Areashi pic-review-office2007

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A presentation edited by Fahd Alareashi -may god bless him- of Dr. AlAmri's last lectures for OSCE;

A presentation edited by Fahd Alareashi -may god bless him- of Dr. AlAmri's last lectures for OSCE;

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  • 1. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
  • 2. Review
  • 3. Acute dacriocystitis
    There is redness and swelling 2ry to NLD obstruction
    Tt: is by antibiotics
  • 4. 90yr from Tihamah: high IOP, type of glaucoma is
    shallow of ant chamber.
    Ciliary injections .
    Phacomorphicglucoma
  • 5. Right eye anisiocoria(in day light )the diseased eye is the dilated eye “right eye”
    Cuses :
    *3rdcrainal nerve palsy
    • Truma
  • This slide is showing :
    Corneal scar
    Cataract
    Rubeosisiridis
    Glaucoma
    Red eye
    Ttt: by laser photocoagulations
  • 6. Left eye anisiocoria(in dim light )the diseased eye is the consructedeye “left eye ”
    Cuses :
    • Horner syndrome
    • 7. Endopthalmitis
  • Prostaglandin anloges
    Work through : blockage of uveio-scleral pathway
    Side effect :1- macular edema 2- heterochromia3- iritis
  • 8. Congenital glaucoma
    Mid dialated fixed pupil
    Buphtahalmous
  • 9. Diagnostic DrugsMydriatics== dilate the pupil
    • Generics
    • 10. Phenylephrine Hydrochloride (2.5 & 10% solutions
    Onset: 20 min
    Duration: lasts 2-3 hrs
    Side effect :hypertention
    Other drugs :
    Tropicmide
  • 11.
  • 12. Ptosis & extropia3rd cranial nerve palsy
  • 13. RAPD of the left eye
  • 14. Right epiductiondefficite
    6 th cranial nerve palsy
  • 15. Papillodema
    “ lose of disc margins “
    Bilateral
    Review causes >>>>>
  • 16. Review
    DDX:
    HTN: measure it
    SOL by neuroimaging
    CT , MRI
    BIH: benign intraoculler
    hypertention
  • 17. Painless ,GCA:headache…….CRAO
    Chary red spot
  • 18. Describe…
    Dx
    Do u
    treat???
    H-Trantos – dot
    vkc
  • 19. Signs
    Dx
    RX
    Giant papillae ”cobblestone “
    vkc
  • 20. Herbit;s bit
    Inactive chronic old trachoma
  • 21. Nevasculler retina
    Cuses:
    DM” systemic causes “ – CRVO ‘ocular causes”
  • 22. Fleshy,pink,gelatinous massFeeder vesselsSurgical excision+cryotherapy
    Squamous cell carcinoma
  • 23. Black nodule,feeder blood vess(BV)
    Melanoma
  • 24. Growthpigmentation Feeder BV Unusual site: palpebral fornix
    Nevus:
    Mobile mass can be moved with cotton
  • 25. Subconjectival hemorrhage
    2ry to viral or truma
  • 26. Trachiasis: miss directed lash
  • 27. Follicles
    Review the causes}}}}
  • 28. Ptrygium
  • 29. Chronic glaucomahigh c:d”cup to disc “ ratio more than .8
  • 30. Symblepherone
    2ry to : #chemical burn
    #SJS
  • 31. Injectable Solutions
  • 32. No Alphagan for children under 4 years
  • 33.
  • 34. Glaucoma DrugsDrugs to Increase the Outflow
    • MIOTICS (2% Sol.)
    • 35. Produce miosis (small pupil)
    • 36. Generics
    • 37. Pilocarpine
    Hydrochloride
    times daily
    • Stim. Sphincter pupillae&C.B
  • Anti-Inflammatory DrugsCorticosteroid
    Generics
    Prednisolone Acetate (1% Susp.)
    Brands
    Pred Forte, Optipred
  • 39. Diagnostic DrugsDyes & Stains ( fluresine dye )
    Allergy
    Anaphylactic shock
    Cardiac arrest
  • 43. Viual loss
    Stationary: Ischemia
    Progressive: compressive
    Improving: optic neuritis
  • 44. The most likely diagnosis
    Central retinal vein occlusion
    Central retinal artery occlusion
    Papilledema
    Vitreous hemorrhage
  • 45. High C:D ratio more than .8
  • 46. Peripheral iridictomyافضل شي تكون تحت upper lid
  • 47. CRVO
  • 48. IR ( the most muscle affected in thyroid disease ) , MR, SR, LR
  • 49. Opthalmianeonatum
  • 50. Keririts and corneal perforation and lost of corneal cleraty
  • 51. EPD ( efferent papillary defect )3rdcrainial palsy
  • 52. EctopialentisHOMOCYCETEINURIA
  • 53. BACHET’S DISEASE
  • 54.
  • 55.
  • 56. EXOPHTHALMOUS
  • 57. Chemosis
  • 58. ScleromaletiaimperfectaRA
  • 59. VKH
  • 60. Neonatal chlamydial conjunctivitis
    • most common cause of neonatal conjunctiv.
    Mucopurulent papillary conjunctivitis
    -no follicles
    Treatment
    - topical and oral antibiotics
  • 61. CHLAZION
  • 62. Neurofibromatosis
  • 63. Lischnoduels in IRIS
  • 64. Astrocytichamurtoma in NF