Nerea Yáñez, Alicia Martínez, Josu Azkargorta, PaulaGarcía and Javier SusaetaThe nuclear bombThe nuclear bomb ofofHiroshim...
INDEXINDEX• WHAT HAPPENED?• CAUSES• CONSEQUENCES• NOW AND THEN• SOLUTIONS
HIROSHIMA
LOCATIONLOCATION•Hiroshima is the capital ofHiroshima, in Chugoku(west of Japan)•Near the river Ota
HiroshimaHiroshima
POPULATIONPOPULATION1.160.000 inhabitantsDENSITYDENSITY 1.280 inhabitants/km²
A city with…• Militar• Industrialimportance
Very industrialised city
Militar importance
NAGASAKI
LOCATIONLOCATION•Nagasaki is the largestcity of NagasakiPrefecture.•In the Kyushu island.
POPULATIONPOPULATION446.000 inhabitantsDENSITYDENSITY 1.100 inhabitants/km²
WHAT HAPPENED?WHAT HAPPENED?
The disaster happened:6 and 9 of august in 1945The Secondary World War
“Little Boy” bomb exploded inHiroshima – 6th of august“Fat Man” bomb exploted inHiroshima – 9th of augustIt was one of the...
It was created by the project Manhattan,that designed the two first atomic bombs:•Little Boy – attacked Hiroshima•Fat Man ...
THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE “LITTLE BOY”
VERY SIMPLE DESIGN
• DIAMETRE: 71 cm• TYPE OF REACTION: fusion• WEIGHT: 4.000 kg• Explosive power: like 12 kilotones
CHARACTERISTICS OF “THE ENOLA GAY”• Tripulation: 10 passengers• Length: 30 m• Dimension: 43 m
•It was the plane that threwthe “Little Boy” overHiroshima
PAUL TIBETSPAUL TIBETS
•He was born in Ilinosis in1950•He died in Ohio, USA – 1stNovember in 2007
• He was the pilot that threw the bombover Hiroshima• The plane that he piloted: B-29 EnolaGay• He had an important milita...
HOUR BY HOURHIROSHIMA
• At 8.15 all the clocks of Hiroshimastopped• The temperatures increased morethan 1.000.000 Cº• The sky burned and a fire ...
• At 8.45 the photografer YoshitoMatsushige took the first photoafter the explosion• It took it in the Miyuki bridge, 2km ...
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE “FAT MAN”
• WEIGHT: 4.630 kg• LENGTH: 3,25 m• DIAMETRE: 1,52 m
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE “B-29 BOCKSCAR”• TRIPULATION: 13 passengers• LENGTH: 21 m• DIMENSION: 35 m
•It was the plane that threwthe “Fat Man” overNagasaki.
CHARLES W. SWEENEY
• He was born the 27th of December in1919.• He was from Lowell, Massachusetts.• He died the 16th of july in 2004 (84years ...
• He formed part of the US Army AirCorps.• He piloted the B-29 Bockscar.• He threw the “Fat Man” over Nagasaki.
HOUR BY HOURNAGASAKI
• At 7:50 the alert of the air bombing wasannounced.• At 8:30 the alert of the distancing of thedanger was announced.• At ...
• At 11:01 the bomb exploded.• The temperatures increased to 3.900 Cº.• The bomb was thrown to 469 m ofaltitude
CAUSESCAUSES
JAPANJAPAN VSVS USAUSA
USA - Put high investments of petroleumJapan started the war7th of december – first attack of Japan
ATTACK TO PEARL HARBOR
PLACE: HawaiiDATE: 7th December 1941•A flote of 353 japanese boats bombardatedthe american boat•Japan won•America declarat...
USA had accomplices:
THE CONSEQUENCES
After the explotionA black rain withradioactive elements fellto the groundDestroyed all the environmentCaused anaemia, spa...
• This bomb killed the 30% of theHiroshima´s population• 140.000 people died directly• 10.000 people died caused of therad...
•It caused a great damagein houses•Destroyed the 92% of thehouses, buildings…
FIRST THENHIROSHIMA
• The “Fat Man” bomb killed 400.000persons of Nagasaki.• It destroyed the 40% of buildings.• The damage expanded to 3 km f...
NAGASAKIFIRST THEN
•140.000 persons died•100.000 wounded•200.000 people without house
Peoplediedbecauseof…Poisoning of radiationCancerBomb radiation10%50%40%
• The burns that people suffered were of3rd grade• Affected some generations• Also affected to doctors, investigators…that...
The only survivor
• He was called Tsutomu Yamaguchi.• He was the only recognised survivor ofthe bombs.• But he died the last 4th of January ...
• He was at a distance of about 3 km ofthe bomb.• He was at a bussiness trip when thebomb exploded.• He suffered burns in ...
• The 8th of august he returned to hiscity, Nagasaki• He tried to find his family, althoughthe radiation of the bomb.
NOWADAYS…
Solutions have been taken• Construction of new buildings: schools,shops, officies…• Made Hiroshima the new symbol of pace•...
