FIRST AID: BLEEDING         Done by:         Ali Fakih       Abass Al Dana      Ahmad Al SiblaniRepresented for : Lina al ...
Definitions:Hemorrhage: Rapid blood loss1)Adult: 1 quart may lead toshock2) Child: 1 pint loss of blood
Sources of Bleeding:       BLEEDINGEXTERNAL BLEEDINGINTERNAL BLEEDING
Internal Bleeding:Internal Bleeding Look for: Black stoolsBright red stools Cough or vomit withblood Fractured ribs or bru...
Internal Bleeding: What ToDo:What To Do Monitor ABC’s Lay on side ifappropriate (expect vomiting) Treat forshock Raise leg...
Monitor internal bleedingUse RICE produre:RestIceCompress area with elastic bandageElivate the injur extemity
Sources of ExternalBleeding:Arterial Bleeding:Arterial Bleeding Most serious / arteries are usually deep in the body Rapid...
MORE SEVERE BLEEDING USE A CLEAN CLOTH  TO APPLY DIRECT  PRESSURE TO  WOUND IF BLEEDING  CONTINUES, ADD  MORE CLOTH AND ...
BLEEDING IF BLEEDING CAN’T BE STOPPED BY  APPLYING DIRECT PRESSURE,  ELEVATE THE WOUND ABOUT THE  HEART WHILE APPLING PRE...
BLEEDING IF BLEEDING CONTINUES, GET  MEDICAL HELP IMMEDIATELY
Dressing: Material placed directly overa woundBandage: Material used to HoldDressing
DressingDressings Used to control bleedingPrevents contamination Dressingsshould be: Sterile Larger than thewound Thick, s...
Types of Dressings:Gauze padsAdhesive stripsTrauma dressingsImprovise Donut shaped
Dressings ApplicationWash hands Dressing should extendover edges of wound Do not touchdressing surface that is to be next ...
BandagesApplication of Bandages Leave toes and fingers exposed ifpossible Bandage too tight? Check forcolor, circulation, ...
Types of Bandages:Bandages Roller gauze ImprovisedTriangular Cravat Adhesive paper tape Adhesive strips Tourniquets
Cut Leg:Someone Has A Cut Leg: What ShouldYou Do? (external bleeding / dependson severity) Call for help whennecessary Pro...
Cut Leg If dressing becomes bloodsoaked do not remove dressing, addothers over it After 10 minutes, ifbleeding persists ap...
Perform First aid for Bleedingof an Extremity  All Bleeding stops eventually     Stop it before it runs out
Perform First aid for Bleeding of an            Extremity                 Step # 1:           Expose the Wound           U...
Perform First aid for Bleeding of an Extremity               Step # 2:Apply & Secure a Field DressingExpose the WoundPrepa...
Perform First aid for Bleeding of          an Extremity                   Step # 3:             Apply Manual PressureDirec...
Hold And Wrap
Perform First aid for Bleeding of         an Extremity               Step # 5:       Apply a Pressure DressingOnly on a wo...
Need a hand ???How about a Tourniquet ?
Perform First aid for Bleeding of          an Extremity                     Step # 6:         Determine if a Tourniquet is...
Perform First aid for Bleeding of         an Extremity                      Step # 7:       Gather Materials for Making a ...
Perform First aid for Bleeding of          an Extremity                   Step # 8:             Select Tourniquet SiteUppe...
Perform First aid for Bleeding of         an Extremity               Step # 9:           Apply a Tourniquet   ONLY USED AS...
Application Of Tourniquet(Tying of Half-Knot)
Application of Tourniquet(Positioning Stick)
Application Of Tourniquet(Full-Knot on Stick)
Secure Stick
Perform First aid for Bleeding of         an Extremity           Step # 10:       Dress an Amputation
Perform First aid for Bleeding of an Extremity                          Step # 11:                      Mark the Casualty•...
