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Hiroshima
Hiroshima
Hiroshima
Hiroshima
Hiroshima
Hiroshima
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Hiroshima

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  • 1. Nerea Yáñez, Alicia Martínez, Josu Azkargorta, PaulaGarcía and Javier SusaetaThe nuclear bombThe nuclear bomb ofofHiroshima and NagasakiHiroshima and Nagasaki
  • 2. INDEXINDEX• WHAT HAPPENED?• CAUSES• CONSEQUENCES• NOW AND THEN• SOLUTIONS
  • 3. HIROSHIMA
  • 4. LOCATIONLOCATION•Hiroshima is the capital ofHiroshima, in Chugoku(west of Japan)•Near the river Ota
  • 5. HiroshimaHiroshima
  • 6. POPULATIONPOPULATION1.160.000 inhabitantsDENSITYDENSITY 1.280 inhabitants/km²
  • 7. A city with…• Militar• Industrialimportance
  • 8. Very industrialised city
  • 9. Militar importance
  • 10. NAGASAKI
  • 11. LOCATIONLOCATION•Nagasaki is the largestcity of NagasakiPrefecture.•In the Kyushu island.
  • 12. POPULATIONPOPULATION446.000 inhabitantsDENSITYDENSITY 1.100 inhabitants/km²
  • 13. WHAT HAPPENED?WHAT HAPPENED?
  • 14. The disaster happened:6 and 9 of august in 1945The Secondary World War
  • 15. “Little Boy” bomb exploded inHiroshima – 6th of august“Fat Man” bomb exploted inHiroshima – 9th of augustIt was one of the greatest disastersin history!
  • 16. It was created by the project Manhattan,that designed the two first atomic bombs:•Little Boy – attacked Hiroshima•Fat Man – attacked NagasakiThese bombs were created of uraniumWith a very simple design
  • 17. THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE “LITTLE BOY”
  • 18. VERY SIMPLE DESIGN
  • 19. • DIAMETRE: 71 cm• TYPE OF REACTION: fusion• WEIGHT: 4.000 kg• Explosive power: like 12 kilotones
  • 20. CHARACTERISTICS OF “THE ENOLA GAY”• Tripulation: 10 passengers• Length: 30 m• Dimension: 43 m
  • 21. •It was the plane that threwthe “Little Boy” overHiroshima
  • 22. PAUL TIBETSPAUL TIBETS
  • 23. •He was born in Ilinosis in1950•He died in Ohio, USA – 1stNovember in 2007
  • 24. • He was the pilot that threw the bombover Hiroshima• The plane that he piloted: B-29 EnolaGay• He had an important militar career
  • 25. HOUR BY HOURHIROSHIMA
  • 26. • At 8.15 all the clocks of Hiroshimastopped• The temperatures increased morethan 1.000.000 Cº• The sky burned and a fire ball of 26 mof diametre destroyed all Hiroshima
  • 27. • At 8.45 the photografer YoshitoMatsushige took the first photoafter the explosion• It took it in the Miyuki bridge, 2km from the hipocentre of theexplotion
  • 28. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE “FAT MAN”
  • 29. • WEIGHT: 4.630 kg• LENGTH: 3,25 m• DIAMETRE: 1,52 m
  • 30. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE “B-29 BOCKSCAR”• TRIPULATION: 13 passengers• LENGTH: 21 m• DIMENSION: 35 m
  • 31. •It was the plane that threwthe “Fat Man” overNagasaki.
  • 32. CHARLES W. SWEENEY
  • 33. • He was born the 27th of December in1919.• He was from Lowell, Massachusetts.• He died the 16th of july in 2004 (84years old) in Boston, USA.
  • 34. • He formed part of the US Army AirCorps.• He piloted the B-29 Bockscar.• He threw the “Fat Man” over Nagasaki.
  • 35. HOUR BY HOURNAGASAKI
  • 36. • At 7:50 the alert of the air bombing wasannounced.• At 8:30 the alert of the distancing of thedanger was announced.• At 10:30 they saw the planes but didn´tgave any importance to them.
