D U Alfa challenges of food safety systems in nigeria
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D U Alfa challenges of food safety systems in nigeria

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food safety system challenges in Nigeria.

food safety system challenges in Nigeria.

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    D U Alfa challenges of food safety systems in nigeria D U Alfa challenges of food safety systems in nigeria Presentation Transcript

    • A BCHM 809: (FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION) TERM PAPER CHALLENGES OF FOOD SAFETY SYSTEMS IN NIGERIA TOPIC: GROUP 1: PRESENTATION: PRESENTED BY: DAVID U ALFA (MSC/SCIE/03364/201-2011) DEPT. OF BIOCHEMISTRY AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY ZARIA, NIGERIA. [email_address] 2011
    • INTODUCTION/DEFINITION
      • THE CONCEPT OF FOOD
      • THE CONCEPT OF SAFETY
      • SYSYTEMS AND CONTROL MECHANISMS
      • FOOD SAFETY SYSTEMS
      • CHALLENGES OF FOOD SAFETY SYSTEMS IN NIGERIA
      • THE POSSIBLE WAY OUT
      • Food, is anything eaten in order to:
      • Satisfy Appetite,
      • Meet Physiological needs for Growth and Development,
      • Maintain all body processes and proper functioning
      • Supply energy to maintain body temperature and activity.
      • Facilitate GI motility or movement for the effective uptake of nutrients.
      • meeting the therapeutic needs of the body as in the case of Drugs
      • THE CONCEPT OF FOOD
      Hence, the need to secure the sources from whence the national supply of food comes from
      • THE CONCEPT OF FOOD SAFETY
      Food Safety encompasses all the activities cum practices involved or explored from the point of production of raw materials, and or Handling of Farm Produce, down to Processing, Preservation and/or final Packaging with a focus on achieving FOOD PURITY. Food Purity is conceived in ideal sense to mean the absence of anything harmful, inferior, unwanted in food, while upholding its Cleanliness and wholesomeness. As a result, there is always a need for adequate and pragmatic Systems Control Mechanism to achieving an overly Secured and Safe Food
      • FOOD CONTROL SYSYTEMS MECHANISMS
      • FOOD SAFETY SYSTEMS
      • THE POSSIBLE WAY OUT
      • The various groups, organisation , Ministry or parastatals conceive privately (as in the case of NGO or quality control organisations / companies ) or publicly by the Federal Government with the aim of achieving the above Food Safety Goals and Objective in Nigeria are termed FOOD SAFETY (CONTROL) SYSTEMS.
    • FOOD SAFETY SYSTEMS IN NIEGRIA The Responsibilities for regulating and monitoring Food Safety Standards and Practices in Nigeria has been delegated to the following Federal organisation and Agencies:
      • National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC)
      • Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON)
      • National Codex Committee
      • Federal Ministry of Agriculture
      • Federal Ministry of Health
      • States and Local Governments
      • etc.
      • CHALLENGES OF FOOD SAFETY SYSTEMS IN NIGERIA
      The challenges of Food Safety Systems in Nigeria are therefore, any form or thing or group of things that play a role or facilitate a role directly or indirectly, be it basic or underlying factors or factor initiators that pose as a stumbling block or an encumbrance in the achievement or the smooth functioning of a Food Safety System or Systems are termed CHALLENGE(S) OF FOOD SAFETY SYSTEM IN NIGERIA irrespective of her geographical source of operation. Thus, these challenges are plenteous and ubiquitous.
    • GENERAL CHALLENGES OF FOOD SAFETY SYSTEM IN NIGERIA
      • Overlapping of functions and lack of coordination between the relevant bodies and Stakeholders leading to duplication of efforts and avoidable friction.
      • Poor understanding of job description.
      • Threat to life and malicious damages are some of the problems faced occasionally particularly during enforcement of the enabling laws.
      • Inadequate training exposure to meet up current laboratory practices.
      • Inadequate power distribution to enforce some food laws.
      • There is also financial constraints and non-availability of laboratory equipments to support diagnostic activities at the State and Local Government levels as well as inadequate funding for agricultural and research sectors of the economy.
      • Virtual absence of the Risk Analysis and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points [HACCP] approach to agricultural and manufacturing processes.
      • Uncoordinated response to food-borne epidemics and threats to food poisoning.
      • Poor collaboration among the government, regulatory agencies, academia, research institutes and the farmers, manufacturers and the consumers.
      • Poor gathering, verification and dissemination of research data and information for its application at relevant points of the food safety system.
      • Poor consumer communication on the quality and safety features of a food product to guide informed choice.
      • Poor National legislations and standards to enhance regulatory enforcements.
      • High number of substandard foods precursors and adulterated food ingredients.
      • Lack of effective regulation of street food vending.
      GENERAL CHALLENGES OF FOOD SAFETY SYSTEM IN NIGERIA
    • The National Food Safety System can be strengthened, updated and effectively managed to impact more positively on the standard of living of consumers and the economy in general, through the astute and conscience driven execution of the under-mentioned suggestive points, which are conceived with the view to achieving an improved or reduced Nigeria ’ s burden and prevalence of Diseases, Hunger, Famine, Malnutrition and Reduced life expectancy. RECOMMENDATIONS
      • Improve cooperation and collaboration of Ministries, Department and Agencies (MDAs)
      • with roles in food safety.
      • Develop and enforce a National food safety action plan.
      • Enhance regional cooperation, collaboration and information sharing in food safety issues.
      • Effective regulation of street vended foods and open market.
      • Establish a National Food Risk Analysis Centre. The centre is expected to be a repository for scientific data on food safety in Nigeria.
      • Risk assessment and research methods in food safety.
      • Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points ( HACCP) training for risk based inspection.
    • The National Food Safety Systems Control Mechanisms are in no small wise bedeviled by a multi hydra headed challenges, which of course require a multidimensional approach, some of which have been mentioned above. However, there is a need for a Public cum Leadership awareness campaign designed to achieving a Food Safety conscious Nigeria which will go a long way in abating some of these challenges. More so, the employment of verifiable scientific and technical information and data as it concerns diseases, cure, new techniques, method and analytical procedures should be made available through information gathering and dissemination to Farmers, Food Industries and Consumer in order to prevent and control food-borne diseases, under a monitored control systems strategy. Also, the issue of use and consumption of genetically modified food and organisms as well as effect of new chemical fertilizers, insecticides, fungicides and others is a novel area that should be given attention and closely monitored with outcomes of research. CONCLUSION
    • THANK YOU