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WHY	  THE	  GOVERNMENT	  IS	  EVOLVING	  TO	  ‘OPEN’	                      Content.gov	  2013	  Conference	  	            ...
1.	  Why	  is	  the	  gov	  opening?	  §  People	  §  Technology	  §  Process	  
Trends:	  People	  Employees	  &	  Citizens:	  §  Impatient	  (generational)	  §  Raised	  on	  open	  and	  free	  deve...
Trends:	  Technology	  §  Need	  for	  Speed	     ú  Software	  development	  &	  change	  §  Tooling	     ú  Best	  s...
OODA	  Loop	  http://blog.projectwhitehorse.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2011/01/New-­‐Picture-­‐1.png	  
OSS	  inside	  the	  Closed	  Tech	        OODA	  Loop	                                                          Cycle	  m...
What’s	  Special	  becomes	                       Commodity	                                  	  Commercial	  	   Software...
Good	  Tech	  Becomes	  Commodity	  	  
Gartner	  predicts	  that	  within	  2010	  25%	  of	  the	  overall	  software	  market	  will	  be	  Free	  Software-­‐b...
Example	  Savings	  10   Source:	  OSDL,	  Stuart	  Cohen,	  GOSCON	  2007	  
11
2.	  Where	  is	  the	  Gov?	  §  3	  stages:	  Use,	  modify	  &	  create	  §  Open	  data:	  shock	  troops	  of	  ope...
Open	  Continuum	  	                                             Gov	  Data	  	               DATA	                       ...
People	  &	  Tech	  Gov	  Employees	  §  Workforce	  aging/retiring	  and	  not	  being	      replaced	  at	  same	  rate...
Process	  (the	  bigger	  problem)	  §  Policy,	  Regulations,	  Law	  §  Hardware	  vs.	  Software	  &	  Acquisitions	 ...
Key	  Issues	  in	  Technology	  Acquisitions	  Key	  Point	  #	  1:	  Measure	  Twice,	  Cut	  Once	  Acquisitions	  Proc...
4	  x	  6	  foot	  wall	  chart	  
Government	  Software	  IP	  Knot	                      Tactical	  IP:	                      Good	  at	  tactical	  manage...
* USER CANNOT CLEAN, FIX,   MODIFY, OR UPGRADE    *Non-starter for the military, but    we allow in software?
LAW	  §  House:	  Issa	  IT	  Reform	  Bill	  §  Senate	  2012	  Bill	     ú  Supported	  use	  of	  OSS	  
POLICY	  	  §  DOD	  CIO,	  OMB,	  NASA,	  CFPB…	  §  New	  @	  NIH	  !	      ú  NCIP’s	  Open-­‐Development	  Strategy...
DoD:	  OSS	  OK	  to	  use,	  it	  won’t	  hurt	                                                         22	  
Open Source Software!                =! "software for which the human-readable source code is available     for use, study...
Open	  Open	  Gov	  DoD:	  Clarifying	  Guidance	  Regarding	  Open	  Source	  Software16	  October	  2009	  
Other	  .gov/.mil	  efforts	  §  Dept	  of	  State:	  Tech@State	  on	  Open	  Source	  §  NASA	  Open	  Source	  Softwa...
29	  
OSFA	  Reportcard	             http://opensourceforamerica.org/	  
3.	  Where	  the	  gov	  will	  end	  up?	  3	  things	  not	  to	  do	  in	  public:	  1.  Sex	  2.  Math	  3.  Experimen...
People	  §  Aging	  workforce	  §  Younger	  gov’s/contractors	  coming	  in	  with	  	     turnover	  	  
Tech	  §  Churn	  continues	  	  §  Opening	  continues	  	  §  Enterprise	  Automation	     ú  Simplify	  systems	  d...
Process	  Prediction	  	  §  More	  outsourcing	  to	  save	  money	     ú  Agencies	  to	  focus	  mission	  vice	  IT	...
Off-­‐the-­‐Shelf	  Software	  Maintenance	  Strategies	  	                                      36	  
How	  to	  help?	  Strategy	  §  CIOs:	  Focus	  on	     ú  Increasing	  enterprise	  	  options	     ú  Enterprise	  a...
Wrap-­‐up	  
Key	  Points	  §  Open	  Source	  is	  not	  FREE	  §  Must	  (somehow)	  fund	  and	  sponsor	  development	      to	  ...
Software	  is	  a	  Renewable	  Civilian/Military	  Resource	  	  (and	  we	  paid	  for	  it)	  	    §  Software	  has	 ...
How	  to	  Build	  a	  Capability	  Running Open Technology DevelopmentProjectsStep 1: Determine reuse optionsStep 2: Iden...
