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Opole and the region

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  • 1. WELCOME in Opole
    StudyVisit MODN
    Opole 2011
    Janusz Berdzik
  • 2.
    • Area: 9411 km²
    • 3. Inhabitants: about 1 mln
    • 4. Towns: Opole, Brzeg, Nysa, Kędzierzyn – Koźle, Kluczbork, Strzelce Opolskie
  • Opolskie Voivodeship and itsneighbouringprovincesused to constitute one entity – historicalSilesianprovince. Opole provinceistheborderterritorywithturbulent and richhistory.
  • 5.
    • Cultural and historicallandscape
    • 6. The western part of Upper Silesia (Silesia Superior)
    • 7. Principalities: opolsko – raciborskie, opawskie, karniowskie, cieszyńskie, bytomskie
    • 8. Historical capital - Opole
    • 9. Meeting point of cultures: Polish, German, Czech (Moravian), Silesian
    • 10. Intensivecolonizationinthe 13th century
    • 11. Since the 14th centurylong-lastingprocess of Germanization and Czechization of Silesianknighthood
  • The region was ruled by Piast dynasty, Czech kings, AustrianHabsburgs, Prussians and Germanswhichhavebeenreflectedinhistorical, multiculturalheritage
    Thesmallestvoivodeshipinthe country pridesitself on therichculturalachievementsexceedingotherwealthierPolish regions.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14. Thebase of nonmaterialheritageisconstituted by thestrongbondwiththetraditonsdemonstrated by thelocalinhabitantswhocultivatecustoms, dialect, localcostumes and folk art.
  • 15. Numeroushistorical and architecturalobjects and buildings, historicalurban and rurallayouts, park complexes, ‘smallarchitecture’ elements and historicalfurnishingaretheexamples of materialheritage of the region.
  • 16.
    • Population
    • 17. 1950:
    • 18. > 50% localinhabitants
    • 19. ~ 25% immigrantsfromeasternterritories of Poland
    • 20. ~ 23% immigrantsfrom central Poland
    • 21. 2002:
    • 22. 5,5% bornabroad
    • 23. 10% of bornabroad – in Germany and France
    • 24. 81% withonlyPolishcitizenship
    • 25. 15,6% with German citizenship (156,6 tys.)
    • 26. 17,6% ‘Silesiannationality’ (176 tys.)
  • German minority
    • 23 boroughleaders and mayors
    • 27. 16 districts – absolutemajority
    • 28. rulesin 29 towns and districts
    • 29. 43% of alldistrictcouncillors
    • 30. 2 starosts
    • 31. in 3 districts: majority
    • 32. regionalcouncil: 6 councillors,
    • 33. deputyhead of regionalcouncil
    • 34. languageeducation
    • 35. radio, TV, newspapers
  • 36. Opole provinceis one of thebestdeveloped regions as far as infrastructureisconcerned - density of public roadsnetworkis 90.9 km per 100 squarekms.
    The most important for thesouth part of Poland motorway A-4 runsthrough Opole province. Itisthe part of transEuropeanroutefrom Berlin to Kiev.
  • 37. Food industry hasthebiggestshareinthewhole industrial production of the region. The most importantsegments
    arefruit and vegetableprocessing, dairyproduction and confectionery as well as bakery.
  • 38. Thenextequallyimportant industry isthe chemical one. Itisbased on theproduction of basic chemicals and in a lesserdegree on theproduction of domesticdetergents.
  • 39. The third element of regional industry istheproduction on thebasis of nonmetallic resources. The most importantare cement industry, concrete and plaster production and theproduction of glass and glass products.
  • 40. OPOLE
    • Note "BavarianGeographer" dated back to theyear 845 mentionsthetribe of Opolini on theterritory of Silesia.
    • 41. Around 990 Opole togetherwiththewhole Silesia was joined to Poland by Mieszko I.
    • 42. Kazimierz Opolski was one of thetwo first princeswhointhe 12th centuryusedthe White Eagle as the symbol of Piast dynasty.
  • Themainacademiccentreintheprovinceis Opole with
    • Opole University,
    • 43. Opole TechnicalUniversity,
    • 44. Public Medical College,
    • 45. Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania i Administracji,
    • 46. Wyższa Szkoła Bankowa we Wrocławiu - Wydział Ekonomiczny
    • 47. Wydział Zamiejscowy Wyższej Szkoły im. B. Jańskiego,
    Nysa
    • Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa
    Brzeg
    • Wyższa Szkoła Humanistyczno-Ekonomiczna
  • Jan Kochanowski Theatre (TheatreFestival „PolishClassics");
    Alojzy Smolka PuppetTheatre (National Festival of PuppetTheatres);
    EKO STUDIO Theatre;
  • 48. Józef Elsner Philharmonic Orchestra
  • 49. Opole Amphitheatre
    Since June 1963 roku, except 1982, National Festival of Polish Song hastaken place here. ThereisalsoNational Centre of Polish Song theamphitheatre.
  • 50. Climatic and natural characteristics of the Opole province make it a great place for the development of tourism. Thanks to the lie of the landyoucanrelaxherebothinsummer and winter.
  • 51. Dinopark – theuniqueintheworldpaleothologicalfind of theoldestprimitiveancestors of dinosaursin Krasiejów isthefantasticchance for our region to becomeknown on the international science arena.
  • 52. Thankyou for yourattention