Olit 600 Second Life
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Olit 600 Second Life

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Second Life as of Dec 1, 2009 - the research (or lack of it)

Second Life as of Dec 1, 2009 - the research (or lack of it)

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  • http://www.muvedesign.com/the-virtual-worlds-hype-cycle-for-2009/
  • http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_rogers_innovation_adoption_curve.htmlJennings, N. , Collins, C. (2008). Virtual or Virtually U: Educational Institutions in Second Life. IJSS. Vol 2, 3. 180-186. Early Adopters (“visionaries”): Educators as early adoptersexplore technologies to expand on cutting-edge instructionalmethods for teaching effectiveness. They are risk-takers, andapply an interdisciplinary approach to teaching, learning, andresearch. They are often skilled in use of technology,although not to the same extent as the innovators.Early Majority (“pragmatists”): These educators arelooking for tools to solve the day-to-day problems of teachingand research. Based on success stories from colleagues intheir department or field, they would consider implementing atechnology. They tend to be more risk-averse, and theircommunity tends to be less expansive across disciplineboundaries than the two previous groups.Late Majority (“skeptical”): Educators in the late majorityare more likely to adopt a technology that comes as acomplete package and is well-established. They are not astechnologically savvy as the previous groups and tend to stayclose to home in their community groups.Laggards: These educators are not likely to adopttechnology as a pedagogical tool. They may even beconfrontational to those who do use instructional technology.Moore [8] articulates a “chasm” between early adopters andthe early majority which may influence whether or not atechnology becomes mainstreamed. While both see value ininstructional technology, the striking differences betweenthese two groups as seen in Table 1 has important implicationson the use and acceptance of new innovations.TABLE I CHARACTERISTICS OF EARLY ADOPTERS AND THE EARLYMAJORITY [9]Early Adopter Early MajorityFavor revolutionary change Favor evolutionary changeVisionary PragmaticProject oriented Process orientedRisk takers Risk averseWilling to experiment Want proven applicationsGenerally self-sufficient May need significantsupportHorizontally connected Vertically connectedWith the projected adoption of virtual worlds within a 3
  • http://sl.nmc.org/
  • http://www.sloodle.org/moodle/
  • http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2009/Generations-Online-in-2009.aspx

Olit 600 Second Life Olit 600 Second Life Presentation Transcript

  • Second life where are we today?
    OLIT600 – December 1, 2009
  • Is there life out there in the virtual worlds? A quest to find the answer
    Goals of this project
    Not too much in the way of real results
    Some studies done, both qualitative and quantitative – mostly in education
    Is no news old news?
    Blending some of the ideas with what the current literature shows.
  • Second Life – an overview
  • Second Life – an overview
    Multi-User Virtual Environments (MUVE)
    Launched in June 2003
    Free download
    Residents for 18 and older
    Residents for 13 – 17
    Created by Philip Rosedale
    “Snow Crash” – Neal Stephenson’s
  • Fee’s for Second Life
  • Hype Cycle
    http://www.muvedesign.com/the-virtual-worlds-hype-cycle-for-2009/
  • More Hype
    ”One way to measure the impact of the hype cycle is to look at how outsiders have valued the company. Two years ago, a blog post on TechCrunch disclosed some numbers that suggested Linden Lab was being valued at $5 billion or more. A couple of months ago, a report by NeXtUp Research estimated the value at $658 million to 700 million” (O’Brien, 2009).
  • Rogers Model for Adoption and Diffusion of Innovations
    http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_rogers_innovation_adoption_curve.html
  • Education
    New Media Consortium
    Started in 2006
    Goal was to create a 3-D virtual environment for education and museum professionals. (http://sl.nmc.org)
    “Finally, let me emphasize that exploration is a delight and a privilege that not everyone can pursue…but it is also your duty. Exploration is a social good. Explore to the extent your opportunity costs allow. We’re counting on you to help pull us out of troubled times, and give us new ways when we get to the other side.” (sl.nmc.org)
  • Education
    Moodle to Sloodle
    Universities
    Used for collaboration, pedagogy, and hands on learning
    Early adopters and currently strong in Second Life
    Included in Education – Library and the adoption of Library
  • Medical
    Currently used in education and training for medicine
    Simulations of patients
    3D graphics
    Used for collaboration, globally
  • Social Learning Theory
    Bandura
    The social learning theory of Bandura emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others.
    Principles:
    1. The highest level of observational learning is achieved by first organizing and rehearsing the modeled behavior symbolically and then enacting it overtly. Coding modeled behavior into words, labels or images results in better retention than simply observing.
    2. Individuals are more likely to adopt a modeled behavior if it results in outcomes they value.
    3. Individuals are more likely to adopt a modeled behavior if the model is similar to the observer and has admired status and the behavior has functional value. (TIP.psychology)
  • Experiential Learning
    Kolb
    Building upon earlier work by John Dewey and Kurt Levin, American educational theorist David A. Kolb believes “learning is the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience” (1984, p. 38).
  • Business
    Over 250 companies currently using SL
    IBM, Intel and Northrop Grumman
    Currently used for collaboration, training, meeting, conferences and role playing.
    Cut costs of meetings and conferences
    Competitive market drives change in the external forces
    Amazon Job Fair – July 2009 served as first interviews
  • Just some fun terms
    Tech Users
  • (the So What) Society in the US
    Pew Internet 2009 charts
  • Why is this important
    Number of people in education
    Number of people in business
    Digital Natives
    Alternatives to current educational offerings
  • In a short time…….
    Students in our classes…to teach
    Employee’s in our Business…..to train
    Customers in our Industry…to buy
    Patients in facilities….to fix
  • Thoughts?
    For a Multi Media Presentation, join me at:
    http://one11eye.ning.com/