Md. Ali Hosssain.
Jr. Instructor, Graphic Arts Innstitute.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated as WWW or W3, commonly known as the
web), is a system of interlinked hypertext documents accessed via the Internet.
With a web browser, one can view web pages that may contain text, images,
videos, and other multimedia, and navigate between them via hyperlinks.
•Born in London in
• Mr. Tim Berners-Lee
• Published language HyperText
Markup Language (HTML);
• The Hypertext Transfer
Basic Website Requirements
1. Domain Name
The domain name is the address name you will have on the Internet such as
http://www.yourdomainname.com/ or yourdomainname.com.
2. Website Hosting
Hosting is the electronic "space" you rent so that your website and email are
accessible over the Internet.
A website developer is the person that builds your website property at your hosting
provider. software developer who is specifically engaged in the development of
World Wide Web applications, that are run over the Internet from a web server to a
client, a web browser.
In terms of a completed small business site, the webmaster is the technical person
responsible for administration and maintenance of the website.
Static websites can only really be updated by someone with a knowledge of
Advantages of Static websites
• Quick to develop
• Cheap to develop
• Cheap to host
Dynamic applications on websites offer interactivity for you and your customers. Some
example are content management system, e-commerce system, bulletin / discussion
boards, intranet or extranet facilities, ability for clients or users to upload documents,
ability for administrators or users to create content or add information to a site.
Advantages of dynamic websites
•Much more functional website
•Much easier to update
•New content brings people back to the site and helps in the search engines
Defining A Web Site
The very first step in designing a Web site is to define it. And to properly
define a site there are three questions that must be answered.
What is the purpose of the site?
Who will be visiting the site?
How will the site serve the client?
The answers to these questions will guide you as you construct the site
Identify the Purpose of the Site
A Web site may have several purposes. In that case it is necessary to
determine which is the primary purpose, which is secondary, and so on. A
site that is intended to be strictly informative, such as a news site, is likely to
look much different that a site that is designed to sell a product. On the
other hand, a site for a college may have some subtle similarities to a site
that sells books. The college site probably will be intended to present the
school is a very positive and manner so that students will want to enroll.
The retail book site will want to convince visitors that it is the best place to
purchase reading material.
Identify Who Will Visit the Site
Determining who the visitors are likely to be is crucial in deciding not only the
general appearance of the site, but also the technology that might be used to build
If the project is likely to have visitors who log in from home, it is necessary to design
the pages with the understanding that some users may still have slow modem
Even with so-called "high speed access," Internet connect speeds vary wildly. Users
with DSL will almost certainly notice slower page loading compared to those users
who have cable or fiber optic access.
While quick download times are preferred, some types of Web sites require
technology that is not conducive to fast page loads. Such a site may be for a rock
band or a high-tech company. Both of which might use Flash! or similar techniques.
Serving the Needs of the Client
The term "client" in this instance refers to anybody for whom a site is built, not just a
paying customer. In the case of a Web site built for a family reunion, the client is the
family. Will the site properly serve the need of the family by providing clear
directions to the location of the reunion? Can the family photos be properly
A client could be a history professor. In such an instance the message of the
professor must be clearly understood. Will he or she want to post assignments and
readings? Does the site involve explaining research projects? And who will update
the site later?
12 Benefits Of Having A Website
Some of the goals that can be achieved by launching a website include the
1. Far Cheaper and Much More
Flexible Than Print Advertising
2. Market Expansion
7. Standardize Sales Performance
8. Improve credibility
3. Diversify Revenue Streams
9. Promote your Brick n Mortar
4. 24 7 365
10. Growth Opportunity
5. Offer Convenience
11. Two-Way Communicative Marketing
6. Add Value and Satisfaction
12. Cheap Market Research
What is HTML?
HTML is the "mother tongue" of web
HTML is a language for describing web pages.
HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
HTML is a markup language
A markup language is a set of markup tags
The tags describe document content
HTML documents contain HTML tags and plain text
HTML documents are also called web pages
HTML Version /Elements and Tag
Elements and tags?
HTML markup tags are usually called HTML tags "HTML tags"
and "HTML elements" are often used to describe the same
• HTML tags are keywords (tag names) surrounded by
angle brackets like <html>
• HTML tags normally come in pairs like <b> and </b>
• The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is
the end tag
• The end tag is written like the start tag, with a forward
slash before the tag name
• Start and end tags are also called opening tags and
The <!DOCTYPE> Declaration: The <!DOCTYPE> declaration helps the browser to display a
web page correctly. There are many different documents on the web, and a browser can only
display an HTML page 100% correctly if it knows the HTML type and version used.
HTML 4.01: <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"
XHTML 1.0: <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
HTML5: <!DOCTYPE html>
Create your first website
<TITLE> My Web Site </TITLE>
<H1> Hello World </H1>
<p>Hurrah! This is my website. My name is kamrul Hasan </p>
Save Your HTML: Select Save as.. in Notepad's file menu. You save an HTML file, you
can use either the .htm or the .html file extension. There is no difference, it is entirely up to
Deprecated attributes (but still used)
BACKGROUND=“Sunset.jpg” (can be tiled)
LINK=color (unvisited links)
VLINK=color (visited links)
ALINK=color (when selected)
<H1 ...> text </H1> -- largest of the six
<H2 ...> text </H2>
<H3 ...> text </H3>
<H4 ...> text </H4>
<H5 ...> text </H5>
<H6 ...> text </H6> -- smallest of the six
ALIGN="position" --left (default), center or right
Samples of the six heading types:
<H2 ALIGN="center">Level-2 (H2)</H2>
<H4 ALIGN="right">Level-4 (H4)</H4>
<P> defines a paragraph
Add ALIGN="position" (left, center, right)
Multiple <P>'s do not create blank lines
Use <BR> for blank line
Fully-specified text uses <P> and </P>
But </P> is optional