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Can we trust our senses?
From your reading, explain the following: <ul><li>Confirmation bias </li></ul><ul><li>Argument ad ignorantiam </li></ul><u...
 
 
 
 
 
 
<ul><li>Compare Notes </li></ul>
 
 
 
<ul><li>Perception is influenced by our Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Perception is more than just “capturing” an image <...
 
How many times does the letter  F  appear in the following sentence? (You have 10 seconds.) FINISHED FILES ARE THE RE-SULT...
How many times does the letter  F  appear in the following sentence? (You have 10 seconds.) FINISHED FILES ARE THE RE-SULT...
<ul><li>Perception is influenced by Language </li></ul>bbc.co.uk
“ Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at an Elingsh uinervtisy, it deosn’t mttaert in what oredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olny...
 
How we name something changes how we perceive it
 
Fascinated by what was happening
Bored by what was happening
<ul><li>Perception is influenced by Language </li></ul>bbc.co.uk
<ul><li>Seeing is interpreting </li></ul><ul><li>Perception involves the search for meaning and patterns </li></ul><ul><li...
How should we see this shape? How can adding 3 lines change our perception?
<ul><li>Where does this 3 rd  dimension come from? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it the inside or outside of a cube? </li></ul><ul>...
 
 
 
Optical Illusions <ul><li>Our mind makes sense of something which is impossible </li></ul>
 
 
M. C. Escher
 
 
Digital Harbour Port 1010, in Melbourne, Australia  Café Wall Illusion
Count the black spots. How many are there?
Ambiguity
 
 
<ul><li>Context helps us resolve ambiguity </li></ul>
<ul><li>Some people see one thing, other people see something else </li></ul><ul><li>We can adjust how we see and what we ...
Old woman or Young woman?
Man or Woman?
Figure-Ground Ambiguity
Acoustical Illusions <ul><li>Led Zeppelin – Stairway to Heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Forwards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If there’s...
<ul><li>Led Zeppelin – Stairway to Heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Reverse </li></ul><ul><li>with lyrics </li></ul><ul><li>Oh her...
Visual Grouping <ul><li>Tendency to look for meaning in what we see and group our perceptions into shapes and patterns </l...
 
Can we trust our senses? <ul><li>Perception is influenced by our expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Perception is influenced b...
<ul><li>Our perception is limited by the nature of our sense organs </li></ul>
What we do not see What we see
Geordi La Forge  from  Star Trek: The Next Generation
 
 
 
 
 
 
Why don’t we perceive things which happen very fast or very slow? Théodore Géricault’s “The Epsom Derby”
What film reveals about how horses run
<ul><li>Our perception is limited by the nature of our sense organs </li></ul>
<ul><li>Our perception is limited by the way our brains work (or fail to work) </li></ul>
Visual agnosia <ul><li>(the inability to recognize familiar objects or faces ) </li></ul><ul><li>“The Man Who Mistook His ...
Autistic Savants <ul><li>Autism = psychological impairment meaning that has limitations in ability to interact socially or...
Synaesthesia <ul><li>a neurologically based phenomenon in which stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to a...
Filmmaker Stephanie Morgenstern &quot;A few years ago, I mentioned to a friend that I remembered phone numbers by their co...
Nobel prize winning physicist, Richard Feynman  When I see equations, I see the letters in colours – I don't know why. As ...
Pareidolia <ul><li>psychological phenomenon involving a vague and random stimulus (e.g. an image or sound) being perceived...
A cloud formation that some have interpreted as a the face of God
A satellite photo of Mars, taken in 1976, with shadows creating the famous Face on Mars
A satellite photo of Mars, taken in 2006, with higher resolution and different lighting conditions
 
