Gunnar Hellekson - Open Source: A Platform for Government Innovation


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Gunnar Hellekson - Open Source: A Platform for Government Innovation

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Gunnar Hellekson - Open Source: A Platform for Government Innovation

  1. 1. Open SourceA platform for government innovation.Gunnar HelleksonChief Technology Strategist, Red Hat US Public · +1 202 507 9027 · @ghelleks24 January 2012
  2. 2. “When a private individual mediates an undertaking, however directly connected it may be with the welfare of society, he never thinks of soliciting the cooperation of the Government, but he publishes his plan, offers to execute it himself, courts the assistance of other individuals, and struggles manfully against all obstacles. Undoubtedly he is often less successful that the State might have been in his position; but in the end the sum of these private undertakings far exceeds all that the Government could have done.” Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America
  3. 3. More IdeasGood ideas comes from lots of good ideas.
  4. 4. “The Springfield Rifle cost $20 each at theSpringfield Armory where they were officiallymade. Overwhelmed by the demand, thearmory opened its weapons patterns up totwenty private contractors. The most notableproducer of contract Model 1861 Springfieldswas Colt, who made several minor designchanges in their version, the "Colt Special"rifled musket. These changes includedredesigned barrel bands, a new hammer, and aredesigned bolster. Several of these changeswere eventually adopted by the OrdnanceDepartment and incorporated into the model1863 rifled musket." — "Springfield Model 1861"
  5. 5. “If the DoD can’t figure out a way to defend the United States on a budget of more than half a trillion dollars a year, then our problems are much bigger than anything that can be cured by buying a few more ships and planes.” Robert Gates Secretary of Defense
  6. 6. “Big Bang” ITEffectiveness 100% 50-80% <= 0%
  7. 7. “The days of proprietary technology must come to an end. We will no longer accept systems that couple hardware, software and data.” Vice Admiral Mark Edwards Deputy Chief of Naval Operations
  8. 8. Shift to a “Cloud First” PolicyEach Agency will identify three “must move” services. They must move one tothe cloud within 12 months, and the rest within 18 months.Consolidate IT spending under Agency CIOsAgencies and programs currently design, build, and operate independentsystems. The minor differences between agency-specific systems and theirassociated operational processes do not drive value for the agencies.Shift to a “Shared First” PolicyEach Agency will identify two business services that can be shared amongstdepartments or other agencies.
  9. 9. From Section 804 of the 2010 Defense Authorization... (a) New Acquisition Process Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement anew acquisition process for information technology systems. The acquisition process developed andimplemented pursuant to this subsection shall, to the extent determined appropriate by the Secretary-- (1) be based on the recommendations in chapter 6 of the March 2009 report of the Defense ScienceBoard Task Force on Department of Defense Policies and Procedures for the Acquisition ofInformation Technology; and (2) be designed to include-- (A) early and continual involvement of the user; (B) multiple, rapidly executed increments or releases of capability; (C) early, successive prototyping to support an evolutionary approach; and (D) a modular, open-systems approach.
  10. 10. More Standardization.We can no longer afford to build the same system from scratchfor every agency or branch. 50 systems for 50 states and 93FOIA systems for 93 agencies is untenable.More Collaboration.To gain that standardization, we need a way of working togetherto drive out redundancy and find new opportunities for sharingthe burden.More Opex, less Capex.Too much of the IT budget goes to capital spending. Instead ofbuying more boxes, we need a more agile approach.
  11. 11. New York States Office of Temporary Disability Assistance saved weeks and thousands of dollars on application changes moving business logic to the JBoss Rules platform. Since the business logic is now easily shared, OTDA is able to collaborate with five other states on the 80% of the Federally- mandated rules they have in common. This further reduces the cost and time needed to keep their business rules current. “We took all the underlying technology and converted it into open-source technology... If you look at some of these federal programs, the rules are very similar from state to state, a portion are almost identical – so why do we need to reinvent these systems so many times?” Dr. Daniel Chan, NYS CIO
  12. 12. OpenTripPlanner Portland, Oregons Trimet needed a trip planning application for riders that could handle train, bus, and bicycles. Ahead of schedule by 6 months and at one-third the cost of competing proprietary systems that were less functional, they developed OpenTripPlanner. The software is now used or in testing in New York City, Valencia, Pune, Tampa, and a dozen other cities. “We knew exactly how the work was coming along, and we could see that hours werent inflated. That trust goes a long way.” Bibiana McHugh IT Manager, Trimet
  13. 13. “Open source is... the most concrete form of civic participation.” — Macon Phillips White House New Media Director
  14. 14. Let citizen developers help you.
  15. 15. Deliver undifferentiated value at a lower cost.AMQPEncourage ubiquity.SELinuxDrive modularity and interoperability.Navy Real-timeEngage the public.CivicCommons
  16. 16. YOU ARE HERE