• Developed and rich country• Very good trade• They export fish (that is of highquality) to other countries
• They constructed a monument in theplace where there was thehipocentre of the explotion.• They did a type of tomb in whic...
MONUMENT OF THE HIPOCENTRE OF THE EXPLOTION
THE TOMB OF ALL DEAD PEOPLE
• It is located in the centre of Hiroshima.• It was constructed in 1949-1956 by KenzoTange.
• 122.100 m of squares of homenage to thevictims of the explotion.• It was declarated worldwide patrimonyof the humanity b...
• It was constructed in the 1955 by  KenzoTange.• The opening of the museum was the 27th ofNovember in 2008.
• It was constructing with the intention ofremember people that died in the explotion.• It collects: objects, clothes, ima...
• They have also avery curious wallwith the shape of aman and a ladder.• They were markedafter the explotion.
A MAP THAT RECREATES THE DISASTER
A CLOCK THAT MARKS THE EXACTLY HOUR OF THE EXPLOTION(8:15)
A BUDU STATUE THAT WAS BURNED BY THE RADIATION
SCENES THAT RECREATES THE DISASTER
CLOTHES
OBJECTS THAT THE RADIATION AFFECTED
• It also participates in theinternational movement of thepeace.• It organises memorialceremonies.
• All years (6th and 9th of august) theycelebrate the anniversary of the atomicbombing.• These atrack tourists because all...
It appears in the cinema…• In the 50s, Kaneto Sindo, a cinema director• Shoot a documentalin Hiroshima about theconsequenc...
THE END
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Hiroshima

  1. 1. Nerea Yáñez, Alicia Martínez, Josu Azkargorta, PaulaGarcía and Javier SusaetaThe nuclear bombThe nuclear bomb ofofHiroshima and NagasakiHiroshima and Nagasaki
  2. 2. INDEXINDEX• WHAT HAPPENED?• CAUSES• CONSEQUENCES• NOW AND THEN• SOLUTIONS
  3. 3. HIROSHIMA
  4. 4. LOCATIONLOCATION•Hiroshima is the capital ofHiroshima, in Chugoku(west of Japan)•Near the river Ota
  5. 5. HiroshimaHiroshima
  6. 6. POPULATIONPOPULATION1.160.000 inhabitantsDENSITYDENSITY 1.280 inhabitants/km²
  7. 7. A city with…• Militar• Industrialimportance
  8. 8. Very industrialised city
  9. 9. Militar importance
  10. 10. NAGASAKI
  11. 11. LOCATIONLOCATION•Nagasaki is the largestcity of NagasakiPrefecture.•In the Kyushu island.
  12. 12. POPULATIONPOPULATION446.000 inhabitantsDENSITYDENSITY 1.100 inhabitants/km²
  13. 13. WHAT HAPPENED?WHAT HAPPENED?
  14. 14. The disaster happened:6 and 9 of august in 1945The Secondary World War
  15. 15. “Little Boy” bomb exploded inHiroshima – 6th of august“Fat Man” bomb exploted inHiroshima – 9th of augustIt was one of the greatest disastersin history!
  16. 16. It was created by the project Manhattan,that designed the two first atomic bombs:•Little Boy – attacked Hiroshima•Fat Man – attacked NagasakiThese bombs were created of uraniumWith a very simple design
  17. 17. THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE “LITTLE BOY”
  18. 18. VERY SIMPLE DESIGN
  19. 19. • DIAMETRE: 71 cm• TYPE OF REACTION: fusion• WEIGHT: 4.000 kg• Explosive power: like 12 kilotones
  20. 20. CHARACTERISTICS OF “THE ENOLA GAY”• Tripulation: 10 passengers• Length: 30 m• Dimension: 43 m
  21. 21. •It was the plane that threwthe “Little Boy” overHiroshima
  22. 22. PAUL TIBETSPAUL TIBETS
  23. 23. •He was born in Ilinosis in1950•He died in Ohio, USA – 1stNovember in 2007
  24. 24. • He was the pilot that threw the bombover Hiroshima• The plane that he piloted: B-29 EnolaGay• He had an important militar career
  25. 25. HOUR BY HOURHIROSHIMA
  26. 26. • At 8.15 all the clocks of Hiroshimastopped• The temperatures increased morethan 1.000.000 Cº• The sky burned and a fire ball of 26 mof diametre destroyed all Hiroshima
  27. 27. • At 8.45 the photografer YoshitoMatsushige took the first photoafter the explosion• It took it in the Miyuki bridge, 2km from the hipocentre of theexplotion
  28. 28. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE “FAT MAN”
  29. 29. • WEIGHT: 4.630 kg• LENGTH: 3,25 m• DIAMETRE: 1,52 m
  30. 30. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE “B-29 BOCKSCAR”• TRIPULATION: 13 passengers• LENGTH: 21 m• DIMENSION: 35 m
  31. 31. •It was the plane that threwthe “Fat Man” overNagasaki.