OSS	  Winning…	          Its	  just	  not	  evenly	                  distributed	  	        (across	  government)	  
Thanks!	  OSS	  Maturity:	  Certified	  to	  DoD	  5015.02	  standard	  for	  records	  management	  
MILITARY OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE(MIL-OSS)HTTP://MIL-OSS.ORGJohn Scott, RadiantBlue Tech. Inc.jscott@radiantblue.comjms3rd@gma...
John Scott: Mil-OSS
John Scott: Mil-OSS
John Scott: Mil-OSS
John Scott: Mil-OSS
John Scott: Mil-OSS
John Scott: Mil-OSS
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John Scott: Mil-OSS

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  • Open source optionsOpen source software implementations creates options for the government:Don’t have to be locked into single technology vendor with forced license requirements (per seat, CPU, etc. )Open source can be a powerful negotiating point with vendors to decrease costs
  • Transcript of "John Scott: Mil-OSS"

    1. 1. WHY  THE  GOVERNMENT  IS  EVOLVING  TO  ‘OPEN’   Content.gov  2013  Conference     March  5,  2013   John  Scott   jscott@radiantblue.com     @johnmscott  
    2. 2. 1.  Why  is  the  gov  opening?  §  People  §  Technology  §  Process  
    3. 3. Trends:  People  Employees  &  Citizens:  §  Impatient  (generational)  §  Raised  on  open  and  free  development  tools/ sites/portals  Developers:  §  Good  ones  are  lazy  §  Good  ones  don’t  want  to  resolve  completed   problems  
    4. 4. Trends:  Technology  §  Need  for  Speed   ú  Software  development  &  change  §  Tooling   ú  Best  software  development  tools  mainly  OSS   ú  OSS  easiest  available    §  Commoditization  /  maturity  of  OSS  
    5. 5. OODA  Loop  http://blog.projectwhitehorse.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2011/01/New-­‐Picture-­‐1.png  
    6. 6. OSS  inside  the  Closed  Tech   OODA  Loop   Cycle  moves  faster  for   open  technologies    http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/mcdp6/fig2.gif  
    7. 7. What’s  Special  becomes   Commodity    Commercial     Software   ISR   Software  /   Hardware   C4   Software  
    8. 8. Good  Tech  Becomes  Commodity    
    9. 9. Gartner  predicts  that  within  2010  25%  of  the  overall  software  market  will  be  Free  Software-­‐based,  with  roughly  12%  of  it  “internal”  to  companies  and  administrations  that  adopt  Free  Software.  The  remaining  market,  still  substantial,  is  based  on  several  different  business  models,  that  monetize  the  software  using  different  strategies.  Gartner  Group,  “Open  source  going  mainstream,”  2006  
    10. 10. Example  Savings  10 Source:  OSDL,  Stuart  Cohen,  GOSCON  2007  
    11. 11. 11
    12. 12. 2.  Where  is  the  Gov?  §  3  stages:  Use,  modify  &  create  §  Open  data:  shock  troops  of  openness  §  OSS  the  logistics/supply  train    
    13. 13. Open  Continuum     Gov  Data     DATA   about  here   Full  Access     ACCESS   INTERACT   COMBINE   &  Open  Closed   USE   MODIFY   CREATE     TO     RELEASE   Gov  Tech     about  here   TECHNOLOGY  
    14. 14. People  &  Tech  Gov  Employees  §  Workforce  aging/retiring  and  not  being   replaced  at  same  rate  due  to  costs  Technology  §  Lots  of  Legacy  systems  and  code  
    15. 15. Process  (the  bigger  problem)  §  Policy,  Regulations,  Law  §  Hardware  vs.  Software  &  Acquisitions   ú  WW2  &  software  development  and  tools    
    16. 16. Key  Issues  in  Technology  Acquisitions  Key  Point  #  1:  Measure  Twice,  Cut  Once  Acquisitions  Processes  based  on  one  premise  -­‐  Measure  Twice,  Cut  Once  -­‐   Industrial  vs.  Digital      /      Steel  vs.  Bits      /      Land  Warfare  vs.  Cyber      Key  Point  #2:  Knowledge  Monopolies  Hardware:  Enabling  industry  to  have  commercial  rights  to   hardware  technologies  (which  requires  factories,  etc.)  works    Software:  enabling  a  knowledge  monopoly  limits  the   dissemination  of  knowledge  about  defense  systems     Gov  Intellectual  Property  Regime  based  in   20th  (19th?)  Century  
    17. 17. 4  x  6  foot  wall  chart  
    18. 18. Government  Software  IP  Knot   Tactical  IP:   Good  at  tactical  management  of   intellectual  property  on  a  programs   basis     Strategic  IP:   Bad:  No  DoD  strategic  policy  on  how   the  software  ecosystem  should   function  for  us:  i.e.,  how  (as  an   enterprise)    should  software  IP  rights   be  exercised  in  DoD  
    19. 19. * USER CANNOT CLEAN, FIX, MODIFY, OR UPGRADE *Non-starter for the military, but we allow in software?
