Justification Of Belief 2
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Justification Of Belief 2

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Second ToK lesson, exploring different approaches to knowledge as well as nature of language and representations

Second ToK lesson, exploring different approaches to knowledge as well as nature of language and representations

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Justification Of Belief 2 Justification Of Belief 2 Presentation Transcript

  • Does it matter if what we believe is true? Lesson 2
  • Does it matter if what we believe is false ? Lesson 2
  • “The Treachery of Images” by Belgian artist Rene Magritte (1898-1967) What point is the Belgian artist Rene Magritte trying to make here?
  • “The Treachery of Images” by Belgian artist Rene Magritte (1898-1967)
  • This Lesson
    • Does it matter if what we believe is true?
    • Relativism & Scepticism & Gullibility
    • How to assess credibility of articles
    • Quote-Idol (Homework)
  • Do you believe this article? Does it matter if what you believe is true?
  • Does it matter if what you believe is true?
  • This Lesson
    • Does it matter if what we believe is true?
    • Relativism & Scepticism & Gullibility
    • How to assess credibility of articles
    • Quote-Idol (Homework)
  • Relativism
    • There is no such thing as absolute truth that exists in an objective way independent of what anyone happens to believe is true
    • The best we can say is that something is true for me but may at the same time be false for someone else
    Benefits of Relativism Problems with Relativism
  • Scepticism
    • True knowledge is not possible
    • Not possible to say something is true or false
    Benefits of Scepticism Problems with Scepticism
  • Gullibility
    • Belief in all information presented to you - everything is true.
    Benefits of Gullibility Problems with Gullibility
  • This Lesson
    • Does it matter if what we believe is true?
    • Relativism & Scepticism & Gullibility
    • How to assess credibility of articles
    • Quote-Idol (Homework)
  • How can we assess credibility of articles?
    • S ource
    • S tatements
    • S elf
    Am I inclined to believe it because it fits with my personal beliefs and values? Am I inclined to reject it because it conflicts with my personal beliefs and values? Any clues on the text itself? How has it been written? Does it provide clear evidence for claims? Does it try to examine both sides fairly? Where is this article? Does it have a reputation for reliability? Does it have the expertise to know? Does it tend to check its facts carefully?
  • Assessing credibility of articles
    • Take one of the articles and apply 3 Ss to evaluate credibility
  • This Lesson
    • Does it matter if what we believe is true?
    • Relativism & Scepticism & Gullibility
    • How to assess credibility of articles
    • Quote Idol (Homework)
  • Quote Idol
    • Page 3 of text book - Write down the one quotation which you find the best
    • Read Chapter 1
    Homework due next lesson