Bloodborne Pathogens Awareness Training


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Bloodborne Pathogens Awareness Training

  1. 1. Bloodborne PathogenBloodborne Pathogen Awareness TrainingAwareness Training for employees NOT covered by an Exposure Control Planfor employees NOT covered by an Exposure Control Plan
  2. 2. Why are you receiving this training?Why are you receiving this training? For your protectionFor your protection For your awarenessFor your awareness It’s required for all employees upon initialIt’s required for all employees upon initial job assignment and those participating injob assignment and those participating in voluntary first aid response programs.voluntary first aid response programs.
  3. 3. This training is for awareness ONLY andThis training is for awareness ONLY and does not include all information requireddoes not include all information required by 29 CFR 1910-130 (g)(2) regardingby 29 CFR 1910-130 (g)(2) regarding employees with occupational exposureemployees with occupational exposure Separate modules are available for thoseSeparate modules are available for those employees covered under an Exposureemployees covered under an Exposure Control PlanControl Plan Is this the correct training for me?Is this the correct training for me?
  4. 4. What is a BloodborneWhat is a Bloodborne PathogenPathogen?? Microscopic organisms that areMicroscopic organisms that are carried in the blood and maycarried in the blood and may cause disease in humanscause disease in humans
  5. 5. What are some commonWhat are some common Bloodborne Pathogen diseases?Bloodborne Pathogen diseases? MalariaMalaria BrucellosisBrucellosis SyphilisSyphilis Hepatitis B(HBV)Hepatitis B(HBV) Hepatitis C(HCV)Hepatitis C(HCV) HumanHuman ImmunodeficiencyImmunodeficiency Virus (HIV)Virus (HIV)
  6. 6. HIV is the virus that leads toHIV is the virus that leads to AIDSAIDS HIV depletes the immuneHIV depletes the immune systemsystem HIV does not survive wellHIV does not survive well outside the bodyoutside the body No threat on contracting HIVNo threat on contracting HIV through casual contactthrough casual contact Human Immunodeficiency VirusHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)(HIV)
  7. 7. Hepatitis B (HBV)Hepatitis B (HBV) Symptoms include:Symptoms include: – jaundicejaundice – fatiguefatigue – abdominal painabdominal pain – loss of appetiteloss of appetite – intermittent nauseaintermittent nausea – vomitingvomiting May lead to chronic liverMay lead to chronic liver disease, liver cancer, anddisease, liver cancer, and deathdeath Vaccination available sinceVaccination available since 19821982 HBV can survive for at leastHBV can survive for at least one week inone week in dried blooddried blood Symptoms can occur 1-9Symptoms can occur 1-9 months after exposuremonths after exposure
  8. 8. Hepatitis C (HCV)Hepatitis C (HCV) Hepatitis C is the most common chronicHepatitis C is the most common chronic bloodborne infection in the United Statesbloodborne infection in the United States Symptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominalSymptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea,pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomitingvomiting May lead to chronic liverMay lead to chronic liver disease and deathdisease and death
  9. 9. What body fluids can containWhat body fluids can contain Bloodborne Pathogens?Bloodborne Pathogens? Skin tissueSkin tissue Any other bodilyAny other bodily fluidfluid BloodBlood SalivaSaliva VomitVomit UrineUrine Semen or vaginalSemen or vaginal secretionssecretions
  10. 10. How is it passed from one personHow is it passed from one person to another?to another? Contact with anotherContact with another person’s blood orperson’s blood or bodily fluid that maybodily fluid that may contain bloodcontain blood Mucous membranes:Mucous membranes: eyes, mouth, noseeyes, mouth, nose Broken skinBroken skin ContaminatedContaminated sharps/needlessharps/needles
  11. 11. How can you be Exposed to aHow can you be Exposed to a Bloodborne Pathogen?Bloodborne Pathogen? Administering firstAdministering first aidaid Post-accidentPost-accident cleanupcleanup Janitorial orJanitorial or maintenance workmaintenance work Improper handling ofImproper handling of infected wasteinfected waste productsproducts
  12. 12. What Precautions should you takeWhat Precautions should you take to avoid infection?to avoid infection? Wear Personal ProtectiveWear Personal Protective EquipmentEquipment – Gloves, mask, CPR mouth-Gloves, mask, CPR mouth- to-mouth barriersto-mouth barriers Treat all blood and bodilyTreat all blood and bodily fluids as iffluids as if they are contaminatedthey are contaminated Wash thoroughly duringWash thoroughly during cleanup andcleanup and decontaminationdecontamination Properly dispose of allProperly dispose of all contaminated materialcontaminated material
  13. 13. What is Personal ProtectiveWhat is Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)?Equipment (PPE)? Anything that is usedAnything that is used to protect a personto protect a person from exposurefrom exposure Latex or NitrileLatex or Nitrile gloves, goggles, CPRgloves, goggles, CPR mouth barriers,mouth barriers, apronsaprons
  14. 14. What should you know about PPE?What should you know about PPE? Always check PPE for defects or tearsAlways check PPE for defects or tears before usingbefore using If PPE becomes torn or defective removeIf PPE becomes torn or defective remove it and replace with new equipmentit and replace with new equipment Remove PPE before leaving aRemove PPE before leaving a contaminated areacontaminated area Do not reuse disposable equipmentDo not reuse disposable equipment Dispose of contaminated PPE properlyDispose of contaminated PPE properly
  15. 15. What about hand washing?What about hand washing? Wash handsWash hands immediately afterimmediately after removing PPEremoving PPE Use a softUse a soft antibacterial soapantibacterial soap A hand sanitizer canA hand sanitizer can be used but washbe used but wash with soap and waterwith soap and water as soon as soon as possible.
  16. 16. What should you do if you think youWhat should you do if you think you have been involved in a BBPhave been involved in a BBP Exposure Incident?Exposure Incident? Exposure incident is a specific incident ofExposure incident is a specific incident of contact with potentially infectious bodily fluidcontact with potentially infectious bodily fluid If there are no infiltrations of mucousIf there are no infiltrations of mucous membranes or open skin surfaces, it is notmembranes or open skin surfaces, it is not considered an incidentconsidered an incident Report all incidents involving blood or bodilyReport all incidents involving blood or bodily fluids to your supervisorfluids to your supervisor
  17. 17. Think Safety Act Safely