Human rights


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HUMAN RIGHTS is very wonderful ppt. containing all the important topics coming under the heading "HUMAN RIGHTS". It is my last ppt. for class 10. And this ppt. also took my least time to be made - only 30 minutes and that too with sound clips and audio effects.
My first slide of the ppt. deals with all the instructions to be followed during viewing the slideshow.

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Human rights

  1. 1. IMPORTANT NOTE • The whole PowerPoint presentation is embedded with sound narrations and clips so the use of mouse and keyboard should be avoided. • The mouse should be used for the usage of hyperlinks only, like the “click to continue” button (like in this slide). For slides where the button is not there, then the slides will change automatically after a time limit. Like in the first three slides, no “Click to continue” button is there, so the slides will change automatically. Mouse should not be used otherwise the whole sound clips will played at one time and this will make a mess of the ppt. So, the ppt will be more enjoyable if the usage of mouse and keyboard is avoided. The only thing the viewer has to do is to sit calmly and enjoy the slideshow. Click to continue
  3. 3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We would like to express our special thanks of gratitude to our teacher: Mr Manoj Shah for helping and guiding us in making this project on the topic – “HUMAN RIGHTS”. We would also like to thank the principal of our school: Mrs Swagata Banarjee for giving us the golden opportunity to this project. We would also like to thank our parents who helped us to complete the project within the limited time. Thanks again to all thoso who guided us and helped us to make the project.
  4. 4. “Human rights are inscribed in the hearts of people” Mary Robinson, former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
  5. 5. WHAT ARE HUMAN RIGHTS? Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible. Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law , general principles and other sources of international law. International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups. Click to continue
  6. 6. WHERE DO RIGHTS COME FROM? Human rights are based on the values of: • Dignity • Justice • Respect • Equality Human rights were officially recognised as values by the world when the United Nations was set up. Click to continue
  7. 7. WHAT IS THE UNITED NATIONS? • The United Nations (UN) is an international organisation that was established in 1945, the year the Second World War ended. • Its founders hoped it would be able to prevent catastrophes like the Holocaust from happening in the future. • So promoting human rights became an aim of the UN, along with maintaining international peace and reducing poverty. Click to continue
  8. 8. THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is the most famous human rights agreement in the world. It contains 30 human rights. According to the UDHR, you have the right to: Click to continue
  9. 9. THESE ARE SOME OF THE RIGHTS: 1. Life, liberty and security. 2. Freedom from slavery and torture. 3. Freedom from discrimination. 4. Equality before the law. 5. A fair and public trial. 6. Be considered innocent until proven guilty. 7. Privacy. 8. Freedom of movement. 9. Seek and enjoy political asylum in other countries. 10. A nationality.
  10. 10. 11. Marry and have a family. 12. Own property. 13. Freedom of thought, conscience and religion. 14. Freedom of opinion and expression. 15. Hold peaceful meetings. 16. Work. 17. Rest and leisure. 18. Food, clothing, shelter, medical care and social services. 19. Education. Click to continue
  11. 11. THE KEY MESSAGES OF THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION ARE THAT HUMAN RIGHTS ARE: • Universal • Equal • Interdependent & indivisible • Inalienable Click to continue
  12. 12. WHO WROTE THE UDHR? The people who wrote the UDHR came from: Australia, Chile, China, France, Lebanon, the former Soviet Union, the UK and the US. Click to continue
  13. 13. HOW DOES THE UDHR PROTECT HUMAN RIGHTS? The UDHR is an international statement of values that has inspired over 80 treaties containing human rights laws, including the main UN human rights treaties. Click to continue
  14. 14. NON-GOVERNMENTAL ACTORS • Non-governmental organizations • Human rights defenders • Corporations Click to continue
  15. 15. HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS Human rights violations occur when actions by state (or non-state) actors abuse, ignore, or deny basic human rights (including civil, political, cultural, social, and economic rights). Furthermore, violations of human rights can occur when any state or non-state actor breaches any part of the UDHR treaty or other international human rights or humanitarian law. Human rights abuses are monitored by United Nations committees, national institutions and governments and by many independent non-governmental organizations, such as Amnesty International, International Federation of Human Rights, Human Rights Watch, World Organisation Against Torture, Freedom House, International Freedom of Expression Exchange and Anti-Slavery International. These organizations collect evidence and documentation of alleged human rights abuses and apply pressure to enforce human rights laws. Wars of aggression, war crimes and crimes against humanity, including genocide, are breaches of International humanitarian law and represent the most serious of human rights violations. The UN Security Council has interceded with peace keeping forces, and other states and treaties (NATO) have intervened in situations to protect human rights. Click to continue
  16. 16. SUBSTANTIVE RIGHTS 1.Right to life 2.Freedom from torture 3.Freedom from slavery 4.Right to a fair trial 5.Freedom of speech 6.Freedom of thought, conscience and religion 7.Freedom of movement 8.Rights debates 8.1 Right to keep and bear arms 8.2 Future generations 8.3 Sexual orientation and gender identity 8.4 Trade 8.5 Water 8.6 Reproductive rights 8.7 Information and communication technologies Click to continue
  17. 17. SO, HOW CAN ONE CLAIM HISHER RIGHTS? •KNOW your rights. • KNOW how they are protected. • KNOW how (and where) to claim them.