Sold on eBay for $28,000
Faces in the smoke of 9/11
“ People may ask themselves, why would there be faces in the smoke, and also, why so many? I believe I know the answer to ...
Apophenia <ul><li>the experience of seeing patterns or connections in random or meaningless data  </li></ul>e.g. hearing a...
How should we explain christianmedia’s explanation of the faces in the smoke? <ul><li>Their perception is influenced by th...
Perception in Science <ul><li>Prosper-René Blondlot </li></ul><ul><li>1903: announced he had discovered N rays, a new spec...
<ul><li>Richard Wood proved N rays did not exist </li></ul><ul><li>Removed an essential prism from the apparatus, but Blon...
Perception in Science <ul><li>Discovery of Penicillin </li></ul><ul><li>Fleming saw what others had seen – but interpreted...
Can we trust our senses? <ul><li>Perception is influenced by our expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Perception is influenced b...
How is this relevant to us? <ul><li>In Natural Sciences? </li></ul><ul><li>In Human Sciences?  (Hist, Geog, Psych, Philos)...
How can you stop the waves? This is not an animation. But it moves.
<ul><li>How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>How does it look like it is moving and why does it stop moving when you concen...
Research <ul><li>Prosopagnosia   </li></ul><ul><li>Capgras delusion </li></ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia   </li></ul><ul><li>Er...
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Sense Perception

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Transcript of "Sense Perception"

