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Photography Composition PPt

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  • Uncluttered background, dominant subject
  • Single dominant subject
  • Avoid mergers
  • Cluttered backgrounds, no single dominant subject, mergers and – don’t cut people in half
  • Low angle Low angle and accentuate movement Avoid center horizon
  • Allow for room to run off page
  • Balance wheels
  • Symmetrical - balanced proportions versus asymmetrical - unbalanced proportions
  • Static line vs dynamic line
  • Directional Straight and S-curve line
  • Diagonals
  • Depth Fits theme
  • Fill the frame – which one could be improved? How would you improve it? - move closer or zoom
  • Fill with objects that fit
  • Front—sunny with high color Side—depth and texture
  • Front—sunny with high color Side—depth and texture
  • Sunny versus cloudy
  • Sunny versus cloudy
  • Color changes with daylight
  • Color changes with light source
  • Photography

    1. 1. Basic photography - Composition & light Adapted from Jim Lucas Franklin, pg. 231-238 Williams & Tollett, pg. 185-192
    2. 2. Photographs <ul><li>Visualize role in design and message </li></ul><ul><li>Survey different sources </li></ul><ul><li>Adjust or remove features to complement purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Choose simple, yet interesting composition </li></ul><ul><li>Select lighting that enhances subject or reinforces the message </li></ul><ul><li>Choose angle that best shows subject and reinforces the purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Use color when practical </li></ul><ul><li>Establish size, scale and orientation </li></ul>
    3. 4. Keep it simple <ul><li>Keep background uncluttered </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid mergers </li></ul><ul><li>Have single dominant subject </li></ul>
    4. 5. Single dominant subject
    5. 6. Cluttered background
    6. 7. Avoid mergers                                      
    7. 9. Angle <ul><li>Low angle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear sky backdrop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accentuate movement or action </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High angle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate cloudy sky </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid centered horizons </li></ul><ul><li>Use the light </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasize a point, tone </li></ul>
    8. 10. Angle
    9. 11. Strong center of interest <ul><li>Take pictures at different angles with different compositions </li></ul><ul><li>Work around the rule of thirds </li></ul>
    10. 12. Rule of Thirds
    11. 13. Rule of Thirds
    12. 14. Balance <ul><li>Balance color and weight in a picture </li></ul><ul><li>Formal and informal </li></ul><ul><li>Symmetrical and asymmetrical </li></ul>
    13. 17. Line <ul><li>Line leads the eye </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diagonals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S-curves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Static vs. dynamic lines </li></ul><ul><li>Shape </li></ul>
    14. 18. Line                                        
    15. 19. Line
    16. 20. Line
    17. 21. Framing <ul><li>Adds depth </li></ul><ul><li>Should fit theme </li></ul><ul><li>Watch focus on foreground </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on foreground in landscape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on subject in portraits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Auto-focus should be centered on main topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overall— Depends on camera </li></ul></ul>
    18. 22. Framing
    19. 23. Framing
    20. 24. Fill the frame <ul><li>Would this picture look better if I was closer? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Detail </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Start far and move closer </li></ul><ul><li>Fill the frame with objects that “fit” </li></ul><ul><li>Long range shots provide depth and perspective </li></ul>
    21. 25. Fill the frame                    
    22. 26. Fill the frame
    23. 27. Pick a good light direction <ul><li>Three light directions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Front - sunny with high color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Side - depth and texture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back - dynamic but challenging; silhouettes and water effects </li></ul></ul>
    24. 28. Light Direction?
    25. 29. Light Direction?
    26. 30. Contrast <ul><li>Hard vs. soft light </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunny days – high contrast (hard light) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cloudy days – low contrast (soft light) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Portraits often use soft light (shaded area) </li></ul><ul><li>Flash will reduce contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Soft light helps with color variations </li></ul><ul><li>Time of day </li></ul>
    27. 31. Light and contrast
    28. 32. Light and contrast
    29. 33. Time of day
    30. 34. Light type
    31. 35. Action shot tips <ul><li>High shutter speed </li></ul><ul><li>Telephoto lens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Longer lens means faster shutter speed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stopping motion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Far is easier than near </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Straight is easier than diagonal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diagonal is easier than right angles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Panning </li></ul>
    32. 36. Action shots
    33. 37. Landscape tips <ul><li>Take pictures at the start and end of the day </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipate weather changes </li></ul><ul><li>Diffused light can highlight patterns and textures </li></ul><ul><li>Bright light highlights monochrome colors </li></ul><ul><li>Move around to exclude or block objects from view </li></ul>
    34. 39. Objects in the landscape tips <ul><li>Add scale, depth and focal points </li></ul><ul><li>Use items to add interest to common or simple scenes </li></ul>
    35. 41. Sunset tips <ul><li>Include shadowed image for interest </li></ul><ul><li>Often best after the sun has actually gone down </li></ul><ul><li>Less time closer to the equator to take </li></ul>
    36. 43. Wildlife tips <ul><li>Fill the frame </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Shoot against the glass if in a car (no flash) </li></ul><ul><li>Use tripod </li></ul><ul><li>Blur background, or find simple one </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on the eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Go for natural poses, growls, yawns, etc. </li></ul>
    37. 45. Garden tips <ul><li>Strong diffused light is generally best—especially for single blooms </li></ul><ul><li>Macro lens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can help you get a 1:1 ration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid shadowing your subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have smaller aperture to allow more depth of field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Without macro = 4 foot minimum </li></ul></ul>
    38. 47. Take-away tips <ul><li>Think </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Move </li></ul><ul><li>Wait </li></ul><ul><li>Rule of Thirds </li></ul>