BIOTIC Biotic means living organismMicroorganisms, animals, plants, and humans are bioticcomponents
ABIOTIC Abiotic means non-living things Air, water, sunlight, soil, rocks, and fire are abiotic components
MICROSCOPE the microscope was first invented by Antony Van Leeuwenhoek based on the sources of light used to lighten the specimen, microscopes can be classified into light microscopes and electron microscopes a light microscope is able to magnify an object up to 1,000x an electron microscope is able to magnify an object up to 100,000x
The function of microscope parts Ocular lens to magnify object view Body tube connecting ocular lens and objective lens Revolver objective lens location Objective lens to magnify object Arm part that is held when microscope is moved
Stage place for putting object Stage clips to clip the specimen Coarse adjustment knob / Macrometer to focus image quickly Fine adjustment knob / Micrometer to focus image slowly Diaphragm to adjust light intensity Base to keep microscope’s position
How to use microscope1. Hold the arm of the microscope with one of your hands, while your other hand holds the base2. Place the microscope on a flat-surfaced table with its arm right in front of you3. Turn the revolver until you hear a “click”; adjust the position of the lowest magnification objective lens until it reaches the middle position of the stage4. Put the mount/object to observe on the stage and clip the mount using stage clip
5. Adjust that part to observe is pricisely on the stage hole6. While seeing from side view, rotate macrometer carefully that tube of the microscope goes down until it almost touches (never touch) the mount7. While observing by ocular lens, rotate macrometer slowly to raise tube of the microscope that the mount is clearly seen8. Rotate micrometer to get best focus
Symbols of Some Hazardous Chemicals hazardous, sharp and stingy smells Bromine, Ammonia Avoid to inhale, while using this material, cover your mouth and nose with masker and do it in acid shelf
Toxic Mercury, Carbon tetrachloride Keep in locked cabinet, never use it without your teacher’s permission
Flammable Alcohol, Natrium, Pho sporus Keep alcohol away from fire, keep sodium in kerosene, keep phosporus in water
Corrosive Chloric acid, Sulfate acid Use it carefully, avoid spilling onto skin or clothing
Explosive Hydrogen, Potassium Never store hydrogen in a laboratory (it may explode when you light in open air), keep potassium in paraffin
Radioactive Carbon-14 Use this material as less as possible (it can destroy your cells)
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.