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  • 1. ‡mdwU GÛ †cÖm †gBb‡Ub¨vÝ welq †KvW(9553) 1. †ivjvi weqvwis i¶b †e¶b t Kvwji ‡ivjvi mwVK fv‡e Pvjv‡bvi Rb¨ mwVK gv‡ci I mwVK gv‡bi weqvwis cª‡qvRb| weqvwis mwVK gv‡ci I mwVK gv‡bi bv n‡j †ivjvi †hgb ¶wZMÖ¯’ n‡e †Zgwb mwVK gv‡bi KvR cvIqv hv‡e bv| eo eo †ivjvi †hme wMqv‡ii gva¨‡g P‡j †mme †ivjvi ev‡` cÖvq me ai‡bi †ivjv‡iB weqvwis cÖqRb nq| Ad‡mU †gwm‡b †ivjvi QvovI Ab¨vb¨ N~b©vqgvb hš¿vs‡ki mv‡_I weqvwis ms‡hvR‡bi cÖ‡qvRb n‡Z cv‡i| N~b©vqgvb †Kvb hš¿vsk‡K ΓwUgy³ fv‡e mwVK ¯’v‡b a‡i ivLvi Rb¨ weqvwis cª‡qvRb nq| weqvwis e¨venv‡ii d‡j N~b©b RwbZ ¶q Kg nq Ges AwZ Aí cwigvb mgq e¨vq nq| GQvovI weqvwis N~b©vqgvb hš¿vs‡ki IRb enb K‡i| weqvwis mvavibZ `yB ai‡bi nq| h_v t 1.†cBb weqvwis 2. Gw›UwdªKkb weqvwis ‡cBb weqvwi †K eyk weqvwis, Rvb©vj weqvwis, I w¯f weqvwisI ejvnq| G ai‡bi weqvwis GKwU wmwjÛvwiK¨vj †Lvjk hvi g‡a¨ m¨vcU Ae¯’vb K‡i| eyk weqvwis, Rvb©vj weqvwis I w¯f weqvwis Gi Kvh© cÖK…wZi †¶‡Î wgj
  • 2. _vK‡jI G‡`i wbg©vb ‡KŠkj Ges e¨venv‡ii †¶‡ÎA‡bKUv wfb¨| mvavibZ †QvU †QvU Kv‡Ri Rb¨ eyk weqvwis AwaK nv‡i e¨veüZ nq| w¯f weqvwis eyk weqvwis Gi †P‡q AwaK fvi enb Ki‡Z cv‡i| Rb©vj weqvwis eo AvKv‡ii nq hv A‡bK ‡ewk fvi enb Ki‡Z cv‡i| mvavibZ eo †gwk‡bi mvd‡Ui Rb¨ Rvb©vj weqvwis e¨veüZ nq| GKwU Rvbv©j weqvwis Gi wewfbœ Ask _v‡K| †hgb t- 1.weqvwis nvDwRs 2.weqvwis jvBwbs I †mj 3.mvdU Rvbv©j 4.‰Zjv³ Ki‡bi LvR I wQ`ª wmg weqvwis ˆZjv³ Ki‡bi Rb¨ cÖ‡qvRb nq †hRb¨ weqvwis Gi wQ`ª c_ ivLv nq| wmg n‡”Q GKai‡bi avZzi cvZjv wmU hv wewfbœ mvB‡hi I cyi“‡Z¡i cvIqv hvq| wmg e¨veüZ nq weqvwis wK¬qv‡iÝ Kgv‡bv ev evov‡bvi Rb¨| mvdU I weqvwis Gi ga¨Kvi wK¬qv‡iÝ KZUzKz n‡e Zv mvd‡Ui fi, e¨vm I N~b©b MwZi Dci wbf©i K‡i| c~‡e©B ejv n‡q‡Q weqvwis mvavibZ `yB ai‡bi 1. †cBb weqvwis 2. Gw›Uwd«Kkb weqvwis| ‡cBb weqvwis A‡bKw`b Pjvic‡i bvbv ai‡bi mgm¨v †`Lv‡`q| †hgb t K¤úb m„wó nIqv, †Rv‡i kã nIqv, weqvwis Gi ZvcgvÎv †e‡o hvIqv BZ¨vw`| G mgm¨v †ewki fvM ‡`Lv‡`q mvdU I ‡m‡ji ga¨Kvi wK¬qv‡iÝ †e‡o hvIqvi Rb¨| wewfbœ ai‡bi Kvi‡b †cBb
