My Home Town Sustainabilitysustainability in Baghdad Assignment (2)Prof. Riza Atiq Abdullah bin O.K. Rahmat Prepare by : Ali Dawod P62249
IntroductionIn this presentation we willshow how is thesustainability in Baghdadand we will point to themain aspects whichsupported the sustainableand we will suggest whatshould do to maintain andimprove this sustainability.
BackgroundBaghdad is the capital of the Republic of Iraq. The area of Baghdad is(2,260 km2 ) The population of Baghdad as of 2011 is approximately(7,216,040) person , making it the largest city in Iraq the second largestcity in the Arab World (after Cairo, Egypt).Located along the Tigris River, the city was founded in the 8th centuryand became the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate. Within a short time ofits inception, Baghdad evolved into a significant cultural, commercial,and intellectual center for the Islamic World. This in addition to housingseveral key academic institutions (e.g. House of Wisdom) garnered thecity a worldwide reputation as the "Centre of Learning". Throughoutthe High Middle Ages ,Baghdad was considered to be the largest city inthe world with an estimated population of 1,200,000 people.
Social and Economic ImportanceBaghdad is one of the most important Social and Trade center in Iraq.Baghdad contains all denominations of the Iraqi people (Muslims ,Christians, Sabena, Yazidis). And also a various ethnicities ( Arab andKurd). Therefore many of a big companies and Traders come to investin Baghdad. Also Baghdad has a lot of tourist places. All these led toBaghdad receive more than 10,000,000 tourist per year.
EconomyMost of Iraq’s manufacturing, finance, and commerce is concentrated inand around Baghdad. At least half of the country’s large-scalemanufacturing and much of its smaller manufacturing is located in theBaghdad governorate. The exception is heavy industry(petroleum, iron, steel, and petrochemicals), which is situated near theoil fields in the north (Karkūk) and the south (in Al-Baṣrah and Al-Zubayr). Most economic activities are owned or controlled by thegovernment, which both stimulates and monopolizes the country’seconomic activities. War and economic sanctions contributed to thesteady erosion of the city’s economic base beginning in the 1980s.The government is the city’s principal employer. Hundreds of thousandsof citizens work for the government, directly or indirectly, in the civilservice, in government-run educational institutions, and in government-owned industrial and commercial enterprises.
ManufacturingModern manufacturing began in the 1920s and ’30s, spurredby the Law for the Encouragement of Industry in 1929. Earlyfactory production centered on textiles (cotton ginning,spinning, and weaving), food processing, brick making, andcigarettes. Beginning in the 1950s, the government usedincreased oil revenues to develop manufacturing industries.Subsequently the city produced a wide variety of consumerand industrial goods, including processed foods andbeverages, tobacco, textiles, clothes, leather goods, woodproducts, furniture, paper and printed material, bricks andcement, chemicals, plastics, electrical equipment, and metaland nonmetallic products
FOODIn Iraq and especially in Baghdad we have many traditional meals . Each part ofIraq are known special meals ,for instance :Arbel ( north of iraq ) is known with very delicious yogurt called ( Laban Arbel).Baghdad has many different meals like ( Dolma . Briani, ).
Also in Albasra south of Iraq has a best fish meals ( there is special way forcooking fish in Iraq called MASGUF , It is a cooking fish on the wood :
Transportation in BaghdadThe transportation system of Baghdad is complicatedbecause there is many difficult events forced and preventit to get better . That’s why the transportation in baghdadstill same since 50 years ago or more than. The most affectevent is the political situation in Iraq and successive wars .In general we have a public transportation :1- train2- taxi3- van(14 person or 24 person)4- busand the privet cars……….
TrainBaghdad Central Station is the main train station in theBaghdad, is located in the Karkh district of Baghdad . Thefoundation stone laying in 1948, and was officially openedin 1952.Also called as the world station because the idea createdaround it be the crossroads between East and West, whereIran from the east, Syria and Turkey and the Hijaz from theWestAnd are going regularly to other Iraqi provinces under theauspices of the General Company for Iraqi Railways.
Buses and vansBuses and vans are common way for transport in Baghdad.There are many bus station in baghdad and any one cantransport from any where to any where . The buses and vansfees cheep and flexible .
The main problems in transportation in Baghdad1. Increasing number of cars.2. There no controlling for Importation cars.3. Many checkpoints in almost highway in baghdad.4. Old traffic system .
Recommendation1. Remove all checkpoints in main roads and highways.2. Update the traffic system.3. Redesign some of the main roads linking major commercial areas.4. Apply requirements and controls on the import of cars.