The definition of dyslexia Dyslexia A difficulty with reading or writing that some people have because they are unable to see words as meaningful shapes or the differences between letters
Types of dyslexia Surface dyslexia Surface dyslexia is characterized by subjects who can read known words but who have trouble reading words that are irregular. Phonological dyslexia Phonological dyslexia is characterized by subjects who can read aloud both regular and irregular words but have difficulties with connecting sounds to symbols, or with sounding out words. Double deficit dyslexia Difficulties in naming speed exist in conjunction with a phonological deficit
The causes of dyslexia -It due to defects in certain areas of the brain. -Also it due to genetic factors.
When you will let the doctor to examine your child if you doubt that he has dyslexia Most of children are able to read when they are sex years old but the students that aren’t normal they can't read until seven or eight years old, so if the parents noted that their children have some problems in reading they should try to find treatments to this problem
How is Dyslexia diagnosed? There is no examination to make sure if the child has dyslexia or not but the diagnosing require some examination to evaluate the children for example doing some examinations to evaluate the child's senses to determine if he has any organ defects, examination to evaluate the psychological state to determine if the child has some psychological problems that cause dyslexia such as sadness and doing some examinations to evaluate the child's skills to determine if he has any problems in reading and writing skills.
For example A typical sentence could look this: The brown dog was quick and fast. The drown bog was quick and fast.(letter confusion) Thebrowndogwasquick an dfast.(random spacing) Teh brown ogd was qiukeadn fast.(word-letter mixture)
Facts and statistics: 1-How many dyslexic people are there? Statistics show that around 8% of the population - an estimated total of some two million or more people worldwide are severely affected. 2-Boys are affected with dyslexia more than girls: Three times as many boys as girls are affected, and the role of the hormone testosterone during the fetal stage is being investigated as a possible cause of inherited (developmental) dyslexia.
3-In fact, some very smart and well known people have had dyslexia For example; as some people say Albert Einstein was dyslexic.
The symptoms of dyslexia -Confusion with before/left , right/left. -Difficulty learning the alphabet. -Difficulty with word retrieval or naming problems. -Difficulty identifying words, or counting syllables in words. -Difficulty distinguishing different sounds in words.
-Difficulty in learning the sounds of letters. -Difficulty with hearing and manipulating sounds in words ( phonemic awareness). -Difficulty associating individual words with their correct meaning. -Confusing with combinations of words. -Due to fear of speaking incorrectly, some children become withdrawn and shy or become bullies out of their inability to understand the social cues in their environment.
The 'bed' trick to help with 'b' and 'd' confusion.
Solutions to overcome dyslexia A- Most kids with dyslexia can learn to read with the right kind of teaching. They might learn new ways for remembering sounds. For example, "p" and "b" are called brother sounds because they're both "lip poppers." You have to press your lips together to make the sound. B- Kids with dyslexia also might use flashcards or tape classroom lessons and homework assignments instead of taking notes about them. They may need parents and tutors to help them stay caught up.
C- Extra time for tests is really important, so kids with dyslexia have enough time to finish and show their teacher how much they have learned. D- Computers help a lot, too. You can get programs that "read" books out loud from the computer or even download recorded books to an iPod!