  32. 32. CHARLES W. SWEENEY
  33. 33. • He was born the 27th of December in1919.• He was from Lowell, Massachusetts.• He died the 16th of july in 2004 (84years old) in Boston, USA.
  34. 34. • He formed part of the US Army AirCorps.• He piloted the B-29 Bockscar.• He threw the “Fat Man” over Nagasaki.
  35. 35. HOUR BY HOURNAGASAKI
  36. 36. • At 7:50 the alert of the air bombing wasannounced.• At 8:30 the alert of the distancing of thedanger was announced.• At 10:30 they saw the planes but didn´tgave any importance to them.
  37. 37. • At 11:01 the bomb exploded.• The temperatures increased to 3.900 Cº.• The bomb was thrown to 469 m ofaltitude
  38. 38. CAUSESCAUSES
  39. 39. JAPANJAPAN VSVS USAUSA
  40. 40. USA - Put high investments of petroleumJapan started the war7th of december – first attack of Japan
  41. 41. ATTACK TO PEARL HARBOR
  42. 42. PLACE: HawaiiDATE: 7th December 1941•A flote of 353 japanese boats bombardatedthe american boat•Japan won•America declarated war to Japan
  43. 43. USA had accomplices:
  44. 44. THE CONSEQUENCES
  45. 45. After the explotionA black rain withradioactive elements fellto the groundDestroyed all the environmentCaused anaemia, spasms andconvulsions
  46. 46. • This bomb killed the 30% of theHiroshima´s population• 140.000 people died directly• 10.000 people died caused of theradioactive rain
  47. 47. •It caused a great damagein houses•Destroyed the 92% of thehouses, buildings…
  48. 48. FIRST THENHIROSHIMA
  49. 49. • The “Fat Man” bomb killed 400.000persons of Nagasaki.• It destroyed the 40% of buildings.• The damage expanded to 3 km from thehipocentre.
  50. 50. NAGASAKIFIRST THEN
  51. 51. •140.000 persons died•100.000 wounded•200.000 people without house
  52. 52. Peoplediedbecauseof…Poisoning of radiationCancerBomb radiation10%50%40%
  53. 53. • The burns that people suffered were of3rd grade• Affected some generations• Also affected to doctors, investigators…that went to Hiroshima and Nagasakiafter the explotion.
  54. 54. The only survivor
  55. 55. • He was called Tsutomu Yamaguchi.• He was the only recognised survivor ofthe bombs.• But he died the last 4th of January in 2010of stomache cancer. (related with theradiation of the bombs.
  56. 56. • He was at a distance of about 3 km ofthe bomb.• He was at a bussiness trip when thebomb exploded.• He suffered burns in the left side ofhis body but didn´t die.
  57. 57. • The 8th of august he returned to hiscity, Nagasaki• He tried to find his family, althoughthe radiation of the bomb.
  58. 58. NOWADAYS…
  59. 59. Solutions have been taken• Construction of new buildings: schools,shops, officies…• Made Hiroshima the new symbol of pace• Reforestation of trees, flowers and otherplants…
  60. 60. • Developed and rich country• Very good trade• They export fish (that is of highquality) to other countries
  61. 61. • They constructed a monument in theplace where there was thehipocentre of the explotion.• They did a type of tomb in which areall the names of people that died inthe explotion.
  62. 62. MONUMENT OF THE HIPOCENTRE OF THE EXPLOTION
  63. 63. THE TOMB OF ALL DEAD PEOPLE
  64. 64. • It is located in the centre of Hiroshima.• It was constructed in 1949-1956 by KenzoTange.
  65. 65. • 122.100 m of squares of homenage to thevictims of the explotion.• It was declarated worldwide patrimonyof the humanity by UNESCO.
  66. 66. • It was constructed in the 1955 by  KenzoTange.• The opening of the museum was the 27th ofNovember in 2008.
  67. 67. • It was constructing with the intention ofremember people that died in the explotion.• It collects: objects, clothes, images of thedisaster…• This has attracted more than 50 million oftourists.
  68. 68. • They have also avery curious wallwith the shape of aman and a ladder.• They were markedafter the explotion.
  69. 69. A MAP THAT RECREATES THE DISASTER
  70. 70. A CLOCK THAT MARKS THE EXACTLY HOUR OF THE EXPLOTION(8:15)
  71. 71. A BUDU STATUE THAT WAS BURNED BY THE RADIATION
  72. 72. SCENES THAT RECREATES THE DISASTER
  73. 73. CLOTHES
  74. 74. OBJECTS THAT THE RADIATION AFFECTED
  75. 75. • It also participates in theinternational movement of thepeace.• It organises memorialceremonies.
  76. 76. • All years (6th and 9th of august) theycelebrate the anniversary of the atomicbombing.• These atrack tourists because all want toknow more about the disaster.
  77. 77. It appears in the cinema…• In the 50s, Kaneto Sindo, a cinema director• Shoot a documentalin Hiroshima about theconsequences that affectedmainly children after thebomb
  78. 78. THE END
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