The Mission of God: Understanding the Kingdom of Godfrom The Old Testament to the New Testament 400 Level Course Al Soto Blog http://getrealaboutleadership.wordpress.com/PresuppositionsPresupposition #1: We begin with a very high view of Scripture.Verbal-Plenary InspirationVerbal Means Every WordVerbal means that every word of Scripture is God-given. The idea is that every singleword in the Bible is there because God wanted it there.Plenary Means Fully AuthoritativePlenary means that all parts of the Bible are equally authoritative. This includes suchthings as the genealogies of the Old Testament. All parts of the Bible are of divineorigin.(Romans 15:4) • Paul wrote. • “For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, so that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.” What does Inspiration Mean? • Inspiration Means God Guided The Process • The idea behind the word inspiration is that God supernaturally guided the biblical authors to write the exact things that He wanted expressed. The result is Holy Scripture. Premise #2 • All of us are theologians and must approach this topic theologically. • “Thinking theologically is thinking about God.”
Two Areas to Think Theologically • Natural Attributes: Omnipotence Omnipresence • Moral Attributes: All Loving All Forgiving Systematic Theology • In systematic theology one attempts to summarize biblical doctrine, addressing theological topics one by one in order to summarize all biblical teaching on a particular subject. Areas of Systematic Theology • Prolegomena: Introduction • Ecclesiology – the study of the Church • Eschatology – the study of last things • Soteriology – the Study of Salvation • Anthropology – the study of humanity.Our Approach for this Class is Biblical Theology • “That discipline which sets forth the message of the books of the Bible in their historical setting.” • Donald HagnarProgressive Revelation • Progressive revelation may be defined as the process of Gods own disclosure of Himself and His plan given to man throughout history by means of nature (Rom. 1:18-21; Ps. 19), providential dealings (Rom. 8:28), preservation of the universe (Col. 1:17), miracles (John 2:11), direct communication (Acts 22:17-21), Christ Himself (John 1:14) and through the Bible (1 John 5:39).
The Progressive Revelation Principle • The Word of God is to be understood from the Old Testament to the New Testament as a flower unfolding its pedals to the morning sun. God initiated revelation, but He did not reveal His truths all at one time. It was a long and progressive process. Therefore, we must take into account the then-current state of revelation to properly understand a particular passage. For example, an interpretation of a passage in Genesis which assumed a fully delineated view of the "new Covenant" would not be sound. As the saying goes, "The Old Testament is the New Testament concealed, and the New Testament is the Old Testament revealed."Premise #3 • God chooses to reveal Himself and it is our method of Hermeneutic (Interpretation) that defines where we land.Protestant Two- Pillar • The Word • The Holy Spirit Illuminates • Grammatical/Historical ExegesisThree Pillar Approach • The Word • The Spirit • Creeds and Church Fathers • Approach Allegorical • Three Pillars of Inspiration Theological Considerations of our Interpretative Praxis • All Truth’s must be held in tension in order to avoid extremes. • God has a redemptive plan that will be consummated in History. • We must always take a humble posture as finite humanity in regards to the interpretation of an infinite God’s redemptive plan. (Our Response – Worship – Infinite Reality – Mystery)
The Tension between Theological and Philosophical Realities Setting the stage for Imago Dei• He states that for our salvation it is necessary to have knowledge revealed by God, in addition to ordinary knowledge built upon human reason. Even though man is naturally directed to God, he needs revelation because God is beyond the grasp of reason. Although some truths about God can be discovered by reason alone, even here revelation serves a useful purpose. Only a few people have the time or skill to reach knowledge of God by reason. It would take them a very long time, and their conclusions might be mixed with human errors. Hence, sacred doctrine derives its principles not from any human knowledge but from divine truth. Since theology is based upon revelation, whatever is found in other sciences contrary to the truth of this sacred science must be condemned as false. (Thomas Aquinas Summa Theologica) Genesis First Look at God is Trinity Genesis 1:26-27 “Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; and let them rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the
earth.” God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.” Moses Uses a Key Word • Elohim – Only used in the Hebrew Language. (Masculine Plural Ending) Does not translate to mean many God’s • Hebrew language is used to definefunction not essence. This rendering allows for a Plurality in the Godhead. Denotingthat God is Creator and the First Perfect System for all effects.PeThe Main Point of the “Image of God” languageThe Image of God language in scripture is not about some ability or trait we share withGod, it’s about the mission He has given us.”(Ray Ortberg)
Imago Dei: Justice cannot be Separated from the Gospel“Surely I will require your lifeblood; from every beast I will require it. And from everyman, from every man’s brother I will require the life of man.Whoever sheds man’s blood, By man his blood shall be shed,For in the image of God He made man.”(Genesis 9:5-6, NASB)N.T. Wright“So God has placed his own image, human beings, into his world so that the world cansee who its ruler is.Our Destiny • Your job, your destiny, is to reflect the holy reign of God down on to the earth-to care for all of creation and particularly human beings the way God would want you to; • The Bibles language for this is: you will be a king; you will be a priest. And this is not a solo act. We are to do this in community. To be a KINGDOM of PRIESTS.What Imago Dei is NOT • Man as created beings is at the same deified status as God. (Some refer little god’s – This is Heresy) • Cannot ever redact God as Creator to be at the same status as creation. • Cannot Ignorethe fallen state of man and create a false “Perfection.” Genesis 3:15, NASB Proto-evangelium- The First Gospel “And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, And you shall bruise him on the heel.” Implications to Our Personal Leadership
• If I am to lead in a way that honors the Imago Dei in each person, I must value the formation of their character above the usefulness of their gifts.• I must value the integrity of our community as well as its visible fruitfulness.• I must fear the rise of sin more than I do the loss of productivity.• I live a life of Honor. (God – Myself – Others) Living this way breaks a victimmindset.* I am a citizen of the Kingdom of God.As a Citizen of the Kingdom Worship is a Lifestyle- Rev. 22:3-5 NASB“There will no longer be any curse; and the throne of God and of the Lamb will be init, and His bond-servants will serve Him; they will see His face, and His name will beon their foreheads. And there will no longer be any night; and they will not have needof the light of a lamp nor the light of the sun, because the Lord God will illuminethem; and they will reign forever and ever.”