  1. 1. Can we trust our senses?
  2. 2. From your reading, explain the following: <ul><li>Confirmation bias </li></ul><ul><li>Argument ad ignorantiam </li></ul><ul><li>The paradox of cartography (map-making) </li></ul>
  3. 9. <ul><li>Compare Notes </li></ul>
  4. 13. <ul><li>Perception is influenced by our Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Perception is more than just “capturing” an image </li></ul><ul><li>It is also about processing </li></ul><ul><li>We assume ‘normal’ text and so filter out abnormalities </li></ul>
  5. 15. How many times does the letter F appear in the following sentence? (You have 10 seconds.) FINISHED FILES ARE THE RE-SULT OF YEARS OF SCIENTIF-IC STUDY COMBINED WITH THE EXPERIENCE OF YEARS
  6. 16. How many times does the letter F appear in the following sentence? (You have 10 seconds.) FINISHED FILES ARE THE RE-SULT OF YEARS OF SCIENTIF-IC STUDY COMBINED WITH THE EXPERIENCE OF YEARS F INISHED F ILES ARE THE RE-SULT OF YEARS OF SCIENTI F -IC STUDY COMBINED WITH THE EXPERIENCE OF YEARS F INISHED F ILES ARE THE RE-SULT O F YEARS O F SCIENTI F -IC STUDY COMBINED WITH THE EXPERIENCE O F YEARS
  7. 17. <ul><li>Perception is influenced by Language </li></ul>bbc.co.uk
  8. 18. “ Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at an Elingsh uinervtisy, it deosn’t mttaert in what oredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olny iprmoetnt tihng is taht frist and lsat ltteer is at the rghit pclae. The rset can be a toatl mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit porbelm. Tihs is bcuseae we do not raed ervey lteter by it slef but the wrod as a wlohe. Ceehiro!”
  9. 20. How we name something changes how we perceive it
  10. 22. Fascinated by what was happening
  11. 23. Bored by what was happening
  12. 24. <ul><li>Perception is influenced by Language </li></ul>bbc.co.uk
  13. 25. <ul><li>Seeing is interpreting </li></ul><ul><li>Perception involves the search for meaning and patterns </li></ul><ul><li>All seeing is seeing as… </li></ul>
  14. 26. How should we see this shape? How can adding 3 lines change our perception?
  15. 27. <ul><li>Where does this 3 rd dimension come from? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it the inside or outside of a cube? </li></ul><ul><li>Or is it still a hexagon? </li></ul>
  16. 31. Optical Illusions <ul><li>Our mind makes sense of something which is impossible </li></ul>
  17. 34. M. C. Escher
  18. 37. Digital Harbour Port 1010, in Melbourne, Australia Café Wall Illusion
  19. 38. Count the black spots. How many are there?
  20. 39. Ambiguity
  21. 42. <ul><li>Context helps us resolve ambiguity </li></ul>
  22. 43. <ul><li>Some people see one thing, other people see something else </li></ul><ul><li>We can adjust how we see and what we see so that we see things differently </li></ul><ul><li>Seeing is interpreting </li></ul><ul><li>Perception involves the search for meaning and patterns </li></ul><ul><li>All seeing is seeing as… </li></ul>Optical Illusions
  23. 44. Old woman or Young woman?
  24. 45. Man or Woman?
  25. 46. Figure-Ground Ambiguity
  26. 47. Acoustical Illusions <ul><li>Led Zeppelin – Stairway to Heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Forwards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If there’s a bustle in your hedgerow, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>don't be alarmed now, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>it’s just a spring clean for the May queen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes there are two paths you can go by, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>but in the long run </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>there’s still time to change the road you’re on. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 48. <ul><li>Led Zeppelin – Stairway to Heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Reverse </li></ul><ul><li>with lyrics </li></ul><ul><li>Oh here’s to my sweet Satan. </li></ul><ul><li>The one whose little path would make me sad, </li></ul><ul><li>whose power is satan. </li></ul><ul><li>He’ll give those with him 666, </li></ul><ul><li>there was a little tool shed where he made us suffer, </li></ul><ul><li>sad Satan. </li></ul>
  28. 49. Visual Grouping <ul><li>Tendency to look for meaning in what we see and group our perceptions into shapes and patterns </li></ul>
  29. 51. Can we trust our senses? <ul><li>Perception is influenced by our expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Perception is influenced by language </li></ul><ul><li>Perception is interpretation (all perception is perception as…) </li></ul><ul><li>We can adjust how we perceive things </li></ul><ul><li>We use context to resolve ambiguity </li></ul><ul><li>Perception is limited by our biology </li></ul>
  30. 52. <ul><li>Our perception is limited by the nature of our sense organs </li></ul>
  31. 53. What we do not see What we see
  32. 54. Geordi La Forge from Star Trek: The Next Generation
  33. 61. Why don’t we perceive things which happen very fast or very slow? Théodore Géricault’s “The Epsom Derby”
  34. 62. What film reveals about how horses run
  35. 63. <ul><li>Our perception is limited by the nature of our sense organs </li></ul>
  36. 64. <ul><li>Our perception is limited by the way our brains work (or fail to work) </li></ul>
  37. 65. Visual agnosia <ul><li>(the inability to recognize familiar objects or faces ) </li></ul><ul><li>“The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat and Other Clinical Tales” by Oliver Sacks </li></ul>
  38. 66. Autistic Savants <ul><li>Autism = psychological impairment meaning that has limitations in ability to interact socially or communicate </li></ul><ul><li>Savant = have one or more areas of expertise, ability or brilliance that are in contrast with the individual's overall limitations </li></ul>
