PHILLIPINE NORMAL UNIVERSITY The National Center for Teacher Education Lopez, Quezon PROF.ED.12:RELEVANT LAWS FOR LEARNERS AND TEACHERSMaria Christina A. Abriam Joven R. Saron BEED III-B
Batas Pambansa Bilang 232 AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THEESTABLISHMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF AN INTEGRATED SYSTEM OF EDUCATION
This Act shall apply to and governboth formal and non-formalsystems in public and privateschools in all levels of the entireeducational system.
Declaration of Basic Policy I. CHAPTER 2, Sec 3
…Establish and maintain a complete, adequate and integrated system ofeducation relevant to the goals of national development…
…Promote the rightof every individualto relevant qualityeducation…
…Promote the right of thenations cultural communitiesin the exercise of their right todevelop themselves within thecontext of their cultures,customs, traditions, interestand belief..
Declaration of Objectives I. CHAPTER 2, Sec 4
Provide for a broad general educationthat will assist each individual to … (a) attain his potentials as a human being; (b) enhance [his] range and quality of individual and group participation in the basic functions of society; and (c) acquire the essential educational foundation of his development into a productive and versatile citizen.
Train the nations manpower in themiddle-level skills for nationaldevelopment.
Develop the profession that willprovide leadership for thenation in the advancement ofknowledge for improving thequality of human life.
Respond effectively to changingneeds and conditions of thenation through a system ofeducational planning andevaluation.
THE EDUCATIONAL COMMUNITY II. CHAPTER 1, Sec 1
Declaration of Policy & Ojectives … Foster, at all times, a spirit of shared purposes and cooperation among the members and elements of the educational community, and between the community and other sectors of society,…
RIGHTSII. CHAPTER 2
Rights of ParentsOrganize by themselvesand/or with teachers forthe purpose of providing aforum for the discussionof matters relating to thetotal school program.
Rights of ParentsAccess any officialrecord directly relatingto the children who areunder their parentalresponsibility.
Rights of Students in SchoolReceive, primarilythrough competentinstruction, relevantquality education…
Rights of Students in SchoolRight to schoolguidance andcounseling servicesfor decisions…
Rights of Students in SchoolAccess to his ownschool records…
Rights of Students in SchoolIssuance of officialcertificates, diplomas, transcript ofrecords, grades, transfercredentials and other similardocuments within thirty daysfrom request.
Rights of Students in SchoolPublish a studentnewspaper and similarpublications…
Rights of Students in SchoolFree expression of opinionsand suggestions…
Rights of Students in SchoolForm, establish, join andparticipate in organizationsand societies recognized bythe school…
Rights of Students in SchoolBe free from involuntarycontributions…
Rights of all School PersonnelFree expression of opinion andsuggestions.
Rights of all School PersonnelBe provided with free legal service by theappropriate government office in the case ofpublic school personnel, and through theschool authorities concerned in the case ofprivate school personnel.
Rights of all School PersonnelEstablish, join and maintain labororganizations and/or professional andself-regulating organizations of theirchoice.
Rights of all School PersonnelBe free from involuntary contributions exceptthose imposed by their own organizations.
Special Rights and/or Privileges of Teaching or Academic StaffBe free from compulsoryassignments not related totheir duties as defined intheir appointments oremployment contracts,unless compensatedtherefor, conformably toexisting law.
Special Rights and/or Privileges of Teaching or Academic StaffRight to intellectualproperty consistentwith applicablelaws.
Special Rights and/or Privileges of Teaching or Academic StaffTeachers shall be deemedpersons in authority whenin the discharge of lawfulduties andresponsibilities, andshall, therefore, beaccorded due respect andprotection.
Special Rights and/or Privileges of Teaching or Academic StaffTeachers shall be accorded theopportunity to choosealternative career lines eitherin school administration, inclassroom teaching, or others,for purposes of careeradvancement.
Special Rights of School AdministrationSchool administrators shall, … beaccorded sufficient administrativediscretion necessary for theefficient and effective performanceof their functions.
Special Rights of School AdministrationSchool administrators shall bedeemed persons in authority whilein the discharge of lawful duties andresponsibilities, and shall thereforebe accorded due respect andprotection.
Rights of SchoolsThe right of their governingboards or lawful authoritiesto provide for the propergovernance of the schooland to adopt and enforceadministrative ormanagement systems.
Rights of SchoolsThe right for institutions ofhigher learning to determineon academic grounds whoshall be admitted tostudy, who may teach, andwhat shall be subjects of thestudy and research.
DUTIES & OBLIGATIONS II. CHAPTER 3
Duties of ParentsParents shall help carryout the educationalobjectives in accordancewith national goals.
Duties of ParentsParents shall be obligedto enable their children toobtain elementaryeducation and shall striveto enable them to obtainsecondary and highereducation…
Duties of ParentsParents shall cooperatewith the school in theimplementation of theschool programcurricular and co-curricular.
