddy all my sins and I started tocry, which made me cry too, and I already had such an awfulheadache. I finally told Daddy that I love "him" more than Ido Mother, to which he replied that it was just a passingphase, but I dont think so. I simply cant stand Mother, andI have to force myself not to snap at her all the time, andto stay calm, when Id rather slap her across the face. Idont know why Ive taken such a terrible dislike to her.Daddy says that if Mother isnt feeling well or has aheadache, I should volunteer to help her, but Im not goingto because I dont love her and dont enjoy doing it. I canimagine Mother dying someday, but Daddys death seemsinconceivable. Its very mean of me, but thats how I feel. Ihope Mother will never read this or anything else Ivewritten.Ive been allowed to read more grown-up books lately.Evas Youth by Nico van Suchtelen is currently keeping mebusy. I dont think theres much of a difference between thisand books for teenage girls. Eva thought that children grewon trees, like apples, and that the stork plucked them offthe tree when they were ripe and brought them to the mothers.But her girlfriends cat had kittens and Eva saw them comingout of the cat, so she thought cats laid eggs and hatchedthem like chickens, and that mothers who wanted a child alsowent upstairs a few days before their time to lay an egg andbrood on it. After the babies arrived, the mothers werepretty weak from all that squatting. At some point, Evawanted a baby too. She took a wool scarf and spread it on theground so the egg could fall into it, and then she squatteddown and began to push. She clucked as she waited, but no eggcame out. Finally, after shed been sitting for a long time,something did come, but it was a sausage instead of an egg.Eva was embarrassed. She thought she was sick. Funny, isntit? There are also parts of Evas Youth that talk about womenselling their bodies on the street and asking loads of money.
  48. 48. Id be mortified in front of a man like that. In addition, itmentions Evas menstruation. Oh, I long to get my period --then Ill really be grown up. Daddy is grumbling again andthreatening to take away my diary. Oh, horror of horrors!From now on, Im going to hide it.Anne FrankWEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1942I imagine that. . .Ive gone to Switzerland. Daddy and I sleep in one room,while the boys. study is turned into a sitting room, where Ican receive visitors. As a surprise, theyve bought newfurniture for me, including a tea table, a desk, armchairsand a divan. Everythings simply wonderful. After a few daysDaddy gives me 150 guilders -- converted into Swiss money, ofcourse, but Ill call them guilders -- and tells me to buyeverything I think Ill need, all for myself. (Later on, Iget a guilder a week, which I can also use to buy whatever Iwant.) I set off with Bernd and buy:3 cotton undershirts @ 0.50 = 1.503 cotton underpants @ 0.50 = 1.503 wool undershirts @ O. 75 = 2.253 wool underpants @ O. 75 = 2.252 petticoats @ 0.50 = 1.002 bras (smallest size) @ 0.50 = 1.005 pajamas @ 1.00 = 5.001 summer robe @ 2.50 = 2.501 winter robe @ 3.00 = 3.002 bed jackets @ O. 75 = 1.50. Annes cousins Bernhard (Bernd) and Stephan Elias.THE DIARY OF A YOUNG GIRL 531 small pillow @ 1.00 = 1.001 pair of lightweight slippers @ 1.00 = 1.001 pair of warm slippers @ 1.50 = 1.501 pair of summer shoes (school) @ 1.50 = 1.501 pair of summer shoes (dressy) @ 2.00 = 2.001 pair of winter shoes (school) @ 2.50 = 2.501 pair of winter shoes (dressy) @ 3.00 = 3.002 aprons @ 0.50 = 1.0025 handkerchiefs @ 0.05 = 1.00
  49. 49. 4 pairs of silk stockings @ 0.75 = 3.004 pairs of kneesocks @ 0.50 = 2.004 pairs of socks @ 0.25 = 1.002 pairs of thick stockings @ 1.00 = 2.003 skeins of white yarn (underwear, cap) = 1.503 skeins of blue yarn (sweater, skirt) = 1.503 skeins of variegated yarn (cap, scarf) = 1.50Scarves, belts, collars, buttons = 1.25Plus 2 school dresses (summer), 2 school dresses (winter),2 good dresses (sumr.ner), 2 good dresses (winter), 1 summerskirt, 1 good winter skirt, 1 school winter skirt, 1raincoat, 1 summer coat, 1 winter coat, 2 hats, 2 caps. For atotal of 10g.00 guilders.2 purses, 1 ice-skating outfit, 1 pair of skates, 1 case(containing powder, skin cream, foundation cream, cleansingcream, suntan lotion, cotton, first-aid kit, rouge, lipstick,eyebrow pencil, bath salts, bath powder, eau de cologne,soap, powder puff).Plus 4 sweaters @ 1.50,4 blouses @ 1.00, miscellaneousitems @ 10.00 and books, presents @ 4.50.OCTOBER 9, 1942Dearest Kitty,Today I have nothing but dismal and depressing news toreport. Our many Jewish friends and acquaintances are beingtaken away in droves. The Gestapo is treating them veryroughly and transporting them in cattle cars to Westerbork,the big camp in Drenthe to which theyre sending all theJews. Miep told us about someone whod managed to escape fromthere. It must be terrible in Westerbork. The people getalmost nothing to eat, much less to drink, as water isavailable only one hour a day, and theres only one toiletand sink for several thousand people. Men and women sleep inthe same room, and women and children often have their headsshaved. Escape is almost impossible; many people look Jewish,and theyre branded by their shorn heads.If its that bad in Holland, what must it be like in thosefaraway and uncivilized places where the Germans are sending

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