  39. 67. Synaesthesia <ul><li>a neurologically based phenomenon in which stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to automatic, involuntary experiences in a second sensory or cognitive pathway </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. grapheme -> color synesthesia when seeing numbers or letters leads to simultaneous perception of colours </li></ul>
  40. 68. Filmmaker Stephanie Morgenstern &quot;A few years ago, I mentioned to a friend that I remembered phone numbers by their colour. He said &quot;So you're a synesthete!&quot; I hadn't heard of synesthesia (which means something close to 'sense-fusion') – I only knew that numbers seemed naturally to have colours: five is blue, two is green, three is red… And music has colours too: the key of C# minor is a sharp, tangy yellow, F major is a warm brown...&quot;
  41. 69. Nobel prize winning physicist, Richard Feynman When I see equations, I see the letters in colours – I don't know why. As I'm talking, I see vague pictures of Bessel functions from Jahnke and Emde's book, with light-tan js, slightly violet-bluish ns, and dark brown xs flying around. And I wonder what the hell it must look like to the students.&quot;[
  42. 70. Pareidolia <ul><li>psychological phenomenon involving a vague and random stimulus (e.g. an image or sound) being perceived as significant. </li></ul><ul><li>Common examples include seeing images of animals or faces in clouds, the man in the moon, and hearing hidden messages on records played in reverse. </li></ul>
  43. 71. A cloud formation that some have interpreted as a the face of God
  44. 72. A satellite photo of Mars, taken in 1976, with shadows creating the famous Face on Mars
  45. 73. A satellite photo of Mars, taken in 2006, with higher resolution and different lighting conditions
  46. 75. Sold on eBay for $28,000
  47. 76. Faces in the smoke of 9/11
  48. 77. “ People may ask themselves, why would there be faces in the smoke, and also, why so many? I believe I know the answer to that question. Demons can feel and experience things like we can. Consider that picture of the demon below that has its head sticking up like it is on some kind of rollercoaster ride. An act of hatred and violence is a thrill ride for a demon, they not only participate, in so far as influencing someone to commit acts of violence, they get a thrill during the act. Demons knew what was going to happen in New York and they gathered there to jump in at the point of the impact, like a human jumping onto a moving train to have a thrill. ” From www.christianmedia.us
  49. 78. Apophenia <ul><li>the experience of seeing patterns or connections in random or meaningless data </li></ul>e.g. hearing a ringing phone whilst taking a shower (The noise produced by the running water gives a random background from which the patterned sound of a ringing phone might be 'produced'. )
  50. 79. How should we explain christianmedia’s explanation of the faces in the smoke? <ul><li>Their perception is influenced by their expectations? </li></ul><ul><li>Their perception is influenced by their language? </li></ul><ul><li>All perception is interpretation? </li></ul><ul><li>They have adjusted how they perceive things? </li></ul><ul><li>Their perception is limited by human willingness to see faces where there are none? </li></ul>
  51. 80. Perception in Science <ul><li>Prosper-René Blondlot </li></ul><ul><li>1903: announced he had discovered N rays, a new species of radiation – photographic evidence </li></ul><ul><li>About 120 scientists said they also had seen them </li></ul>
  52. 81. <ul><li>Richard Wood proved N rays did not exist </li></ul><ul><li>Removed an essential prism from the apparatus, but Blondlot still claimed to see the rays </li></ul><ul><li>Substituted the materials being used for one which was not supposed to give off N rays – but Blondlot still saw them </li></ul><ul><li>experimenter's bias </li></ul><ul><li>bias towards a particular result – produced because the human experimenter is expecting to see that result </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. because it is expected for a certain result to be produced, or for a certain theory to hold true </li></ul>
  53. 82. Perception in Science <ul><li>Discovery of Penicillin </li></ul><ul><li>Fleming saw what others had seen – but interpreted it differently </li></ul>
  54. 83. Can we trust our senses? <ul><li>Perception is influenced by our expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Perception is influenced by language </li></ul><ul><li>Perception is interpretation (all perception is perception as…) </li></ul><ul><li>We can adjust how we perceive things </li></ul><ul><li>We use context to resolve ambiguity </li></ul><ul><li>Perception is limited by our biology/neurobiology </li></ul>
  55. 84. How is this relevant to us? <ul><li>In Natural Sciences? </li></ul><ul><li>In Human Sciences? (Hist, Geog, Psych, Philos) </li></ul><ul><li>In Art? </li></ul><ul><li>In everyday life? </li></ul>
  56. 85. How can you stop the waves? This is not an animation. But it moves.
  57. 86. <ul><li>How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>How does it look like it is moving and why does it stop moving when you concentrate on one spot? </li></ul>
  58. 87. Research <ul><li>Prosopagnosia </li></ul><ul><li>Capgras delusion </li></ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia </li></ul><ul><li>Erotomania </li></ul><ul><li>Fregoli delusion </li></ul><ul><li>Cotard delusion </li></ul><ul><li>Somatoparaphrenia </li></ul><ul><li>Pseudopregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Mirrored self-misidentification </li></ul>
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