Gcse workbook[1]
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Gcse workbook[1] Document Transcript

  • 1. 1.1.1 Define Health_____________________________________________________________________________ Define Fitness_____________________________________________________________________________ Social Benefits of exercise 1. _________________________________________________________________ 2. _________________________________________________________________ 3. _________________________________________________________________ Physical Benefits of exercise 1. _________________________________________________________________ 2. _________________________________________________________________ 3. _________________________________________________________________ Mental Benefits of exercise 1. _________________________________________________________________ 2. _________________________________________________________________ 3. _________________________________________________________________How can participation in physical activity stimulate the following?Cooperation______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Competition______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________PhysicalChallenge__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________AestheticAppreciation_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________The development of friends and socialmixing____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Explain the role of serotonin_________________________________________________________________________________
  • 2. 1.1.26 areas of influence on participation in physical activity – identify what comes under each category (e.g. role models)PEOPLE__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________IMAGE__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________CULTURAL__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________RESOURCES__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________HEALTH AND WELLBEING__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________SOCIO-ECONOMIC__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Explain how the following can keep a person involved in physical activityVolunteer________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Official____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Leader____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Draw the sports participation pyramid and explain each stage
  • 3. 1.1.2Explain the following key initiatives and what they hope to achieveTOP programme__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Active Kids__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Centres of Excellence__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Explain the roles of the following agenciesSport England___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Youth Sport Trust___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________National governing bodies (e.g. FA, RFU)___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 4. 1.1.3Define Exercise____________________________________________________________________________________________HEALTH RELATED COMPONENTSMuscular Strength – definition = _____________________________________________________________________________Sporting example__________________________________________________________________________________________Muscular Endurance – definition = ____________________________________________________________________________Sporting example__________________________________________________________________________________________Body Composition – definition = ______________________________________________________________________________Sporting example__________________________________________________________________________________________Flexibility – definition = _____________________________________________________________________________________Sporting example__________________________________________________________________________________________Cardiovascular Fitness – definition = __________________________________________________________________________Sporting example__________________________________________________________________________________________SKILL RELATED COMPONENTSAgility – definition = ________________________________________________________________________________________Sporting example__________________________________________________________________________________________Balance – definition = ______________________________________________________________________________________Sporting example__________________________________________________________________________________________Coordination – definition = __________________________________________________________________________________Sporting example__________________________________________________________________________________________Power – definition = _______________________________________________________________________________________Sporting example__________________________________________________________________________________________Reaction Time – definition = _________________________________________________________________________________Sporting example__________________________________________________________________________________________Speed – definition = ________________________________________________________________________________________Sporting example__________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 5. 1.1.4Describe a PAR-Q and it’s use.__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Name the fitness test for the following componentsMuscular Strength_________________________________________________________________________________________Muscular Endurance_______________________________________________________________________________________Body Composition_________________________________________________________________________________________Flexibility________________________________________________________________________________________________Cardiovascular Fitness______________________________________________________________________________________Agility___________________________________________________________________________________________________Balance__________________________________________________________________________________________________Coordination______________________________________________________________________________________________Power___________________________________________________________________________________________________Reaction Time_____________________________________________________________________________________________Speed___________________________________________________________________________________________________PRINCIPLES OF TRAININGFor each of the following describe the principle then explain how it can be applied to a training programmeRest and Recovery – description______________________________________________________________________________Application_______________________________________________________________________________________________Individual Needs – description________________________________________________________________________________Application_______________________________________________________________________________________________Progressive Overload – description____________________________________________________________________________Application_______________________________________________________________________________________________Specificity – description_____________________________________________________________________________________Application_______________________________________________________________________________________________Reversibility – description___________________________________________________________________________________Application_______________________________________________________________________________________________FITT – description__________________________________________________________________________________________Application_______________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 6. METHODS OF TRAININGCircuit TrainingDescription_______________________________________________________________________________________________Who would use it__________________________________________________________________________________________Which components does it develop____________________________________________________________________________Advantages_______________________________________________________________________________________________Disadvantages_____________________________________________________________________________________________Cross TrainingDescription_______________________________________________________________________________________________Who would use it__________________________________________________________________________________________Which components does it develop____________________________________________________________________________Advantages_______________________________________________________________________________________________Disadvantages_____________________________________________________________________________________________Continuous TrainingDescription_______________________________________________________________________________________________Who would use it__________________________________________________________________________________________Which components does it develop____________________________________________________________________________Advantages_______________________________________________________________________________________________Disadvantages_____________________________________________________________________________________________Weight TrainingDescription_______________________________________________________________________________________________Who would use it__________________________________________________________________________________________Which components does it develop____________________________________________________________________________Advantages_______________________________________________________________________________________________Disadvantages_____________________________________________________________________________________________Interval TrainingDescription_______________________________________________________________________________________________Who would use