Duties and Responsibilities of StudentsDevelop his potentialitiesfor service, particularly byundergoing an educationsuited to his abilities, inorder that he maybecome an asset to hisfamily and to society.
Duties and Responsibilities of StudentsUphold the academicintegrity of the school,endeavor to achieveacademic excellence andabide by the rules andregulations governing hisacademicresponsibilities.
Duties and Responsibilities of StudentsPromote and maintain thepeace and tranquility ofthe school by observingthe rules and discipline.
Duties and Responsibilities of StudentsParticipate activelyin civic affairs and inthe promotion ofthe general welfare.
Duties and Responsibilities of StudentsExercise his rights responsibly inthe knowledge that he isanswerable for any infringementor violation of the public welfareand of the rights of others.
Teachers ObligationsPerform his duties to theschool by discharging hisresponsibilities in accordancewith the philosophy, goals,and objectives of the school.
Teachers ObligationsBe accountable for theefficient and effectiveattainment of specifiedlearning objectives.
Teachers ObligationsRender regular reports onperformance of eachstudent and to the latterand the latters parents.
Teachers ObligationsAssume the responsibility tomaintain and sustain hisprofessional growth andadvancement and maintainprofessionalism in hisbehavior at all times.
Teachers ObligationsRefrain from making deductionsin students scholastic rating foracts that are clearly notmanifestations of poorscholarship.
Teachers ObligationsParticipate as an agent ofconstructive social, economic,moral, intellectual, cultural andpolitical change in his schooland the community.
School Administrators ObligationsPerform his duties to theschool by discharging hisresponsibilities inaccordance with thephilosophy, goals andobjectives of the school.
School Administrators ObligationsBe accountable for theefficient and effectiveadministration andmanagement of theschool.
School Administrators ObligationsDevelop and maintain ahealthy school atmosphereconducive to the promotionand preservation ofacademic freedom.
School Administrators ObligationsAssume and maintainprofessional behaviorin his work.
School Administrators ObligationsRender adequatereports to teachers,academic non-teachingpersonnel and non-academic staff on theiractual performance.
School Administrators ObligationsObserve dueprocess, fairness, promptness, privacy, constructiveness and consistency indisciplining his teachersand other personnel.
School Administrators ObligationsMaintain adequate records andsubmit required reports to theMinistry of Education, Cultureand Sports (Now, CHED &DepEd).
Recognition of SchoolsOperations of schools shall besubject to their prior authorizationof the government, and shall beaffected by recognition.
Voluntary AccreditationEncouragement of programs ofvoluntary accreditation forinstitution which desire to meetstandards of quality over andabove minimum required for Staterecognition.
INTERNAL ORGANIZATION OF SCHOOLS III. CHAPTER 4
Organization of SchoolsEach school shall establish such internalorganization as will best enable it to carryout its academic and administrativefunctions.
Governing BoardEvery government collegeor university as a tertiaryinstitution and everyprivate school shall have agoverning board pursuantto its charter.
Personnel TransactionsThe terms and conditions of employment ofpersonnel in government schools shall begoverned by the Civil Service, budgetary andcompensation laws and rules.In private schools, dispute arising fromemployer-employee relations shall fall underthe jurisdiction of the Ministry of Labor (nowDOLE) and Employment as provided for bylaw regulations.
SCHOOL FINANCE & ASSISTANCE III. CHAPTER 5
A. FUNDING OF REPUBLIC SCHOOLSPublic school The national government shallshall continue extend financial aid and assistance to public secondaryto be funded schools established andfrom national maintained by localfunds. governments.Secondary and post-secondary schools may chargetuition and other school fees, in order to improvefacilities or to accommodate more students.
B. FUNDING OF PRIVATE SCHOOLSEach privateschool shalldetermine its Private schools arerate of tuition authorized to engage in any auxiliary enterprise toand other generate income primarily toschool fees or finance their educationalcharges. operations and/or to reduce the need to increase students fees.
C. INCENTIVES TO EDUCATIONC.INCENTIVES TO EDUCATIONAll gifts or donation infavor of any school,college or universityrecognized by theGovernment shall notbe subject to tax.
D. ASSISTANCE TO STUDENTSThe government shall provide financial assistanceto financially disadvantaged and deservingstudents. Such assistance may be in the form ofState scholarships, grants-in-aid, assistance fromthe Educational Loan Fund, or subsidized tuitionrates in State colleges and universities.All the above and similar assistance programsshall provide for reserve quotas for financiallyneeded but academically qualified students fromthe national cultural communities.
D. ASSISTANCE TO STUDENTSThe private sector, especially educationalinstitutions, business and industry, shall beencouraged to grant financial assistance tostudents, especially those undertakingresearch in the fields of science andtechnology or in such projects as may benecessary within the context of nationaldevelopment.