Types of Open Wounds :Types of Open Wounds Abrasion – scrape Incision –smooth edged cut (not in text) Laceration – jaggedi...
What To Do:Wear gloves and expose wound Control bleedingClean wound To prevent infection Wash shallowwound gently with soa...
Wound Care:Wound Care Do not close wound with steri-strips Use roller bandages (or tape dressing tothe body) Keep dressing...
QUESTIONS ??
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First aid bleeding 2012

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First aid bleeding 2012

  1. 1. FIRST AID: BLEEDING Done by: Ali Fakih Abass Al Dana Ahmad Al SiblaniRepresented for : Lina al hajj houssein
  2. 2. Definitions:Hemorrhage: Rapid blood loss1)Adult: 1 quart may lead toshock2) Child: 1 pint loss of blood
  3. 3. Sources of Bleeding: BLEEDINGEXTERNAL BLEEDINGINTERNAL BLEEDING
  4. 4. Internal Bleeding:Internal Bleeding Look for: Black stoolsBright red stools Cough or vomit withblood Fractured ribs or bruises overLower chest, non menstrual vaginalbleeding
  5. 5. Internal Bleeding: What ToDo:What To Do Monitor ABC’s Lay on side ifappropriate (expect vomiting) Treat forshock Raise legs 8-12 inches (ifconscious) Cover victim Bruises: Ice,ace wrap, elevate ,medical supportimmdiatly
  6. 6. Monitor internal bleedingUse RICE produre:RestIceCompress area with elastic bandageElivate the injur extemity
  7. 7. Sources of ExternalBleeding:Arterial Bleeding:Arterial Bleeding Most serious / arteries are usually deep in the body Rapidand profuse blood loss Bright red / spurts Less likely to clot Must usemeans to stop blood flowVenous Bleeding:Venous Bleeding Steady flow / bluish-red May be profuse More easilycontrolled Veins are closer to the body surface Can be seriousCapillary Bleeding:Capillary Bleeding Easily controlled Blood oozes Road rashBlood Vessel Spasm:Blood Vessel Spasm Severed arteries Artery draws back into the tissueArtery constricts and slows bleeding Partially severed arteries Associatedwith greater blood loss Example: amputations
  8. 8. MORE SEVERE BLEEDING USE A CLEAN CLOTH TO APPLY DIRECT PRESSURE TO WOUND IF BLEEDING CONTINUES, ADD MORE CLOTH AND PRESSURE  DON’T REMOVE FIRST CLOTH
  9. 9. BLEEDING IF BLEEDING CAN’T BE STOPPED BY APPLYING DIRECT PRESSURE, ELEVATE THE WOUND ABOUT THE HEART WHILE APPLING PRESSURE
  10. 10. BLEEDING IF BLEEDING CONTINUES, GET MEDICAL HELP IMMEDIATELY
  11. 11. Dressing: Material placed directly overa woundBandage: Material used to HoldDressing
  12. 12. DressingDressings Used to control bleedingPrevents contamination Dressingsshould be: Sterile Larger than thewound Thick, soft, compressible Lintfree (no cotton balls)
  13. 13. Types of Dressings:Gauze padsAdhesive stripsTrauma dressingsImprovise Donut shaped
  14. 14. Dressings ApplicationWash hands Dressing should extendover edges of wound Do not touchdressing surface that is to be next tothe wound Place medications directlyonto pad Cover with a bandage Removalof Dressings Soak “stuck” dressing inwarm water
  15. 15. BandagesApplication of Bandages Leave toes and fingers exposed ifpossible Bandage too tight? Check forcolor, circulation, temperature Wraptowards the heart Small end of bone tolarge end
  16. 16. Types of Bandages:Bandages Roller gauze ImprovisedTriangular Cravat Adhesive paper tape Adhesive strips Tourniquets
  17. 17. Cut Leg:Someone Has A Cut Leg: What ShouldYou Do? (external bleeding / dependson severity) Call for help whennecessary Protect yourself from bodilyfluids Expose the wound Apply sterilegauze pad (dressing) Apply constant,direct pressure for 10 minutes (don’tpeak)
