Since the 14th centurylong-lastingprocess of Germanization and Czechization of Silesianknighthood
The region was ruled by Piast dynasty, Czech kings, AustrianHabsburgs, Prussians and Germanswhichhavebeenreflectedinhistorical, multiculturalheritage Thesmallestvoivodeshipinthe country pridesitself on therichculturalachievementsexceedingotherwealthierPolish regions.
Thebase of nonmaterialheritageisconstituted by thestrongbondwiththetraditonsdemonstrated by thelocalinhabitantswhocultivatecustoms, dialect, localcostumes and folk art.
Numeroushistorical and architecturalobjects and buildings, historicalurban and rurallayouts, park complexes, ‘smallarchitecture’ elements and historicalfurnishingaretheexamples of materialheritage of the region.
Opole provinceis one of thebestdeveloped regions as far as infrastructureisconcerned - density of public roadsnetworkis 90.9 km per 100 squarekms. The most important for thesouth part of Poland motorway A-4 runsthrough Opole province. Itisthe part of transEuropeanroutefrom Berlin to Kiev.
Food industry hasthebiggestshareinthewhole industrial production of the region. The most importantsegments arefruit and vegetableprocessing, dairyproduction and confectionery as well as bakery.
Thenextequallyimportant industry isthe chemical one. Itisbased on theproduction of basic chemicals and in a lesserdegree on theproduction of domesticdetergents.
The third element of regional industry istheproduction on thebasis of nonmetallic resources. The most importantare cement industry, concrete and plaster production and theproduction of glass and glass products.