Will SES require a new legal framework by F. Ruta

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  • 1. ALIAS ConferenceWill the Single European Sky (SES) require a newlegal framework for the air transport?The aircraft manufacturer perspectiveFlorence,14/06/2012Fabio Ruta
  • 2. Background 1/2Shift from the existing air transport system to the Single European Sky concept• Today - All is codified  Operations and operational procedures are clear  Roles and responsibilities well defined  Safety targets for the ATM systems are defined and recognised  But – Airspace is fragmented (not fully exploited) and close to saturation – There is a high workload level for air traffic controllers – Infrastructures are obsolete and available technologies are not fully exploited – The air transport system is not environmentally sustainable and has high costs 2
  • 3. Background 2/2Shift from the existing air transport system to the Single European Sky • Tomorrow - Single European Sky  More flights are expected  New concept of operations (more automation and flexibility)  Change in role and responsibilities  Maturity of innovative technologies  New “aircrafts” are asking to fly the SES, such as UAS /RPA • Is it necessary a new legal framework? What’s the aircraft manufacturer perspective? 3
  • 4. The expected changes• Important improvements to the airspace users operations:  more flexibility in the trajectory management  more aircraft/ground & aircraft/aircraft interaction  aircraft separation operations (ground & airborne based)  advanced approach operations  more civil/military aircraft interoperability• Evolution of the aircraft system:  From a “system” to a “system of system” – it is a part of the ATM, one active part – data sharing from/to other parties – communications, collaborative decision-making tools & standardisation are key priorities  Important volume of information to be managed  Capability to fully exploit existing and future services 4
  • 5. The legal/regulation basis 1/2To build the “system” • Automation and navigation  Today the system can be auxiliary (support only) and not primary  acceptable automation level to be defined • Separation  Today is in charge of ATC excluding only the very short term collision  Reliability of separation assurance systems has to be established • Communication / data link  Today, mainly by voice and limited to non safety-critical data  Performances, reliability, quality of service are to be established • Service data  Today, limited external data are injected into the aircraft avionics  Are the provided data usable or does the system need to do something? • Necessary redundancies in the system architecture to be investigated 5
  • 6. The legal/regulation basis 2/2To operate the “system” • Automation and navigation  Is the automation process internal to the system? If not, the liability boundaries are to be clarified  If some services will provide data to the primary systems, a regulation is needed (low quality of services are not acceptable) • Separation  Clear roles and responsibilities between aircraft and ATC and between own aircraft and intruders are to be defined  Special attention to be paid to the self separation • Communication / data link  Satellite service need to be regulated;  special attention to be paid for UAS, especially when operating beyond line of sight • Service data  Who will provide what, who will control who, who will be in charge of updating the database (e.g. security, data protection, etc) 6
  • 7. Summaryhe SES will provide important benefits to the citizens  The air transport will be more safe, cheap, on time and green  The shift is a major change but it is feasiblehe existing legal/regulation framework must be revised to  establish the recognised safety and security objectives/targets  define roles and responsibilities among the involved parties  allow the systems maturation accordingly and demonstrating their validity  Regulate the transition from the existing to the new one  regulate the system in service 7
  • 8. Thank you very much for your attention Regional Military AirliftAerostructures Special mission Trainer Defence