it__________________________________________________________________________________________Which components does it develop____________________________________________________________________________Advantages_______________________________________________________________________________________________Disadvantages_____________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 7. Fartlek TrainingDescription_______________________________________________________________________________________________Who would use it__________________________________________________________________________________________Which components does it develop____________________________________________________________________________Advantages_______________________________________________________________________________________________Disadvantages_____________________________________________________________________________________________GOAL SETTINGExplain the importance of goal setting to improved performance___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Define each section of SMART targetsSpecific__________________________________________________________________________________________________Measurable_______________________________________________________________________________________________Achievable_______________________________________________________________________________________________Realistic__________________________________________________________________________________________________Time Bound_______________________________________________________________________________________________Describe Maximum Heart Rate________________________________________________________________________________Describe Resting Heart Rate__________________________________________________________________________________Describe Recovery Rate_____________________________________________________________________________________Describe Working Heart Rate_________________________________________________________________________________Describe the Aerobic Training Zone and it’s use to a performer___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Describe the Anaerobic Training Zone and it’s use to a performer___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Describe Thresholds of training__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 8. 1.1.5Describe the recommended calorie intake of the following people and explain whyRetired Person_____________________________________________________________________________________________15 year old boy____________________________________________________________________________________________35 year old woman_________________________________________________________________________________________CarbohydratesExamples________________________________________________________________________________________________Need for_________________________________________________________________________________________________FatsExamples_________________________________________________________________________________________________Need for_________________________________________________________________________________________________ProteinsExamples_________________________________________________________________________________________________Need for_________________________________________________________________________________________________VitaminsExamples________________________________________________________________________________________________Need for_________________________________________________________________________________________________MineralsExamples_________________________________________________________________________________________________Need for_________________________________________________________________________________________________FibreExamples_________________________________________________________________________________________________Need for_________________________________________________________________________________________________WaterExamples_________________________________________________________________________________________________Need for_________________________________________________________________________________________________Describe the role of energy drinks_____________________________________________________________________________Describe carbo-loading___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 9. 1.2.1SOMATOTYPESDescribe Endomorph – give sporting examples and characteristics__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Describe Ectomorph – give sporting examples and characteristics__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Describe Mesomorph – give sporting examples and characteristics__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Define the following terms and explain how each might affect performanceOVERWEIGHT__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________OVERFAT__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________OBESE__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________UNDERWEIGHT__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ANOREXIC__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Define Optimum Weight_____________________________________________________________________________________How can it beeffected___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________What impact may it have onperformance_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 10. Effects of smoking onhealth___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Effects of smoking onperformance_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Effects of alcohol onhealth___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Effects of alcohol onperformance_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________NARCOTIC ANALGESICSReasons for use____________________________________________________________________________________________Side effects_______________________________________________________________________________________________ANABOLIC STEROIDSReasons for use____________________________________________________________________________________________Side effects_______________________________________________________________________________________________DIURETICSReasons for use____________________________________________________________________________________________Side effects_______________________________________________________________________________________________STIMULANTSReasons for use____________________________________________________________________________________________Side effects_______________________________________________________________________________________________PEPTIDE HORMONESReasons for use____________________________________________________________________________________________Side effects_______________________________________________________________________________________________BETA-BLOCKERSReasons for use____________________________________________________________________________________________Side effects_______________________________________________________________________________________________List some risks associated with sporting activity and how the risk is reduced e.g. balanced competition to ensure fairness____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 11. 1.2.2 – Cardiovascular SystemLabel each section of the systemExplain the role of each sectionSuperior Vena Cava –Right Atrium –Tricuspid Valve –Right Ventricle –Semi Lunar Valve –Pulmonary Artery –Lungs –Pulmonary Vein –Left Atrium –Mitral Valve –Left Ventricle –Aortic Valve –Aorta –Septum –
  • 12. Define the followingCardiac Output____________________________________________________________________________________________Stroke Volume____________________________________________________________________________________________IMMEDIATE AND SHORT TERM EFFECTS OF EXERCISE ON THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM1________________________________________________________________________________________________________2________________________________________________________________________________________________________3________________________________________________________________________________________________________4________________________________________________________________________________________________________5________________________________________________________________________________________________________6________________________________________________________________________________________________________LONG TERM EFFECTS OF EXERCISE ON THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM1________________________________________________________________________________________________________2________________________________________________________________________________________________________3________________________________________________________________________________________________________4________________________________________________________________________________________________________5________________________________________________________________________________________________________6________________________________________________________________________________________________________Describe the effects of DRUGS on the cardiovascular system___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Describe the effects of REST on the cardiovascular system___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Describe the effects of DIET on the cardiovascular system___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Explain blood pressure and how it is affected____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 13. 1.2.3 – Respiratory SystemLabel each section of the systemExplain the role of each sectionNasal passages –Mouth –Trachea –Bronchi –Bronchioles –Alveoli –Intercostal muscles –Diaphragm –Capillaries –
