Resolution #2013-050 02-25-2013 TOWNSHIP OF SOUTH ORANGE VILLAGERESOLUTION APPROVING THE SCOTLAND ROAD TRAFFIC AND PEDESTRIAN SAFETY PLAN WHEREAS, Residents and other interested parties, including community groups and neighborhood associations have identified speeding and pedestrian safety as issues along the corridor of Scotland Road, a county two-lane roadway; and WHEREAS, the Board of Trustees does concur with the need to address the above mentioned concerns; and WHEREAS, Essex County does also concur with the need to address these concerns and has made their willingness to install a traffic signal to help alleviate pedestrian crossing issues known to the Village; and WHEREAS, the South Orange Transportation Advisory Committee does also concur with the need to address these concerns and has reviewed the Scotland Road Traffic and Pedestrian Safety Plan, attached and made a part of this resolution, and believes a multi- pronged approach to reducing speeding and improving pedestrian safety is warranted; and WHEREAS, traffic and pedestrian safety is a critical priority for the Board of Trustees and the Village; now THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, by the Board of Trustees in concurrence with recommendations made by the Village President on behalf of the Village Administration, to adopt the following Scotland Road Traffic and Pedestrian Safety Plan, attached and made a part of this resolution. # # # [Scotland Road Traffic and Pedestrian Safety Plan attached] Trustee Member Motion Second Ayes Nays Abstain Absent Bauer x Davis Ford X X Goldberg X Gould X Levison X Rosner X X CERTIFICATION I, Robin R. Kline, Village Clerk of the Township of South Orange Village, County of Essex, State of New Jersey, do hereby certify that this is a true and correct copy of the Resolution adopted by the Board of Trustees at their Meeting held on February 25, 2013. Robin R. Kline _____________________________ Robin R. Kline, MAS, RMC, CMR Village Clerk
Scotland Road Traffic and Pedestrian Safety PlanPurpose: To enhance traffic and pedestrian safety along Scotland Road, reduce speeding onScotland Road and increase pedestrian crossing capability and safety at the intersection ofRaymond and Scotland. This plan incorporates both engineering and enforcement tactics, as wellas short, medium and long-term deliverables, attempting to maximize the enhancement of safetywith minimal budget impact. This plan proposes both medium term solutions that may require theallocation of budgetary items and consultation between multiple government agencies, as well asshort term solutions that can immediately begin to provide improvements.Short-term Actionables1. This plan creates primary and secondary crosswalks and assigns each intersection inthe target improvement to one of the two categories as follows: Ralston/Scotland: Secondary Raymond/Scotland: Primary Turrell/Scotland: Secondary Irving/Scotland: Secondary Stewart/Scotland: Secondary Montrose/Scotland: Primary Thacher/Scotland: Secondary Randolph/Scotland: Seconday2. Each category of intersection shall have a different level of enhancements made forsafety based their utilization and concerns around the ease of pedestrian crossings: Primary Crosswalk needs: 1. Re-painted lines, possible use of thermoplastic 2. Early yield line painting and in-street signage 3. Potential brick crosswalk construction, subject to State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) approval (medium-term) 4. Red-light signal traffic device (medium-term) 5. Focus of police enforcement of failure to yields 6. Potential presence of a TCO or crossing guard to help cross traffic Secondary Crosswalk needs: 1. Painted crosswalk lines, possible use of thermoplastic 2. Early yield line painting and signage 3. Potential brick crosswalk construction, subject to SHPO approval(Medium-term deliverable)3. Targeted police enforcement plan, to focus on commuter hours and the hours of highestviolations.4. No tolerance policy immediately going into effect for non-personal (i.e. Commercial,trucks, buses) vehicle speeding and traffic violations.5. Whether a legal status of safe-driving corridor is gained or not, signage placed on theNorth and South ends of Scotland with Safe Driving Zone - Speed limit strictly enforcedwith attached vehicle speed measurement sign.Medium-term Actionables6. Taking larger streetscape improvements into account in the Village’s capital budgeting,i.e. the installation of gaslights, improved vegetation and improved curb/sidewalkconstruction meant to improve safety and convey a more residential feel to the street.
7. The Village will explore with the County and state DOT the possibility of creating asafe-driving corridor on Scotland, where fines and points assigned for violations aredoubled (or increased).8. The Village will explore the possibility of installing a traffic safety camera at theintersection of Scotland and Raymond, with signage to denote the intersection as such, forboth deterrent and follow-up/investigations, especially in regards to violations ofpedestrian yielding.9. Work with the SO Transportation Advisory Committee to research and recommend theappropriate type of red light signal traffic device.10. Implement this plan and measure results via police traffic data as well as feedbackfrom residents and other interested parties three months from the completion of the short-term actionables.1. Primary and secondary crosswalk designationsDesignating crosswalks with a primary purpose and secondary will help the Village andCounty allocate the most resources to the biggest problem spots.Scotland and Raymond is the intersection that has the most pedestrian traffic (which iswhy there is a crossing guard there), and such needs to receive the most attention.However, towards the end of creating a safer streetscape on Scotland, reminding driversthat this is a residential area where pedestrians are likely to be, engineering solutions toaid in crosswalk visibility need to be applied to as many locations as possible, not just theone that receives the most attention.2. Primary and secondary crosswalk improvementsCrosswalk (re)paintingCurrently the crosswalks on Scotland are either non-existent or faded (above). These needto be painted with reflective paint so that drivers can actually see the crosswalks. This issomething that could be done in conjunction with Essex County in weeks time, with littleexpense, and could use reflective materials such as thermoplastic.Below is an example of creative painting made to make the surface look brick, whilereminding pedestrians to look both ways before crossing.
