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Language, Literacy & Numeracy

Language, Literacy & Numeracy






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    Language, Literacy & Numeracy Language, Literacy & Numeracy Presentation Transcript

    • Language, literacy & numeracy
      • Language – spoken words, listening, non-verbal gestures and body language
      • Literacy – the ability to read and use written information, write appropriately, recognition and use of numbers, mathematical signs and symbols within text
      • Numeracy – the practical application of mathematical skills
    • LLN & the AQF
      • Each vocational area has a unique set of reading, writing, communication and numeracy tasks that are part of everyday vocational tasks
      • The skills of reading, writing, speaking and listening, and numeracy are most often at different levels within any particular qualification as well as across qualification levels
    • The role of the trainer in LLN
      • Understand the LLN skills that need to be part of vocational training for all learners
      • Model the appropriate LLN skills as part of training for all learners
      • Evaluate training materials and methods for appropriate LLN levels
      • Allow learners to practice the appropriate LLN skills included in training
      • Evaluate assessment tasks and methods for appropriate LLN level cont…
    • The role of the trainer in LLN cont…
      • Develop LLN materials that are relevant to learners’ needs within vocational training
      • Identify learners experiencing significant LLN difficulties who may need specialist assistance
      • Collaborate and communicate with LLN specialists who can undertake LLN assessments
      • Integrate any additional recommended LLN support with the vocational training through collaboration
    • International Adult Literacy Survey
      • 19% of people could be expected to have considerable difficulties using printed materials in daily life
      • 28% of people could be expected to have some difficulties in using many of the printed materials encountered in daily life
      • 36% of people could cope with a range of printed materials found in daily life and at work
      • 17% of people had good to very good literacy skills, with the ability to effectively use complex information processing skills
    • Learner’s LLN levels
      • It is necessary to have an indication of whether a person has the language skills to engage in and successfully complete training
        • Formal methods – validated LLN assessments, LLN tests
        • Semi-formal methods – benchmarking LLN performance (in Australia – National Reporting System)
        • Non-formal – i.e. enrolment processes that collect LLN information, interview, self-assessment
    • Language proficiency tests
      • International Second Language Proficiency Rating (ISLPR)
      • International English Language Testing System (IELTS)
      • Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)
    • National Reporting System (NRS)
      • The NRS provides a national benchmark for generic LLN indicators of competency
      • The NRS provides a set of descriptors, grouped at 5 levels, against achievement of reading, writing, oral communication and numeracy can be reported
      • The NRS is used to measure and report on the LLN skills of participants in Workplace English Language & Literacy Programme (WELL)
    • NRS – Macro skills
      • Reading
      • Writing
      • Speaking and listening
      • Numeracy
        • There are 5 levels within each macro skill
        • Each level includes LLN Complexity
        • There are 6 aspects of communication
    • LLN skills in training & assessment practice
      • Speaking and listening
        • Clear instructions and explanations
        • Respond to questions effectively
        • Adapt your own vocabulary and delivery to match learner comprehension levels
        • Demonstrate spoken language skills required
    • LLN skills in training & assessment practice cont…
      • Reading
        • Produce written documents appropriate for learners, settings and topics
        • Make judgements about which documents are suitable for their learners to read
        • Help learners to focus on the purpose for reading and help them recognise different types of documents (e.g. operating instructions)
    • LLN skills in training & assessment practice cont…
      • Writing
        • Helping learners to focus on the purpose/reasons for writing i.e. what to write, who will read it, why it needs to be written and to what standard
        • Be clear about what learners are expected to write and the style in which it needs to be completed
        • Provide examples of tasks learners need to produce
        • Provide opportunities to practise
    • LLN skills in training & assessment practice cont…
      • Numeracy
        • Model the required numeracy skill/s
        • Demonstrate the use of measuring equipment or calculators
        • Demonstration of simple formulae to work out e.g. ratios, percentages or the interpretation of graphs
        • Be clear about when it is important to be accurate
        • Make new maths related skills as practical as possible
    • LLN skills in training & assessment practice - other considerations
      • Information communication technology (ICT)
      • Keep your language clear and simple
      • Provide reader friendly documents – remember the reader comes first
      • Demonstrate
      • Talk about it – use the appropriate vocabulary
    • LLN skills in training & assessment practice - other considerations cont…
      • Reasonable adjustment
        • Any reasonable adjustments to the assessment process must ensure that the integrity of the unit being assessed is maintained
      • Interpreting
        • Sometimes it is appropriate to seek assistance from an interpreter when working with learners from a background other than English
        • Interpreting services are available through the National Accreditation Authority for Translators and Interpreters (NAATI) – www.naati.com.au
    • LLN skills in training & assessment practice - other considerations cont…
      • Mentoring
        • Encourage learners to support each other - consider establishing mentors or buddy systems between learners where appropriate
    • LLN for assessment
      • Recognition – LLN support to assemble recognition portfolio of evidence
      • Multiple choice tests – high level language skills to understand what to do – explain how these tests work
      • Written short answer – include practice runs, discuss marking criteria
      • Extended written responses – make sure they are appropriate and at a suitable level
      • Spoken presentations – clear guidelines, provide opportunities to practice in short bursts
      • Oral questions or interviews – allow for short practice runs
      • Individual or group projects – provide guidelines and rules for participation roles
    • LLN help
      • LLN specialists – access to specialist help will depend upon the RTO/training environment
        • Local private or public LLN providers
        • Industry Skills Councils (ISCs)
        • The reading & writing hotline 1300 655 506
      • Ongoing liaison with LLN specialists
      • One-to-one LLN tuition
      • Small group LLN support delivered by a specialist
      • Team teaching
      • Language expert working alone