  • 3. weqvwis bó n‡Z cv‡i| GKwU wbw`©ó Kvi‡b weqvwis †hgb bó n‡Z cv‡i †Zgwb weqvwis bó nIqvi GKvwaK Kvib _vK‡Z cv‡i| weqvwis bó nIqvi Kvib Rvbv _vK‡j †givg‡Z myweav nq| 1. weqvwis g¨v‡Uwiqvj&m mwVK bv n‡j Ges mvd‡Ui mv‡_ mvgÄm¨c~b© bv n‡j Aí w`‡b weqvwis bó n‡Zcv‡i| 2. LvR gqjv hy³ n‡j ev mwVKfv‡e ˆZjv³ Kiv bv n‡j weqvwis bó n‡Z cv‡i| 3. mvdU Rvb©v‡ji †`v‡l weqvwis bó n‡Z cv‡i| mvdU hw` Agm„b nq Zvn‡j weqwis G `vM †d‡j `ªyZ weqwis‡K bó K‡i w`‡Z cv‡i| 4. mvdU I weqvwis Gi ga¨Kvi wK¬qv‡iÝ Kg †ewk nIqvi Kvi‡b weqvwis bó n‡Z cv‡i| 5. weqvwis Gi ZvcgvÎv ‡e‡o †M‡j weqvwis bó n‡Z cv‡i| 6. eo ai‡bi AvNv‡Zi Kvi‡b weqvwis bó n‡Z cv‡i| 7. weqvwis wdwWsGi †`v‡l weqvwis bó n‡Z cv‡i| 8. ‡Zjgqjv _vKvi Kvi‡b weqvwis bó n‡Z cv‡i| Gw›Uwd«Kkb weqvwis t Gai‡bi weqvwis mn‡R Nm©b evav‡K AwZµg Ki‡Zcv‡i| Gw›Uwd«Kkb weqvwis `yB ai‡bi t h_v- 1. ej weqvwis
  • 4. 2. †ivjvi weqvwis (K) ej weqvwis wZb fv‡M fvM Kiv hvq| h_v t- 1. †iwWqvj ej weqvwis 2. _ªv÷ ej weqvwis 3. †KŠwbK ej weqvwis (L) †ivjvi weqvwis †KI wZb fv‡M fvM Kiv hvq| h_v t 1. †iwWqvj †ivjvi weqvwis 2. _ªv÷ †ivjvi weqvwis 3. †Ucvi †ivjvi weqvwis Gw›Uwd«Kkb weqvwis Gi wewfbœ Ask _v‡K| †hgb t- 1. AvDUvi wis 2. Bbvi wis 3. ‡dBP 4. ‡mcv‡iUi 5. ‡mvìvi BZ¨vw`| Gw›Uwd«Kkb weqvwis †ivjvi, ej ev †mcv‡iUi b÷ n‡q‡M‡j †givgZ Kiv m¤¢e bq| G‡¶‡Î weqvwis cwieZ©b K‡i †dj‡Z nq| 2.c¨vm‡K‡ji m~Î t – cv‡Î Ave× Zij c`v‡_© Pvc cÖ‡qvM Ki‡j †mB Pvc we›`y gvÎ bv K‡g mKj w`‡K mgvb fv‡e mÂwjZ nq Ges Zv cv‡Îi Mv‡q j¤^fv‡e wµqv K‡i|
  • 5. e¨vL¨v t - GB m~‡Îi cªgv‡bi Rb¨ wfbœ wfbœ cÖ¯’‡”Q‡`i †¶Îdj (a,b,c,d) wQ`ª wewkó GKwU cvÎ †bqv nq| cÖ‡Z¨KwU wQ‡`ªi mv‡_ cvwb‡ivax wc÷b hy³ _v‡K| cvÎwU cvwb w`‡q c~b© K‡i †h †Kvb GKwU wc÷‡b Pvc cÖ‡qvMK‡j †mB Pvc Ab¨vbœ wc÷‡bI mgvb fv‡e cÖhy³ nq| d‡j mg¯— wQ`ª w`‡q mgvbfv‡e cvwb †ei n‡Z _v‡K| G †_‡K cÖgvwbZ nq ‡h Pvc Pvwiw`‡K mgvb fv‡e mÂvwjZnq| hw` a, wc÷‡b 1F ej cÖ‡qvM Kiv nq Zvn‡j 1a wc÷‡bi Pvc 1 1 a F n‡e| c¶vš—‡i hw` Ab¨vbœ wc÷b ¸‡j‡Z hw` 432 ,, FFF ej cÖ‡qvM Kiv nq Zvn‡j 432 ,, aaa wc÷‡bi Pvc n‡e h_vµ‡g 4 4 3 3 2 2 ,, a F a F a F | G †_‡K cÖgvwbZ nq †h Pvc we›`ygvÎ bv K‡g mKj w`‡K mgvb fv‡e mÂvwjZ nq| 3.jyweª‡Kkb t `ywU Pjgvb As‡ki Zvc I ¶q Kgv‡Z jyweª‡Kkb Kiv nq| †Zj, wMÖR, MÖvdvBU A_ev k³ ev Avav k³ †Zj RvZxq c`v_© jyweª‡Kkb Gi Rb¨ e¨envi nq| Drcv`‡bi w`K †_‡K jyweª‡Kkb †K wZb fv‡M fvM Kiv hvq| h_v t - 1. cÖbxR jyweª‡Kkb 2. LwbR jyweª‡Kkb 3. kvK mewR RvZxq jyweª‡Kkb