Early yield and other road paintingsEarly yield paintings and road markings are shown to reduce pedestrian/vehicleconflicts, and are an inexpensive way to help improve vehicle yield rates and give somesafety to pedestrians crossing the street being able to tell with more time/distance when avehicle is planning to yield.Additional road paintings can also reinforce this message, where currently there are noreminders for drivers in the road, that can be improved, for example below:Brick crosswalksBrick crosswalks not only improve the aesthetic value of the streetscape but provides abetter visual breakup for the driver to be able to see the crosswalk as they approach it.Additionally, the different surface, without breaking DOT regulations, does provide aslight change to road surface, potentially slowing motorists down even more, whilechanging the streetscape of Scotland to a more pedestrian focus.We already employ these on other various county roads in South Orange currently, andthe Village will explore the feasibility of brick crosswalks, and the cost/benefit incomparison to other means of painting and physical visibility improvements:
3. Targeted police enforcementImmediately create a targeted police enforcement plan, to focus on commuter hours andthe hours of highest violations, based on community and police feedback.The schedule will be a short and medium term implementation, beginning immediately,and coordinated with physical improvements to the streetscape.The dual effect of enforcement and engineering changes will help show drivers thatdriving habits they may be used to are not tolerated. It isn’t easy to change driversbehavior, especially on such a micro level, and the physical improvements andenforcement needs to coordinated to maximize their effect on Scotland drivers.4. Crackdown on commercial speedingA no tolerance policy immediately going into effect for commercial vehicle speeding andtraffic violations, based on feedback from residents/community groups and police toidentify frequent commercial violators.The Village will send letters individually to each company or organization identified asfrequent problems, informing them of the increased enforcement going into effect, andthe zero-tolerance approach that police will take with their drivers. State licensingagencies and the Department of Transportation will be contacted as well for frequentviolators.5. Safe driving zone signageIncrease signage entering Scotland Road from both the North and South, warning driversof extra enforcement (and increased fines, if we are able to employ a safe driving corridorthat has increased statutory penalties of fines and points), while showing drivers theircurrent speed.Data can also be collected from certain devices that show “your speed,” which will beused to measure the effectiveness of of the several different improvements as they aremade, allowing performance benchmarking at each step.6. Streetscape ImprovementsImproving the feel of Scotland Road to convey a more residential feel will help convey todrivers that this a residential area and that pedestrians and other hazards might bepresent. Motorists driving habits are heavily influenced by the physical environment, and
what the road seems to say is an appropriate speed, i.e. people drive faster when theyhave wider lanes, etc.By improving street lighting, vegetation and exploring the possibility of more significantbump-out or other curb/sidewalk improvements, to convey a residential feel, drivers willhave natural signals as to what speed is appropriate for this road.7. Safe Driving CorridorThe Village will explore, along with the input of the SOTAC, with the County and NJDOT the possibility of creating a safe-driving corridor on Scotland, where fines andpoints assigned for violations are doubled (or increased), allowing officers to issueincrease statutory penalties for traffic violations.8. Traffic safety cameraThe Village will explore the possibility of installing a traffic safety camera at theintersection of Scotland and Raymond. This could be with or without signage to denotethe intersection as such, for both deterrent and follow-up/investigations, especially inregards to violations related to pedestrians, that for example, the assigned crossing guardnotices.9. Red light signalThe Village will work with the SO Transportation Advisory Committee and Essex Countyto find the right type of red light device for our local needs. This is not a short-termsolution, but rather could provide long-term relief on top of other improvements madebefore its installation, and isn’t as simple as suggesting a ‘traffic light.’There are a number of studies and applications of crosswalks, that instead of usingflashing yellow lights, instead turn the signal a solid red, allowing pedestrians to crossbefore going back to unactivated allowing vehicle traffic (including a four-way trafficstop). However, the SOTAC has recommended the use of a semi-actuated traffic signaldevice. However, there are number of variables that need to be worked out beforeselecting the appropriate device, for example: • Semi or fully actuated signal. (Timing must be done in a way to account for safety problems of drivers on Raymond crossing Scotland, which has yet to be addressed) • Possibly coordination of the light with other lights on Scotland • Timing or actuation of walk signals (every cycle, only when depressed, four- way walk signals, based on time of day, etc)
• Whether the light operates in free or coordinated modes, or what level of actuation the light utilizes at different times of day, etcAlthough this report is recommending the installation of a red light device to allow forsafer pedestrian crossing, the selection of the intended device and the variables (onlysome of which are listed above) have not been fully addressed, and must be worked outimmediately following the passage of this adoption of this plan with the SOTAC, EssexCounty and the Village.By adopting this plan by resolution the Board and the Village is endorsing the County’s intentionof the installation of a signal at Raymond/Scotland and providing the County with the Village’ssupport to properly move forward now, understanding that all of the questions regarding timing,etc. are to be worked out within 30 days of the adoption of this plan.This device will serve the purpose of quickly and efficiently stopping traffic on ScotlandRoad and allowing pedestrians to cross without having to necessarily rely on drivers’voluntary yielding. The traffic signal, in whatever form it is created, is not expected tohave any positive impact on speeding, and is specifically for the intention of allowingpedestrians to easily cross Scotland Road.10. Implementation and follow upThis plan contains a specific set of actionables that the Board, by adopting this plan byresolution, is agreeing will be the direction of the efforts at reducing speeding andimproving pedestrian safety for the Village to carry out.For at least 18 months after the adoption of this plan, every three months, the Board willreceive a report from the administration in conjunction with the SOTAC, regarding thestatus of improvements and impacts on the safety of the road, reduction of speeding andincrease in pedestrian safety. This plan is built to allow performance benchmarking ofeach improvement and ensure that the most effective improvements are made with aslittle unintended consequences or cost drivers.