  • 14. Define the followingTidal Volume____________________________________________________________________________________________Vital Capacity____________________________________________________________________________________________Vo2 Max________________________________________________________________________________________________Oxygen Debt_____________________________________________________________________________________________IMMEDIATE AND SHORT TERM EFFECTS OF EXERCISE ON THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM1________________________________________________________________________________________________________2________________________________________________________________________________________________________3________________________________________________________________________________________________________4________________________________________________________________________________________________________5________________________________________________________________________________________________________6________________________________________________________________________________________________________LONG TERM EFFECTS OF EXERCISE ON THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM1________________________________________________________________________________________________________2________________________________________________________________________________________________________3________________________________________________________________________________________________________4________________________________________________________________________________________________________5________________________________________________________________________________________________________6________________________________________________________________________________________________________Describe the effects of DRUGS on the respiratory system___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Describe the effects of DIET on the respiratory system___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 15. 1.2.4 – Muscular SystemLabel the diagram belowGive a DETAILED sporting example of where each muscle is usedTRAPEZIUS________________________________________________________________________________________________DELTOID_________________________________________________________________________________________________PECTORALS_______________________________________________________________________________________________ABDOMINALS_____________________________________________________________________________________________LATISSIMUS DORSI_________________________________________________________________________________________BICEPS___________________________________________________________________________________________________TRICEPS__________________________________________________________________________________________________QUADRICEPS______________________________________________________________________________________________HAMSTRINGS_____________________________________________________________________________________________GLUTEALS________________________________________________________________________________________________GASTROCNEMIUS__________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 16. Explain the following termsANTAGONIST______________________________________________________________________________________________AGONIST/PRIME MOVER____________________________________________________________________________________ANTAGONISTIC PAIR________________________________________________________________________________________ORIGIN___________________________________________________________________________________________________INSERTION________________________________________________________________________________________________IMMEDIATE AND SHORT TERM EFFECTS OF EXERCISE ON THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM1________________________________________________________________________________________________________2________________________________________________________________________________________________________3________________________________________________________________________________________________________4________________________________________________________________________________________________________5________________________________________________________________________________________________________6________________________________________________________________________________________________________LONG TERM EFFECTS OF EXERCISE ON THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM1________________________________________________________________________________________________________2________________________________________________________________________________________________________3________________________________________________________________________________________________________4________________________________________________________________________________________________________5________________________________________________________________________________________________________6________________________________________________________________________________________________________DESCRIBE MUSCLE INJURIES/EFFECTS AND TREATMENTSStrain____________________________________________________________________________________________________Treatment________________________________________________________________________________________________Atrophy__________________________________________________________________________________________________Treatment________________________________________________________________________________________________Describe the effects of DRUGS on the muscular system___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Describe the effects of REST on the muscular system___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Describe the effects of DIET on the muscular system___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 17. 1.2.5 – The Skeletal SystemLabel the diagram belowGive a DETAILED sporting example of where the following bones are usedVERTEBRAE_______________________________________________________________________________________________ULNA____________________________________________________________________________________________________FEMUR___________________________________________________________________________________________________PHALANGES(TOES)___________________________________________________________________________________________________PHALANGES(FINGERS)________________________________________________________________________________________________HUMERUS________________________________________________________________________________________________CRANIUM________________________________________________________________________________________________PATELLA_________________________________________________________________________________________________FIBULA__________________________________________________________________________________________________STERNUM________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 18. List the 5 functions of the skeleton1___________________________________________2___________________________________________3___________________________________________4___________________________________________5___________________________________________IMMEDIATE AND SHORT TERM EFFECTS OF EXERCISE ON THE SKELETAL SYSTEM1________________________________________________________________________________________________________2________________________________________________________________________________________________________3________________________________________________________________________________________________________LONG TERM EFFECTS OF EXERCISE ON THE SKELETAL SYSTEM1________________________________________________________________________________________________________2________________________________________________________________________________________________________3________________________________________________________________________________________________________DESCRIBE SKELETAL INJURIES/EFFECTS AND TREATMENTSSprain___________________________________________________________________________________________________Treatment________________________________________________________________________________________________Tennis Elbow______________________________________________________________________________________________Treatment________________________________________________________________________________________________Dislocation_______________________________________________________________________________________________Greenstick fracture_________________________________________________________________________________________Compound fracture________________________________________________________________________________________Simple fracture____________________________________________________________________________________________Stress fracture____________________________________________________________________________________________Describe the effects of DRUGS on the skeletal system___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Describe the effects of REST on the skeletal system___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Describe the effects of DIET on the skeletal system___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 19. Name the types of joint and give an example of where they are found______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Give 2 sporting examples of the following joint typesHINGE JOINTExample 1__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Example 2__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________BALL AND SOCKET JOINTExample 1__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Example 2__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Describe the following movementsFlexion___________________________________________________________________________________________________Sporting example__________________________________________________________________________________________Extension_________________________________________________________________________________________________Sporting example__________________________________________________________________________________________Rotation__________________________________________________________________________________________________Sporting example__________________________________________________________________________________________Abduction________________________________________________________________________________________________Sporting example__________________________________________________________________________________________Adduction________________________________________________________________________________________________Sporting example__________________________________________________________________________________________