  • 6. 19 kZ‡Ki Av‡M †ewkifvM †Zj Drcv`b Kiv nZ cÖvbx Ges kvK mewR †_‡K| eZ©gv‡b LwbR †_‡K †Zj Drcv`b Kiv nq hv A‡bK cwi‡kvwaZ Ges mn‡R R‡g hvq bv| 4.jyweª‡Kk‡bi e¨venvi A_ev cÖ‡qvRb t Av‡Mi w`‡b nv‡Zi mvnv‡h¨ jyweª‡Kkb Kiv nZ| wKš‘y eZ©gv‡b mqswµq c×wZ‡Z †gwk‡b jyweª‡Kkb Kiv n‡q _v‡K| GB c×wZ‡Z Oil Gun Ges Grees Gun bvgK hš¿ w`‡q jyweª‡Kkb Kiv nq| 5.†eë I †PB‡bi myweav I Amyweav t Amyweav t - †e‡ëi gva¨‡g h_vh_ MwZ cÖ`vb m¤ ¢e bv Kvib Ifi‡jvW n‡q‡cwP‡q †h‡Z cv‡i| myweav t 1. †eë Zzjbv gyjK Kg e¨vqx| 2. ‡eë e¨venv‡I kã Ges K¤úb nq| 3. MwZ Ges ¶gZv cÖ`v‡b wMqvi †eë Gi †P‡q †ewk Kvh©Ki| 6.nvB‡WªvwjK †cÖmvi t ‡Kvb Zij c`v_©‡K cvBc ev Ab¨ †Kvb gva¨‡g cÖev‡ni d‡j †h Pvc cvIqv hvq ZvB nvB‡WªvwjK †cÖmvi|
  • 7. 7. nvB‡WªvwjK wm‡÷‡gi myweav I Amyweav t myweav t 1. Aíej cÖ‡qvM K‡i AwaK Kvh© ¶gZv cvIqv hvq| 2. GKB iKg ej cÖmvwiZ nq| 3. nvB‡WªvwjK wm‡÷‡g K¨vwgK¨vj cv‡›Ui Rb¨ D‡cv‡hvMx K‡i| Amyweav t 1. nvB‡WªvwjK wm‡÷‡g A‡bK †cÖmvi _vKvi Kvi‡b we‡õvi‡bi ev `~N©Ubvi m¤¢vebv _v‡K| 2. wbw`©ómgq ci ci wjK Ges jyweª‡Kkb cix¶v K‡i †`L‡Z nq| 3. nvB‡WªvwjK wm‡÷‡g wdëvi mg~n cÖwZwbqZ cwieZ©b Ki‡Z nq|
  • 8. 8.‰Zjv³Kib wPý t Ad‡mU †gwk ‰Zjv³ Kib Gi †¶‡Î wewfbœ is e¨venvi Gi gva¨‡g ˆZjv³ Kib mgq wba©vib Kiv nq| †hgb t - 1. jvj - cÖwZ 10 N›Uv ci ci (cÖwZ wkdU) 2.meyR - cÖwZ 25 N›Uv ci ci (cÖwZ wkdU) 3. njy` - cÖwZ 50 N›Uv ci ci (cÖwZ wkdU) 4. mv`v - cÖwZ 200 N›Uv ci ci (cÖwZ wkdU) 5. bxj - cÖwZ 2500N›Uv ci ci (cÖwZ wkdU) ‡gwkb Pvjy Kivi c~‡e© cÖwZwU jvj wPwýZ ¯’v‡b ˆZjv³ Ki‡Z n‡e Ges MÖxR c‡q›U cix¶v K‡I †`L‡Z n‡e| cÖ‡qvR‡b MÖxR c‡q›U mgyn MÖxwRs Ki‡Z n‡e| GQvovI †Z‡ji U¨v‡¼i Pvc cix¶v K‡i‡`L‡Z n‡e| hw` cÖ‡qvRb nq ˆZj f‡i wb‡Z n‡e| g‡b ivL‡Z n‡e †h cÖwZ‡iva g~jK i¶bv †e¶‡bi Rb¨ wKQzUv mgq e¨q nq G K_v mZ¨, wKš‘y Gi d‡j ch©vqµ‡g Drcv`b e„w×cvq, †gwk‡bi Avqy e„w×cvq,†gwkb eoai‡bi †Kvb `~N©Ubvi nvZ †_‡K i¶v cvq|
  • 9. 9. Horse power t - ¶gZvi wewfbœ GK‡Ki g‡a¨ GKwU MvwbZxK GKK n‡”Q nm© cvIqvi| G‡K HP Øviv cÖKvk Kiv nq| 1 HP = 746 W A‡bK BwÄwbqi G‡K Ak¦ ¶gZv bv‡g cKvkK‡i|
  • 10. 9. Horse power t - ¶gZvi wewfbœ GK‡Ki g‡a¨ GKwU MvwbZxK GKK n‡”Q nm© cvIqvi| G‡K HP Øviv cÖKvk Kiv nq| 1 HP = 746 W A‡bK BwÄwbqi G‡K Ak¦ ¶gZv bv‡g cKvkK‡i|