    20. 20. LAW  §  House:  Issa  IT  Reform  Bill  §  Senate  2012  Bill   ú  Supported  use  of  OSS  
    21. 21. POLICY    §  DOD  CIO,  OMB,  NASA,  CFPB…  §  New  @  NIH  !   ú  NCIP’s  Open-­‐Development  Strategy  Enables   Community-­‐Driven  Cancer  Informatics  Software   Development   ú  http://ncip.nci.nih.gov/blog/2013/02/20/ncips-­‐open-­‐development-­‐ strategy-­‐enables-­‐community-­‐driven-­‐cancer-­‐informatics-­‐ software-­‐development/  
    22. 22. DoD:  OSS  OK  to  use,  it  won’t  hurt   22  
    23. 23. Open Source Software! =! "software for which the human-readable source code is available for use, study, re-use,modification, enhancement, and re-distribution by the users of that software"*! *Reference: 16 October 2009 memorandum from the DoD CIO, "Clarifying Guidance Regarding Open Source Software (OSS)"
    24. 24. Open  Open  Gov  DoD:  Clarifying  Guidance  Regarding  Open  Source  Software16  October  2009  
    25. 25. Other  .gov/.mil  efforts  §  Dept  of  State:  Tech@State  on  Open  Source  §  NASA  Open  Source  Software  Day   ú  http://www.slideshare.net/skytland/nasa-­‐open-­‐source-­‐proceedings    §  SPAWAR/Atlantic:  Open  Source  Day  §  Veterans  Affairs  Vista  
    26. 26. 29  
    27. 27. OSFA  Reportcard   http://opensourceforamerica.org/  
    28. 28. 3.  Where  the  gov  will  end  up?  3  things  not  to  do  in  public:  1.  Sex  2.  Math  3.  Experimentation     ú  Modern  software  built  this  way   ú  Open  data  requires  maturity  and  public   education    
    29. 29. People  §  Aging  workforce  §  Younger  gov’s/contractors  coming  in  with     turnover    
    30. 30. Tech  §  Churn  continues    §  Opening  continues    §  Enterprise  Automation   ú  Simplify  systems  deployment  §  Abstraction    
    31. 31. Process  Prediction    §  More  outsourcing  to  save  money   ú  Agencies  to  focus  mission  vice  IT  §  Capability  will  be  the  Service  
    32. 32. Off-­‐the-­‐Shelf  Software  Maintenance  Strategies     36  
    33. 33. How  to  help?  Strategy  §  CIOs:  Focus  on   ú  Increasing  enterprise    options   ú  Enterprise  automation    §  Educating  COTRs  §  Require  review  of  OSS  solutions   ú  Already  a  req,  but  ignored     ú  At  least  use  to  negotiate  
    34. 34. Wrap-­‐up  
    35. 35. Key  Points  §  Open  Source  is  not  FREE  §  Must  (somehow)  fund  and  sponsor  development   to  keep  the  technology  fresh,  evolving  and  up-­‐to-­‐ date  §  Either  through  subscriptions  or  services    
    36. 36. Software  is  a  Renewable  Civilian/Military  Resource    (and  we  paid  for  it)     §  Software  has  become  central  to  how  the   government  conducts  missions       §  For  reliance  on  software  to  be  a  strength,  the   government  must  pursue  an  active  strategy   to  manage  its  software  portfolio  and  foster   an  internal  culture  of  open  interfaces,   modularity  and  reuse   40  
    37. 37. How  to  Build  a  Capability  Running Open Technology DevelopmentProjectsStep 1: Determine reuse optionsStep 2: Identify the Projects to be EstablishedStep 3: Choose and Apply a Common LicenseStep 4: Establish GovernanceStep 5: Establish CollaborationStep 6: Create Project Technical DirectionStep 7: AnnouncingContinuously Review Steps 1-7 Rules of the Road: 1.  Don’t Fork OSS Solely for Government Use 2.  Open Standards 3.  Continuous Delivery 4.  Simplify Intellectual Rights Management
    38. 38. OSS  Winning…   Its  just  not  evenly   distributed     (across  government)  
    39. 39. Thanks!  OSS  Maturity:  Certified  to  DoD  5015.02  standard  for  records  management  
    40. 40. MILITARY OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE(MIL-OSS)HTTP://MIL-OSS.ORGJohn Scott, RadiantBlue Tech. Inc.jscott@radiantblue.comjms3rd@gmail.com, 240.401.6574
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