Regulatory Process• Typical product development & regulatory approval process takes 10 years. – Laboratory tests – Field tests – Approvals in the US & primary export markets• European approvals are taking longer. Some new products may release without EU approval.
GMO Marketing Issues• Production traits generally do not need special marketing channels -- GRAS• Quality traits have economic incentives for specialized handling. – Products could be co-mingled, but then extra value is “lost” – Labeling only if there is economic incentive to differentiate
2012 Pipeline Development
New Developments• Round-up Ready Alfalfa (approved 2012)• Round-up Ready Sugar beets (Pending approval)• Next Generation Round-up Ready Canola (Rapeseed)
2012 Pipeline AdvancementsHigher-Yielding Corn Corn Rootworm III (Advanced to Phase 3) (Advanced to Phase 3)The higher-yielding corn trait is Corn Rootworm III would offerdesigned to be stacked on top of increased control and durabilityGenuity® corn products and other against the corn rootworm bycorn pipeline traits to provide providing two distinct modes ofadditional yield opportunity. actions. The project incorporates RNAi technology as its second mode of action. RNAi is a natural process that occurs in cells to help protect their health.
2012 Pipeline AdvancementsFirst-Generation Drought-Tolerant Corn Second-Generation Drought-Tolerant(Phase 4) Corn (Phase 2)The drought tolerance biotechnology trait The second-generation drought-tolerant traitis designed to provide yield stability when is designed to provide farmers in thewater is limited. Initial introduction of the Central Corn Belt yield stability duringfirst-generation drought-tolerant biotech intermittent drought, minimize the impact oftrait will be in United States. The Western moisture stress in water-limitedGreat Plains dryland, non-irrigated acres environments and potentially providemay see the most immediate benefit from irrigation cost savings.the first-generation trait.
2012 Pipeline AdvancementsNitrogen Utilization Corn (Phase 2)The nitrogen utilization trait is intended to help corn plants use nitrogen more efficientlyby either boosting yield under normal nitrogen conditions or stabilizing yield under lownitrogen conditions. Using nitrogen more efficiently could offer farmers increasedprofitability, as nitrogen fertilizer accounts for approximately one-fifth of their totaloperating costs.
2012 Pipeline AdvancementsDicamba and Glufosinate Tolerant Corn (Phase 2)This next-generation herbicide-tolerant corn would build on the Roundup Readyplatform with two additional herbicide tolerances, including dicamba andglufosinate, to provide farmers more options in their weed managementsystem.
2012 Pipeline Advancements
2012 Pipeline AdvancementsPhytophthora Root Rot Resistance (Phase 4)Phytophthora Root Rot Resistance genes would provide multi-race protectionand increase yields. Current commercial varieties contain single resistancegenes.
2012 Pipeline AdvancementsSecond-Generation Soybean Aphid Resistance (Phase 2)Soybean aphid resistant varieties have the potential to reduce costs associatedwith scouting and insecticide applications. Second-generation varieties will buildon varieties available today. Advanced breeding techniques will stack multiplesources of resistance into our Genuity Roundup Ready 2 Yield soybeans.
2012 Pipeline AdvancementsIntacta RR2 PRO Soybeans (Phase 4)This new solution would provide the first ever in-the-seed insect protection forsoybeans, offering an important technology for South American farmers whoface significant yield loss due to insect pressure. This is the first biotechnologytrait designed specifically for an international market.
2012 Pipeline AdvancementsDicamba-Tolerant Soybeans (Phase 4)Stacking the dicamba-tolerant trait with Monsanto’s Genuity Roundup Ready 2Yield trait technology will give soybeans tolerance to two herbicides (glyphosateand dicamba) with two different modes of action, providing farmers anadditional tool for weed management and yield protection.
2012 Pipeline AdvancementsDowny Mildew-Resistant Cucumber (Phase 4)New downy mildew-resistant cucumber lines, developed through conventionaland marker-assisted breeding, have shown potential for a distinct advantage inharvestable yield while greatly reducing both the number and cost associatedwith the fungicidal sprays growers currently use to control the disease.
In Summary• GMO seeds increase yields• GMO seeds reduce use of chemicals• GMO seeds improve the environment• GMOs reduce insect damage• Farmers make more money with GMOs• Consumer needs are being addressed
Using Technology • US Farmers have been adopting technology for 160 years -- mechanical, nutrient, seed, chemical and informational technology. GMO traits and advanced crop breeding are no different.