ILT Jan 2014 Investigating the Geography of chosen country UAE


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Independent Learning Task CHS 7XA

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ILT Jan 2014 Investigating the Geography of chosen country UAE

  1. 1. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) BY ALFIE DERMO, 7XA
  2. 2. GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION UAE (United Arab Emirates) lies between North Africa and Asia and is a federation of seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ras Al Khaymah, Fujairah, Umm Al Qaywayn and Ajman. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the west and south-west and Oman to the east and south-east are its neighbouring countries. UAE lies on the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, with the Indian Ocean off Fujairah emirate in the north-east. The UAE is rich and highly developed and has moved from being an LEDC in the 1960s to a MEDC today. Emiratis have access to free education, including university, access to good healthcare, and developed industries. The main industry is oil and gas production, with growing manufacturing and tourism industries.
  3. 3. UAE THE NATION The UAE has been made of seven different emirates since 1971. The largest emirate is Abu Dhabi, and Abu Dhabi City is the capital of the Emirates. Abu Dhabi emirate occupies 67,340 square kilometres, which is approximately 86.7% of the whole country. Outside the cities and towns, 80 per cent of the area of the UAE is desert, particularly in the west of the nation. The huge “Empty Quarter”, or Rub al Khali, in Abu Dhabi emirate is the world's largest sand desert. Despite the desert there are a number of oases in UAE, and some towns are based around Oases, like Al Ain and Liwa in Abu Dhabi.
  4. 4. CLIMATE The UAE climate is subtropical – mainly hot and humid. In summer, temperatures rise to an average of around 40oC and it is often hotter, with rainfall very rare in summer months. In winter, the temperature drops to around 2023oC on average, with some rainfall typical – but only around 3cm per month on average December to February. The UAE climate is hot and humid due to its location: it is subtropical as it lies above the equator on the (northern) Tropic of Cancer. Source of charts: 541/abu-dhabi-weather-forecast These two charts show average temperature and precipitation per month
  5. 5. PHYSICAL LANDSCAPE AND FEATURES The climate and heat means most plants will only grow round oases, which are more plentiful in UAE than in some desert areas worldwide. The desert terrain is covered with sand dunes that can be up to 250 metres in height. Also, the heat means little fertile ground. Only certain animals, adapted to the climate, live there, such as types of gazelle, including the tahr, small animals such as hares, and reptiles, and of course camels, once the main form of transport. Due to the heat and difficulties of living in the desert, over 80 per cent of people live in towns and cities, mainly along the coast. They tend to stay indoors during the daytime in summer, in air-conditioned environments. The Empty Quarter in Abu Dhabi emirate
  6. 6. THE ECONOMY The economy is very rich at $360 billion gross domestic product (GDP) in 2012. Easily the largest and richest industry is oil, especially in Abu Dhabi emirate. Money from oil has transformed the country since its discovery. UAE also has a large tourist industry, and more than 10 million people visited Dubai in 2012. The UAE has changed massively since the 1960s, from a place of fishing villages to one of the richest most developed countries in the world. The photos show Dubai in the 1960s and today.
  7. 7. ECONOMIC CONTRASTS AND CULTURE The economic contrasts are interesting in UAE; they are often extreme. In October this year (2013), the BBC reported that more than three quarters of the population in UAE are non-Emirati. This is because so many migrant workers come to work there and find better paid jobs. UAE has links with a lot of other countries as a lot of people migrate to the UAE to find work. Europeans, Americans, and North Africans tend to find office and professional work, but some industries depend on cheap labour, using poor people from countries such as Pakistan, India, and the Philippines, for example in the building and hotel industries. Whilst the main religion is Islam, most faiths are practised. The mix of nationalities means that English is a second language (and language of business) after Arabic, followed by Hindi, Urdu, and Persian (Farsi). (Photos from the Guardian and World Property Channel)
  8. 8. OTHER INTERESTING FACTS Although UAE is a relatively tiny country, it has amazing sights and structures, for example in the largest and very modern city of Dubai there is the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa, and Al Ain Palace. People also come to visit the desert on safaris and to see the clear starry night sky away from light pollution.
  9. 9. CONTROVERSIES UAE can be a place of controversy. Due to its often wealthy lifestyle, the UAE uses a huge amount of natural resources, eg to air condition homes, desalinate water, and fuel its cars. UAE is still an important market hub for the Far Eastern delicacy of shark fins. The popular sport of camel racing has been criticized for using children. The UAE record on human rights is also criticized, for example homosexuality is illegal there and the UAE practises capital punishment.
  10. 10. WHY I CHOSE UAE I was born in the UAE but I left when I was two years old so I knew very little about it. However, I had heard about the Burj Khalifa, so I wanted to know how such a small country could afford to build such an enormous structure. What I have discovered about UAE is amazing and the number of times I have been shocked or surprised by the geographical information has been numerous. Me as a small child in UAE
  11. 11. MAIN SOURCES       