  18. 18. Cut Leg If dressing becomes bloodsoaked do not remove dressing, addothers over it After 10 minutes, ifbleeding persists apply pressure harderand over a wider area for 10 moreminutes (seek help)
  19. 19. Perform First aid for Bleedingof an Extremity All Bleeding stops eventually Stop it before it runs out
  20. 20. Perform First aid for Bleeding of an Extremity Step # 1: Expose the Wound Use Caution with Burns or if in a Chemical Environment
  21. 21. Perform First aid for Bleeding of an Extremity Step # 2:Apply & Secure a Field DressingExpose the WoundPrepare DressingOpen DressingApply to woundSecure dressingTie tails in Non-Slip Knot
  22. 22. Perform First aid for Bleeding of an Extremity Step # 3: Apply Manual PressureDirect Pressure for 5 to 10 Minutes Step # 4: Elevate the Injured LimbDo this at the same time as ApplyingPressureDO NOT elevate a suspected Fracture
  23. 23. Hold And Wrap
  24. 24. Perform First aid for Bleeding of an Extremity Step # 5: Apply a Pressure DressingOnly on a wound of the Arm or LegPlaced on top of the field dressing
  25. 25. Need a hand ???How about a Tourniquet ?
  26. 26. Perform First aid for Bleeding of an Extremity Step # 6: Determine if a Tourniquet is NeededOnly when all else FailsNot on wounds to the Head, Neck, ChestNot used on amputation of part of Handor FootIs used on amputation of Upper Arm,Forearm, Thigh or Lower leg
  27. 27. Perform First aid for Bleeding of an Extremity Step # 7: Gather Materials for Making a TourniquetTourniquet BandsRigid ObjectSecuring MaterialsPadding
  28. 28. Perform First aid for Bleeding of an Extremity Step # 8: Select Tourniquet SiteUpper ArmThighAbove the Joint, as Close to Joint asPossibleNot over a Fracture
  29. 29. Perform First aid for Bleeding of an Extremity Step # 9: Apply a Tourniquet ONLY USED AS LAST RESORT
  30. 30. Application Of Tourniquet(Tying of Half-Knot)
  31. 31. Application of Tourniquet(Positioning Stick)
  32. 32. Application Of Tourniquet(Full-Knot on Stick)
  33. 33. Secure Stick
  34. 34. Perform First aid for Bleeding of an Extremity Step # 10: Dress an Amputation
  35. 35. Perform First aid for Bleeding of an Extremity Step # 11: Mark the Casualty•“T” and time of Tourniquet application• Do not cover tourniquet• Monitor Casualty and Treat for Shock
  36. 36. Types of Open Wounds :Types of Open Wounds Abrasion – scrape Incision –smooth edged cut (not in text) Laceration – jaggedirregular edges Puncture – deep, narrow stab woundHigh rate of infection (animal bites) Should heal frominside out Gently press on wound edges to promotebleeding – rinse wound -dress Avulsion – flap of skintorn loose Amputation – cutting off a body part
  37. 37. What To Do:Wear gloves and expose wound Control bleedingClean wound To prevent infection Wash shallowwound gently with soap and water (betadine)Wash from the center out / Irrigate with waterfor 5 minutes Severe wound?
  38. 38. Wound Care:Wound Care Do not close wound with steri-strips Use roller bandages (or tape dressing tothe body) Keep dressings dry and clean Changeat least daily More frequently if wet or dirty Useantibiotic ointments for shallow wounds onlyWound Care #2:Wound Care #2 Do not apply: Mercurochrome,merthiolate, iodine, alcohol, or hydrogenperoxide Do not make dressing air tight Ifdressing sticks? soften with warm water prior toremoval
  39. 39. QUESTIONS ??
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