New Zealand


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New Zealand

  1. 1. Alicia Giménez Manglano
  2. 2. •SITUATION/GEOGRAPHY •Map•HISTORY •Brief summary from the very beginning to nowadays•CULTURE •MAORI (origins, traditions and customs) •SPORTS/CINEMA/MUSIC•LANGUAGES •New Zealand English •Maori Language •Other languages•PHOTOS (landscapes, animals…)
  3. 3. FlagIn the South-WesternPacific OceanComposed by:-2 large islands-numerous smaller islandsCapital: Wellington Major industries: •Wood and paperPopulation: •Machinery4,143,279 (March 2006) •Clothing •Mining268.680 square km •Tourism Rich in unusual wildlife. Nearly all the land animals are birds and many of these species have lost the ability to fly
  4. 4. 800 – 1300First settlers: Eastern Polynesians; they developed into the Maori culture1642Abel Janszoon Tasman (Dutch sailor) was the first European who reached NZ1769James Cook (British explorer) reached NZ and mapped almost all of the coastlineHe inspired Europeans to explore NZ; they traded European stuff for Maori stuff1840 (6 February )Treaty of Waitangi was signed: control to the British in exchange for Maori’s rights1860s-1870sLand Wars between Maoris and European settlers: loss of much Maori land1893First nation in the World which gave women the right to vote
  5. 5. 1907The country became a Dominion, within the British empire1947New Zealand gained independence from Great Britain1975A Waitangi Tribunal was set up to investigate alleged breaches of the Treaty1985That Tribunal was enabled to investigate historic grievances1980sGreat economical and social changes (under 4th Labour government largely ledby Finance Minister Roger Douglas, and commonly referred to as “Rogernomics”)
  6. 6. ORIGINSEast Polynesian ancestors were hunters, fishermen and gardenersAfter arriving in NZ they had to adapt to the climate (colder and harsher)The rhizomes of Pteridium esculentum (similar to ferns) wereused as a staple food (especially for exploring or hunting groups)Seasonal activities included gardening, fishing and bird huntingMain tasks were separated for men and women, but there werealso group activities (food gathering and cultivation, and warfare)Art was and is a prominent part of the culture as seen in the carving of houses,canoes, weapons, and other items. People also wore highly decorative personalornaments, and people of rank often had their skin marked with extensive tamoko (similar to tattooing)
  7. 7. TRADITIONS AND CUSTOMSBefore the coming of white men to NZ all literature was oral (legends and songs)The traditional way of welcoming is called POWHIRI (it involves pressing noses)MOKO (full faced tattoos) was a male activity (female tattooed only their chin,upper lips and nostrils)HANGI is a traditional way ofcooking in a pit in the earth. It ismade of mutton, pork, chicken,potatoes and Kumera(sweetpotato). It takes about 3 hours tocookThe HAKA was a war dance. It has been immortalized by New Zealands RugbyTeam the All Blacks, who perform this dance before every game.
  8. 8. SPORTS☼RUGBY union is linked to NZ’s national identity and the All Blacks has the bestwin and loss record of any national team☼CRICKET is regarded as New Zealands main summer sport☼NETBALL is New Zealands most prominent womens sport☼New Zealand is one of the leading nations in world YACHTING, especiallyopen-water long-distance or round-the-world races.CINEMA☼Jackson filmed The Lord of the Rings three films in New Zealand☼Many non-New Zealand productions, primarily from Hollywood but also fromBollywood, have been made in New ZealandMUSIC☼The most popular styles of the late twentieth century were rock and hip hop,(both with New Zealands unique Pacific influences). By the twenty-first century,roots, reggae, dub and electronic were all popular with local artists
  9. 9. Until 1987, English was NZ’s official languageIn 1987, under the Maori Language Act, Maori became an official language tooEnglish is spoken by 98% of the population and Maori by 4,1%SAMOAN is the most widely spoken non-official language (2,3%), followed byFrench, Hindi, Yue and Northen Chinese