  • 37. • At 11:01 the bomb exploded.• The temperatures increased to 3.900 Cº.• The bomb was thrown to 469 m ofaltitude
  • 38. CAUSESCAUSES
  • 39. JAPANJAPAN VSVS USAUSA
  • 40. USA - Put high investments of petroleumJapan started the war7th of december – first attack of Japan
  • 41. ATTACK TO PEARL HARBOR
  • 42. PLACE: HawaiiDATE: 7th December 1941•A flote of 353 japanese boats bombardatedthe american boat•Japan won•America declarated war to Japan
  • 43. USA had accomplices:
  • 44. THE CONSEQUENCES
  • 45. After the explotionA black rain withradioactive elements fellto the groundDestroyed all the environmentCaused anaemia, spasms andconvulsions
  • 46. • This bomb killed the 30% of theHiroshima´s population• 140.000 people died directly• 10.000 people died caused of theradioactive rain
  • 47. •It caused a great damagein houses•Destroyed the 92% of thehouses, buildings…
  • 48. FIRST THENHIROSHIMA
  • 49. • The “Fat Man” bomb killed 400.000persons of Nagasaki.• It destroyed the 40% of buildings.• The damage expanded to 3 km from thehipocentre.
  • 50. NAGASAKIFIRST THEN
  • 51. •140.000 persons died•100.000 wounded•200.000 people without house
  • 52. Peoplediedbecauseof…Poisoning of radiationCancerBomb radiation10%50%40%
  • 53. • The burns that people suffered were of3rd grade• Affected some generations• Also affected to doctors, investigators…that went to Hiroshima and Nagasakiafter the explotion.
  • 54. The only survivor
  • 55. • He was called Tsutomu Yamaguchi.• He was the only recognised survivor ofthe bombs.• But he died the last 4th of January in 2010of stomache cancer. (related with theradiation of the bombs.
  • 56. • He was at a distance of about 3 km ofthe bomb.• He was at a bussiness trip when thebomb exploded.• He suffered burns in the left side ofhis body but didn´t die.
  • 57. • The 8th of august he returned to hiscity, Nagasaki• He tried to find his family, althoughthe radiation of the bomb.
  • 58. NOWADAYS…
  • 59. Solutions have been taken• Construction of new buildings: schools,shops, officies…• Made Hiroshima the new symbol of pace• Reforestation of trees, flowers and otherplants…
  • 60. • Developed and rich country• Very good trade• They export fish (that is of highquality) to other countries
  • 61. • They constructed a monument in theplace where there was thehipocentre of the explotion.• They did a type of tomb in which areall the names of people that died inthe explotion.
  • 62. MONUMENT OF THE HIPOCENTRE OF THE EXPLOTION
  • 63. THE TOMB OF ALL DEAD PEOPLE
  • 64. • It is located in the centre of Hiroshima.• It was constructed in 1949-1956 by KenzoTange.
  • 65. • 122.100 m of squares of homenage to thevictims of the explotion.• It was declarated worldwide patrimonyof the humanity by UNESCO.
  • 66. • It was constructed in the 1955 by  KenzoTange.• The opening of the museum was the 27th ofNovember in 2008.
  • 67. • It was constructing with the intention ofremember people that died in the explotion.• It collects: objects, clothes, images of thedisaster…• This has attracted more than 50 million oftourists.
  • 68. • They have also avery curious wallwith the shape of aman and a ladder.• They were markedafter the explotion.
  • 69. A MAP THAT RECREATES THE DISASTER
  • 70. A CLOCK THAT MARKS THE EXACTLY HOUR OF THE EXPLOTION(8:15)
  • 71. A BUDU STATUE THAT WAS BURNED BY THE RADIATION
  • 72. SCENES THAT RECREATES THE DISASTER
  • 73. CLOTHES
  • 74. OBJECTS THAT THE RADIATION AFFECTED
  • 75. • It also participates in theinternational movement of thepeace.• It organises memorialceremonies.
  • 76. • All years (6th and 9th of august) theycelebrate the anniversary of the atomicbombing.• These atrack tourists because all want toknow more about the disaster.
  • 77. It appears in the cinema…• In the 50s, Kaneto Sindo, a cinema director• Shoot a documentalin Hiroshima about theconsequences that affectedmainly children after thebomb
  • 78. THE END

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